Reply by the "Pensiero e Volontà" Group : to an invitation to join the International Anarchist Communist Federation

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(1897 - 1937)
Camillo Berneri (also known as Camillo da Lodi; May 28, 1897, Lodi – May 5, 1937, Barcelona) was an Italian professor of philosophy, anarchist militant, propagandist and theorist. He was married to Giovanna Berneri, and was father of Marie-Louise Berneri and Giliana Berneri, all of whom were also anarchists. (From :

(1877 - 1935)
Luigi Fabbri (23 December 1877 – 24 June 1935) was an Italian anarchist, writer, and educator, who was charged with defeatism during World War I. He was the father of Luce Fabbri. Fabbri was first sentenced for anarchist activities at the age of 16 in Ancona, and spent many years in and out of Italian prisons. Fabbri was a long time and prolific contributor to the anarchist press in Europe and later South America, including co-editing, along with Errico Malatesta, the paper L'Agitazione. He helped edit the paper "Università popolare" in Milan. Fabbri was a delegate to the International Anarchist Congress held in Amsterdam in 1907. He died in Montevideo, Uruguay in 1935. He was the author of: Dictatorship and Revolution (Dettadura e Rivoluzione), a response to Lenin's work The State and the Revolution; Malatesta's Life, translated by Adam Wight (originally published in 1936), this book was published again with expanded content in 1945. He also wrote ot... (From :

(1898 - 1964)
Ugo Fedeli ( Milan , 8 May 1898 - Ivrea , 10 March 1964 ) was an anarchist and anti-fascist Italian , also known under the false name of Hugo Trains and G. Renti . He started working very young and will not complete his professional training unless he attends evening courses at a technical school. Immediately a member of groups of young libertarians in Milan who animate an anti-militarist campaign at the time of the Italian-Turkish war , he becomes the friend of some militant just older than himself, such as Francesco Ghezzi and Carlo Molaschi . Trained in the context of individualists , majority in Milan at this time, where the main representatives were Carlo Molaschi , Leda Rafanelli and Giuseppe Monnanni , Ugo Fedeli participated in social struggles and his participation in 1913 in a strike organized by the Italian Union of Trade Unions earned him his first arrest and police filing as a "dangerous anarchist." On the eve of the First World War he was, together w... (From :


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Reply by the "Pensiero e Volontà" Group

Translator’s introduction: Following publication of the Organizational Platform of the General Union of Anarchists by the Group of Russian Anarchists Abroad, a series of discussions were held in Paris to discuss the setting up of a new Anarchist Communist international. Italy was represented by several groups and individuals, the most prestigious of which was the group representing the journal “Pensiero e Volontà”: Fabbri, Berneri and Fedeli. Fedeli, in fact, presided over a meeting held in Paris on 12th February 1927 which called an international conference to discuss the setting up of the international which, however, never came into being. The following letter was the group’s reply to the invitation by the Provisional Secretariat of the International to join.

Dear comrades,

Our “Pensiero e Volontà” Group has examined and discussed the various programmatic points upon which the proposed “Anarcho-Communist International” should be based and has reached the conclusion that for now it would be impossible to join your initiative.

Though it may be the case that much of our disagreement with you is due to questions of form, it seems to us that there exists among you a spirit which is quite distant from that which underlies our way of conceiving an international anarchist organization, that is one which is open to the greatest number of individuals, groups and federations who agree with the principles of struggle organized in an anarchist way against capitalism and the State, on a permanent national and international basis, but all this without any ideological or tactical exclusivism and without any formalism that could impede the autonomy or freedom of the individuals in the groups or of the groups themselves in the various national and international unions.

You know that our Group is already a member of the “Unione Anarchica Italiana” and it is our belief that for the time being the best road to follow is the one which, in four years of public life, the UAI has laid out for itself by means of its theoretical Program, its internal Pact of Alliance and the deliberations of its first three Congresses (Florence 1919, Bologna 1920 and Ancona 1921). It is our impression that the spirit which pervades the UAI does not correspond well enough with that of your ideological and tactical proposals; in our doubt, we feel obliged to refrain from joining something which could engage us in a different direction. You yourselves say that it is necessary, for the work begun by you, to have “ideological and tactical unity”, and as this does not seem as complete as would be wished, it is better not to force each other into something that could create problems both for you and for us.

Naturally, it may be that we are wrong, but you can be sure that the moment we realize that, we will not delay in joining you. Furthermore, our abstention does not in any way signify hostility or opposition at all costs, and it will not prevent us from co-operating with you freely, from without, in every part of your work with which we consider ourselves in agreement.

If you wish, we can set out, either in writing or verbally through a representative of yours, the most important observations we have made on your ideological and tactical bases, and you could then perhaps deduce from these suggestions which may not seem entirely useless to you, independently of our present decision. We will not, however, insist on this.

Please believe, dear comrades, in the most heartfelt solidarity we feel with you for the cause of Anarchy.

the “Pensiero e Volontà” Anarchist Group

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November 19, 2020 ; 4:26:59 PM (America/Los_Angeles) :
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February 12, 2021 ; 5:16:05 PM (America/Los_Angeles) :
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