Master Control Program

BT: view.php script, display.php template

BT: EDIT

RECORD LIST:Array
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    [0] => Array
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            [id] => 4
            [Title] => Anarchism
            [Subtitle] => Anarchist and Anti-Authoritarianism
            [ListTitle] => Anarchism
            [ListTitleSortKey] => Anarchism1
            [Code] => anarchism
            [ChildAdjective] => Anarchist
            [ChildNoun] => Anarchist Work
            [ChildNounPlural] => Anarchist Works
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            [LastModificationDate] => 2019-05-27 15:57:32
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                            [Description] => A collection of historic materials detailing Anarchism, Libertarianism, and Anti-Authoritarianism.  By understanding more about the past, we can better apply the principles we discover today.
                            [Source] => 
                            [Language] => 
                            [Entryid] => 4
                            [OriginalCreationDate] => 2016-10-24 16:48:21
                            [LastModificationDate] => 2019-05-27 15:57:32
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            [quote] => Array
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                            [id] => 5
                            [Quote] => ...there is no revolution without the masses...
                            [Source] => Mikhail Bakunin
                            [Language] => en
                            [Entryid] => 4
                            [OriginalCreationDate] => 2016-10-24 16:48:22
                            [LastModificationDate] => 2019-05-27 15:57:32
                        )

                    [1] => Array
                        (
                            [id] => 359
                            [Quote] => As to parliamentary rule, and representative government altogether...  It is becoming evident that it is merely stupid to elect a few men, and to entrust them with the task of making laws on all possible subjects, of which subject most of them are utterly ignorant.
                            [Source] => Peter Kropotkin
                            [Language] => en
                            [Entryid] => 4
                            [OriginalCreationDate] => 2017-01-21 13:06:03
                            [LastModificationDate] => 2019-05-27 15:57:32
                        )

                    [2] => Array
                        (
                            [id] => 360
                            [Quote] => It has cost mankind much time and blood to secure what little it has gained so far from kings, czars and governments.
                            [Source] => Emma Goldman
                            [Language] => en
                            [Entryid] => 4
                            [OriginalCreationDate] => 2017-01-21 13:06:03
                            [LastModificationDate] => 2019-05-27 15:57:32
                        )

                    [3] => Array
                        (
                            [id] => 361
                            [Quote] => "But," it is usually asked, "What will there be instead of Governments?"

There will be nothing. Something that has long been useless, and therefore superfluous and bad, will be abolished. An organ that, being unnecessary, has become harmful, will be abolished.
                            [Source] => Leo Tolstoy
                            [Language] => en
                            [Entryid] => 4
                            [OriginalCreationDate] => 2017-01-21 13:06:03
                            [LastModificationDate] => 2019-05-27 15:57:32
                        )

                    [4] => Array
                        (
                            [id] => 362
                            [Quote] => ..."higher powers" exist only through my exalting them and abasing myself.
                            [Source] => Max Stirner
                            [Language] => en
                            [Entryid] => 4
                            [OriginalCreationDate] => 2017-01-21 13:06:03
                            [LastModificationDate] => 2019-05-27 15:57:32
                        )

                    [5] => Array
                        (
                            [id] => 363
                            [Quote] => ...government only interferes to exploit the masses, or defend the privileged, or, lastly, to sanction, most unnecessarily, all that has been done without its aid, often in spite of and opposition to it.
                            [Source] => Errico Malatesta
                            [Language] => en
                            [Entryid] => 4
                            [OriginalCreationDate] => 2017-01-21 13:06:03
                            [LastModificationDate] => 2019-05-27 15:57:32
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                            [Text] => 

Want to know about Anarchism as a theory and a movement throughout history and up to the present? Then you've found the right place.

Whether it is Collectivist Anarchism or Individualist Anarchism, Mutualist Anarchism or Communist Anarchism, every type is given its bit of room for expression here.

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[Entryid] => 288 [OriginalCreationDate] => 2017-03-30 17:28:31 [LastModificationDate] => 2019-03-25 16:14:36 ) [79] => Array ( [id] => 41363 [Tag] => society [Language] => en [Entryid] => 288 [OriginalCreationDate] => 2017-03-30 17:28:31 [LastModificationDate] => 2019-03-25 16:14:36 ) [80] => Array ( [id] => 41364 [Tag] => penal [Language] => en [Entryid] => 288 [OriginalCreationDate] => 2017-03-30 17:28:31 [LastModificationDate] => 2019-03-25 16:14:36 ) [81] => Array ( [id] => 41365 [Tag] => 1881 [Language] => en [Entryid] => 288 [OriginalCreationDate] => 2017-03-30 17:28:31 [LastModificationDate] => 2019-03-25 16:14:36 ) [82] => Array ( [id] => 41366 [Tag] => cell [Language] => en [Entryid] => 288 [OriginalCreationDate] => 2017-03-30 17:28:31 [LastModificationDate] => 2019-03-25 16:14:36 ) [83] => Array ( [id] => 41367 [Tag] => order [Language] => en [Entryid] => 288 [OriginalCreationDate] => 2017-03-30 17:28:31 [LastModificationDate] => 2019-03-25 16:14:36 ) [84] => Array ( [id] => 41368 [Tag] => sakhalin [Language] => en [Entryid] => 288 [OriginalCreationDate] => 2017-03-30 17:28:31 [LastModificationDate] => 2019-03-25 16:14:36 ) [85] => Array ( [id] => 41369 [Tag] => inmates [Language] => en [Entryid] => 288 [OriginalCreationDate] => 2017-03-30 17:28:31 [LastModificationDate] => 2019-03-25 16:14:36 ) [86] => Array ( [id] => 41370 [Tag] => hard-labour [Language] => en [Entryid] => 288 [OriginalCreationDate] => 2017-03-30 17:28:31 [LastModificationDate] => 2019-03-25 16:14:36 ) [87] => Array ( [id] => 41371 [Tag] => might [Language] => en [Entryid] => 288 [OriginalCreationDate] => 2017-03-30 17:28:31 [LastModificationDate] => 2019-03-25 16:14:36 ) [88] => Array ( [id] => 41372 [Tag] => warders [Language] => en [Entryid] => 288 [OriginalCreationDate] => 2017-03-30 17:28:31 [LastModificationDate] => 2019-03-25 16:14:36 ) [89] => Array ( [id] => 41373 [Tag] => course [Language] => en [Entryid] => 288 [OriginalCreationDate] => 2017-03-30 17:28:31 [LastModificationDate] => 2019-03-25 16:14:36 ) [90] => Array ( [id] => 41374 [Tag] => administration [Language] => en [Entryid] => 288 [OriginalCreationDate] => 2017-03-30 17:28:31 [LastModificationDate] => 2019-03-25 16:14:36 ) [91] => Array ( [id] => 41375 [Tag] => punishment [Language] => en [Entryid] => 288 [OriginalCreationDate] => 2017-03-30 17:28:31 [LastModificationDate] => 2019-03-25 16:14:36 ) [92] => Array ( [id] => 41376 [Tag] => trial [Language] => en [Entryid] => 288 [OriginalCreationDate] => 2017-03-30 17:28:31 [LastModificationDate] => 2019-03-25 16:14:36 ) [93] => Array ( [id] => 41377 [Tag] => clairvaux [Language] => en [Entryid] => 288 [OriginalCreationDate] => 2017-03-30 17:28:31 [LastModificationDate] => 2019-03-25 16:14:36 ) [94] => Array ( [id] => 41378 [Tag] => published [Language] => en [Entryid] => 288 [OriginalCreationDate] => 2017-03-30 17:28:31 [LastModificationDate] => 2019-03-25 16:14:36 ) [95] => Array ( [id] => 41379 [Tag] => soldiers [Language] => en [Entryid] => 288 [OriginalCreationDate] => 2017-03-30 17:28:31 [LastModificationDate] => 2019-03-25 16:14:36 ) [96] => Array ( [id] => 41380 [Tag] => mines [Language] => en [Entryid] => 288 [OriginalCreationDate] => 2017-03-30 17:28:31 [LastModificationDate] => 2019-03-25 16:14:36 ) [97] => Array ( [id] => 41381 [Tag] => governor [Language] => en [Entryid] => 288 [OriginalCreationDate] => 2017-03-30 17:28:31 [LastModificationDate] => 2019-03-25 16:14:36 ) [98] => Array ( [id] => 41382 [Tag] => court [Language] => en [Entryid] => 288 [OriginalCreationDate] => 2017-03-30 17:28:31 [LastModificationDate] => 2019-03-25 16:14:36 ) [99] => Array ( [id] => 41383 [Tag] => food [Language] => en [Entryid] => 288 [OriginalCreationDate] => 2017-03-30 17:28:31 [LastModificationDate] => 2019-03-25 16:14:36 ) [100] => Array ( [id] => 41384 [Tag] => detention [Language] => en [Entryid] => 288 [OriginalCreationDate] => 2017-03-30 17:28:31 [LastModificationDate] => 2019-03-25 16:14:36 ) [101] => Array ( [id] => 41385 [Tag] => authorities [Language] => en [Entryid] => 288 [OriginalCreationDate] => 2017-03-30 17:28:31 [LastModificationDate] => 2019-03-25 16:14:36 ) [102] => Array ( [id] => 41386 [Tag] => imprisonment [Language] => en [Entryid] => 288 [OriginalCreationDate] => 2017-03-30 17:28:31 [LastModificationDate] => 2019-03-25 16:14:36 ) [103] => Array ( [id] => 41387 [Tag] => conditions [Language] => en [Entryid] => 288 [OriginalCreationDate] => 2017-03-30 17:28:31 [LastModificationDate] => 2019-03-25 16:14:36 ) [104] => Array ( [id] => 41388 [Tag] => siberian [Language] => en [Entryid] => 288 [OriginalCreationDate] => 2017-03-30 17:28:31 [LastModificationDate] => 2019-03-25 16:14:36 ) [105] => Array ( [id] => 41389 [Tag] => country [Language] => en [Entryid] => 288 [OriginalCreationDate] => 2017-03-30 17:28:31 [LastModificationDate] => 2019-03-25 16:14:36 ) [106] => Array ( [id] => 41390 [Tag] => convict [Language] => en [Entryid] => 288 [OriginalCreationDate] => 2017-03-30 17:28:31 [LastModificationDate] => 2019-03-25 16:14:36 ) [107] => Array ( [id] => 41391 [Tag] => treatment [Language] => en [Entryid] => 288 [OriginalCreationDate] => 2017-03-30 17:28:31 [LastModificationDate] => 2019-03-25 16:14:36 ) [108] => Array ( [id] => 41392 [Tag] => world [Language] => en [Entryid] => 288 [OriginalCreationDate] => 2017-03-30 17:28:31 [LastModificationDate] => 2019-03-25 16:14:36 ) [109] => Array ( [id] => 41393 [Tag] => military [Language] => en [Entryid] => 288 [OriginalCreationDate] => 2017-03-30 17:28:31 [LastModificationDate] => 2019-03-25 16:14:36 ) [110] => Array ( [id] => 41394 [Tag] => private [Language] => en [Entryid] => 288 [OriginalCreationDate] => 2017-03-30 17:28:31 [LastModificationDate] => 2019-03-25 16:14:36 ) [111] => Array ( [id] => 41395 [Tag] => institutions [Language] => en [Entryid] => 288 [OriginalCreationDate] => 2017-03-30 17:28:31 [LastModificationDate] => 2019-03-25 16:14:36 ) [112] => Array ( [id] => 41396 [Tag] => free [Language] => en [Entryid] => 288 [OriginalCreationDate] => 2017-03-30 17:28:31 [LastModificationDate] => 2019-03-25 16:14:36 ) [113] => Array ( [id] => 41397 [Tag] => public [Language] => en [Entryid] => 288 [OriginalCreationDate] => 2017-03-30 17:28:32 [LastModificationDate] => 2019-03-25 16:14:36 ) [114] => Array ( [id] => 41398 [Tag] => causes [Language] => en [Entryid] => 288 [OriginalCreationDate] => 2017-03-30 17:28:32 [LastModificationDate] => 2019-03-25 16:14:36 ) [115] => Array ( [id] => 41399 [Tag] => sufferings [Language] => en [Entryid] => 288 [OriginalCreationDate] => 2017-03-30 17:28:32 [LastModificationDate] => 2019-03-25 16:14:36 ) [116] => Array ( [id] => 41400 [Tag] => administrative [Language] => en [Entryid] => 288 [OriginalCreationDate] => 2017-03-30 17:28:32 [LastModificationDate] => 2019-03-25 16:14:36 ) [117] => Array ( [id] => 41401 [Tag] => crime [Language] => en [Entryid] => 288 [OriginalCreationDate] => 2017-03-30 17:28:32 [LastModificationDate] => 2019-03-25 16:14:36 ) [118] => Array ( [id] => 41402 [Tag] => press [Language] => en [Entryid] => 288 [OriginalCreationDate] => 2017-03-30 17:28:32 [LastModificationDate] => 2019-03-25 16:14:36 ) [119] => Array ( [id] => 41403 [Tag] => moral [Language] => en [Entryid] => 288 [OriginalCreationDate] => 2017-03-30 17:28:32 [LastModificationDate] => 2019-03-25 16:14:36 ) [120] => Array ( [id] => 41404 [Tag] => london [Language] => en [Entryid] => 288 [OriginalCreationDate] => 2017-03-30 17:28:32 [LastModificationDate] => 2019-03-25 16:14:36 ) [121] => Array ( [id] => 41405 [Tag] => provinces [Language] => en [Entryid] => 288 [OriginalCreationDate] => 2017-03-30 17:28:32 [LastModificationDate] => 2019-03-25 16:14:36 ) [122] => Array ( [id] => 41406 [Tag] => party [Language] => en [Entryid] => 288 [OriginalCreationDate] => 2017-03-30 17:28:32 [LastModificationDate] => 2019-03-25 16:14:36 ) [123] => Array ( [id] => 41407 [Tag] => english [Language] => en [Entryid] => 288 [OriginalCreationDate] => 2017-03-30 17:28:32 [LastModificationDate] => 2019-03-25 16:14:36 ) [124] => Array ( [id] => 41408 [Tag] => experience [Language] => en [Entryid] => 288 [OriginalCreationDate] => 2017-03-30 17:28:32 [LastModificationDate] => 2019-03-25 16:14:36 ) [125] => Array ( [id] => 41409 [Tag] => right [Language] => en [Entryid] => 288 [OriginalCreationDate] => 2017-03-30 17:28:32 [LastModificationDate] => 2019-03-25 16:14:36 ) [126] => Array ( [id] => 41410 [Tag] => europe [Language] => en [Entryid] => 288 [OriginalCreationDate] => 2017-03-30 17:28:32 [LastModificationDate] => 2019-03-25 16:14:36 ) [127] => Array ( [id] => 41411 [Tag] => colony [Language] => en [Entryid] => 288 [OriginalCreationDate] => 2017-03-30 17:28:32 [LastModificationDate] => 2019-03-25 16:14:36 ) [128] => Array ( [id] => 41412 [Tag] => read [Language] => en [Entryid] => 288 [OriginalCreationDate] => 2017-03-30 17:28:32 [LastModificationDate] => 2019-03-25 16:14:36 ) [129] => Array ( [id] => 41413 [Tag] => common [Language] => en [Entryid] => 288 [OriginalCreationDate] => 2017-03-30 17:28:32 [LastModificationDate] => 2019-03-25 16:14:36 ) [130] => Array ( [id] => 41414 [Tag] => money [Language] => en [Entryid] => 288 [OriginalCreationDate] => 2017-03-30 17:28:32 [LastModificationDate] => 2019-03-25 16:14:36 ) [131] => Array ( [id] => 41415 [Tag] => lyons [Language] => en [Entryid] => 288 [OriginalCreationDate] => 2017-03-30 17:28:32 [LastModificationDate] => 2019-03-25 16:14:36 ) [132] => Array ( [id] => 41416 [Tag] => ministry [Language] => en [Entryid] => 288 [OriginalCreationDate] => 2017-03-30 17:28:32 [LastModificationDate] => 2019-03-25 16:14:36 ) [133] => Array ( [id] => 41417 [Tag] => liberty [Language] => en [Entryid] => 288 [OriginalCreationDate] => 2017-03-30 17:28:33 [LastModificationDate] => 2019-03-25 16:14:36 ) [134] => Array ( [id] => 41418 [Tag] => criminal [Language] => en [Entryid] => 288 [OriginalCreationDate] => 2017-03-30 17:28:33 [LastModificationDate] => 2019-03-25 16:14:36 ) [135] => Array ( [id] => 41419 [Tag] => torture [Language] => en [Entryid] => 288 [OriginalCreationDate] => 2017-03-30 17:28:33 [LastModificationDate] => 2019-03-25 16:14:36 ) [136] => Array ( [id] => 41420 [Tag] => settled [Language] => en [Entryid] => 288 [OriginalCreationDate] => 2017-03-30 17:28:33 [LastModificationDate] => 2019-03-25 16:14:36 ) [137] => Array ( [id] => 41421 [Tag] => population [Language] => en [Entryid] => 288 [OriginalCreationDate] => 2017-03-30 17:28:33 [LastModificationDate] => 2019-03-25 16:14:36 ) [138] => Array ( [id] => 41422 [Tag] => 1882 [Language] => en [Entryid] => 288 [OriginalCreationDate] => 2017-03-30 17:28:33 [LastModificationDate] => 2019-03-25 16:14:36 ) [139] => Array ( [id] => 41423 [Tag] => 1883 [Language] => en [Entryid] => 288 [OriginalCreationDate] => 2017-03-30 17:28:33 [LastModificationDate] => 2019-03-25 16:14:36 ) [140] => Array ( [id] => 41424 [Tag] => bread [Language] => en [Entryid] => 288 [OriginalCreationDate] => 2017-03-30 17:28:33 [LastModificationDate] => 2019-03-25 16:14:36 ) [141] => Array ( [id] => 41425 [Tag] => common-law [Language] => en [Entryid] => 288 [OriginalCreationDate] => 2017-03-30 17:28:33 [LastModificationDate] => 2019-03-25 16:14:36 ) [142] => Array ( [id] => 41426 [Tag] => young [Language] => en [Entryid] => 288 [OriginalCreationDate] => 2017-03-30 17:28:33 [LastModificationDate] => 2019-03-25 16:14:36 ) [143] => Array ( [id] => 41427 [Tag] => rule [Language] => en [Entryid] => 288 [OriginalCreationDate] => 2017-03-30 17:28:33 [LastModificationDate] => 2019-03-25 16:14:36 ) [144] => Array ( [id] => 41428 [Tag] => peasants [Language] => en [Entryid] => 288 [OriginalCreationDate] => 2017-03-30 17:28:33 [LastModificationDate] => 2019-03-25 16:14:36 ) [145] => Array ( [id] => 41429 [Tag] => march [Language] => en [Entryid] => 288 [OriginalCreationDate] => 2017-03-30 17:28:33 [LastModificationDate] => 2019-03-25 16:14:36 ) [146] => Array ( [id] => 41430 [Tag] => occupation [Language] => en [Entryid] => 288 [OriginalCreationDate] => 2017-03-30 17:28:33 [LastModificationDate] => 2019-03-25 16:14:36 ) [147] => Array ( [id] => 41431 [Tag] => inquiry [Language] => en [Entryid] => 288 [OriginalCreationDate] => 2017-03-30 17:28:33 [LastModificationDate] => 2019-03-25 16:14:36 ) [148] => Array ( [id] => 41432 [Tag] => village [Language] => en [Entryid] => 288 [OriginalCreationDate] => 2017-03-30 17:28:33 [LastModificationDate] => 2019-03-25 16:14:36 ) [149] => Array ( [id] => 41433 [Tag] => special [Language] => en [Entryid] => 288 [OriginalCreationDate] => 2017-03-30 17:28:33 [LastModificationDate] => 2019-03-25 16:14:36 ) [150] => Array ( [id] => 41434 [Tag] => summer [Language] => en [Entryid] => 288 [OriginalCreationDate] => 2017-03-30 17:28:33 [LastModificationDate] => 2019-03-25 16:14:36 ) [151] => Array ( [id] => 41435 [Tag] => story [Language] => en [Entryid] => 288 [OriginalCreationDate] => 2017-03-30 17:28:33 [LastModificationDate] => 2019-03-25 16:14:36 ) [152] => Array ( [id] => 41436 [Tag] => reform [Language] => en [Entryid] => 288 [OriginalCreationDate] => 2017-03-30 17:28:33 [LastModificationDate] => 2019-03-25 16:14:36 ) [153] => Array ( [id] => 41437 [Tag] => confinement [Language] => en [Entryid] => 288 [OriginalCreationDate] => 2017-03-30 17:28:33 [LastModificationDate] => 2019-03-25 16:14:36 ) [154] => Array ( [id] => 41438 [Tag] => moscow [Language] => en [Entryid] => 288 [OriginalCreationDate] => 2017-03-30 17:28:33 [LastModificationDate] => 2019-03-25 16:14:36 ) [155] => Array ( [id] => 41439 [Tag] => winter [Language] => en [Entryid] => 288 [OriginalCreationDate] => 2017-03-30 17:28:33 [LastModificationDate] => 2019-03-25 16:14:36 ) [156] => Array ( [id] => 41440 [Tag] => courts [Language] => en [Entryid] => 288 [OriginalCreationDate] => 2017-03-30 17:28:33 [LastModificationDate] => 2019-03-25 16:14:36 ) [157] => Array ( [id] => 41441 [Tag] => comrades [Language] => en [Entryid] => 288 [OriginalCreationDate] => 2017-03-30 17:28:33 [LastModificationDate] => 2019-03-25 16:14:36 ) [158] => Array ( [id] => 41442 [Tag] => police [Language] => en [Entryid] => 288 [OriginalCreationDate] => 2017-03-30 17:28:33 [LastModificationDate] => 2019-03-25 16:14:36 ) [159] => Array ( [id] => 41443 [Tag] => committee [Language] => en [Entryid] => 288 [OriginalCreationDate] => 2017-03-30 17:28:33 [LastModificationDate] => 2019-03-25 16:14:36 ) [160] => Array ( [id] => 41444 [Tag] => secret [Language] => en [Entryid] => 288 [OriginalCreationDate] => 2017-03-30 17:28:33 [LastModificationDate] => 2019-03-25 16:14:36 ) [161] => Array ( [id] => 41445 [Tag] => tomsk [Language] => en [Entryid] => 288 [OriginalCreationDate] => 2017-03-30 17:28:33 [LastModificationDate] => 2019-03-25 16:14:36 ) [162] => Array ( [id] => 41446 [Tag] => land [Language] => en [Entryid] => 288 [OriginalCreationDate] => 2017-03-30 17:28:34 [LastModificationDate] => 2019-03-25 16:14:36 ) [163] => Array ( [id] => 41447 [Tag] => family [Language] => en [Entryid] => 288 [OriginalCreationDate] => 2017-03-30 17:28:34 [LastModificationDate] => 2019-03-25 16:14:36 ) [164] => Array ( [id] => 41448 [Tag] => workshops [Language] => en [Entryid] => 288 [OriginalCreationDate] => 2017-03-30 17:28:34 [LastModificationDate] => 2019-03-25 16:14:36 ) [165] => Array ( [id] => 41449 [Tag] => book [Language] => en [Entryid] => 288 [OriginalCreationDate] => 2017-03-30 17:28:34 [LastModificationDate] => 2019-03-25 16:14:36 ) [166] => Array ( [id] => 41450 [Tag] => 1887 [Language] => en [Entryid] => 288 [OriginalCreationDate] => 2017-03-30 17:28:34 [LastModificationDate] => 2019-03-25 16:14:36 ) [167] => Array ( [id] => 41451 [Tag] => kropotkin [Language] => en [Entryid] => 288 [OriginalCreationDate] => 2017-03-30 17:28:34 [LastModificationDate] => 2019-03-25 16:14:36 ) [168] => Array ( [id] => 41452 [Tag] => modern [Language] => en [Entryid] => 288 [OriginalCreationDate] => 2017-03-30 17:28:34 [LastModificationDate] => 2019-03-25 16:14:36 ) [169] => Array ( [id] => 41453 [Tag] => social [Language] => en [Entryid] => 288 [OriginalCreationDate] => 2017-03-30 17:28:34 [LastModificationDate] => 2019-03-25 16:14:36 ) [170] => Array ( [id] => 41454 [Tag] => province [Language] => en [Entryid] => 288 [OriginalCreationDate] => 2017-03-30 17:28:34 [LastModificationDate] => 2019-03-25 16:14:36 ) [171] => Array ( [id] => 41455 [Tag] => parties [Language] => en [Entryid] => 288 [OriginalCreationDate] => 2017-03-30 17:28:34 [LastModificationDate] => 2019-03-25 16:14:36 ) [172] => Array ( [id] => 41456 [Tag] => purpose [Language] => en [Entryid] => 288 [OriginalCreationDate] => 2017-03-30 17:28:34 [LastModificationDate] => 2019-03-25 16:14:36 ) [173] => Array ( [id] => 41457 [Tag] => writers [Language] => en [Entryid] => 288 [OriginalCreationDate] => 2017-03-30 17:28:34 [LastModificationDate] => 2019-03-25 16:14:36 ) [174] => Array ( [id] => 41458 [Tag] => poor [Language] => en [Entryid] => 288 [OriginalCreationDate] => 2017-03-30 17:28:34 [LastModificationDate] => 2019-03-25 16:14:36 ) [175] => Array ( [id] => 41459 [Tag] => forests [Language] => en [Entryid] => 288 [OriginalCreationDate] => 2017-03-30 17:28:34 [LastModificationDate] => 2019-03-25 16:14:36 ) [176] => Array ( [id] => 41460 [Tag] => 1880 [Language] => en [Entryid] => 288 [OriginalCreationDate] => 2017-03-30 17:28:34 [LastModificationDate] => 2019-03-25 16:14:36 ) [177] => Array ( [id] => 41461 [Tag] => literature [Language] => en [Entryid] => 288 [OriginalCreationDate] => 2017-03-30 17:28:34 [LastModificationDate] => 2019-03-25 16:14:36 ) [178] => Array ( [id] => 41462 [Tag] => living [Language] => en [Entryid] => 288 [OriginalCreationDate] => 2017-03-30 17:28:34 [LastModificationDate] => 2019-03-25 16:14:36 ) [179] => Array ( [id] => 41463 [Tag] => everybody [Language] => en [Entryid] => 288 [OriginalCreationDate] => 2017-03-30 17:28:34 [LastModificationDate] => 2019-03-25 16:14:36 ) [180] => Array ( [id] => 41464 [Tag] => justice [Language] => en [Entryid] => 288 [OriginalCreationDate] => 2017-03-30 17:28:34 [LastModificationDate] => 2019-03-25 16:14:36 ) [181] => Array ( [id] => 41465 [Tag] => criminals [Language] => en [Entryid] => 288 [OriginalCreationDate] => 2017-03-30 17:28:34 [LastModificationDate] => 2019-03-25 16:14:36 ) [182] => Array ( [id] => 41466 [Tag] => oubliettes [Language] => en [Entryid] => 288 [OriginalCreationDate] => 2017-03-30 17:28:34 [LastModificationDate] => 2019-03-25 16:14:36 ) [183] => Array ( [id] => 41467 [Tag] => learned [Language] => en [Entryid] => 288 [OriginalCreationDate] => 2017-03-30 17:28:34 [LastModificationDate] => 2019-03-25 16:14:36 ) [184] => Array ( [id] => 41468 [Tag] => france [Language] => en [Entryid] => 288 [OriginalCreationDate] => 2017-03-30 17:28:34 [LastModificationDate] => 2019-03-25 16:14:36 ) [185] => Array ( [id] => 41469 [Tag] => ward [Language] => en [Entryid] => 288 [OriginalCreationDate] => 2017-03-30 17:28:34 [LastModificationDate] => 2019-03-25 16:14:36 ) [186] => Array ( [id] => 41470 [Tag] => humanity [Language] => en [Entryid] => 288 [OriginalCreationDate] => 2017-03-30 17:28:35 [LastModificationDate] => 2019-03-25 16:14:36 ) [187] => Array ( [id] => 41471 [Tag] => newspapers [Language] => en [Entryid] => 288 [OriginalCreationDate] => 2017-03-30 17:28:35 [LastModificationDate] => 2019-03-25 16:14:36 ) [188] => Array ( [id] => 41472 [Tag] => tobolsk [Language] => en [Entryid] => 288 [OriginalCreationDate] => 2017-03-30 17:28:35 [LastModificationDate] => 2019-03-25 16:14:36 ) [189] => Array ( [id] => 41473 [Tag] => western [Language] => en [Entryid] => 288 [OriginalCreationDate] => 2017-03-30 17:28:35 [LastModificationDate] => 2019-03-25 16:14:36 ) [190] => Array ( [id] => 41474 [Tag] => support [Language] => en [Entryid] => 288 [OriginalCreationDate] => 2017-03-30 17:28:35 [LastModificationDate] => 2019-03-25 16:14:36 ) [191] => Array ( [id] => 41475 [Tag] => inhabitants [Language] => en [Entryid] => 288 [OriginalCreationDate] => 2017-03-30 17:28:35 [LastModificationDate] => 2019-03-25 16:14:36 ) [192] => Array ( [id] => 41476 [Tag] => misery [Language] => en [Entryid] => 288 [OriginalCreationDate] => 2017-03-30 17:28:35 [LastModificationDate] => 2019-03-25 16:14:36 ) [193] => Array ( [id] => 41477 [Tag] => act [Language] => en [Entryid] => 288 [OriginalCreationDate] => 2017-03-30 17:28:35 [LastModificationDate] => 2019-03-25 16:14:36 ) [194] => Array ( [id] => 41478 [Tag] => big [Language] => en [Entryid] => 288 [OriginalCreationDate] => 2017-03-30 17:28:35 [LastModificationDate] => 2019-03-25 16:14:36 ) [195] => Array ( [id] => 41479 [Tag] => gold-mines [Language] => en [Entryid] => 288 [OriginalCreationDate] => 2017-03-30 17:28:35 [LastModificationDate] => 2019-03-25 16:14:36 ) [196] => Array ( [id] => 41480 [Tag] => mortality [Language] => en [Entryid] => 288 [OriginalCreationDate] => 2017-03-30 17:28:35 [LastModificationDate] => 2019-03-25 16:14:36 ) [197] => Array ( [id] => 41481 [Tag] => change [Language] => en [Entryid] => 288 [OriginalCreationDate] => 2017-03-30 17:28:35 [LastModificationDate] => 2019-03-25 16:14:36 ) [198] => Array ( [id] => 41482 [Tag] => november [Language] => en [Entryid] => 288 [OriginalCreationDate] => 2017-03-30 17:28:35 [LastModificationDate] => 2019-03-25 16:14:36 ) [199] => Array ( [id] => 41483 [Tag] => crimes [Language] => en [Entryid] => 288 [OriginalCreationDate] => 2017-03-30 17:28:35 [LastModificationDate] => 2019-03-25 16:14:36 ) [200] => Array ( [id] => 41484 [Tag] => officials [Language] => en [Entryid] => 288 [OriginalCreationDate] => 2017-03-30 17:28:35 [LastModificationDate] => 2019-03-25 16:14:36 ) [201] => Array ( [id] => 41485 [Tag] => imperial [Language] => en [Entryid] => 288 [OriginalCreationDate] => 2017-03-30 17:28:35 [LastModificationDate] => 2019-03-25 16:14:36 ) [202] => Array ( [id] => 41486 [Tag] => yards [Language] => en [Entryid] => 288 [OriginalCreationDate] => 2017-03-30 17:28:35 [LastModificationDate] => 2019-03-25 16:14:36 ) [203] => Array ( [id] => 41487 [Tag] => 1879 [Language] => en [Entryid] => 288 [OriginalCreationDate] => 2017-03-30 17:28:35 [LastModificationDate] => 2019-03-25 16:14:36 ) [204] => Array ( [id] => 41488 [Tag] => principles [Language] => en [Entryid] => 288 [OriginalCreationDate] => 2017-03-30 17:28:35 [LastModificationDate] => 2019-03-25 16:14:36 ) [205] => Array ( [id] => 41489 [Tag] => growth [Language] => en [Entryid] => 288 [OriginalCreationDate] => 2017-03-30 17:28:35 [LastModificationDate] => 2019-03-25 16:14:36 ) [206] => Array ( [id] => 41490 [Tag] => civil [Language] => en [Entryid] => 288 [OriginalCreationDate] => 2017-03-30 17:28:35 [LastModificationDate] => 2019-03-25 16:14:36 ) [207] => Array ( [id] => 41491 [Tag] => irkutsk [Language] => en [Entryid] => 288 [OriginalCreationDate] => 2017-03-30 17:28:35 [LastModificationDate] => 2019-03-25 16:14:36 ) [208] => Array ( [id] => 41492 [Tag] => emperor [Language] => en [Entryid] => 288 [OriginalCreationDate] => 2017-03-30 17:28:35 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Image::1 This text was taken from In Russian and French Prisons, London: Ward and Downey; 1887.

In Russian and French Prisons

by P. Kropotkin


APPENDIX B.

(Page 176.)

PART PLAYED BY THE EXILES IN THE COLONIZATION OF SIBERIA.

WITH the disorder which reigns in the statistics of Siberia it is very difficult, indeed, to estimate in how far the exiles contribute in increasing the population of Siberia. The following reliable figures published in 1886 by the official Tobolsk Gazette, and reproduced by the Vostochnoye Obozrenie (March 20th), are well worthy of notice. During the ten years 1875 to 1885, 38,577 men and 4285 women were transported to the Government of Tobolsk. They were followed by 23,721 free women and children, making thus a total of 66,583. During the same ten years 11,758 exiles died, and 10,094 ran away; 4735 were recommended and sent, or have been transferred on demand, to other parts of Siberia; 1854 were returned to Russia; and 28,670 only entered the regular ranks of peasants and town-buryers in Tobolsk; total, 57,111. The total population of exiles in Tobolsk consisted in 1875 of 35,100 males, and about one-third of that of women. The mortality of these is included in the above figure of 11,708 dead. But even if this deduction be made, it appears that at least 20,000, out of 66,583, have been transported to Tobolsk only to die there very soon after their arrival, or to run away. The population of the Government of Tobolsk in 1875 being 1,131,246, and its increase having been 187,626 in ten years, while the natural growth of population ought to be less than 100,000, it appears that the exiles have contributed to that increase by less than 45,000, while the remainder were free immigrants from Russia

As to the working power of this population it will be best seen from the fact that in 1875 only 10,798 exiles were householders. During ten years, 5,588 were added to this number, but 3,775 abandoned their houses, so that in 1885 only 12,611 exiles had permanent houses. Besides, out of 20,846 exiles belonging to the peasantry, 8,525 were wanting in 1875; they had disappeared.

In 1881, the Governor of Tomsk reported that out of the 28,828 exiles settled in the province, only 3,400 were carrying on agriculture; about two-thirds were without any means of subsistence, and were living from hand to mouth; while 9,796 had run away.

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Welcome to RevoltLib! Here you will find an archive of materials from the past that once helped people to abolish the state, fight capitalism, end sexism, demolish imperialism, and eliminate all forms of social domination. Information is power -- arm yourself!

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The mission behind RevoltLib is to provide reliable, interactive, and comprehensive access to written works about Revolution, and Anarchism in particular.

Reliability is important. The site's guaranteed uptime is maintained by a dedicated, software engineering professional who is always monitoring for problems. Each book, essay, or other written work provided is made available in multiple formats (txt, pdf, etc.), so that if one particular format is unsuitable, there will be others you can download. And the site is powered with a set of error detection and correction utilities, which can fix anything from typos and spelling errors to British/American spelling equivalents and optical-cypher-recognition (OCR) mistranslations.

Interactive websites are more likely to offer a richer and more rewarding experience. Users (with Google accounts) can login, comment, and like/dislike any page about the authors or containing the works of the authors. Tagging related works with the same keywords can help people more easily find similar works of interest. There is even a way to listen to each text as audio, with your own preference of voice (Chrome-only).

Comprehensive is the part of the mission that never ends. There are still many texts available that just have not yet been upload, some of them are just image files of pages still requiring OCR, some of them have not even been scanned, and many of them are not physically available except at ridiculously exorbitant prices from rare book collectors. We want to get more and more texts, and we want to do it in a way that is more and more reliable and interactive.

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RevoltLib was launched on Oct 24, 2016. Two events are responsible for triggering its creation: a software engineer and activist had just built a CMS (Content-Management-System) and was looking for a project to deploy it with; and, at the same time, Anarchy Archives, the longest-living and largest collection of Anarchist works, had gone down (it has seen been brought back online). Seeing the opportunity, I took it, and built what is now RevoltLib, largely from Anarchy Archives, but also from a good, healthy number of other sources, some of them no longer available.

By the end of 2016, the entirety of the sorted sections of Anarchy Archives had been brought into RevoltLib. In 2017, the focus was spent optimizing and cleaning code, adding a minimal feature-set, and building tools to generate information about the texts, such as keywords and glossaries. And 2018 is now here. RevoltLib is ready to keep going forward.

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There is one person behind RevoltLib: UprisingEngineer. He is an activist, a software engineeer, a wobbly, a supporter of AK Press, and a trip hop fanatic.

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2019-03-25 16:14:35 ) [51] => Array ( [id] => 41335 [Tag] => western siberia [Language] => en [Entryid] => 288 [OriginalCreationDate] => 2017-03-30 17:28:30 [LastModificationDate] => 2019-03-25 16:14:35 ) [52] => Array ( [id] => 41336 [Tag] => official publication [Language] => en [Entryid] => 288 [OriginalCreationDate] => 2017-03-30 17:28:30 [LastModificationDate] => 2019-03-25 16:14:35 ) [53] => Array ( [id] => 41337 [Tag] => october 1880 [Language] => en [Entryid] => 288 [OriginalCreationDate] => 2017-03-30 17:28:30 [LastModificationDate] => 2019-03-25 16:14:35 ) [54] => Array ( [id] => 41338 [Tag] => prisons [Language] => en [Entryid] => 288 [OriginalCreationDate] => 2017-03-30 17:28:30 [LastModificationDate] => 2019-03-25 16:14:35 ) [55] => Array ( [id] => 41339 [Tag] => prison [Language] => en [Entryid] => 288 [OriginalCreationDate] => 2017-03-30 17:28:30 [LastModificationDate] => 2019-03-25 16:14:35 ) [56] => Array ( [id] => 41340 [Tag] => prisoners [Language] => en [Entryid] => 288 [OriginalCreationDate] => 2017-03-30 17:28:30 [LastModificationDate] => 2019-03-25 16:14:35 ) [57] => Array ( [id] => 41341 [Tag] => siberia [Language] => en [Entryid] => 288 [OriginalCreationDate] => 2017-03-30 17:28:30 [LastModificationDate] => 2019-03-25 16:14:35 ) [58] => Array ( [id] => 41342 [Tag] => russian [Language] => en [Entryid] => 288 [OriginalCreationDate] => 2017-03-30 17:28:30 [LastModificationDate] => 2019-03-25 16:14:35 ) [59] => Array ( [id] => 41343 [Tag] => convicts [Language] => en [Entryid] => 288 [OriginalCreationDate] => 2017-03-30 17:28:30 [LastModificationDate] => 2019-03-25 16:14:35 ) [60] => Array ( [id] => 41344 [Tag] => work [Language] => en [Entryid] => 288 [OriginalCreationDate] => 2017-03-30 17:28:30 [LastModificationDate] => 2019-03-25 16:14:35 ) [61] => Array ( [id] => 41345 [Tag] => life [Language] => en [Entryid] => 288 [OriginalCreationDate] => 2017-03-30 17:28:30 [LastModificationDate] => 2019-03-25 16:14:35 ) [62] => Array ( [id] => 41346 [Tag] => russia [Language] => en [Entryid] => 288 [OriginalCreationDate] => 2017-03-30 17:28:30 [LastModificationDate] => 2019-03-25 16:14:35 ) [63] => Array ( [id] => 41347 [Tag] => people [Language] => en [Entryid] => 288 [OriginalCreationDate] => 2017-03-30 17:28:30 [LastModificationDate] => 2019-03-25 16:14:35 ) [64] => Array ( [id] => 41348 [Tag] => labour [Language] => en [Entryid] => 288 [OriginalCreationDate] => 2017-03-30 17:28:30 [LastModificationDate] => 2019-03-25 16:14:35 ) [65] => Array ( [id] => 41349 [Tag] => state [Language] => en [Entryid] => 288 [OriginalCreationDate] => 2017-03-30 17:28:30 [LastModificationDate] => 2019-03-25 16:14:35 ) [66] => Array ( [id] => 41350 [Tag] => exiles [Language] => en [Entryid] => 288 [OriginalCreationDate] => 2017-03-30 17:28:30 [LastModificationDate] => 2019-03-25 16:14:35 ) [67] => Array ( [id] => 41351 [Tag] => condemned [Language] => en [Entryid] => 288 [OriginalCreationDate] => 2017-03-30 17:28:30 [LastModificationDate] => 2019-03-25 16:14:35 ) [68] => Array ( [id] => 41352 [Tag] => prisoner [Language] => en [Entryid] => 288 [OriginalCreationDate] => 2017-03-30 17:28:30 [LastModificationDate] => 2019-03-25 16:14:35 ) [69] => Array ( [id] => 41353 [Tag] => exile [Language] => en [Entryid] => 288 [OriginalCreationDate] => 2017-03-30 17:28:30 [LastModificationDate] => 2019-03-25 16:14:35 ) [70] => Array ( [id] => 41354 [Tag] => old [Language] => en [Entryid] => 288 [OriginalCreationDate] => 2017-03-30 17:28:30 [LastModificationDate] => 2019-03-25 16:14:35 ) [71] => Array ( [id] => 41355 [Tag] => fortress [Language] => en [Entryid] => 288 [OriginalCreationDate] => 2017-03-30 17:28:30 [LastModificationDate] => 2019-03-25 16:14:35 ) [72] => Array ( [id] => 41356 [Tag] => law [Language] => en [Entryid] => 288 [OriginalCreationDate] => 2017-03-30 17:28:30 [LastModificationDate] => 2019-03-25 16:14:35 ) [73] => Array ( [id] => 41357 [Tag] => political [Language] => en [Entryid] => 288 [OriginalCreationDate] => 2017-03-30 17:28:30 [LastModificationDate] => 2019-03-25 16:14:35 ) [74] => Array ( [id] => 41358 [Tag] => government [Language] => en [Entryid] => 288 [OriginalCreationDate] => 2017-03-30 17:28:30 [LastModificationDate] => 2019-03-25 16:14:35 ) [75] => Array ( [id] => 41359 [Tag] => cells [Language] => en [Entryid] => 288 [OriginalCreationDate] => 2017-03-30 17:28:31 [LastModificationDate] => 2019-03-25 16:14:36 ) [76] => Array ( [id] => 41360 [Tag] => system [Language] => en [Entryid] => 288 [OriginalCreationDate] => 2017-03-30 17:28:31 [LastModificationDate] => 2019-03-25 16:14:36 ) [77] => Array ( [id] => 41361 [Tag] => french [Language] => en [Entryid] => 288 [OriginalCreationDate] => 2017-03-30 17:28:31 [LastModificationDate] => 2019-03-25 16:14:36 ) [78] => Array ( [id] => 41362 [Tag] => official [Language] => en [Entryid] => 288 [OriginalCreationDate] => 2017-03-30 17:28:31 [LastModificationDate] => 2019-03-25 16:14:36 ) [79] => Array ( [id] => 41363 [Tag] => society [Language] => en [Entryid] => 288 [OriginalCreationDate] => 2017-03-30 17:28:31 [LastModificationDate] => 2019-03-25 16:14:36 ) [80] => Array ( [id] => 41364 [Tag] => penal [Language] => en [Entryid] => 288 [OriginalCreationDate] => 2017-03-30 17:28:31 [LastModificationDate] => 2019-03-25 16:14:36 ) [81] => Array ( [id] => 41365 [Tag] => 1881 [Language] => en [Entryid] => 288 [OriginalCreationDate] => 2017-03-30 17:28:31 [LastModificationDate] => 2019-03-25 16:14:36 ) [82] => Array ( [id] => 41366 [Tag] => cell [Language] => en [Entryid] => 288 [OriginalCreationDate] => 2017-03-30 17:28:31 [LastModificationDate] => 2019-03-25 16:14:36 ) [83] => Array ( [id] => 41367 [Tag] => order [Language] => en [Entryid] => 288 [OriginalCreationDate] => 2017-03-30 17:28:31 [LastModificationDate] => 2019-03-25 16:14:36 ) [84] => Array ( [id] => 41368 [Tag] => sakhalin [Language] => en [Entryid] => 288 [OriginalCreationDate] => 2017-03-30 17:28:31 [LastModificationDate] => 2019-03-25 16:14:36 ) [85] => Array ( [id] => 41369 [Tag] => inmates [Language] => en [Entryid] => 288 [OriginalCreationDate] => 2017-03-30 17:28:31 [LastModificationDate] => 2019-03-25 16:14:36 ) [86] => Array ( [id] => 41370 [Tag] => hard-labour [Language] => en [Entryid] => 288 [OriginalCreationDate] => 2017-03-30 17:28:31 [LastModificationDate] => 2019-03-25 16:14:36 ) [87] => Array ( [id] => 41371 [Tag] => might [Language] => en [Entryid] => 288 [OriginalCreationDate] => 2017-03-30 17:28:31 [LastModificationDate] => 2019-03-25 16:14:36 ) [88] => Array ( [id] => 41372 [Tag] => warders [Language] => en [Entryid] => 288 [OriginalCreationDate] => 2017-03-30 17:28:31 [LastModificationDate] => 2019-03-25 16:14:36 ) [89] => Array ( [id] => 41373 [Tag] => course [Language] => en [Entryid] => 288 [OriginalCreationDate] => 2017-03-30 17:28:31 [LastModificationDate] => 2019-03-25 16:14:36 ) [90] => Array ( [id] => 41374 [Tag] => administration [Language] => en [Entryid] => 288 [OriginalCreationDate] => 2017-03-30 17:28:31 [LastModificationDate] => 2019-03-25 16:14:36 ) [91] => Array ( [id] => 41375 [Tag] => punishment [Language] => en [Entryid] => 288 [OriginalCreationDate] => 2017-03-30 17:28:31 [LastModificationDate] => 2019-03-25 16:14:36 ) [92] => Array ( [id] => 41376 [Tag] => trial [Language] => en [Entryid] => 288 [OriginalCreationDate] => 2017-03-30 17:28:31 [LastModificationDate] => 2019-03-25 16:14:36 ) [93] => Array ( [id] => 41377 [Tag] => clairvaux [Language] => en [Entryid] => 288 [OriginalCreationDate] => 2017-03-30 17:28:31 [LastModificationDate] => 2019-03-25 16:14:36 ) [94] => Array ( [id] => 41378 [Tag] => published [Language] => en [Entryid] => 288 [OriginalCreationDate] => 2017-03-30 17:28:31 [LastModificationDate] => 2019-03-25 16:14:36 ) [95] => Array ( [id] => 41379 [Tag] => soldiers [Language] => en [Entryid] => 288 [OriginalCreationDate] => 2017-03-30 17:28:31 [LastModificationDate] => 2019-03-25 16:14:36 ) [96] => Array ( [id] => 41380 [Tag] => mines [Language] => en [Entryid] => 288 [OriginalCreationDate] => 2017-03-30 17:28:31 [LastModificationDate] => 2019-03-25 16:14:36 ) [97] => Array ( [id] => 41381 [Tag] => governor [Language] => en [Entryid] => 288 [OriginalCreationDate] => 2017-03-30 17:28:31 [LastModificationDate] => 2019-03-25 16:14:36 ) [98] => Array ( [id] => 41382 [Tag] => court [Language] => en [Entryid] => 288 [OriginalCreationDate] => 2017-03-30 17:28:31 [LastModificationDate] => 2019-03-25 16:14:36 ) [99] => Array ( [id] => 41383 [Tag] => food [Language] => en [Entryid] => 288 [OriginalCreationDate] => 2017-03-30 17:28:31 [LastModificationDate] => 2019-03-25 16:14:36 ) [100] => Array ( [id] => 41384 [Tag] => detention [Language] => en [Entryid] => 288 [OriginalCreationDate] => 2017-03-30 17:28:31 [LastModificationDate] => 2019-03-25 16:14:36 ) [101] => Array ( [id] => 41385 [Tag] => authorities [Language] => en [Entryid] => 288 [OriginalCreationDate] => 2017-03-30 17:28:31 [LastModificationDate] => 2019-03-25 16:14:36 ) [102] => Array ( [id] => 41386 [Tag] => imprisonment [Language] => en [Entryid] => 288 [OriginalCreationDate] => 2017-03-30 17:28:31 [LastModificationDate] => 2019-03-25 16:14:36 ) [103] => Array ( [id] => 41387 [Tag] => conditions [Language] => en [Entryid] => 288 [OriginalCreationDate] => 2017-03-30 17:28:31 [LastModificationDate] => 2019-03-25 16:14:36 ) [104] => Array ( [id] => 41388 [Tag] => siberian [Language] => en [Entryid] => 288 [OriginalCreationDate] => 2017-03-30 17:28:31 [LastModificationDate] => 2019-03-25 16:14:36 ) [105] => Array ( [id] => 41389 [Tag] => country [Language] => en [Entryid] => 288 [OriginalCreationDate] => 2017-03-30 17:28:31 [LastModificationDate] => 2019-03-25 16:14:36 ) [106] => Array ( [id] => 41390 [Tag] => convict [Language] => en [Entryid] => 288 [OriginalCreationDate] => 2017-03-30 17:28:31 [LastModificationDate] => 2019-03-25 16:14:36 ) [107] => Array ( [id] => 41391 [Tag] => treatment [Language] => en [Entryid] => 288 [OriginalCreationDate] => 2017-03-30 17:28:31 [LastModificationDate] => 2019-03-25 16:14:36 ) [108] => Array ( [id] => 41392 [Tag] => world [Language] => en [Entryid] => 288 [OriginalCreationDate] => 2017-03-30 17:28:31 [LastModificationDate] => 2019-03-25 16:14:36 ) [109] => Array ( [id] => 41393 [Tag] => military [Language] => en [Entryid] => 288 [OriginalCreationDate] => 2017-03-30 17:28:31 [LastModificationDate] => 2019-03-25 16:14:36 ) [110] => Array ( [id] => 41394 [Tag] => private [Language] => en [Entryid] => 288 [OriginalCreationDate] => 2017-03-30 17:28:31 [LastModificationDate] => 2019-03-25 16:14:36 ) [111] => Array ( [id] => 41395 [Tag] => institutions [Language] => en [Entryid] => 288 [OriginalCreationDate] => 2017-03-30 17:28:31 [LastModificationDate] => 2019-03-25 16:14:36 ) [112] => Array ( [id] => 41396 [Tag] => free [Language] => en [Entryid] => 288 [OriginalCreationDate] => 2017-03-30 17:28:31 [LastModificationDate] => 2019-03-25 16:14:36 ) [113] => Array ( [id] => 41397 [Tag] => public [Language] => en [Entryid] => 288 [OriginalCreationDate] => 2017-03-30 17:28:32 [LastModificationDate] => 2019-03-25 16:14:36 ) [114] => Array ( [id] => 41398 [Tag] => causes [Language] => en [Entryid] => 288 [OriginalCreationDate] => 2017-03-30 17:28:32 [LastModificationDate] => 2019-03-25 16:14:36 ) [115] => Array ( [id] => 41399 [Tag] => sufferings [Language] => en [Entryid] => 288 [OriginalCreationDate] => 2017-03-30 17:28:32 [LastModificationDate] => 2019-03-25 16:14:36 ) [116] => Array ( [id] => 41400 [Tag] => administrative [Language] => en [Entryid] => 288 [OriginalCreationDate] => 2017-03-30 17:28:32 [LastModificationDate] => 2019-03-25 16:14:36 ) [117] => Array ( [id] => 41401 [Tag] => crime [Language] => en [Entryid] => 288 [OriginalCreationDate] => 2017-03-30 17:28:32 [LastModificationDate] => 2019-03-25 16:14:36 ) [118] => Array ( [id] => 41402 [Tag] => press [Language] => en [Entryid] => 288 [OriginalCreationDate] => 2017-03-30 17:28:32 [LastModificationDate] => 2019-03-25 16:14:36 ) [119] => Array ( [id] => 41403 [Tag] => moral [Language] => en [Entryid] => 288 [OriginalCreationDate] => 2017-03-30 17:28:32 [LastModificationDate] => 2019-03-25 16:14:36 ) [120] => Array ( [id] => 41404 [Tag] => london [Language] => en [Entryid] => 288 [OriginalCreationDate] => 2017-03-30 17:28:32 [LastModificationDate] => 2019-03-25 16:14:36 ) [121] => Array ( [id] => 41405 [Tag] => provinces [Language] => en [Entryid] => 288 [OriginalCreationDate] => 2017-03-30 17:28:32 [LastModificationDate] => 2019-03-25 16:14:36 ) [122] => Array ( [id] => 41406 [Tag] => party [Language] => en [Entryid] => 288 [OriginalCreationDate] => 2017-03-30 17:28:32 [LastModificationDate] => 2019-03-25 16:14:36 ) [123] => Array ( [id] => 41407 [Tag] => english [Language] => en [Entryid] => 288 [OriginalCreationDate] => 2017-03-30 17:28:32 [LastModificationDate] => 2019-03-25 16:14:36 ) [124] => Array ( [id] => 41408 [Tag] => experience [Language] => en [Entryid] => 288 [OriginalCreationDate] => 2017-03-30 17:28:32 [LastModificationDate] => 2019-03-25 16:14:36 ) [125] => Array ( [id] => 41409 [Tag] => right [Language] => en [Entryid] => 288 [OriginalCreationDate] => 2017-03-30 17:28:32 [LastModificationDate] => 2019-03-25 16:14:36 ) [126] => Array ( [id] => 41410 [Tag] => europe [Language] => en [Entryid] => 288 [OriginalCreationDate] => 2017-03-30 17:28:32 [LastModificationDate] => 2019-03-25 16:14:36 ) [127] => Array ( [id] => 41411 [Tag] => colony [Language] => en [Entryid] => 288 [OriginalCreationDate] => 2017-03-30 17:28:32 [LastModificationDate] => 2019-03-25 16:14:36 ) [128] => Array ( [id] => 41412 [Tag] => read [Language] => en [Entryid] => 288 [OriginalCreationDate] => 2017-03-30 17:28:32 [LastModificationDate] => 2019-03-25 16:14:36 ) [129] => Array ( [id] => 41413 [Tag] => common [Language] => en [Entryid] => 288 [OriginalCreationDate] => 2017-03-30 17:28:32 [LastModificationDate] => 2019-03-25 16:14:36 ) [130] => Array ( [id] => 41414 [Tag] => money [Language] => en [Entryid] => 288 [OriginalCreationDate] => 2017-03-30 17:28:32 [LastModificationDate] => 2019-03-25 16:14:36 ) [131] => Array ( [id] => 41415 [Tag] => lyons [Language] => en [Entryid] => 288 [OriginalCreationDate] => 2017-03-30 17:28:32 [LastModificationDate] => 2019-03-25 16:14:36 ) [132] => Array ( [id] => 41416 [Tag] => ministry [Language] => en [Entryid] => 288 [OriginalCreationDate] => 2017-03-30 17:28:32 [LastModificationDate] => 2019-03-25 16:14:36 ) [133] => Array ( [id] => 41417 [Tag] => liberty [Language] => en [Entryid] => 288 [OriginalCreationDate] => 2017-03-30 17:28:33 [LastModificationDate] => 2019-03-25 16:14:36 ) [134] => Array ( [id] => 41418 [Tag] => criminal [Language] => en [Entryid] => 288 [OriginalCreationDate] => 2017-03-30 17:28:33 [LastModificationDate] => 2019-03-25 16:14:36 ) [135] => Array ( [id] => 41419 [Tag] => torture [Language] => en [Entryid] => 288 [OriginalCreationDate] => 2017-03-30 17:28:33 [LastModificationDate] => 2019-03-25 16:14:36 ) [136] => Array ( [id] => 41420 [Tag] => settled [Language] => en [Entryid] => 288 [OriginalCreationDate] => 2017-03-30 17:28:33 [LastModificationDate] => 2019-03-25 16:14:36 ) [137] => Array ( [id] => 41421 [Tag] => population [Language] => en [Entryid] => 288 [OriginalCreationDate] => 2017-03-30 17:28:33 [LastModificationDate] => 2019-03-25 16:14:36 ) [138] => Array ( [id] => 41422 [Tag] => 1882 [Language] => en [Entryid] => 288 [OriginalCreationDate] => 2017-03-30 17:28:33 [LastModificationDate] => 2019-03-25 16:14:36 ) [139] => Array ( [id] => 41423 [Tag] => 1883 [Language] => en [Entryid] => 288 [OriginalCreationDate] => 2017-03-30 17:28:33 [LastModificationDate] => 2019-03-25 16:14:36 ) [140] => Array ( [id] => 41424 [Tag] => bread [Language] => en [Entryid] => 288 [OriginalCreationDate] => 2017-03-30 17:28:33 [LastModificationDate] => 2019-03-25 16:14:36 ) [141] => Array ( [id] => 41425 [Tag] => common-law [Language] => en [Entryid] => 288 [OriginalCreationDate] => 2017-03-30 17:28:33 [LastModificationDate] => 2019-03-25 16:14:36 ) [142] => Array ( [id] => 41426 [Tag] => young [Language] => en [Entryid] => 288 [OriginalCreationDate] => 2017-03-30 17:28:33 [LastModificationDate] => 2019-03-25 16:14:36 ) [143] => Array ( [id] => 41427 [Tag] => rule [Language] => en [Entryid] => 288 [OriginalCreationDate] => 2017-03-30 17:28:33 [LastModificationDate] => 2019-03-25 16:14:36 ) [144] => Array ( [id] => 41428 [Tag] => peasants [Language] => en [Entryid] => 288 [OriginalCreationDate] => 2017-03-30 17:28:33 [LastModificationDate] => 2019-03-25 16:14:36 ) [145] => Array ( [id] => 41429 [Tag] => march [Language] => en [Entryid] => 288 [OriginalCreationDate] => 2017-03-30 17:28:33 [LastModificationDate] => 2019-03-25 16:14:36 ) [146] => Array ( [id] => 41430 [Tag] => occupation [Language] => en [Entryid] => 288 [OriginalCreationDate] => 2017-03-30 17:28:33 [LastModificationDate] => 2019-03-25 16:14:36 ) [147] => Array ( [id] => 41431 [Tag] => inquiry [Language] => en [Entryid] => 288 [OriginalCreationDate] => 2017-03-30 17:28:33 [LastModificationDate] => 2019-03-25 16:14:36 ) [148] => Array ( [id] => 41432 [Tag] => village [Language] => en [Entryid] => 288 [OriginalCreationDate] => 2017-03-30 17:28:33 [LastModificationDate] => 2019-03-25 16:14:36 ) [149] => Array ( [id] => 41433 [Tag] => special [Language] => en [Entryid] => 288 [OriginalCreationDate] => 2017-03-30 17:28:33 [LastModificationDate] => 2019-03-25 16:14:36 ) [150] => Array ( [id] => 41434 [Tag] => summer [Language] => en [Entryid] => 288 [OriginalCreationDate] => 2017-03-30 17:28:33 [LastModificationDate] => 2019-03-25 16:14:36 ) [151] => Array ( [id] => 41435 [Tag] => story [Language] => en [Entryid] => 288 [OriginalCreationDate] => 2017-03-30 17:28:33 [LastModificationDate] => 2019-03-25 16:14:36 ) [152] => Array ( [id] => 41436 [Tag] => reform [Language] => en [Entryid] => 288 [OriginalCreationDate] => 2017-03-30 17:28:33 [LastModificationDate] => 2019-03-25 16:14:36 ) [153] => Array ( [id] => 41437 [Tag] => confinement [Language] => en [Entryid] => 288 [OriginalCreationDate] => 2017-03-30 17:28:33 [LastModificationDate] => 2019-03-25 16:14:36 ) [154] => Array ( [id] => 41438 [Tag] => moscow [Language] => en [Entryid] => 288 [OriginalCreationDate] => 2017-03-30 17:28:33 [LastModificationDate] => 2019-03-25 16:14:36 ) [155] => Array ( [id] => 41439 [Tag] => winter [Language] => en [Entryid] => 288 [OriginalCreationDate] => 2017-03-30 17:28:33 [LastModificationDate] => 2019-03-25 16:14:36 ) [156] => Array ( [id] => 41440 [Tag] => courts [Language] => en [Entryid] => 288 [OriginalCreationDate] => 2017-03-30 17:28:33 [LastModificationDate] => 2019-03-25 16:14:36 ) [157] => Array ( [id] => 41441 [Tag] => comrades [Language] => en [Entryid] => 288 [OriginalCreationDate] => 2017-03-30 17:28:33 [LastModificationDate] => 2019-03-25 16:14:36 ) [158] => Array ( [id] => 41442 [Tag] => police [Language] => en [Entryid] => 288 [OriginalCreationDate] => 2017-03-30 17:28:33 [LastModificationDate] => 2019-03-25 16:14:36 ) [159] => Array ( [id] => 41443 [Tag] => committee [Language] => en [Entryid] => 288 [OriginalCreationDate] => 2017-03-30 17:28:33 [LastModificationDate] => 2019-03-25 16:14:36 ) [160] => Array ( [id] => 41444 [Tag] => secret [Language] => en [Entryid] => 288 [OriginalCreationDate] => 2017-03-30 17:28:33 [LastModificationDate] => 2019-03-25 16:14:36 ) [161] => Array ( [id] => 41445 [Tag] => tomsk [Language] => en [Entryid] => 288 [OriginalCreationDate] => 2017-03-30 17:28:33 [LastModificationDate] => 2019-03-25 16:14:36 ) [162] => Array ( [id] => 41446 [Tag] => land [Language] => en [Entryid] => 288 [OriginalCreationDate] => 2017-03-30 17:28:34 [LastModificationDate] => 2019-03-25 16:14:36 ) [163] => Array ( [id] => 41447 [Tag] => family [Language] => en [Entryid] => 288 [OriginalCreationDate] => 2017-03-30 17:28:34 [LastModificationDate] => 2019-03-25 16:14:36 ) [164] => Array ( [id] => 41448 [Tag] => workshops [Language] => en [Entryid] => 288 [OriginalCreationDate] => 2017-03-30 17:28:34 [LastModificationDate] => 2019-03-25 16:14:36 ) [165] => Array ( [id] => 41449 [Tag] => book [Language] => en [Entryid] => 288 [OriginalCreationDate] => 2017-03-30 17:28:34 [LastModificationDate] => 2019-03-25 16:14:36 ) [166] => Array ( [id] => 41450 [Tag] => 1887 [Language] => en [Entryid] => 288 [OriginalCreationDate] => 2017-03-30 17:28:34 [LastModificationDate] => 2019-03-25 16:14:36 ) [167] => Array ( [id] => 41451 [Tag] => kropotkin [Language] => en [Entryid] => 288 [OriginalCreationDate] => 2017-03-30 17:28:34 [LastModificationDate] => 2019-03-25 16:14:36 ) [168] => Array ( [id] => 41452 [Tag] => modern [Language] => en [Entryid] => 288 [OriginalCreationDate] => 2017-03-30 17:28:34 [LastModificationDate] => 2019-03-25 16:14:36 ) [169] => Array ( [id] => 41453 [Tag] => social [Language] => en [Entryid] => 288 [OriginalCreationDate] => 2017-03-30 17:28:34 [LastModificationDate] => 2019-03-25 16:14:36 ) [170] => Array ( [id] => 41454 [Tag] => province [Language] => en [Entryid] => 288 [OriginalCreationDate] => 2017-03-30 17:28:34 [LastModificationDate] => 2019-03-25 16:14:36 ) [171] => Array ( [id] => 41455 [Tag] => parties [Language] => en [Entryid] => 288 [OriginalCreationDate] => 2017-03-30 17:28:34 [LastModificationDate] => 2019-03-25 16:14:36 ) [172] => Array ( [id] => 41456 [Tag] => purpose [Language] => en [Entryid] => 288 [OriginalCreationDate] => 2017-03-30 17:28:34 [LastModificationDate] => 2019-03-25 16:14:36 ) [173] => Array ( [id] => 41457 [Tag] => writers [Language] => en [Entryid] => 288 [OriginalCreationDate] => 2017-03-30 17:28:34 [LastModificationDate] => 2019-03-25 16:14:36 ) [174] => Array ( [id] => 41458 [Tag] => poor [Language] => en [Entryid] => 288 [OriginalCreationDate] => 2017-03-30 17:28:34 [LastModificationDate] => 2019-03-25 16:14:36 ) [175] => Array ( [id] => 41459 [Tag] => forests [Language] => en [Entryid] => 288 [OriginalCreationDate] => 2017-03-30 17:28:34 [LastModificationDate] => 2019-03-25 16:14:36 ) [176] => Array ( [id] => 41460 [Tag] => 1880 [Language] => en [Entryid] => 288 [OriginalCreationDate] => 2017-03-30 17:28:34 [LastModificationDate] => 2019-03-25 16:14:36 ) [177] => Array ( [id] => 41461 [Tag] => literature [Language] => en [Entryid] => 288 [OriginalCreationDate] => 2017-03-30 17:28:34 [LastModificationDate] => 2019-03-25 16:14:36 ) [178] => Array ( [id] => 41462 [Tag] => living [Language] => en [Entryid] => 288 [OriginalCreationDate] => 2017-03-30 17:28:34 [LastModificationDate] => 2019-03-25 16:14:36 ) [179] => Array ( [id] => 41463 [Tag] => everybody [Language] => en [Entryid] => 288 [OriginalCreationDate] => 2017-03-30 17:28:34 [LastModificationDate] => 2019-03-25 16:14:36 ) [180] => Array ( [id] => 41464 [Tag] => justice [Language] => en [Entryid] => 288 [OriginalCreationDate] => 2017-03-30 17:28:34 [LastModificationDate] => 2019-03-25 16:14:36 ) [181] => Array ( [id] => 41465 [Tag] => criminals [Language] => en 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17:28:35 [LastModificationDate] => 2019-03-25 16:14:36 ) [193] => Array ( [id] => 41477 [Tag] => act [Language] => en [Entryid] => 288 [OriginalCreationDate] => 2017-03-30 17:28:35 [LastModificationDate] => 2019-03-25 16:14:36 ) [194] => Array ( [id] => 41478 [Tag] => big [Language] => en [Entryid] => 288 [OriginalCreationDate] => 2017-03-30 17:28:35 [LastModificationDate] => 2019-03-25 16:14:36 ) [195] => Array ( [id] => 41479 [Tag] => gold-mines [Language] => en [Entryid] => 288 [OriginalCreationDate] => 2017-03-30 17:28:35 [LastModificationDate] => 2019-03-25 16:14:36 ) [196] => Array ( [id] => 41480 [Tag] => mortality [Language] => en [Entryid] => 288 [OriginalCreationDate] => 2017-03-30 17:28:35 [LastModificationDate] => 2019-03-25 16:14:36 ) [197] => Array ( [id] => 41481 [Tag] => change [Language] => en [Entryid] => 288 [OriginalCreationDate] => 2017-03-30 17:28:35 [LastModificationDate] => 2019-03-25 16:14:36 ) [198] => Array ( [id] => 41482 [Tag] => november [Language] => en 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=> Appendix B [Subtitle] => On the part played by the Exiles in the Colonization of Siberia [ListTitle] => Zeta Material, Appendix B [ListTitleSortKey] => [Code] => appendix-b [ChildAdjective] => [ChildNoun] => [ChildNounPlural] => [OriginalCreationDate] => 2017-01-21 16:49:12 [LastModificationDate] => 2019-12-31 17:27:27 [assignment] => Array ( [0] => Array ( [id] => 305 [Parentid] => 288 [Childid] => 301 ) ) [entrytranslation] => [description] => [quote] => [textbody] => Array ( [0] => Array ( [id] => 316 [Text] =>

 Photo by Kim Daram, CC By-NC License

Photo by Kim Daram,
CC By-NC License

This text was taken from In Russian and French Prisons, London: Ward and Downey; 1887.

In Russian and French Prisons

by P. Kropotkin


APPENDIX B.

(Page 176.)

PART PLAYED BY THE EXILES IN THE COLONIZATION OF SIBERIA.

WITH the disorder which reigns in the statistics of Siberia it is very difficult, indeed, to estimate in how far the exiles contribute in increasing the population of Siberia. The following reliable figures published in 1886 by the official Tobolsk Gazette, and reproduced by the Vostochnoye Obozrenie (March 20th), are well worthy of notice. During the ten years 1875 to 1885, 38,577 men and 4285 women were transported to the Government of Tobolsk. They were followed by 23,721 free women and children, making thus a total of 66,583. During the same ten years 11,758 exiles died, and 10,094 ran away; 4735 were recommended and sent, or have been transferred on demand, to other parts of Siberia; 1854 were returned to Russia; and 28,670 only entered the regular ranks of peasants and town-buryers in Tobolsk; total, 57,111. The total population of exiles in Tobolsk consisted in 1875 of 35,100 males, and about one-third of that of women. The mortality of these is included in the above figure of 11,708 dead. But even if this deduction be made, it appears that at least 20,000, out of 66,583, have been transported to Tobolsk only to die there very soon after their arrival, or to run away. The population of the Government of Tobolsk in 1875 being 1,131,246, and its increase having been 187,626 in ten years, while the natural growth of population ought to be less than 100,000, it appears that the exiles have contributed to that increase by less than 45,000, while the remainder were free immigrants from Russia

As to the working power of this population it will be best seen from the fact that in 1875 only 10,798 exiles were householders. During ten years, 5,588 were added to this number, but 3,775 abandoned their houses, so that in 1885 only 12,611 exiles had permanent houses. Besides, out of 20,846 exiles belonging to the peasantry, 8,525 were wanting in 1875; they had disappeared.

In 1881, the Governor of Tomsk reported that out of the 28,828 exiles settled in the province, only 3,400 were carrying on agriculture; about two-thirds were without any means of subsistence, and were living from hand to mouth; while 9,796 had run away.

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301 appendix-b Appendix B On the part played by the Exiles in the Colonization of Siberia Zeta Material, Appendix B 2017-01-21 16:49:12 2019-12-31 17:27:27 1635 http://www.RevoltLib.com/image/4108950284_b4a5319526_o.jpg http://www.RevoltLib.com/image/4108950284_b4a5319526_o-icon.jpg 493 441 200 179 2019-07-24 18:12:21 2019-12-31 17:27:27 316

 Photo by Kim Daram, CC By-NC License

Photo by Kim Daram,
CC By-NC License

This text was taken from In Russian and French Prisons, London: Ward and Downey; 1887.

In Russian and French Prisons

by P. Kropotkin


APPENDIX B.

(Page 176.)

PART PLAYED BY THE EXILES IN THE COLONIZATION OF SIBERIA.

WITH the disorder which reigns in the statistics of Siberia it is very difficult, indeed, to estimate in how far the exiles contribute in increasing the population of Siberia. The following reliable figures published in 1886 by the official Tobolsk Gazette, and reproduced by the Vostochnoye Obozrenie (March 20th), are well worthy of notice. During the ten years 1875 to 1885, 38,577 men and 4285 women were transported to the Government of Tobolsk. They were followed by 23,721 free women and children, making thus a total of 66,583. During the same ten years 11,758 exiles died, and 10,094 ran away; 4735 were recommended and sent, or have been transferred on demand, to other parts of Siberia; 1854 were returned to Russia; and 28,670 only entered the regular ranks of peasants and town-buryers in Tobolsk; total, 57,111. The total population of exiles in Tobolsk consisted in 1875 of 35,100 males, and about one-third of that of women. The mortality of these is included in the above figure of 11,708 dead. But even if this deduction be made, it appears that at least 20,000, out of 66,583, have been transported to Tobolsk only to die there very soon after their arrival, or to run away. The population of the Government of Tobolsk in 1875 being 1,131,246, and its increase having been 187,626 in ten years, while the natural growth of population ought to be less than 100,000, it appears that the exiles have contributed to that increase by less than 45,000, while the remainder were free immigrants from Russia

As to the working power of this population it will be best seen from the fact that in 1875 only 10,798 exiles were householders. During ten years, 5,588 were added to this number, but 3,775 abandoned their houses, so that in 1885 only 12,611 exiles had permanent houses. Besides, out of 20,846 exiles belonging to the peasantry, 8,525 were wanting in 1875; they had disappeared.

In 1881, the Governor of Tomsk reported that out of the 28,828 exiles settled in the province, only 3,400 were carrying on agriculture; about two-thirds were without any means of subsistence, and were living from hand to mouth; while 9,796 had run away.

Anarchy Archives en 365 2894 2017-01-21 16:49:12 2019-12-31 17:27:27
-1 2017-01-21 16:49:12 Added to http://www.RevoltLib.com -2 2019-12-31 17:27:27 Last Updated on http://www.RevoltLib.com