Master Control Program

BT: view.php script, display.php template

BT: EDIT

RECORD LIST:Array
(
    [0] => Array
        (
            [id] => 4
            [Title] => Anarchism
            [Subtitle] => Anarchist and Anti-Authoritarianism
            [ListTitle] => Anarchism
            [ListTitleSortKey] => Anarchism1
            [Code] => anarchism
            [ChildAdjective] => Anarchist
            [ChildNoun] => Anarchist Work
            [ChildNounPlural] => Anarchist Works
            [OriginalCreationDate] => 2016-10-24 16:48:21
            [LastModificationDate] => 2019-05-27 15:57:32
            [assignment] => Array
                (
                    [0] => Array
                        (
                            [id] => 5
                            [Parentid] => 3
                            [Childid] => 4
                        )

                )

            [entrytranslation] => 
            [description] => Array
                (
                    [0] => Array
                        (
                            [id] => 5
                            [Description] => A collection of historic materials detailing Anarchism, Libertarianism, and Anti-Authoritarianism.  By understanding more about the past, we can better apply the principles we discover today.
                            [Source] => 
                            [Language] => 
                            [Entryid] => 4
                            [OriginalCreationDate] => 2016-10-24 16:48:21
                            [LastModificationDate] => 2019-05-27 15:57:32
                        )

                )

            [quote] => Array
                (
                    [0] => Array
                        (
                            [id] => 5
                            [Quote] => ...there is no revolution without the masses...
                            [Source] => Mikhail Bakunin
                            [Language] => en
                            [Entryid] => 4
                            [OriginalCreationDate] => 2016-10-24 16:48:22
                            [LastModificationDate] => 2019-05-27 15:57:32
                        )

                    [1] => Array
                        (
                            [id] => 359
                            [Quote] => As to parliamentary rule, and representative government altogether...  It is becoming evident that it is merely stupid to elect a few men, and to entrust them with the task of making laws on all possible subjects, of which subject most of them are utterly ignorant.
                            [Source] => Peter Kropotkin
                            [Language] => en
                            [Entryid] => 4
                            [OriginalCreationDate] => 2017-01-21 13:06:03
                            [LastModificationDate] => 2019-05-27 15:57:32
                        )

                    [2] => Array
                        (
                            [id] => 360
                            [Quote] => It has cost mankind much time and blood to secure what little it has gained so far from kings, czars and governments.
                            [Source] => Emma Goldman
                            [Language] => en
                            [Entryid] => 4
                            [OriginalCreationDate] => 2017-01-21 13:06:03
                            [LastModificationDate] => 2019-05-27 15:57:32
                        )

                    [3] => Array
                        (
                            [id] => 361
                            [Quote] => "But," it is usually asked, "What will there be instead of Governments?"

There will be nothing. Something that has long been useless, and therefore superfluous and bad, will be abolished. An organ that, being unnecessary, has become harmful, will be abolished.
                            [Source] => Leo Tolstoy
                            [Language] => en
                            [Entryid] => 4
                            [OriginalCreationDate] => 2017-01-21 13:06:03
                            [LastModificationDate] => 2019-05-27 15:57:32
                        )

                    [4] => Array
                        (
                            [id] => 362
                            [Quote] => ..."higher powers" exist only through my exalting them and abasing myself.
                            [Source] => Max Stirner
                            [Language] => en
                            [Entryid] => 4
                            [OriginalCreationDate] => 2017-01-21 13:06:03
                            [LastModificationDate] => 2019-05-27 15:57:32
                        )

                    [5] => Array
                        (
                            [id] => 363
                            [Quote] => ...government only interferes to exploit the masses, or defend the privileged, or, lastly, to sanction, most unnecessarily, all that has been done without its aid, often in spite of and opposition to it.
                            [Source] => Errico Malatesta
                            [Language] => en
                            [Entryid] => 4
                            [OriginalCreationDate] => 2017-01-21 13:06:03
                            [LastModificationDate] => 2019-05-27 15:57:32
                        )

                )

            [textbody] => Array
                (
                    [0] => Array
                        (
                            [id] => 5
                            [Text] => 

Want to know about Anarchism as a theory and a movement throughout history and up to the present? Then you've found the right place.

Whether it is Collectivist Anarchism or Individualist Anarchism, Mutualist Anarchism or Communist Anarchism, every type is given its bit of room for expression here.

[Source] => [Language] => [WordCount] => 48 [CharacterCount] => 318 [Entryid] => 4 [OriginalCreationDate] => 2016-10-24 16:48:22 [LastModificationDate] => 2019-05-27 15:57:32 ) ) [image] => Array ( [0] => Array ( [id] => 224 [Title] => Anarcho-Syndicalist Flag [Description] => [FileName] => anarcho-syndicalist-flag-done-retouched.jpg [FileDirectory] => be1k [IconFileName] => anarcho-syndicalist-flag-done-retouched-icon.jpg [StandardFileName] => anarcho-syndicalist-flag-done-retouched-standard.jpg [Entryid] => 4 [PixelWidth] => 1800 [PixelHeight] => 1217 [IconPixelWidth] => 200 [IconPixelHeight] => 136 [StandardPixelWidth] => 1000 [StandardPixelHeight] => 677 [OriginalCreationDate] => 2017-01-21 10:59:54 [LastModificationDate] => 2019-05-27 15:57:32 ) ) [imagetranslation] => [tag] => Array ( [0] => Array ( [id] => 8 [Tag] => anarchist [Language] => [Entryid] => 4 [OriginalCreationDate] => 2016-10-24 16:48:22 [LastModificationDate] => 2019-05-27 15:57:32 ) [1] => Array ( [id] => 9 [Tag] => anarchism [Language] => [Entryid] => 4 [OriginalCreationDate] => 2016-10-24 16:48:22 [LastModificationDate] => 2019-05-27 15:57:32 ) ) [link] => Array ( [0] => Array ( [id] => 1 [Title] => AnarchyArchives [URL] => http://dwardmac.pitzer.edu/Anarchist_Archives/ [Language] => [Entryid] => 4 [OriginalCreationDate] => 2016-10-27 17:22:52 [LastModificationDate] => 2019-05-27 15:57:32 ) ) [eventdate] => [availabilitydaterange] => Array ( [0] => Array ( [id] => 5117 [AvailabilityStart] => 0000-00-00 00:00:00 [AvailabilityEnd] => 0000-00-00 00:00:00 [Entryid] => 4 [OriginalCreationDate] => 2019-05-27 15:57:32 [LastModificationDate] => 2019-05-27 15:57:32 ) ) [association] => [definition] => [associated] => ) [1] => Array ( [id] => 1587 [Title] => Free Political Institutions [Subtitle] => [ListTitle] => Free Political Institutions [ListTitleSortKey] => [Code] => free-political-institutions [ChildAdjective] => [ChildNoun] => [ChildNounPlural] => [OriginalCreationDate] => 2017-02-10 17:10:55 [LastModificationDate] => 2019-04-14 15:19:07 [assignment] => Array ( [0] => Array ( [id] => 1591 [Parentid] => 4 [Childid] => 1587 ) ) [entrytranslation] => [description] => [quote] => [textbody] => [image] => Array ( [0] => Array ( [id] => 693 [Title] => Photo by urbanartcore.eu, CC BY-NC License [Description] => [FileName] => 5567504538_22e2b1cf4b_o.jpg [FileDirectory] => 9nff [IconFileName] => 5567504538_22e2b1cf4b_o-icon.jpg [StandardFileName] => 5567504538_22e2b1cf4b_o-standard.jpg [Entryid] => 1587 [PixelWidth] => 3888 [PixelHeight] => 2592 [IconPixelWidth] => 200 [IconPixelHeight] => 134 [StandardPixelWidth] => 1000 [StandardPixelHeight] => 667 [OriginalCreationDate] => 2019-04-14 15:19:07 [LastModificationDate] => 2019-04-21 14:08:46 ) ) [imagetranslation] => [tag] => Array ( [0] => Array ( [id] => 63986 [Tag] => trial by jury [Language] => en [Entryid] => 1587 [OriginalCreationDate] => 2017-10-21 17:41:08 [LastModificationDate] => 2019-04-14 15:19:07 ) [1] => Array ( [id] => 63987 [Tag] => administration of justice [Language] => en [Entryid] => 1587 [OriginalCreationDate] => 2017-10-21 17:41:08 [LastModificationDate] => 2019-04-14 15:19:07 ) [2] => Array ( [id] => 63988 [Tag] => rights and liberties [Language] => en [Entryid] => 1587 [OriginalCreationDate] => 2017-10-21 17:41:08 [LastModificationDate] => 2019-04-14 15:19:07 ) [3] => Array ( [id] => 63989 [Tag] => abridgment and rearrangement [Language] => en [Entryid] => 1587 [OriginalCreationDate] => 2017-10-21 17:41:08 [LastModificationDate] => 2019-04-14 15:19:07 ) [4] => Array ( [id] => 63990 [Tag] => rearrangement of lysander [Language] => en [Entryid] => 1587 [OriginalCreationDate] => 2017-10-21 17:41:08 [LastModificationDate] => 2019-04-14 15:19:07 ) [5] => Array ( [id] => 63991 [Tag] => free political institutions [Language] => en [Entryid] => 1587 [OriginalCreationDate] => 2017-10-21 17:41:08 [LastModificationDate] => 2019-04-14 15:19:07 ) [6] => Array ( [id] => 63992 [Tag] => courts of justice [Language] => en [Entryid] => 1587 [OriginalCreationDate] => 2017-10-21 17:41:08 [LastModificationDate] => 2019-04-14 15:19:07 ) [7] => Array ( [id] => 63993 [Tag] => laws of evidence [Language] => en [Entryid] => 1587 [OriginalCreationDate] => 2017-10-21 17:41:08 [LastModificationDate] => 2019-04-14 15:19:07 ) [8] => Array ( [id] => 63994 [Tag] => selection of jurors [Language] => en [Entryid] => 1587 [OriginalCreationDate] => 2017-10-21 17:41:08 [LastModificationDate] => 2019-04-14 15:19:07 ) [9] => Array ( [id] => 63995 [Tag] => right to judge [Language] => en [Entryid] => 1587 [OriginalCreationDate] => 2017-10-21 17:41:08 [LastModificationDate] => 2019-04-14 15:19:07 ) [10] => Array ( [id] => 63996 [Tag] => power to punish [Language] => en [Entryid] => 1587 [OriginalCreationDate] => 2017-10-21 17:41:08 [LastModificationDate] => 2019-04-14 15:19:07 ) [11] => Array ( [id] => 63997 [Tag] => power to judge [Language] => en [Entryid] => 1587 [OriginalCreationDate] => 2017-10-21 17:41:08 [LastModificationDate] => 2019-04-14 15:19:07 ) [12] => Array ( [id] => 63998 [Tag] => magna charta [Language] => en [Entryid] => 1587 [OriginalCreationDate] => 2017-10-21 17:41:08 [LastModificationDate] => 2019-04-14 15:19:07 ) [13] => Array ( [id] => 63999 [Tag] => common law [Language] => en [Entryid] => 1587 [OriginalCreationDate] => 2017-10-21 17:41:08 [LastModificationDate] => 2019-04-14 15:19:07 ) [14] => Array ( [id] => 64000 [Tag] => criminal intent [Language] => en [Entryid] => 1587 [OriginalCreationDate] => 2017-10-21 17:41:08 [LastModificationDate] => 2019-04-14 15:19:07 ) [15] => Array ( [id] => 64001 [Tag] => weaker party [Language] => en [Entryid] => 1587 [OriginalCreationDate] => 2017-10-21 17:41:08 [LastModificationDate] => 2019-04-14 15:19:07 ) [16] => Array ( [id] => 64002 [Tag] => free administration [Language] => en [Entryid] => 1587 [OriginalCreationDate] => 2017-10-21 17:41:08 [LastModificationDate] => 2019-04-14 15:19:07 ) [17] => Array ( [id] => 64003 [Tag] => political institutions [Language] => en [Entryid] => 1587 [OriginalCreationDate] => 2017-10-21 17:41:08 [LastModificationDate] => 2019-04-14 15:19:07 ) [18] => Array ( [id] => 64004 [Tag] => victor yarros [Language] => en [Entryid] => 1587 [OriginalCreationDate] => 2017-10-21 17:41:08 [LastModificationDate] => 2019-04-14 15:19:07 ) [19] => Array ( [id] => 64005 [Tag] => voluntary association [Language] => en [Entryid] => 1587 [OriginalCreationDate] => 2017-10-21 17:41:08 [LastModificationDate] => 2019-04-14 15:19:07 ) [20] => Array ( [id] => 64006 [Tag] => accused person [Language] => en [Entryid] => 1587 [OriginalCreationDate] => 2017-10-21 17:41:08 [LastModificationDate] => 2019-04-14 15:19:07 ) [21] => Array ( [id] => 64007 [Tag] => moral responsibility [Language] => en [Entryid] => 1587 [OriginalCreationDate] => 2017-10-21 17:41:08 [LastModificationDate] => 2019-04-14 15:19:07 ) [22] => Array ( [id] => 64008 [Tag] => stronger party [Language] => en [Entryid] => 1587 [OriginalCreationDate] => 2017-10-21 17:41:08 [LastModificationDate] => 2019-04-14 15:19:07 ) [23] => Array ( [id] => 64009 [Tag] => united states [Language] => en [Entryid] => 1587 [OriginalCreationDate] => 2017-10-21 17:41:08 [LastModificationDate] => 2019-04-14 15:19:07 ) [24] => Array ( [id] => 64010 [Tag] => natural right [Language] => en [Entryid] => 1587 [OriginalCreationDate] => 2017-10-21 17:41:08 [LastModificationDate] => 2019-04-14 15:19:07 ) [25] => Array ( [id] => 64011 [Tag] => constitutional law [Language] => en [Entryid] => 1587 [OriginalCreationDate] => 2017-10-21 17:41:08 [LastModificationDate] => 2019-04-14 15:19:07 ) [26] => Array ( [id] => 64012 [Tag] => legitimate government [Language] => en [Entryid] => 1587 [OriginalCreationDate] => 2017-10-21 17:41:08 [LastModificationDate] => 2019-04-14 15:19:07 ) [27] => Array ( [id] => 64013 [Tag] => free government [Language] => en [Entryid] => 1587 [OriginalCreationDate] => 2017-10-21 17:41:08 [LastModificationDate] => 2019-04-14 15:19:07 ) [28] => Array ( [id] => 64014 [Tag] => banking corporation [Language] => en [Entryid] => 1587 [OriginalCreationDate] => 2017-10-21 17:41:08 [LastModificationDate] => 2019-04-14 15:19:07 ) [29] => Array ( [id] => 64015 [Tag] => insurance company [Language] => en [Entryid] => 1587 [OriginalCreationDate] => 2017-10-21 17:41:08 [LastModificationDate] => 2019-04-14 15:19:07 ) [30] => Array ( [id] => 64016 [Tag] => opposing parties [Language] => en [Entryid] => 1587 [OriginalCreationDate] => 2017-10-21 17:41:08 [LastModificationDate] => 2019-04-14 15:19:07 ) [31] => Array ( [id] => 64017 [Tag] => natural rights [Language] => en [Entryid] => 1587 [OriginalCreationDate] => 2017-10-21 17:41:08 [LastModificationDate] => 2019-04-14 15:19:07 ) [32] => Array ( [id] => 64018 [Tag] => legal right [Language] => en [Entryid] => 1587 [OriginalCreationDate] => 2017-10-21 17:41:08 [LastModificationDate] => 2019-04-14 15:19:07 ) [33] => Array ( [id] => 64019 [Tag] => jury box [Language] => en [Entryid] => 1587 [OriginalCreationDate] => 2017-10-21 17:41:08 [LastModificationDate] => 2019-04-14 15:19:07 ) [34] => Array ( [id] => 64020 [Tag] => mental capacity [Language] => en [Entryid] => 1587 [OriginalCreationDate] => 2017-10-21 17:41:08 [LastModificationDate] => 2019-04-14 15:19:07 ) [35] => Array ( [id] => 64021 [Tag] => legal juries [Language] => en [Entryid] => 1587 [OriginalCreationDate] => 2017-10-21 17:41:08 [LastModificationDate] => 2019-04-14 15:19:07 ) [36] => Array ( [id] => 64022 [Tag] => american institutions [Language] => en [Entryid] => 1587 [OriginalCreationDate] => 2017-10-21 17:41:08 [LastModificationDate] => 2019-04-14 15:19:07 ) [37] => Array ( [id] => 64023 [Tag] => political freedom [Language] => en [Entryid] => 1587 [OriginalCreationDate] => 2017-10-21 17:41:08 [LastModificationDate] => 2019-04-14 15:19:07 ) [38] => Array ( [id] => 64024 [Tag] => practical purposes [Language] => en [Entryid] => 1587 [OriginalCreationDate] => 2017-10-21 17:41:08 [LastModificationDate] => 2019-04-14 15:19:07 ) [39] => Array ( [id] => 64025 [Tag] => absolute government [Language] => en [Entryid] => 1587 [OriginalCreationDate] => 2017-10-21 17:41:08 [LastModificationDate] => 2019-04-14 15:19:07 ) [40] => Array ( [id] => 64026 [Tag] => constitutional limits [Language] => en [Entryid] => 1587 [OriginalCreationDate] => 2017-10-21 17:41:08 [LastModificationDate] => 2019-04-14 15:19:07 ) [41] => Array ( [id] => 64027 [Tag] => unjust law [Language] => en [Entryid] => 1587 [OriginalCreationDate] => 2017-10-21 17:41:08 [LastModificationDate] => 2019-04-14 15:19:07 ) [42] => Array ( [id] => 64028 [Tag] => legal defense [Language] => en [Entryid] => 1587 [OriginalCreationDate] => 2017-10-21 17:41:08 [LastModificationDate] => 2019-04-14 15:19:08 ) [43] => Array ( [id] => 64029 [Tag] => common people [Language] => en [Entryid] => 1587 [OriginalCreationDate] => 2017-10-21 17:41:08 [LastModificationDate] => 2019-04-14 15:19:08 ) [44] => Array ( [id] => 64030 [Tag] => political necessity [Language] => en [Entryid] => 1587 [OriginalCreationDate] => 2017-10-21 17:41:08 [LastModificationDate] => 2019-04-14 15:19:08 ) [45] => Array ( [id] => 64031 [Tag] => reasonable contracts [Language] => en [Entryid] => 1587 [OriginalCreationDate] => 2017-10-21 17:41:08 [LastModificationDate] => 2019-04-14 15:19:08 ) [46] => Array ( [id] => 64032 [Tag] => criminal law [Language] => en [Entryid] => 1587 [OriginalCreationDate] => 2017-10-21 17:41:08 [LastModificationDate] => 2019-04-14 15:19:08 ) [47] => Array ( [id] => 64033 [Tag] => legitimate system [Language] => en [Entryid] => 1587 [OriginalCreationDate] => 2017-10-21 17:41:09 [LastModificationDate] => 2019-04-14 15:19:08 ) [48] => Array ( [id] => 64034 [Tag] => majority rule [Language] => en [Entryid] => 1587 [OriginalCreationDate] => 2017-10-21 17:41:09 [LastModificationDate] => 2019-04-14 15:19:08 ) [49] => Array ( [id] => 64035 [Tag] => mutual protection [Language] => en [Entryid] => 1587 [OriginalCreationDate] => 2017-10-21 17:41:09 [LastModificationDate] => 2019-04-14 15:19:08 ) [50] => Array ( [id] => 64036 [Tag] => government [Language] => en [Entryid] => 1587 [OriginalCreationDate] => 2017-10-21 17:41:09 [LastModificationDate] => 2019-04-14 15:19:08 ) [51] => Array ( [id] => 64037 [Tag] => law [Language] => en [Entryid] => 1587 [OriginalCreationDate] => 2017-10-21 17:41:09 [LastModificationDate] => 2019-04-14 15:19:08 ) [52] => Array ( [id] => 64038 [Tag] => people [Language] => en [Entryid] => 1587 [OriginalCreationDate] => 2017-10-21 17:41:09 [LastModificationDate] => 2019-04-14 15:19:08 ) [53] => Array ( [id] => 64039 [Tag] => jury [Language] => en [Entryid] => 1587 [OriginalCreationDate] => 2017-10-21 17:41:09 [LastModificationDate] => 2019-04-14 15:19:08 ) [54] => Array ( [id] => 64040 [Tag] => justice [Language] => en [Entryid] => 1587 [OriginalCreationDate] => 2017-10-21 17:41:09 [LastModificationDate] => 2019-04-14 15:19:08 ) [55] => Array ( [id] => 64041 [Tag] => trial [Language] => en [Entryid] => 1587 [OriginalCreationDate] => 2017-10-21 17:41:09 [LastModificationDate] => 2019-04-14 15:19:08 ) [56] => Array ( [id] => 64042 [Tag] => right [Language] => en [Entryid] => 1587 [OriginalCreationDate] => 2017-10-21 17:41:09 [LastModificationDate] => 2019-04-14 15:19:08 ) [57] => Array ( [id] => 64043 [Tag] => power [Language] => en [Entryid] => 1587 [OriginalCreationDate] => 2017-10-21 17:41:09 [LastModificationDate] => 2019-04-14 15:19:08 ) [58] => Array ( [id] => 64044 [Tag] => laws [Language] => en [Entryid] => 1587 [OriginalCreationDate] => 2017-10-21 17:41:09 [LastModificationDate] => 2019-04-14 15:19:08 ) [59] => Array ( [id] => 64045 [Tag] => rights [Language] => en [Entryid] => 1587 [OriginalCreationDate] => 2017-10-21 17:41:09 [LastModificationDate] => 2019-04-14 15:19:08 ) [60] => Array ( [id] => 64046 [Tag] => jurors [Language] => en [Entryid] => 1587 [OriginalCreationDate] => 2017-10-21 17:41:09 [LastModificationDate] => 2019-04-14 15:19:08 ) [61] => Array ( [id] => 64047 [Tag] => judge [Language] => en [Entryid] => 1587 [OriginalCreationDate] => 2017-10-21 17:41:09 [LastModificationDate] => 2019-04-14 15:19:08 ) [62] => Array ( [id] => 64048 [Tag] => liberties [Language] => en [Entryid] => 1587 [OriginalCreationDate] => 2017-10-21 17:41:09 [LastModificationDate] => 2019-04-14 15:19:08 ) [63] => Array ( [id] => 64049 [Tag] => majority [Language] => en [Entryid] => 1587 [OriginalCreationDate] => 2017-10-21 17:41:09 [LastModificationDate] => 2019-04-14 15:19:08 ) [64] => Array ( [id] => 64050 [Tag] => criminal [Language] => en [Entryid] => 1587 [OriginalCreationDate] => 2017-10-21 17:41:09 [LastModificationDate] => 2019-04-14 15:19:08 ) [65] => Array ( [id] => 64051 [Tag] => party [Language] => en [Entryid] => 1587 [OriginalCreationDate] => 2017-10-21 17:41:09 [LastModificationDate] => 2019-04-14 15:19:08 ) [66] => Array ( [id] => 64052 [Tag] => juries [Language] => en [Entryid] => 1587 [OriginalCreationDate] => 2017-10-21 17:41:09 [LastModificationDate] => 2019-04-14 15:19:08 ) [67] => Array ( [id] => 64053 [Tag] => king [Language] => en [Entryid] => 1587 [OriginalCreationDate] => 2017-10-21 17:41:09 [LastModificationDate] => 2019-04-14 15:19:08 ) [68] => Array ( [id] => 64054 [Tag] => parties [Language] => en [Entryid] => 1587 [OriginalCreationDate] => 2017-10-21 17:41:09 [LastModificationDate] => 2019-04-14 15:19:08 ) [69] => Array ( [id] => 64055 [Tag] => consent [Language] => en [Entryid] => 1587 [OriginalCreationDate] => 2017-10-21 17:41:09 [LastModificationDate] => 2019-04-14 15:19:08 ) [70] => Array ( [id] => 64056 [Tag] => legislation [Language] => en [Entryid] => 1587 [OriginalCreationDate] => 2017-10-21 17:41:09 [LastModificationDate] => 2019-04-14 15:19:08 ) [71] => Array ( [id] => 64057 [Tag] => common [Language] => en [Entryid] => 1587 [OriginalCreationDate] => 2017-10-21 17:41:09 [LastModificationDate] => 2019-04-14 15:19:08 ) [72] => Array ( [id] => 64058 [Tag] => free [Language] => en [Entryid] => 1587 [OriginalCreationDate] => 2017-10-21 17:41:09 [LastModificationDate] => 2019-04-14 15:19:08 ) [73] => Array ( [id] => 64059 [Tag] => evidence [Language] => en [Entryid] => 1587 [OriginalCreationDate] => 2017-10-21 17:41:09 [LastModificationDate] => 2019-04-14 15:19:08 ) [74] => Array ( [id] => 64060 [Tag] => authority [Language] => en [Entryid] => 1587 [OriginalCreationDate] => 2017-10-21 17:41:09 [LastModificationDate] => 2019-04-14 15:19:08 ) [75] => Array ( [id] => 64061 [Tag] => reason [Language] => en [Entryid] => 1587 [OriginalCreationDate] => 2017-10-21 17:41:09 [LastModificationDate] => 2019-04-14 15:19:08 ) [76] => Array ( [id] => 64062 [Tag] => country [Language] => en [Entryid] => 1587 [OriginalCreationDate] => 2017-10-21 17:41:09 [LastModificationDate] => 2019-04-14 15:19:08 ) [77] => Array ( [id] => 64063 [Tag] => nature [Language] => en [Entryid] => 1587 [OriginalCreationDate] => 2017-10-21 17:41:09 [LastModificationDate] => 2019-04-14 15:19:08 ) [78] => Array ( [id] => 64064 [Tag] => political [Language] => en [Entryid] => 1587 [OriginalCreationDate] => 2017-10-21 17:41:09 [LastModificationDate] => 2019-04-14 15:19:08 ) [79] => Array ( [id] => 64065 [Tag] => minority [Language] => en [Entryid] => 1587 [OriginalCreationDate] => 2017-10-21 17:41:09 [LastModificationDate] => 2019-04-14 15:19:08 ) [80] => Array ( [id] => 64066 [Tag] => injustice [Language] => en [Entryid] => 1587 [OriginalCreationDate] => 2017-10-21 17:41:09 [LastModificationDate] => 2019-04-14 15:19:08 ) [81] => Array ( [id] => 64067 [Tag] => system [Language] => en [Entryid] => 1587 [OriginalCreationDate] => 2017-10-21 17:41:09 [LastModificationDate] => 2019-04-14 15:19:08 ) [82] => Array ( [id] => 64068 [Tag] => liberty [Language] => en [Entryid] => 1587 [OriginalCreationDate] => 2017-10-21 17:41:09 [LastModificationDate] => 2019-04-14 15:19:08 ) [83] => Array ( [id] => 64069 [Tag] => association [Language] => en [Entryid] => 1587 [OriginalCreationDate] => 2017-10-21 17:41:09 [LastModificationDate] => 2019-04-14 15:19:08 ) [84] => Array ( [id] => 64070 [Tag] => judgment [Language] => en [Entryid] => 1587 [OriginalCreationDate] => 2017-10-21 17:41:09 [LastModificationDate] => 2019-04-14 15:19:08 ) [85] => Array ( [id] => 64071 [Tag] => ignorance [Language] => en [Entryid] => 1587 [OriginalCreationDate] => 2017-10-21 17:41:09 [LastModificationDate] => 2019-04-14 15:19:08 ) [86] => Array ( [id] => 64072 [Tag] => moral [Language] => en [Entryid] => 1587 [OriginalCreationDate] => 2017-10-21 17:41:09 [LastModificationDate] => 2019-04-14 15:19:08 ) [87] => Array ( [id] => 64073 [Tag] => absolute [Language] => en [Entryid] => 1587 [OriginalCreationDate] => 2017-10-21 17:41:09 [LastModificationDate] => 2019-04-14 15:19:08 ) [88] => Array ( [id] => 64074 [Tag] => court [Language] => en [Entryid] => 1587 [OriginalCreationDate] => 2017-10-21 17:41:09 [LastModificationDate] => 2019-04-14 15:19:08 ) [89] => Array ( [id] => 64075 [Tag] => legal [Language] => en [Entryid] => 1587 [OriginalCreationDate] => 2017-10-21 17:41:09 [LastModificationDate] => 2019-04-14 15:19:08 ) [90] => Array ( [id] => 64076 [Tag] => judges [Language] => en [Entryid] => 1587 [OriginalCreationDate] => 2017-10-21 17:41:09 [LastModificationDate] => 2019-04-14 15:19:08 ) [91] => Array ( [id] => 64077 [Tag] => accused [Language] => en [Entryid] => 1587 [OriginalCreationDate] => 2017-10-21 17:41:09 [LastModificationDate] => 2019-04-14 15:19:08 ) [92] => Array ( [id] => 64078 [Tag] => doctrine [Language] => en [Entryid] => 1587 [OriginalCreationDate] => 2017-10-21 17:41:09 [LastModificationDate] => 2019-04-14 15:19:08 ) [93] => Array ( [id] => 64079 [Tag] => principles [Language] => en [Entryid] => 1587 [OriginalCreationDate] => 2017-10-21 17:41:09 [LastModificationDate] => 2019-04-14 15:19:08 ) [94] => Array ( [id] => 64080 [Tag] => unjust [Language] => en [Entryid] => 1587 [OriginalCreationDate] => 2017-10-21 17:41:09 [LastModificationDate] => 2019-04-14 15:19:08 ) [95] => Array ( [id] => 64081 [Tag] => constitutional [Language] => en [Entryid] => 1587 [OriginalCreationDate] => 2017-10-21 17:41:09 [LastModificationDate] => 2019-04-14 15:19:08 ) [96] => Array ( [id] => 64082 [Tag] => cases [Language] => en [Entryid] => 1587 [OriginalCreationDate] => 2017-10-21 17:41:09 [LastModificationDate] => 2019-04-14 15:19:08 ) [97] => Array ( [id] => 64083 [Tag] => courts [Language] => en [Entryid] => 1587 [OriginalCreationDate] => 2017-10-21 17:41:09 [LastModificationDate] => 2019-04-14 15:19:08 ) [98] => Array ( [id] => 64084 [Tag] => tyranny [Language] => en [Entryid] => 1587 [OriginalCreationDate] => 2017-10-21 17:41:09 [LastModificationDate] => 2019-04-14 15:19:08 ) [99] => Array ( [id] => 64085 [Tag] => protection [Language] => en [Entryid] => 1587 [OriginalCreationDate] => 2017-10-21 17:41:09 [LastModificationDate] => 2019-04-14 15:19:08 ) [100] => Array ( [id] => 64086 [Tag] => judgments [Language] => en [Entryid] => 1587 [OriginalCreationDate] => 2017-10-21 17:41:09 [LastModificationDate] => 2019-04-14 15:19:08 ) [101] => Array ( [id] => 64087 [Tag] => veto [Language] => en [Entryid] => 1587 [OriginalCreationDate] => 2017-10-21 17:41:09 [LastModificationDate] => 2019-04-14 15:19:08 ) [102] => Array ( [id] => 64088 [Tag] => oppression [Language] => en [Entryid] => 1587 [OriginalCreationDate] => 2017-10-21 17:41:09 [LastModificationDate] => 2019-04-14 15:19:08 ) [103] => Array ( [id] => 64089 [Tag] => voluntary [Language] => en [Entryid] => 1587 [OriginalCreationDate] => 2017-10-21 17:41:09 [LastModificationDate] => 2019-04-14 15:19:08 ) [104] => Array ( [id] => 64090 [Tag] => members [Language] => en [Entryid] => 1587 [OriginalCreationDate] => 2017-10-21 17:41:09 [LastModificationDate] => 2019-04-14 15:19:08 ) [105] => Array ( [id] => 64091 [Tag] => resistance [Language] => en [Entryid] => 1587 [OriginalCreationDate] => 2017-10-21 17:41:09 [LastModificationDate] => 2019-04-14 15:19:08 ) [106] => Array ( [id] => 64092 [Tag] => powers [Language] => en [Entryid] => 1587 [OriginalCreationDate] => 2017-10-21 17:41:09 [LastModificationDate] => 2019-04-14 15:19:08 ) [107] => Array ( [id] => 64093 [Tag] => corporation [Language] => en [Entryid] => 1587 [OriginalCreationDate] => 2017-10-21 17:41:09 [LastModificationDate] => 2019-04-14 15:19:08 ) [108] => Array ( [id] => 64094 [Tag] => governments [Language] => en [Entryid] => 1587 [OriginalCreationDate] => 2017-10-21 17:41:09 [LastModificationDate] => 2019-04-14 15:19:08 ) [109] => Array ( [id] => 64095 [Tag] => individual [Language] => en [Entryid] => 1587 [OriginalCreationDate] => 2017-10-21 17:41:09 [LastModificationDate] => 2019-04-14 15:19:08 ) [110] => Array ( [id] => 64096 [Tag] => property [Language] => en [Entryid] => 1587 [OriginalCreationDate] => 2017-10-21 17:41:09 [LastModificationDate] => 2019-04-14 15:19:08 ) [111] => Array ( [id] => 64097 [Tag] => judicial [Language] => en [Entryid] => 1587 [OriginalCreationDate] => 2017-10-21 17:41:09 [LastModificationDate] => 2019-04-14 15:19:08 ) [112] => Array ( [id] => 64098 [Tag] => charter [Language] => en [Entryid] => 1587 [OriginalCreationDate] => 2017-10-21 17:41:09 [LastModificationDate] => 2019-04-14 15:19:08 ) [113] => Array ( [id] => 64099 [Tag] => administration [Language] => en [Entryid] => 1587 [OriginalCreationDate] => 2017-10-21 17:41:09 [LastModificationDate] => 2019-04-14 15:19:08 ) [114] => Array ( [id] => 64100 [Tag] => institutions [Language] => en [Entryid] => 1587 [OriginalCreationDate] => 2017-10-21 17:41:09 [LastModificationDate] => 2019-04-14 15:19:08 ) [115] => Array ( [id] => 64101 [Tag] => civil [Language] => en [Entryid] => 1587 [OriginalCreationDate] => 2017-10-21 17:41:09 [LastModificationDate] => 2019-04-14 15:19:08 ) [116] => Array ( [id] => 64102 [Tag] => barons [Language] => en [Entryid] => 1587 [OriginalCreationDate] => 2017-10-21 17:41:09 [LastModificationDate] => 2019-04-14 15:19:08 ) [117] => Array ( [id] => 64103 [Tag] => american [Language] => en [Entryid] => 1587 [OriginalCreationDate] => 2017-10-21 17:41:09 [LastModificationDate] => 2019-04-14 15:19:08 ) [118] => Array ( [id] => 64104 [Tag] => form [Language] => en [Entryid] => 1587 [OriginalCreationDate] => 2017-10-21 17:41:09 [LastModificationDate] => 2019-04-14 15:19:08 ) [119] => Array ( [id] => 64105 [Tag] => rule [Language] => en [Entryid] => 1587 [OriginalCreationDate] => 2017-10-21 17:41:09 [LastModificationDate] => 2019-04-14 15:19:08 ) [120] => Array ( [id] => 64106 [Tag] => theory [Language] => en [Entryid] => 1587 [OriginalCreationDate] => 2017-10-21 17:41:09 [LastModificationDate] => 2019-04-14 15:19:08 ) [121] => Array ( [id] => 64107 [Tag] => money [Language] => en [Entryid] => 1587 [OriginalCreationDate] => 2017-10-21 17:41:09 [LastModificationDate] => 2019-04-14 15:19:08 ) [122] => Array ( [id] => 64108 [Tag] => practice [Language] => en [Entryid] => 1587 [OriginalCreationDate] => 2017-10-21 17:41:09 [LastModificationDate] => 2019-04-14 15:19:08 ) [123] => Array ( [id] => 64109 [Tag] => established [Language] => en [Entryid] => 1587 [OriginalCreationDate] => 2017-10-21 17:41:09 [LastModificationDate] => 2019-04-14 15:19:08 ) [124] => Array ( [id] => 64110 [Tag] => member [Language] => en [Entryid] => 1587 [OriginalCreationDate] => 2017-10-21 17:41:09 [LastModificationDate] => 2019-04-14 15:19:08 ) [125] => Array ( [id] => 64111 [Tag] => body [Language] => en [Entryid] => 1587 [OriginalCreationDate] => 2017-10-21 17:41:09 [LastModificationDate] => 2019-04-14 15:19:08 ) [126] => Array ( [id] => 64112 [Tag] => might [Language] => en [Entryid] => 1587 [OriginalCreationDate] => 2017-10-21 17:41:09 [LastModificationDate] => 2019-04-14 15:19:08 ) [127] => Array ( [id] => 64113 [Tag] => matters [Language] => en [Entryid] => 1587 [OriginalCreationDate] => 2017-10-21 17:41:09 [LastModificationDate] => 2019-04-14 15:19:08 ) [128] => Array ( [id] => 64114 [Tag] => just [Language] => en [Entryid] => 1587 [OriginalCreationDate] => 2017-10-21 17:41:09 [LastModificationDate] => 2019-04-14 15:19:08 ) [129] => Array ( [id] => 64115 [Tag] => resist [Language] => en [Entryid] => 1587 [OriginalCreationDate] => 2017-10-21 17:41:09 [LastModificationDate] => 2019-04-14 15:19:08 ) [130] => Array ( [id] => 64116 [Tag] => life [Language] => en [Entryid] => 1587 [OriginalCreationDate] => 2017-10-21 17:41:09 [LastModificationDate] => 2019-04-14 15:19:08 ) [131] => Array ( [id] => 64117 [Tag] => freedom [Language] => en [Entryid] => 1587 [OriginalCreationDate] => 2017-10-21 17:41:09 [LastModificationDate] => 2019-04-14 15:19:08 ) [132] => Array ( [id] => 64118 [Tag] => state [Language] => en [Entryid] => 1587 [OriginalCreationDate] => 2017-10-21 17:41:09 [LastModificationDate] => 2019-04-14 15:19:08 ) [133] => Array ( [id] => 64119 [Tag] => abridgment [Language] => en [Entryid] => 1587 [OriginalCreationDate] => 2017-10-21 17:41:09 [LastModificationDate] => 2019-04-14 15:19:08 ) [134] => Array ( [id] => 64120 [Tag] => united [Language] => en [Entryid] => 1587 [OriginalCreationDate] => 2017-10-21 17:41:09 [LastModificationDate] => 2019-04-14 15:19:08 ) [135] => Array ( [id] => 64121 [Tag] => individuals [Language] => en [Entryid] => 1587 [OriginalCreationDate] => 2017-10-21 17:41:09 [LastModificationDate] => 2019-04-14 15:19:08 ) [136] => Array ( [id] => 64122 [Tag] => crimes [Language] => en [Entryid] => 1587 [OriginalCreationDate] => 2017-10-21 17:41:09 [LastModificationDate] => 2019-04-14 15:19:08 ) [137] => Array ( [id] => 64123 [Tag] => suffrage [Language] => en [Entryid] => 1587 [OriginalCreationDate] => 2017-10-21 17:41:09 [LastModificationDate] => 2019-04-14 15:19:08 ) [138] => Array ( [id] => 64124 [Tag] => protect [Language] => en [Entryid] => 1587 [OriginalCreationDate] => 2017-10-21 17:41:09 [LastModificationDate] => 2019-04-14 15:19:08 ) [139] => Array ( [id] => 64125 [Tag] => verdict [Language] => en [Entryid] => 1587 [OriginalCreationDate] => 2017-10-21 17:41:09 [LastModificationDate] => 2019-04-14 15:19:08 ) [140] => Array ( [id] => 64126 [Tag] => innocent [Language] => en [Entryid] => 1587 [OriginalCreationDate] => 2017-10-21 17:41:09 [LastModificationDate] => 2019-04-14 15:19:08 ) [141] => Array ( [id] => 64127 [Tag] => land [Language] => en [Entryid] => 1587 [OriginalCreationDate] => 2017-10-21 17:41:09 [LastModificationDate] => 2019-04-14 15:19:08 ) [142] => Array ( [id] => 64128 [Tag] => questions [Language] => en [Entryid] => 1587 [OriginalCreationDate] => 2017-10-21 17:41:09 [LastModificationDate] => 2019-04-14 15:19:08 ) [143] => Array ( [id] => 64129 [Tag] => contract [Language] => en [Entryid] => 1587 [OriginalCreationDate] => 2017-10-21 17:41:09 [LastModificationDate] => 2019-04-14 15:19:08 ) [144] => Array ( [id] => 64130 [Tag] => insurance [Language] => en [Entryid] => 1587 [OriginalCreationDate] => 2017-10-21 17:41:09 [LastModificationDate] => 2019-04-14 15:19:08 ) [145] => Array ( [id] => 64131 [Tag] => mankind [Language] => en [Entryid] => 1587 [OriginalCreationDate] => 2017-10-21 17:41:09 [LastModificationDate] => 2019-04-14 15:19:08 ) [146] => Array ( [id] => 64132 [Tag] => arbitrary [Language] => en [Entryid] => 1587 [OriginalCreationDate] => 2017-10-21 17:41:09 [LastModificationDate] => 2019-04-14 15:19:08 ) [147] => Array ( [id] => 64133 [Tag] => superior [Language] => en [Entryid] => 1587 [OriginalCreationDate] => 2017-10-21 17:41:09 [LastModificationDate] => 2019-04-14 15:19:08 ) [148] => Array ( [id] => 64134 [Tag] => interests [Language] => en [Entryid] => 1587 [OriginalCreationDate] => 2017-10-21 17:41:09 [LastModificationDate] => 2019-04-14 15:19:08 ) [149] => Array ( [id] => 64135 [Tag] => tribunals [Language] => en [Entryid] => 1587 [OriginalCreationDate] => 2017-10-21 17:41:09 [LastModificationDate] => 2019-04-14 15:19:08 ) [150] => Array ( [id] => 64136 [Tag] => security [Language] => en [Entryid] => 1587 [OriginalCreationDate] => 2017-10-21 17:41:09 [LastModificationDate] => 2019-04-14 15:19:08 ) [151] => Array ( [id] => 64137 [Tag] => statute [Language] => en [Entryid] => 1587 [OriginalCreationDate] => 2017-10-21 17:41:09 [LastModificationDate] => 2019-04-14 15:19:08 ) [152] => Array ( [id] => 64138 [Tag] => legislators [Language] => en [Entryid] => 1587 [OriginalCreationDate] => 2017-10-21 17:41:09 [LastModificationDate] => 2019-04-14 15:19:08 ) [153] => Array ( [id] => 64139 [Tag] => guilty [Language] => en [Entryid] => 1587 [OriginalCreationDate] => 2017-10-21 17:41:09 [LastModificationDate] => 2019-04-14 15:19:08 ) [154] => Array ( [id] => 64140 [Tag] => 1912 [Language] => en [Entryid] => 1587 [OriginalCreationDate] => 2017-10-21 17:41:09 [LastModificationDate] => 2019-04-14 15:19:08 ) [155] => Array ( [id] => 64141 [Tag] => opinion [Language] => en [Entryid] => 1587 [OriginalCreationDate] => 2017-10-21 17:41:09 [LastModificationDate] => 2019-04-14 15:19:08 ) [156] => Array ( [id] => 64142 [Tag] => yarros [Language] => en [Entryid] => 1587 [OriginalCreationDate] => 2017-10-21 17:41:09 [LastModificationDate] => 2019-04-14 15:19:08 ) [157] => Array ( [id] => 64143 [Tag] => london [Language] => en [Entryid] => 1587 [OriginalCreationDate] => 2017-10-21 17:41:09 [LastModificationDate] => 2019-04-14 15:19:08 ) [158] => Array ( [id] => 64144 [Tag] => states [Language] => en [Entryid] => 1587 [OriginalCreationDate] => 2017-10-21 17:41:09 [LastModificationDate] => 2019-04-14 15:19:08 ) [159] => Array ( [id] => 64145 [Tag] => england [Language] => en [Entryid] => 1587 [OriginalCreationDate] => 2017-10-21 17:41:09 [LastModificationDate] => 2019-04-14 15:19:08 ) [160] => Array ( [id] => 64146 [Tag] => consented [Language] => en [Entryid] => 1587 [OriginalCreationDate] => 2017-10-21 17:41:09 [LastModificationDate] => 2019-04-14 15:19:08 ) [161] => Array ( [id] => 64147 [Tag] => taxed [Language] => en [Entryid] => 1587 [OriginalCreationDate] => 2017-10-21 17:41:09 [LastModificationDate] => 2019-04-14 15:19:08 ) [162] => Array ( [id] => 64148 [Tag] => company [Language] => en [Entryid] => 1587 [OriginalCreationDate] => 2017-10-21 17:41:09 [LastModificationDate] => 2019-04-14 15:19:08 ) [163] => Array ( [id] => 64149 [Tag] => tyrannical [Language] => en [Entryid] => 1587 [OriginalCreationDate] => 2017-10-21 17:41:09 [LastModificationDate] => 2019-04-14 15:19:08 ) [164] => Array ( [id] => 64150 [Tag] => submit [Language] => en [Entryid] => 1587 [OriginalCreationDate] => 2017-10-21 17:41:09 [LastModificationDate] => 2019-04-14 15:19:08 ) ) [link] => [eventdate] => Array ( [0] => Array ( [id] => 486 [Entryid] => 1587 [EventDateTime] => 1912-00-00 00:00:00 [Title] => Publication [Description] => [Language] => en [OriginalCreationDate] => 2017-02-10 17:10:55 [LastModificationDate] => 2019-04-14 15:19:08 ) ) [availabilitydaterange] => Array ( [0] => Array ( [id] => 4955 [AvailabilityStart] => 0000-00-00 00:00:00 [AvailabilityEnd] => 0000-00-00 00:00:00 [Entryid] => 1587 [OriginalCreationDate] => 2019-04-14 15:19:08 [LastModificationDate] => 2019-04-14 15:19:08 ) ) [association] => Array ( [0] => Array ( [id] => 463 [Entryid] => 1587 [ChosenEntryid] => 71 [Type] => Role [SubType] => Author [OriginalCreationDate] => 2017-02-10 17:10:55 [LastModificationDate] => 2019-04-14 15:19:08 ) ) [definition] => [associated] => ) [2] => Array ( [id] => 1588 [Title] => Preface [Subtitle] => [ListTitle] => Alpha Material : Preface [ListTitleSortKey] => [Code] => preface [ChildAdjective] => [ChildNoun] => [ChildNounPlural] => [OriginalCreationDate] => 2017-02-10 17:11:25 [LastModificationDate] => 2017-02-10 17:11:25 [assignment] => Array ( [0] => Array ( [id] => 1592 [Parentid] => 1587 [Childid] => 1588 ) ) [entrytranslation] => [description] => [quote] => [textbody] => Array ( [0] => Array ( [id] => 1565 [Text] =>

PREFACE

      Perhaps the argument most frequently used by conservative believers in the convenient doctrine of leaving things as they are against those engaged in reformatory efforts of a more or less radical nature is that the "spirit and genius of American institutions" do not admit of the assimilation or acceptance of the proposed innovations. Were one to trust them, the "American institutions" are something so clearly defined, finished, and powerful as to absolutely render it impossible for any inconsistent and discordant element to maintain a vigorous existence within the charmed circle which affords chances of life only to what necessarily and logically flows as a consequence from the fundamental principles supporting the peculiar civilization of this "best government on the face of the earth." We are asked to look upon all that "is," if not as unqualifiedly right and perfect, then as relatively so in the sense of its being the unavoidable outcome of primary conditions.

      This fact alone would amply justify our curiosity to learn thoroughly the essence and import of these "institutions," especially since manifold serious evils, universally considered destructive of social equipoise and progress, seem to flourish in our midst without restraint.

      But we are moved to such an inquiry by still another circumstance. Besides the easy-going conservative who hurls the epithet "un-American" at the head of anybody contemplating innocent improvements of vexatious misarrangements, there is a large class of men, earnest and determined reformers, who, in working for a gigantic plan of social reorganization, make the same claim of strict fidelity to the logic and spirit of American principles, not only as against those resisting reform as such, but also-and even with greater emphasis-as against other schools of radical reform which oppose them, not because they strive for renovation and change, but because their ideas of the needful, and the desirable, and the truly salutary differ materially. Indeed, every school of reform boasts of exclusive understanding of and jealous care for the "self-evident" maxims on which the opportunities, and possibilities, and prospects of this land of labor and freedom are built.

      Now, what shall we believe? Whom shall we follow? Which of the conflicting opinions is most nearly right, if any one is so? Is everything as it should be? If not, in what direction is betterment to be sought? Are State Socialists and Nationalists right: must the function of government be enlarged and extended, and will the completion of the Jeffersonian structure consist in the triumphant adoption of the entire collectivist program? Or is Anarchism the true doctrine and the removal of the last and least vestige of State compulsion to be demanded and achieved? In a word, what is the meaning of political freedom; whither does it lead us; with what does it inspire us?

      For an answer to these important questions the reader is confidently referred to the following pages, which represent an abridgment and rearrangement of Lysander Spooner's remarkable work on "Trial by jury." At the time of its publication Mr. Spooner had no affiliation with any reform movement, and had no special cause to plead, but was simply a private American citizen, a jurist, and an unbiassed student of political science and history. His discussion of the nature, essence, logic, and maintenance of political freedom is so masterful, convincing, and conclusive that it cannot fail to enlighten public opinion on the subject and enable one to form a criterion by which to pass upon the various interpretations of the "American Idea." This work entitles Mr. Spooner to the gratitude and admiration of all the liberty-loving and tyranny-detesting. No one who aspires intelligently to defend or forcibly to assail political independence should neglect to. consider Mr. Spooner's elucidation of its real significance and character.

      It is hoped that the present publication will serve yet another purpose. Many of those to whose minds individualistic views appear attractive and rational hesitate to express a positive opinion in consequence of the thousand-and-one questions of detail and practical difficulty which rush into their heads and to the settlement of which they do not see their way. Of course a casuistic philosophy is an absurdity, but generalization and abstraction are not sufficient. Life is too complex to be covered by a simple formula, though first principles we must have. Mr. Spooner successfully demonstrates that the highest justice and equity can be secured under complete freedom and that they have nothing to fear from the dissolution of the State who are prepared to do unto others as they would be done by.

      One word more. As the end sought by this republication is distinct from that of the original publication, I could not avoid changes and alterations. Mr. Spooner's intention was to discredit and denounce the perversion of trial by jury and to promulgate the correct and legitimate system by which alone free political relations could be preserved. The explanation of the nature of such relations was of secondary importance. I am here, on the contrary, chiefly concerned with this side of the problem. This necessitated abridgment as well as rearrangement. I was obliged to reduce to subordination that which was dominant and to raise into prominence that which was tributary. Lest I may be criticized for taking so unceremonious a liberty, I will anticipate my critics by requesting the reader to attribute all the merits and good qualities of this edition to Mr. Spooner's ability, while laying the responsibility for all its faults and imperfections at my door.

V. Y.

[Source] => Anarchy Archives [Language] => en [WordCount] => 913 [CharacterCount] => 5928 [Entryid] => 1588 [OriginalCreationDate] => 2017-02-10 17:11:25 [LastModificationDate] => 2017-10-12 09:24:51 ) ) [image] => [imagetranslation] => [tag] => [link] => [eventdate] => [availabilitydaterange] => Array ( [0] => Array ( [id] => 1617 [AvailabilityStart] => 0000-00-00 00:00:00 [AvailabilityEnd] => 0000-00-00 00:00:00 [Entryid] => 1588 [OriginalCreationDate] => 2017-02-10 17:11:25 [LastModificationDate] => 2017-02-10 17:11:25 ) ) [association] => [definition] => [associated] => ) ) MASTER RECORD: Array ( [id] => 3 [Title] => Revolt Library [Subtitle] => Revolutionary Materials from the Past [ListTitle] => Revolt Library [ListTitleSortKey] => [Code] => RevoltLib.com [ChildAdjective] => [ChildNoun] => [ChildNounPlural] => [OriginalCreationDate] => 2016-10-24 16:48:04 [LastModificationDate] => 2019-03-20 08:31:10 [assignment] => Array ( [id] => 4 [Parentid] => 3 [Childid] => 0 ) [entrytranslation] => [description] => Array ( [0] => Array ( [id] => 4 [Description] => Want to know how they fought the state and capitalism in the past? Look no further! All the answers about history's anti-authoritarian battles can be found here. [Source] => [Language] => [Entryid] => 3 [OriginalCreationDate] => 2016-10-24 16:48:04 [LastModificationDate] => 2019-03-20 08:31:10 ) ) [quote] => Array ( [0] => Array ( [id] => 4 [Quote] => Masters cannot give you anything without first taking it from you. [Source] => [Language] => [Entryid] => 3 [OriginalCreationDate] => 2016-10-24 16:48:05 [LastModificationDate] => 2019-03-20 08:31:10 ) ) [textbody] => Array ( [0] => Array ( [id] => 4 [Text] =>

Welcome to RevoltLib! Here you will find an archive of materials from the past that once helped people to abolish the state, fight capitalism, end sexism, demolish imperialism, and eliminate all forms of social domination. Information is power -- arm yourself!

[Source] => [Language] => [WordCount] => 41 [CharacterCount] => 271 [Entryid] => 3 [OriginalCreationDate] => 2016-10-24 16:48:05 [LastModificationDate] => 2019-03-20 08:31:10 ) [1] => Array ( [id] => 2902 [Text] =>

The mission behind RevoltLib is to provide reliable, interactive, and comprehensive access to written works about Revolution, and Anarchism in particular.

Reliability is important. The site's guaranteed uptime is maintained by a dedicated, software engineering professional who is always monitoring for problems. Each book, essay, or other written work provided is made available in multiple formats (txt, pdf, etc.), so that if one particular format is unsuitable, there will be others you can download. And the site is powered with a set of error detection and correction utilities, which can fix anything from typos and spelling errors to British/American spelling equivalents and optical-cypher-recognition (OCR) mistranslations.

Interactive websites are more likely to offer a richer and more rewarding experience. Users (with Google accounts) can login, comment, and like/dislike any page about the authors or containing the works of the authors. Tagging related works with the same keywords can help people more easily find similar works of interest. There is even a way to listen to each text as audio, with your own preference of voice (Chrome-only).

Comprehensive is the part of the mission that never ends. There are still many texts available that just have not yet been upload, some of them are just image files of pages still requiring OCR, some of them have not even been scanned, and many of them are not physically available except at ridiculously exorbitant prices from rare book collectors. We want to get more and more texts, and we want to do it in a way that is more and more reliable and interactive.

[Source] => [Language] => en [WordCount] => 262 [CharacterCount] => 1694 [Entryid] => 3 [OriginalCreationDate] => 2018-02-10 07:34:32 [LastModificationDate] => 2019-03-20 08:31:10 ) [2] => Array ( [id] => 2903 [Text] =>

RevoltLib was launched on Oct 24, 2016. Two events are responsible for triggering its creation: a software engineer and activist had just built a CMS (Content-Management-System) and was looking for a project to deploy it with; and, at the same time, Anarchy Archives, the longest-living and largest collection of Anarchist works, had gone down (it has seen been brought back online). Seeing the opportunity, I took it, and built what is now RevoltLib, largely from Anarchy Archives, but also from a good, healthy number of other sources, some of them no longer available.

By the end of 2016, the entirety of the sorted sections of Anarchy Archives had been brought into RevoltLib. In 2017, the focus was spent optimizing and cleaning code, adding a minimal feature-set, and building tools to generate information about the texts, such as keywords and glossaries. And 2018 is now here. RevoltLib is ready to keep going forward.

[Source] => [Language] => en [WordCount] => 147 [CharacterCount] => 958 [Entryid] => 3 [OriginalCreationDate] => 2018-02-10 09:06:29 [LastModificationDate] => 2019-03-20 08:31:10 ) [3] => Array ( [id] => 2904 [Text] =>

There is one person behind RevoltLib: UprisingEngineer. He is an activist, a software engineeer, a wobbly, a supporter of AK Press, and a trip hop fanatic.

[Source] => [Language] => en [WordCount] => 26 [CharacterCount] => 165 [Entryid] => 3 [OriginalCreationDate] => 2018-02-10 09:21:30 [LastModificationDate] => 2019-03-20 08:31:10 ) ) [image] => [imagetranslation] => [tag] => [link] => [eventdate] => [availabilitydaterange] => Array ( [0] => Array ( [id] => 4639 [AvailabilityStart] => 0000-00-00 00:00:00 [AvailabilityEnd] => 0000-00-00 00:00:00 [Entryid] => 3 [OriginalCreationDate] => 2019-03-20 08:31:10 [LastModificationDate] => 2019-03-20 08:31:10 ) ) [association] => [definition] => [associated] => ) PARENT: Array ( [id] => 1587 [Title] => Free Political Institutions [Subtitle] => [ListTitle] => Free Political Institutions [ListTitleSortKey] => [Code] => free-political-institutions [ChildAdjective] => [ChildNoun] => [ChildNounPlural] => [OriginalCreationDate] => 2017-02-10 17:10:55 [LastModificationDate] => 2019-04-14 15:19:07 [assignment] => Array ( [0] => Array ( [id] => 1591 [Parentid] => 4 [Childid] => 1587 ) ) [entrytranslation] => [description] => [quote] => [textbody] => [image] => Array ( [0] => Array ( [id] => 693 [Title] => Photo by urbanartcore.eu, CC BY-NC License [Description] => [FileName] => 5567504538_22e2b1cf4b_o.jpg [FileDirectory] => 9nff [IconFileName] => 5567504538_22e2b1cf4b_o-icon.jpg [StandardFileName] => 5567504538_22e2b1cf4b_o-standard.jpg [Entryid] => 1587 [PixelWidth] => 3888 [PixelHeight] => 2592 [IconPixelWidth] => 200 [IconPixelHeight] => 134 [StandardPixelWidth] => 1000 [StandardPixelHeight] => 667 [OriginalCreationDate] => 2019-04-14 15:19:07 [LastModificationDate] => 2019-04-21 14:08:46 ) ) [imagetranslation] => [tag] => Array ( [0] => Array ( [id] => 63986 [Tag] => trial by jury [Language] => en [Entryid] => 1587 [OriginalCreationDate] => 2017-10-21 17:41:08 [LastModificationDate] => 2019-04-14 15:19:07 ) [1] => Array ( [id] => 63987 [Tag] => administration of justice [Language] => en [Entryid] => 1587 [OriginalCreationDate] => 2017-10-21 17:41:08 [LastModificationDate] => 2019-04-14 15:19:07 ) [2] => Array ( [id] => 63988 [Tag] => rights and liberties [Language] => en [Entryid] => 1587 [OriginalCreationDate] => 2017-10-21 17:41:08 [LastModificationDate] => 2019-04-14 15:19:07 ) [3] => Array ( [id] => 63989 [Tag] => abridgment and rearrangement [Language] => en [Entryid] => 1587 [OriginalCreationDate] => 2017-10-21 17:41:08 [LastModificationDate] => 2019-04-14 15:19:07 ) [4] => Array ( [id] => 63990 [Tag] => rearrangement of lysander [Language] => en [Entryid] => 1587 [OriginalCreationDate] => 2017-10-21 17:41:08 [LastModificationDate] => 2019-04-14 15:19:07 ) [5] => Array ( [id] => 63991 [Tag] => free political institutions [Language] => en [Entryid] => 1587 [OriginalCreationDate] => 2017-10-21 17:41:08 [LastModificationDate] => 2019-04-14 15:19:07 ) [6] => Array ( [id] => 63992 [Tag] => courts of justice [Language] => en [Entryid] => 1587 [OriginalCreationDate] => 2017-10-21 17:41:08 [LastModificationDate] => 2019-04-14 15:19:07 ) [7] => Array ( [id] => 63993 [Tag] => laws of evidence [Language] => en [Entryid] => 1587 [OriginalCreationDate] => 2017-10-21 17:41:08 [LastModificationDate] => 2019-04-14 15:19:07 ) [8] => Array ( [id] => 63994 [Tag] => selection of jurors [Language] => en [Entryid] => 1587 [OriginalCreationDate] => 2017-10-21 17:41:08 [LastModificationDate] => 2019-04-14 15:19:07 ) [9] => Array ( [id] => 63995 [Tag] => right to judge [Language] => en [Entryid] => 1587 [OriginalCreationDate] => 2017-10-21 17:41:08 [LastModificationDate] => 2019-04-14 15:19:07 ) [10] => Array ( [id] => 63996 [Tag] => power to punish [Language] => en [Entryid] => 1587 [OriginalCreationDate] => 2017-10-21 17:41:08 [LastModificationDate] => 2019-04-14 15:19:07 ) [11] => Array ( [id] => 63997 [Tag] => power to judge [Language] => en [Entryid] => 1587 [OriginalCreationDate] => 2017-10-21 17:41:08 [LastModificationDate] => 2019-04-14 15:19:07 ) [12] => Array ( [id] => 63998 [Tag] => magna charta [Language] => en [Entryid] => 1587 [OriginalCreationDate] => 2017-10-21 17:41:08 [LastModificationDate] => 2019-04-14 15:19:07 ) [13] => Array ( [id] => 63999 [Tag] => common law [Language] => en [Entryid] => 1587 [OriginalCreationDate] => 2017-10-21 17:41:08 [LastModificationDate] => 2019-04-14 15:19:07 ) [14] => Array ( [id] => 64000 [Tag] => criminal intent [Language] => en [Entryid] => 1587 [OriginalCreationDate] => 2017-10-21 17:41:08 [LastModificationDate] => 2019-04-14 15:19:07 ) [15] => Array ( [id] => 64001 [Tag] => weaker party [Language] => en [Entryid] => 1587 [OriginalCreationDate] => 2017-10-21 17:41:08 [LastModificationDate] => 2019-04-14 15:19:07 ) [16] => Array ( [id] => 64002 [Tag] => free administration [Language] => en [Entryid] => 1587 [OriginalCreationDate] => 2017-10-21 17:41:08 [LastModificationDate] => 2019-04-14 15:19:07 ) [17] => Array ( [id] => 64003 [Tag] => political institutions [Language] => en [Entryid] => 1587 [OriginalCreationDate] => 2017-10-21 17:41:08 [LastModificationDate] => 2019-04-14 15:19:07 ) [18] => Array ( [id] => 64004 [Tag] => victor yarros [Language] => en [Entryid] => 1587 [OriginalCreationDate] => 2017-10-21 17:41:08 [LastModificationDate] => 2019-04-14 15:19:07 ) [19] => Array ( [id] => 64005 [Tag] => voluntary association [Language] => en [Entryid] => 1587 [OriginalCreationDate] => 2017-10-21 17:41:08 [LastModificationDate] => 2019-04-14 15:19:07 ) [20] => Array ( [id] => 64006 [Tag] => accused person [Language] => en [Entryid] => 1587 [OriginalCreationDate] => 2017-10-21 17:41:08 [LastModificationDate] => 2019-04-14 15:19:07 ) [21] => Array ( [id] => 64007 [Tag] => moral responsibility [Language] => en [Entryid] => 1587 [OriginalCreationDate] => 2017-10-21 17:41:08 [LastModificationDate] => 2019-04-14 15:19:07 ) [22] => Array ( [id] => 64008 [Tag] => stronger party [Language] => en [Entryid] => 1587 [OriginalCreationDate] => 2017-10-21 17:41:08 [LastModificationDate] => 2019-04-14 15:19:07 ) [23] => Array ( [id] => 64009 [Tag] => united states [Language] => en [Entryid] => 1587 [OriginalCreationDate] => 2017-10-21 17:41:08 [LastModificationDate] => 2019-04-14 15:19:07 ) [24] => Array ( [id] => 64010 [Tag] => natural right [Language] => en [Entryid] => 1587 [OriginalCreationDate] => 2017-10-21 17:41:08 [LastModificationDate] => 2019-04-14 15:19:07 ) [25] => Array ( [id] => 64011 [Tag] => constitutional law [Language] => en [Entryid] => 1587 [OriginalCreationDate] => 2017-10-21 17:41:08 [LastModificationDate] => 2019-04-14 15:19:07 ) [26] => Array ( [id] => 64012 [Tag] => legitimate government [Language] => en [Entryid] => 1587 [OriginalCreationDate] => 2017-10-21 17:41:08 [LastModificationDate] => 2019-04-14 15:19:07 ) [27] => Array ( [id] => 64013 [Tag] => free government [Language] => en [Entryid] => 1587 [OriginalCreationDate] => 2017-10-21 17:41:08 [LastModificationDate] => 2019-04-14 15:19:07 ) [28] => Array ( [id] => 64014 [Tag] => banking corporation [Language] => en [Entryid] => 1587 [OriginalCreationDate] => 2017-10-21 17:41:08 [LastModificationDate] => 2019-04-14 15:19:07 ) [29] => Array ( [id] => 64015 [Tag] => insurance company [Language] => en [Entryid] => 1587 [OriginalCreationDate] => 2017-10-21 17:41:08 [LastModificationDate] => 2019-04-14 15:19:07 ) [30] => Array ( [id] => 64016 [Tag] => opposing parties [Language] => en [Entryid] => 1587 [OriginalCreationDate] => 2017-10-21 17:41:08 [LastModificationDate] => 2019-04-14 15:19:07 ) [31] => Array ( [id] => 64017 [Tag] => natural rights [Language] => en [Entryid] => 1587 [OriginalCreationDate] => 2017-10-21 17:41:08 [LastModificationDate] => 2019-04-14 15:19:07 ) [32] => Array ( [id] => 64018 [Tag] => legal right [Language] => en [Entryid] => 1587 [OriginalCreationDate] => 2017-10-21 17:41:08 [LastModificationDate] => 2019-04-14 15:19:07 ) [33] => Array ( [id] => 64019 [Tag] => jury box [Language] => en [Entryid] => 1587 [OriginalCreationDate] => 2017-10-21 17:41:08 [LastModificationDate] => 2019-04-14 15:19:07 ) [34] => Array ( [id] => 64020 [Tag] => mental capacity [Language] => en [Entryid] => 1587 [OriginalCreationDate] => 2017-10-21 17:41:08 [LastModificationDate] => 2019-04-14 15:19:07 ) [35] => Array ( [id] => 64021 [Tag] => legal juries [Language] => en [Entryid] => 1587 [OriginalCreationDate] => 2017-10-21 17:41:08 [LastModificationDate] => 2019-04-14 15:19:07 ) [36] => Array ( [id] => 64022 [Tag] => american institutions [Language] => en [Entryid] => 1587 [OriginalCreationDate] => 2017-10-21 17:41:08 [LastModificationDate] => 2019-04-14 15:19:07 ) [37] => Array ( [id] => 64023 [Tag] => political freedom [Language] => en [Entryid] => 1587 [OriginalCreationDate] => 2017-10-21 17:41:08 [LastModificationDate] => 2019-04-14 15:19:07 ) [38] => Array ( [id] => 64024 [Tag] => practical purposes [Language] => en [Entryid] => 1587 [OriginalCreationDate] => 2017-10-21 17:41:08 [LastModificationDate] => 2019-04-14 15:19:07 ) [39] => Array ( [id] => 64025 [Tag] => absolute government [Language] => en [Entryid] => 1587 [OriginalCreationDate] => 2017-10-21 17:41:08 [LastModificationDate] => 2019-04-14 15:19:07 ) [40] => Array ( [id] => 64026 [Tag] => constitutional limits [Language] => en [Entryid] => 1587 [OriginalCreationDate] => 2017-10-21 17:41:08 [LastModificationDate] => 2019-04-14 15:19:07 ) [41] => Array ( [id] => 64027 [Tag] => unjust law [Language] => en [Entryid] => 1587 [OriginalCreationDate] => 2017-10-21 17:41:08 [LastModificationDate] => 2019-04-14 15:19:07 ) [42] => Array ( [id] => 64028 [Tag] => legal defense [Language] => en [Entryid] => 1587 [OriginalCreationDate] => 2017-10-21 17:41:08 [LastModificationDate] => 2019-04-14 15:19:08 ) [43] => Array ( [id] => 64029 [Tag] => common people [Language] => en [Entryid] => 1587 [OriginalCreationDate] => 2017-10-21 17:41:08 [LastModificationDate] => 2019-04-14 15:19:08 ) [44] => Array ( [id] => 64030 [Tag] => political necessity [Language] => en [Entryid] => 1587 [OriginalCreationDate] => 2017-10-21 17:41:08 [LastModificationDate] => 2019-04-14 15:19:08 ) [45] => Array ( [id] => 64031 [Tag] => reasonable contracts [Language] => en [Entryid] => 1587 [OriginalCreationDate] => 2017-10-21 17:41:08 [LastModificationDate] => 2019-04-14 15:19:08 ) [46] => Array ( [id] => 64032 [Tag] => criminal law [Language] => en [Entryid] => 1587 [OriginalCreationDate] => 2017-10-21 17:41:08 [LastModificationDate] => 2019-04-14 15:19:08 ) [47] => Array ( [id] => 64033 [Tag] => legitimate system [Language] => en [Entryid] => 1587 [OriginalCreationDate] => 2017-10-21 17:41:09 [LastModificationDate] => 2019-04-14 15:19:08 ) [48] => Array ( [id] => 64034 [Tag] => majority rule [Language] => en [Entryid] => 1587 [OriginalCreationDate] => 2017-10-21 17:41:09 [LastModificationDate] => 2019-04-14 15:19:08 ) [49] => Array ( [id] => 64035 [Tag] => mutual protection [Language] => en [Entryid] => 1587 [OriginalCreationDate] => 2017-10-21 17:41:09 [LastModificationDate] => 2019-04-14 15:19:08 ) [50] => Array ( [id] => 64036 [Tag] => government [Language] => en [Entryid] => 1587 [OriginalCreationDate] => 2017-10-21 17:41:09 [LastModificationDate] => 2019-04-14 15:19:08 ) [51] => Array ( [id] => 64037 [Tag] => law [Language] => en [Entryid] => 1587 [OriginalCreationDate] => 2017-10-21 17:41:09 [LastModificationDate] => 2019-04-14 15:19:08 ) [52] => Array ( [id] => 64038 [Tag] => people [Language] => en [Entryid] => 1587 [OriginalCreationDate] => 2017-10-21 17:41:09 [LastModificationDate] => 2019-04-14 15:19:08 ) [53] => Array ( [id] => 64039 [Tag] => jury [Language] => en [Entryid] => 1587 [OriginalCreationDate] => 2017-10-21 17:41:09 [LastModificationDate] => 2019-04-14 15:19:08 ) [54] => Array ( [id] => 64040 [Tag] => justice [Language] => en [Entryid] => 1587 [OriginalCreationDate] => 2017-10-21 17:41:09 [LastModificationDate] => 2019-04-14 15:19:08 ) [55] => Array ( [id] => 64041 [Tag] => trial [Language] => en [Entryid] => 1587 [OriginalCreationDate] => 2017-10-21 17:41:09 [LastModificationDate] => 2019-04-14 15:19:08 ) [56] => Array ( [id] => 64042 [Tag] => right [Language] => en [Entryid] => 1587 [OriginalCreationDate] => 2017-10-21 17:41:09 [LastModificationDate] => 2019-04-14 15:19:08 ) [57] => Array ( [id] => 64043 [Tag] => power [Language] => en [Entryid] => 1587 [OriginalCreationDate] => 2017-10-21 17:41:09 [LastModificationDate] => 2019-04-14 15:19:08 ) [58] => Array ( [id] => 64044 [Tag] => laws [Language] => en [Entryid] => 1587 [OriginalCreationDate] => 2017-10-21 17:41:09 [LastModificationDate] => 2019-04-14 15:19:08 ) [59] => Array ( [id] => 64045 [Tag] => rights [Language] => en [Entryid] => 1587 [OriginalCreationDate] => 2017-10-21 17:41:09 [LastModificationDate] => 2019-04-14 15:19:08 ) [60] => Array ( [id] => 64046 [Tag] => jurors [Language] => en [Entryid] => 1587 [OriginalCreationDate] => 2017-10-21 17:41:09 [LastModificationDate] => 2019-04-14 15:19:08 ) [61] => Array ( [id] => 64047 [Tag] => judge [Language] => en [Entryid] => 1587 [OriginalCreationDate] => 2017-10-21 17:41:09 [LastModificationDate] => 2019-04-14 15:19:08 ) [62] => Array ( [id] => 64048 [Tag] => liberties [Language] => en [Entryid] => 1587 [OriginalCreationDate] => 2017-10-21 17:41:09 [LastModificationDate] => 2019-04-14 15:19:08 ) [63] => Array ( [id] => 64049 [Tag] => majority [Language] => en [Entryid] => 1587 [OriginalCreationDate] => 2017-10-21 17:41:09 [LastModificationDate] => 2019-04-14 15:19:08 ) [64] => Array ( [id] => 64050 [Tag] => criminal [Language] => en [Entryid] => 1587 [OriginalCreationDate] => 2017-10-21 17:41:09 [LastModificationDate] => 2019-04-14 15:19:08 ) [65] => Array ( [id] => 64051 [Tag] => party [Language] => en [Entryid] => 1587 [OriginalCreationDate] => 2017-10-21 17:41:09 [LastModificationDate] => 2019-04-14 15:19:08 ) [66] => Array ( [id] => 64052 [Tag] => juries [Language] => en [Entryid] => 1587 [OriginalCreationDate] => 2017-10-21 17:41:09 [LastModificationDate] => 2019-04-14 15:19:08 ) [67] => Array ( [id] => 64053 [Tag] => king [Language] => en [Entryid] => 1587 [OriginalCreationDate] => 2017-10-21 17:41:09 [LastModificationDate] => 2019-04-14 15:19:08 ) [68] => Array ( [id] => 64054 [Tag] => parties [Language] => en [Entryid] => 1587 [OriginalCreationDate] => 2017-10-21 17:41:09 [LastModificationDate] => 2019-04-14 15:19:08 ) [69] => Array ( [id] => 64055 [Tag] => consent [Language] => en [Entryid] => 1587 [OriginalCreationDate] => 2017-10-21 17:41:09 [LastModificationDate] => 2019-04-14 15:19:08 ) [70] => Array ( [id] => 64056 [Tag] => legislation [Language] => en [Entryid] => 1587 [OriginalCreationDate] => 2017-10-21 17:41:09 [LastModificationDate] => 2019-04-14 15:19:08 ) [71] => Array ( [id] => 64057 [Tag] => common [Language] => en [Entryid] => 1587 [OriginalCreationDate] => 2017-10-21 17:41:09 [LastModificationDate] => 2019-04-14 15:19:08 ) [72] => Array ( [id] => 64058 [Tag] => free [Language] => en [Entryid] => 1587 [OriginalCreationDate] => 2017-10-21 17:41:09 [LastModificationDate] => 2019-04-14 15:19:08 ) [73] => Array ( [id] => 64059 [Tag] => evidence [Language] => en [Entryid] => 1587 [OriginalCreationDate] => 2017-10-21 17:41:09 [LastModificationDate] => 2019-04-14 15:19:08 ) [74] => Array ( [id] => 64060 [Tag] => authority [Language] => en [Entryid] => 1587 [OriginalCreationDate] => 2017-10-21 17:41:09 [LastModificationDate] => 2019-04-14 15:19:08 ) [75] => Array ( [id] => 64061 [Tag] => reason [Language] => en [Entryid] => 1587 [OriginalCreationDate] => 2017-10-21 17:41:09 [LastModificationDate] => 2019-04-14 15:19:08 ) [76] => Array ( [id] => 64062 [Tag] => country [Language] => en [Entryid] => 1587 [OriginalCreationDate] => 2017-10-21 17:41:09 [LastModificationDate] => 2019-04-14 15:19:08 ) [77] => Array ( [id] => 64063 [Tag] => nature [Language] => en [Entryid] => 1587 [OriginalCreationDate] => 2017-10-21 17:41:09 [LastModificationDate] => 2019-04-14 15:19:08 ) [78] => Array ( [id] => 64064 [Tag] => political [Language] => en [Entryid] => 1587 [OriginalCreationDate] => 2017-10-21 17:41:09 [LastModificationDate] => 2019-04-14 15:19:08 ) [79] => Array ( [id] => 64065 [Tag] => minority [Language] => en [Entryid] => 1587 [OriginalCreationDate] => 2017-10-21 17:41:09 [LastModificationDate] => 2019-04-14 15:19:08 ) [80] => Array ( [id] => 64066 [Tag] => injustice [Language] => en [Entryid] => 1587 [OriginalCreationDate] => 2017-10-21 17:41:09 [LastModificationDate] => 2019-04-14 15:19:08 ) [81] => Array ( [id] => 64067 [Tag] => system [Language] => en [Entryid] => 1587 [OriginalCreationDate] => 2017-10-21 17:41:09 [LastModificationDate] => 2019-04-14 15:19:08 ) [82] => Array ( [id] => 64068 [Tag] => liberty [Language] => en [Entryid] => 1587 [OriginalCreationDate] => 2017-10-21 17:41:09 [LastModificationDate] => 2019-04-14 15:19:08 ) [83] => Array ( [id] => 64069 [Tag] => association [Language] => en [Entryid] => 1587 [OriginalCreationDate] => 2017-10-21 17:41:09 [LastModificationDate] => 2019-04-14 15:19:08 ) [84] => Array ( [id] => 64070 [Tag] => judgment [Language] => en [Entryid] => 1587 [OriginalCreationDate] => 2017-10-21 17:41:09 [LastModificationDate] => 2019-04-14 15:19:08 ) [85] => Array ( [id] => 64071 [Tag] => ignorance [Language] => en [Entryid] => 1587 [OriginalCreationDate] => 2017-10-21 17:41:09 [LastModificationDate] => 2019-04-14 15:19:08 ) [86] => Array ( [id] => 64072 [Tag] => moral [Language] => en [Entryid] => 1587 [OriginalCreationDate] => 2017-10-21 17:41:09 [LastModificationDate] => 2019-04-14 15:19:08 ) [87] => Array ( [id] => 64073 [Tag] => absolute [Language] => en [Entryid] => 1587 [OriginalCreationDate] => 2017-10-21 17:41:09 [LastModificationDate] => 2019-04-14 15:19:08 ) [88] => Array ( [id] => 64074 [Tag] => court [Language] => en [Entryid] => 1587 [OriginalCreationDate] => 2017-10-21 17:41:09 [LastModificationDate] => 2019-04-14 15:19:08 ) [89] => Array ( [id] => 64075 [Tag] => legal [Language] => en [Entryid] => 1587 [OriginalCreationDate] => 2017-10-21 17:41:09 [LastModificationDate] => 2019-04-14 15:19:08 ) [90] => Array ( [id] => 64076 [Tag] => judges [Language] => en [Entryid] => 1587 [OriginalCreationDate] => 2017-10-21 17:41:09 [LastModificationDate] => 2019-04-14 15:19:08 ) [91] => Array ( [id] => 64077 [Tag] => accused [Language] => en [Entryid] => 1587 [OriginalCreationDate] => 2017-10-21 17:41:09 [LastModificationDate] => 2019-04-14 15:19:08 ) [92] => Array ( [id] => 64078 [Tag] => doctrine [Language] => en [Entryid] => 1587 [OriginalCreationDate] => 2017-10-21 17:41:09 [LastModificationDate] => 2019-04-14 15:19:08 ) [93] => Array ( [id] => 64079 [Tag] => principles [Language] => en [Entryid] => 1587 [OriginalCreationDate] => 2017-10-21 17:41:09 [LastModificationDate] => 2019-04-14 15:19:08 ) [94] => Array ( [id] => 64080 [Tag] => unjust [Language] => en [Entryid] => 1587 [OriginalCreationDate] => 2017-10-21 17:41:09 [LastModificationDate] => 2019-04-14 15:19:08 ) [95] => Array ( [id] => 64081 [Tag] => constitutional [Language] => en [Entryid] => 1587 [OriginalCreationDate] => 2017-10-21 17:41:09 [LastModificationDate] => 2019-04-14 15:19:08 ) [96] => Array ( [id] => 64082 [Tag] => cases [Language] => en [Entryid] => 1587 [OriginalCreationDate] => 2017-10-21 17:41:09 [LastModificationDate] => 2019-04-14 15:19:08 ) [97] => Array ( [id] => 64083 [Tag] => courts [Language] => en [Entryid] => 1587 [OriginalCreationDate] => 2017-10-21 17:41:09 [LastModificationDate] => 2019-04-14 15:19:08 ) [98] => Array ( [id] => 64084 [Tag] => tyranny [Language] => en [Entryid] => 1587 [OriginalCreationDate] => 2017-10-21 17:41:09 [LastModificationDate] => 2019-04-14 15:19:08 ) [99] => Array ( [id] => 64085 [Tag] => protection [Language] => en [Entryid] => 1587 [OriginalCreationDate] => 2017-10-21 17:41:09 [LastModificationDate] => 2019-04-14 15:19:08 ) [100] => Array ( [id] => 64086 [Tag] => judgments [Language] => en [Entryid] => 1587 [OriginalCreationDate] => 2017-10-21 17:41:09 [LastModificationDate] => 2019-04-14 15:19:08 ) [101] => Array ( [id] => 64087 [Tag] => veto [Language] => en [Entryid] => 1587 [OriginalCreationDate] => 2017-10-21 17:41:09 [LastModificationDate] => 2019-04-14 15:19:08 ) [102] => Array ( [id] => 64088 [Tag] => oppression [Language] => en [Entryid] => 1587 [OriginalCreationDate] => 2017-10-21 17:41:09 [LastModificationDate] => 2019-04-14 15:19:08 ) [103] => Array ( [id] => 64089 [Tag] => voluntary [Language] => en [Entryid] => 1587 [OriginalCreationDate] => 2017-10-21 17:41:09 [LastModificationDate] => 2019-04-14 15:19:08 ) [104] => Array ( [id] => 64090 [Tag] => members [Language] => en [Entryid] => 1587 [OriginalCreationDate] => 2017-10-21 17:41:09 [LastModificationDate] => 2019-04-14 15:19:08 ) [105] => Array ( [id] => 64091 [Tag] => resistance [Language] => en [Entryid] => 1587 [OriginalCreationDate] => 2017-10-21 17:41:09 [LastModificationDate] => 2019-04-14 15:19:08 ) [106] => Array ( [id] => 64092 [Tag] => powers [Language] => en [Entryid] => 1587 [OriginalCreationDate] => 2017-10-21 17:41:09 [LastModificationDate] => 2019-04-14 15:19:08 ) [107] => Array ( [id] => 64093 [Tag] => corporation [Language] => en [Entryid] => 1587 [OriginalCreationDate] => 2017-10-21 17:41:09 [LastModificationDate] => 2019-04-14 15:19:08 ) [108] => Array ( [id] => 64094 [Tag] => governments [Language] => en [Entryid] => 1587 [OriginalCreationDate] => 2017-10-21 17:41:09 [LastModificationDate] => 2019-04-14 15:19:08 ) [109] => Array ( [id] => 64095 [Tag] => individual [Language] => en [Entryid] => 1587 [OriginalCreationDate] => 2017-10-21 17:41:09 [LastModificationDate] => 2019-04-14 15:19:08 ) [110] => Array ( [id] => 64096 [Tag] => property [Language] => en [Entryid] => 1587 [OriginalCreationDate] => 2017-10-21 17:41:09 [LastModificationDate] => 2019-04-14 15:19:08 ) [111] => Array ( [id] => 64097 [Tag] => judicial [Language] => en [Entryid] => 1587 [OriginalCreationDate] => 2017-10-21 17:41:09 [LastModificationDate] => 2019-04-14 15:19:08 ) [112] => Array ( [id] => 64098 [Tag] => charter [Language] => en [Entryid] => 1587 [OriginalCreationDate] => 2017-10-21 17:41:09 [LastModificationDate] => 2019-04-14 15:19:08 ) [113] => Array ( [id] => 64099 [Tag] => administration [Language] => en [Entryid] => 1587 [OriginalCreationDate] => 2017-10-21 17:41:09 [LastModificationDate] => 2019-04-14 15:19:08 ) [114] => Array ( [id] => 64100 [Tag] => institutions [Language] => en [Entryid] => 1587 [OriginalCreationDate] => 2017-10-21 17:41:09 [LastModificationDate] => 2019-04-14 15:19:08 ) [115] => Array ( [id] => 64101 [Tag] => civil [Language] => en [Entryid] => 1587 [OriginalCreationDate] => 2017-10-21 17:41:09 [LastModificationDate] => 2019-04-14 15:19:08 ) [116] => Array ( [id] => 64102 [Tag] => barons [Language] => en [Entryid] => 1587 [OriginalCreationDate] => 2017-10-21 17:41:09 [LastModificationDate] => 2019-04-14 15:19:08 ) [117] => Array ( [id] => 64103 [Tag] => american [Language] => en [Entryid] => 1587 [OriginalCreationDate] => 2017-10-21 17:41:09 [LastModificationDate] => 2019-04-14 15:19:08 ) [118] => Array ( [id] => 64104 [Tag] => form [Language] => en [Entryid] => 1587 [OriginalCreationDate] => 2017-10-21 17:41:09 [LastModificationDate] => 2019-04-14 15:19:08 ) [119] => Array ( [id] => 64105 [Tag] => rule [Language] => en [Entryid] => 1587 [OriginalCreationDate] => 2017-10-21 17:41:09 [LastModificationDate] => 2019-04-14 15:19:08 ) [120] => Array ( [id] => 64106 [Tag] => theory [Language] => en [Entryid] => 1587 [OriginalCreationDate] => 2017-10-21 17:41:09 [LastModificationDate] => 2019-04-14 15:19:08 ) [121] => Array ( [id] => 64107 [Tag] => money [Language] => en [Entryid] => 1587 [OriginalCreationDate] => 2017-10-21 17:41:09 [LastModificationDate] => 2019-04-14 15:19:08 ) [122] => Array ( [id] => 64108 [Tag] => practice [Language] => en [Entryid] => 1587 [OriginalCreationDate] => 2017-10-21 17:41:09 [LastModificationDate] => 2019-04-14 15:19:08 ) [123] => Array ( [id] => 64109 [Tag] => established [Language] => en [Entryid] => 1587 [OriginalCreationDate] => 2017-10-21 17:41:09 [LastModificationDate] => 2019-04-14 15:19:08 ) [124] => Array ( [id] => 64110 [Tag] => member [Language] => en [Entryid] => 1587 [OriginalCreationDate] => 2017-10-21 17:41:09 [LastModificationDate] => 2019-04-14 15:19:08 ) [125] => Array ( [id] => 64111 [Tag] => body [Language] => en [Entryid] => 1587 [OriginalCreationDate] => 2017-10-21 17:41:09 [LastModificationDate] => 2019-04-14 15:19:08 ) [126] => Array ( [id] => 64112 [Tag] => might [Language] => en [Entryid] => 1587 [OriginalCreationDate] => 2017-10-21 17:41:09 [LastModificationDate] => 2019-04-14 15:19:08 ) [127] => Array ( [id] => 64113 [Tag] => matters [Language] => en [Entryid] => 1587 [OriginalCreationDate] => 2017-10-21 17:41:09 [LastModificationDate] => 2019-04-14 15:19:08 ) [128] => Array ( [id] => 64114 [Tag] => just [Language] => en [Entryid] => 1587 [OriginalCreationDate] => 2017-10-21 17:41:09 [LastModificationDate] => 2019-04-14 15:19:08 ) [129] => Array ( [id] => 64115 [Tag] => resist [Language] => en [Entryid] => 1587 [OriginalCreationDate] => 2017-10-21 17:41:09 [LastModificationDate] => 2019-04-14 15:19:08 ) [130] => Array ( [id] => 64116 [Tag] => life [Language] => en [Entryid] => 1587 [OriginalCreationDate] => 2017-10-21 17:41:09 [LastModificationDate] => 2019-04-14 15:19:08 ) [131] => Array ( [id] => 64117 [Tag] => freedom [Language] => en [Entryid] => 1587 [OriginalCreationDate] => 2017-10-21 17:41:09 [LastModificationDate] => 2019-04-14 15:19:08 ) [132] => Array ( [id] => 64118 [Tag] => state [Language] => en [Entryid] => 1587 [OriginalCreationDate] => 2017-10-21 17:41:09 [LastModificationDate] => 2019-04-14 15:19:08 ) [133] => Array ( [id] => 64119 [Tag] => abridgment [Language] => en [Entryid] => 1587 [OriginalCreationDate] => 2017-10-21 17:41:09 [LastModificationDate] => 2019-04-14 15:19:08 ) [134] => Array ( [id] => 64120 [Tag] => united [Language] => en [Entryid] => 1587 [OriginalCreationDate] => 2017-10-21 17:41:09 [LastModificationDate] => 2019-04-14 15:19:08 ) [135] => Array ( [id] => 64121 [Tag] => individuals [Language] => en [Entryid] => 1587 [OriginalCreationDate] => 2017-10-21 17:41:09 [LastModificationDate] => 2019-04-14 15:19:08 ) [136] => Array ( [id] => 64122 [Tag] => crimes [Language] => en [Entryid] => 1587 [OriginalCreationDate] => 2017-10-21 17:41:09 [LastModificationDate] => 2019-04-14 15:19:08 ) [137] => Array ( [id] => 64123 [Tag] => suffrage [Language] => en [Entryid] => 1587 [OriginalCreationDate] => 2017-10-21 17:41:09 [LastModificationDate] => 2019-04-14 15:19:08 ) [138] => Array ( [id] => 64124 [Tag] => protect [Language] => en [Entryid] => 1587 [OriginalCreationDate] => 2017-10-21 17:41:09 [LastModificationDate] => 2019-04-14 15:19:08 ) [139] => Array ( [id] => 64125 [Tag] => verdict [Language] => en [Entryid] => 1587 [OriginalCreationDate] => 2017-10-21 17:41:09 [LastModificationDate] => 2019-04-14 15:19:08 ) [140] => Array ( [id] => 64126 [Tag] => innocent [Language] => en [Entryid] => 1587 [OriginalCreationDate] => 2017-10-21 17:41:09 [LastModificationDate] => 2019-04-14 15:19:08 ) [141] => Array ( [id] => 64127 [Tag] => land [Language] => en [Entryid] => 1587 [OriginalCreationDate] => 2017-10-21 17:41:09 [LastModificationDate] => 2019-04-14 15:19:08 ) [142] => Array ( [id] => 64128 [Tag] => questions [Language] => en [Entryid] => 1587 [OriginalCreationDate] => 2017-10-21 17:41:09 [LastModificationDate] => 2019-04-14 15:19:08 ) [143] => Array ( [id] => 64129 [Tag] => contract [Language] => en [Entryid] => 1587 [OriginalCreationDate] => 2017-10-21 17:41:09 [LastModificationDate] => 2019-04-14 15:19:08 ) [144] => Array ( [id] => 64130 [Tag] => insurance [Language] => en [Entryid] => 1587 [OriginalCreationDate] => 2017-10-21 17:41:09 [LastModificationDate] => 2019-04-14 15:19:08 ) [145] => Array ( [id] => 64131 [Tag] => mankind [Language] => en [Entryid] => 1587 [OriginalCreationDate] => 2017-10-21 17:41:09 [LastModificationDate] => 2019-04-14 15:19:08 ) [146] => Array ( [id] => 64132 [Tag] => arbitrary [Language] => en [Entryid] => 1587 [OriginalCreationDate] => 2017-10-21 17:41:09 [LastModificationDate] => 2019-04-14 15:19:08 ) [147] => Array ( [id] => 64133 [Tag] => superior [Language] => en [Entryid] => 1587 [OriginalCreationDate] => 2017-10-21 17:41:09 [LastModificationDate] => 2019-04-14 15:19:08 ) [148] => Array ( [id] => 64134 [Tag] => interests [Language] => en [Entryid] => 1587 [OriginalCreationDate] => 2017-10-21 17:41:09 [LastModificationDate] => 2019-04-14 15:19:08 ) [149] => Array ( [id] => 64135 [Tag] => tribunals [Language] => en [Entryid] => 1587 [OriginalCreationDate] => 2017-10-21 17:41:09 [LastModificationDate] => 2019-04-14 15:19:08 ) [150] => Array ( [id] => 64136 [Tag] => security [Language] => en [Entryid] => 1587 [OriginalCreationDate] => 2017-10-21 17:41:09 [LastModificationDate] => 2019-04-14 15:19:08 ) [151] => Array ( [id] => 64137 [Tag] => statute [Language] => en [Entryid] => 1587 [OriginalCreationDate] => 2017-10-21 17:41:09 [LastModificationDate] => 2019-04-14 15:19:08 ) [152] => Array ( [id] => 64138 [Tag] => legislators [Language] => en [Entryid] => 1587 [OriginalCreationDate] => 2017-10-21 17:41:09 [LastModificationDate] => 2019-04-14 15:19:08 ) [153] => Array ( [id] => 64139 [Tag] => guilty [Language] => en [Entryid] => 1587 [OriginalCreationDate] => 2017-10-21 17:41:09 [LastModificationDate] => 2019-04-14 15:19:08 ) [154] => Array ( [id] => 64140 [Tag] => 1912 [Language] => en [Entryid] => 1587 [OriginalCreationDate] => 2017-10-21 17:41:09 [LastModificationDate] => 2019-04-14 15:19:08 ) [155] => Array ( [id] => 64141 [Tag] => opinion [Language] => en [Entryid] => 1587 [OriginalCreationDate] => 2017-10-21 17:41:09 [LastModificationDate] => 2019-04-14 15:19:08 ) [156] => Array ( [id] => 64142 [Tag] => yarros [Language] => en [Entryid] => 1587 [OriginalCreationDate] => 2017-10-21 17:41:09 [LastModificationDate] => 2019-04-14 15:19:08 ) [157] => Array ( [id] => 64143 [Tag] => london [Language] => en [Entryid] => 1587 [OriginalCreationDate] => 2017-10-21 17:41:09 [LastModificationDate] => 2019-04-14 15:19:08 ) [158] => Array ( [id] => 64144 [Tag] => states [Language] => en [Entryid] => 1587 [OriginalCreationDate] => 2017-10-21 17:41:09 [LastModificationDate] => 2019-04-14 15:19:08 ) [159] => Array ( [id] => 64145 [Tag] => england [Language] => en [Entryid] => 1587 [OriginalCreationDate] => 2017-10-21 17:41:09 [LastModificationDate] => 2019-04-14 15:19:08 ) [160] => Array ( [id] => 64146 [Tag] => consented [Language] => en [Entryid] => 1587 [OriginalCreationDate] => 2017-10-21 17:41:09 [LastModificationDate] => 2019-04-14 15:19:08 ) [161] => Array ( [id] => 64147 [Tag] => taxed [Language] => en [Entryid] => 1587 [OriginalCreationDate] => 2017-10-21 17:41:09 [LastModificationDate] => 2019-04-14 15:19:08 ) [162] => Array ( [id] => 64148 [Tag] => company [Language] => en [Entryid] => 1587 [OriginalCreationDate] => 2017-10-21 17:41:09 [LastModificationDate] => 2019-04-14 15:19:08 ) [163] => Array ( [id] => 64149 [Tag] => tyrannical [Language] => en [Entryid] => 1587 [OriginalCreationDate] => 2017-10-21 17:41:09 [LastModificationDate] => 2019-04-14 15:19:08 ) [164] => Array ( [id] => 64150 [Tag] => submit [Language] => en [Entryid] => 1587 [OriginalCreationDate] => 2017-10-21 17:41:09 [LastModificationDate] => 2019-04-14 15:19:08 ) ) [link] => [eventdate] => Array ( [0] => Array ( [id] => 486 [Entryid] => 1587 [EventDateTime] => 1912-00-00 00:00:00 [Title] => Publication [Description] => [Language] => en [OriginalCreationDate] => 2017-02-10 17:10:55 [LastModificationDate] => 2019-04-14 15:19:08 ) ) [availabilitydaterange] => Array ( [0] => Array ( [id] => 4955 [AvailabilityStart] => 0000-00-00 00:00:00 [AvailabilityEnd] => 0000-00-00 00:00:00 [Entryid] => 1587 [OriginalCreationDate] => 2019-04-14 15:19:08 [LastModificationDate] => 2019-04-14 15:19:08 ) ) [association] => Array ( [0] => Array ( [id] => 463 [Entryid] => 1587 [ChosenEntryid] => 71 [Type] => Role [SubType] => Author [OriginalCreationDate] => 2017-02-10 17:10:55 [LastModificationDate] => 2019-04-14 15:19:08 ) ) [definition] => [associated] => ) ENTRY: Array ( [id] => 1588 [Title] => Preface [Subtitle] => [ListTitle] => Alpha Material : Preface [ListTitleSortKey] => [Code] => preface [ChildAdjective] => [ChildNoun] => [ChildNounPlural] => [OriginalCreationDate] => 2017-02-10 17:11:25 [LastModificationDate] => 2017-02-10 17:11:25 [assignment] => Array ( [0] => Array ( [id] => 1592 [Parentid] => 1587 [Childid] => 1588 ) ) [entrytranslation] => [description] => [quote] => [textbody] => Array ( [0] => Array ( [id] => 1565 [Text] =>

PREFACE

      Perhaps the argument most frequently used by conservative believers in the convenient doctrine of leaving things as they are against those engaged in reformatory efforts of a more or less radical nature is that the "spirit and genius of American institutions" do not admit of the assimilation or acceptance of the proposed innovations. Were one to trust them, the "American institutions" are something so clearly defined, finished, and powerful as to absolutely render it impossible for any inconsistent and discordant element to maintain a vigorous existence within the charmed circle which affords chances of life only to what necessarily and logically flows as a consequence from the fundamental principles supporting the peculiar civilization of this "best government on the face of the earth." We are asked to look upon all that "is," if not as unqualifiedly right and perfect, then as relatively so in the sense of its being the unavoidable outcome of primary conditions.

      This fact alone would amply justify our curiosity to learn thoroughly the essence and import of these "institutions," especially since manifold serious evils, universally considered destructive of social equipoise and progress, seem to flourish in our midst without restraint.

      But we are moved to such an inquiry by still another circumstance. Besides the easy-going conservative who hurls the epithet "un-American" at the head of anybody contemplating innocent improvements of vexatious misarrangements, there is a large class of men, earnest and determined reformers, who, in working for a gigantic plan of social reorganization, make the same claim of strict fidelity to the logic and spirit of American principles, not only as against those resisting reform as such, but also-and even with greater emphasis-as against other schools of radical reform which oppose them, not because they strive for renovation and change, but because their ideas of the needful, and the desirable, and the truly salutary differ materially. Indeed, every school of reform boasts of exclusive understanding of and jealous care for the "self-evident" maxims on which the opportunities, and possibilities, and prospects of this land of labor and freedom are built.

      Now, what shall we believe? Whom shall we follow? Which of the conflicting opinions is most nearly right, if any one is so? Is everything as it should be? If not, in what direction is betterment to be sought? Are State Socialists and Nationalists right: must the function of government be enlarged and extended, and will the completion of the Jeffersonian structure consist in the triumphant adoption of the entire collectivist program? Or is Anarchism the true doctrine and the removal of the last and least vestige of State compulsion to be demanded and achieved? In a word, what is the meaning of political freedom; whither does it lead us; with what does it inspire us?

      For an answer to these important questions the reader is confidently referred to the following pages, which represent an abridgment and rearrangement of Lysander Spooner's remarkable work on "Trial by jury." At the time of its publication Mr. Spooner had no affiliation with any reform movement, and had no special cause to plead, but was simply a private American citizen, a jurist, and an unbiassed student of political science and history. His discussion of the nature, essence, logic, and maintenance of political freedom is so masterful, convincing, and conclusive that it cannot fail to enlighten public opinion on the subject and enable one to form a criterion by which to pass upon the various interpretations of the "American Idea." This work entitles Mr. Spooner to the gratitude and admiration of all the liberty-loving and tyranny-detesting. No one who aspires intelligently to defend or forcibly to assail political independence should neglect to. consider Mr. Spooner's elucidation of its real significance and character.

      It is hoped that the present publication will serve yet another purpose. Many of those to whose minds individualistic views appear attractive and rational hesitate to express a positive opinion in consequence of the thousand-and-one questions of detail and practical difficulty which rush into their heads and to the settlement of which they do not see their way. Of course a casuistic philosophy is an absurdity, but generalization and abstraction are not sufficient. Life is too complex to be covered by a simple formula, though first principles we must have. Mr. Spooner successfully demonstrates that the highest justice and equity can be secured under complete freedom and that they have nothing to fear from the dissolution of the State who are prepared to do unto others as they would be done by.

      One word more. As the end sought by this republication is distinct from that of the original publication, I could not avoid changes and alterations. Mr. Spooner's intention was to discredit and denounce the perversion of trial by jury and to promulgate the correct and legitimate system by which alone free political relations could be preserved. The explanation of the nature of such relations was of secondary importance. I am here, on the contrary, chiefly concerned with this side of the problem. This necessitated abridgment as well as rearrangement. I was obliged to reduce to subordination that which was dominant and to raise into prominence that which was tributary. Lest I may be criticized for taking so unceremonious a liberty, I will anticipate my critics by requesting the reader to attribute all the merits and good qualities of this edition to Mr. Spooner's ability, while laying the responsibility for all its faults and imperfections at my door.

V. Y.

[Source] => Anarchy Archives [Language] => en [WordCount] => 913 [CharacterCount] => 5928 [Entryid] => 1588 [OriginalCreationDate] => 2017-02-10 17:11:25 [LastModificationDate] => 2017-10-12 09:24:51 ) ) [image] => [imagetranslation] => [tag] => [link] => [eventdate] => Array ( [0] => Array ( [id] => -1 [Title] => Added to http://www.RevoltLib.com [EventDateTime] => 2017-02-10 17:11:25 ) ) [availabilitydaterange] => Array ( [0] => Array ( [id] => 1617 [AvailabilityStart] => 0000-00-00 00:00:00 [AvailabilityEnd] => 0000-00-00 00:00:00 [Entryid] => 1588 [OriginalCreationDate] => 2017-02-10 17:11:25 [LastModificationDate] => 2017-02-10 17:11:25 ) ) [association] => [definition] => [associated] => ) CHILDREN: Array ( )
1588 preface Preface Alpha Material : Preface 2017-02-10 17:11:25 2017-02-10 17:11:25 1565

PREFACE

      Perhaps the argument most frequently used by conservative believers in the convenient doctrine of leaving things as they are against those engaged in reformatory efforts of a more or less radical nature is that the "spirit and genius of American institutions" do not admit of the assimilation or acceptance of the proposed innovations. Were one to trust them, the "American institutions" are something so clearly defined, finished, and powerful as to absolutely render it impossible for any inconsistent and discordant element to maintain a vigorous existence within the charmed circle which affords chances of life only to what necessarily and logically flows as a consequence from the fundamental principles supporting the peculiar civilization of this "best government on the face of the earth." We are asked to look upon all that "is," if not as unqualifiedly right and perfect, then as relatively so in the sense of its being the unavoidable outcome of primary conditions.

      This fact alone would amply justify our curiosity to learn thoroughly the essence and import of these "institutions," especially since manifold serious evils, universally considered destructive of social equipoise and progress, seem to flourish in our midst without restraint.

      But we are moved to such an inquiry by still another circumstance. Besides the easy-going conservative who hurls the epithet "un-American" at the head of anybody contemplating innocent improvements of vexatious misarrangements, there is a large class of men, earnest and determined reformers, who, in working for a gigantic plan of social reorganization, make the same claim of strict fidelity to the logic and spirit of American principles, not only as against those resisting reform as such, but also-and even with greater emphasis-as against other schools of radical reform which oppose them, not because they strive for renovation and change, but because their ideas of the needful, and the desirable, and the truly salutary differ materially. Indeed, every school of reform boasts of exclusive understanding of and jealous care for the "self-evident" maxims on which the opportunities, and possibilities, and prospects of this land of labor and freedom are built.

      Now, what shall we believe? Whom shall we follow? Which of the conflicting opinions is most nearly right, if any one is so? Is everything as it should be? If not, in what direction is betterment to be sought? Are State Socialists and Nationalists right: must the function of government be enlarged and extended, and will the completion of the Jeffersonian structure consist in the triumphant adoption of the entire collectivist program? Or is Anarchism the true doctrine and the removal of the last and least vestige of State compulsion to be demanded and achieved? In a word, what is the meaning of political freedom; whither does it lead us; with what does it inspire us?

      For an answer to these important questions the reader is confidently referred to the following pages, which represent an abridgment and rearrangement of Lysander Spooner's remarkable work on "Trial by jury." At the time of its publication Mr. Spooner had no affiliation with any reform movement, and had no special cause to plead, but was simply a private American citizen, a jurist, and an unbiassed student of political science and history. His discussion of the nature, essence, logic, and maintenance of political freedom is so masterful, convincing, and conclusive that it cannot fail to enlighten public opinion on the subject and enable one to form a criterion by which to pass upon the various interpretations of the "American Idea." This work entitles Mr. Spooner to the gratitude and admiration of all the liberty-loving and tyranny-detesting. No one who aspires intelligently to defend or forcibly to assail political independence should neglect to. consider Mr. Spooner's elucidation of its real significance and character.

      It is hoped that the present publication will serve yet another purpose. Many of those to whose minds individualistic views appear attractive and rational hesitate to express a positive opinion in consequence of the thousand-and-one questions of detail and practical difficulty which rush into their heads and to the settlement of which they do not see their way. Of course a casuistic philosophy is an absurdity, but generalization and abstraction are not sufficient. Life is too complex to be covered by a simple formula, though first principles we must have. Mr. Spooner successfully demonstrates that the highest justice and equity can be secured under complete freedom and that they have nothing to fear from the dissolution of the State who are prepared to do unto others as they would be done by.

      One word more. As the end sought by this republication is distinct from that of the original publication, I could not avoid changes and alterations. Mr. Spooner's intention was to discredit and denounce the perversion of trial by jury and to promulgate the correct and legitimate system by which alone free political relations could be preserved. The explanation of the nature of such relations was of secondary importance. I am here, on the contrary, chiefly concerned with this side of the problem. This necessitated abridgment as well as rearrangement. I was obliged to reduce to subordination that which was dominant and to raise into prominence that which was tributary. Lest I may be criticized for taking so unceremonious a liberty, I will anticipate my critics by requesting the reader to attribute all the merits and good qualities of this edition to Mr. Spooner's ability, while laying the responsibility for all its faults and imperfections at my door.

V. Y.

Anarchy Archives en 913 5928 2017-02-10 17:11:25 2017-10-12 09:24:51
-1 2017-02-10 17:11:25 Added to http://www.RevoltLib.com