Master Control Program

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RECORD LIST:Array
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    [0] => Array
        (
            [id] => 4
            [Title] => Anarchism
            [Subtitle] => Anarchist and Anti-Authoritarianism
            [ListTitle] => Anarchism
            [ListTitleSortKey] => Anarchism1
            [Code] => anarchism
            [ChildAdjective] => Anarchist
            [ChildNoun] => Anarchist Work
            [ChildNounPlural] => Anarchist Works
            [OriginalCreationDate] => 2016-10-24 16:48:21
            [LastModificationDate] => 2019-05-27 15:57:32
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            [description] => Array
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                            [id] => 5
                            [Description] => A collection of historic materials detailing Anarchism, Libertarianism, and Anti-Authoritarianism.  By understanding more about the past, we can better apply the principles we discover today.
                            [Source] => 
                            [Language] => 
                            [Entryid] => 4
                            [OriginalCreationDate] => 2016-10-24 16:48:21
                            [LastModificationDate] => 2019-05-27 15:57:32
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            [quote] => Array
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                            [id] => 5
                            [Quote] => ...there is no revolution without the masses...
                            [Source] => Mikhail Bakunin
                            [Language] => en
                            [Entryid] => 4
                            [OriginalCreationDate] => 2016-10-24 16:48:22
                            [LastModificationDate] => 2019-05-27 15:57:32
                        )

                    [1] => Array
                        (
                            [id] => 359
                            [Quote] => As to parliamentary rule, and representative government altogether...  It is becoming evident that it is merely stupid to elect a few men, and to entrust them with the task of making laws on all possible subjects, of which subject most of them are utterly ignorant.
                            [Source] => Peter Kropotkin
                            [Language] => en
                            [Entryid] => 4
                            [OriginalCreationDate] => 2017-01-21 13:06:03
                            [LastModificationDate] => 2019-05-27 15:57:32
                        )

                    [2] => Array
                        (
                            [id] => 360
                            [Quote] => It has cost mankind much time and blood to secure what little it has gained so far from kings, czars and governments.
                            [Source] => Emma Goldman
                            [Language] => en
                            [Entryid] => 4
                            [OriginalCreationDate] => 2017-01-21 13:06:03
                            [LastModificationDate] => 2019-05-27 15:57:32
                        )

                    [3] => Array
                        (
                            [id] => 361
                            [Quote] => "But," it is usually asked, "What will there be instead of Governments?"

There will be nothing. Something that has long been useless, and therefore superfluous and bad, will be abolished. An organ that, being unnecessary, has become harmful, will be abolished.
                            [Source] => Leo Tolstoy
                            [Language] => en
                            [Entryid] => 4
                            [OriginalCreationDate] => 2017-01-21 13:06:03
                            [LastModificationDate] => 2019-05-27 15:57:32
                        )

                    [4] => Array
                        (
                            [id] => 362
                            [Quote] => ..."higher powers" exist only through my exalting them and abasing myself.
                            [Source] => Max Stirner
                            [Language] => en
                            [Entryid] => 4
                            [OriginalCreationDate] => 2017-01-21 13:06:03
                            [LastModificationDate] => 2019-05-27 15:57:32
                        )

                    [5] => Array
                        (
                            [id] => 363
                            [Quote] => ...government only interferes to exploit the masses, or defend the privileged, or, lastly, to sanction, most unnecessarily, all that has been done without its aid, often in spite of and opposition to it.
                            [Source] => Errico Malatesta
                            [Language] => en
                            [Entryid] => 4
                            [OriginalCreationDate] => 2017-01-21 13:06:03
                            [LastModificationDate] => 2019-05-27 15:57:32
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                            [Text] => 

Want to know about Anarchism as a theory and a movement throughout history and up to the present? Then you've found the right place.

Whether it is Collectivist Anarchism or Individualist Anarchism, Mutualist Anarchism or Communist Anarchism, every type is given its bit of room for expression here.

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[OriginalCreationDate] => 2017-03-04 11:00:37 [LastModificationDate] => 2019-03-30 16:09:00 ) [86] => Array ( [id] => 8062 [Tag] => executive committee [Language] => en [Entryid] => 1093 [OriginalCreationDate] => 2017-03-04 11:00:37 [LastModificationDate] => 2019-03-30 16:09:00 ) [87] => Array ( [id] => 8063 [Tag] => buford deportees [Language] => en [Entryid] => 1093 [OriginalCreationDate] => 2017-03-04 11:00:37 [LastModificationDate] => 2019-03-30 16:09:00 ) [88] => Array ( [id] => 8064 [Tag] => soviet money [Language] => en [Entryid] => 1093 [OriginalCreationDate] => 2017-03-04 11:00:37 [LastModificationDate] => 2019-03-30 16:09:00 ) [89] => Array ( [id] => 8065 [Tag] => common cause [Language] => en [Entryid] => 1093 [OriginalCreationDate] => 2017-03-04 11:00:37 [LastModificationDate] => 2019-03-30 16:09:00 ) [90] => Array ( [id] => 8066 [Tag] => black bread [Language] => en [Entryid] => 1093 [OriginalCreationDate] => 2017-03-04 11:00:38 [LastModificationDate] => 2019-03-30 16:09:00 ) [91] => Array ( [id] => 8067 [Tag] => white generals [Language] => en [Entryid] => 1093 [OriginalCreationDate] => 2017-03-04 11:00:38 [LastModificationDate] => 2019-03-30 16:09:00 ) [92] => Array ( [id] => 8068 [Tag] => machine guns [Language] => en [Entryid] => 1093 [OriginalCreationDate] => 2017-03-04 11:00:38 [LastModificationDate] => 2019-03-30 16:09:00 ) [93] => Array ( [id] => 8069 [Tag] => constituent assembly [Language] => en [Entryid] => 1093 [OriginalCreationDate] => 2017-03-04 11:00:38 [LastModificationDate] => 2019-03-30 16:09:00 ) [94] => Array ( [id] => 8070 [Tag] => february revolution [Language] => en [Entryid] => 1093 [OriginalCreationDate] => 2017-03-04 11:00:38 [LastModificationDate] => 2019-03-30 16:09:00 ) [95] => Array ( [id] => 8071 [Tag] => provisional government [Language] => en [Entryid] => 1093 [OriginalCreationDate] => 2017-03-04 11:00:38 [LastModificationDate] => 2019-03-30 16:09:00 ) [96] => Array ( [id] => 8072 [Tag] => left elements [Language] => en [Entryid] => 1093 [OriginalCreationDate] => 2017-03-04 11:00:38 [LastModificationDate] => 2019-03-30 16:09:00 ) [97] => Array ( [id] => 8073 [Tag] => revolutionary elements [Language] => en [Entryid] => 1093 [OriginalCreationDate] => 2017-03-04 11:00:38 [LastModificationDate] => 2019-03-30 16:09:00 ) [98] => Array ( [id] => 8074 [Tag] => ne podelayesh [Language] => en [Entryid] => 1093 [OriginalCreationDate] => 2017-03-04 11:00:38 [LastModificationDate] => 2019-03-30 16:09:00 ) [99] => Array ( [id] => 8075 [Tag] => hunger strikers [Language] => en [Entryid] => 1093 [OriginalCreationDate] => 2017-03-04 11:00:38 [LastModificationDate] => 2019-03-30 16:09:00 ) [100] => Array ( [id] => 8076 [Tag] => army man [Language] => en [Entryid] => 1093 [OriginalCreationDate] => 2017-03-04 11:00:38 [LastModificationDate] => 2019-03-30 16:09:00 ) [101] => Array ( [id] => 8077 [Tag] => revolutionary struggle [Language] => en [Entryid] => 1093 [OriginalCreationDate] => 2017-03-04 11:00:38 [LastModificationDate] => 2019-03-30 16:09:00 ) [102] => Array ( [id] => 8078 [Tag] => social revolutionist [Language] => en [Entryid] => 1093 [OriginalCreationDate] => 2017-03-04 11:00:38 [LastModificationDate] => 2019-03-30 16:09:00 ) [103] => Array ( [id] => 8079 [Tag] => proletarian dictatorship [Language] => en [Entryid] => 1093 [OriginalCreationDate] => 2017-03-04 11:00:38 [LastModificationDate] => 2019-03-30 16:09:00 ) [104] => Array ( [id] => 8080 [Tag] => imprisoned anarchists [Language] => en [Entryid] => 1093 [OriginalCreationDate] => 2017-03-04 11:00:38 [LastModificationDate] => 2019-03-30 16:09:00 ) [105] => Array ( [id] => 8081 [Tag] => peter kropotkin [Language] => en [Entryid] => 1093 [OriginalCreationDate] => 2017-03-04 11:00:38 [LastModificationDate] => 2019-03-30 16:09:00 ) [106] => Array ( [id] => 8082 [Tag] => mine lunatcharskaya [Language] => en [Entryid] => 1093 [OriginalCreationDate] => 2017-03-04 11:00:38 [LastModificationDate] => 2019-03-30 16:09:00 ) [107] => Array ( [id] => 8083 [Tag] => forced labor [Language] => en [Entryid] => 1093 [OriginalCreationDate] => 2017-03-04 11:00:38 [LastModificationDate] => 2019-03-30 16:09:00 ) [108] => Array ( [id] => 8084 [Tag] => petrograd soviet [Language] => en [Entryid] => 1093 [OriginalCreationDate] => 2017-03-04 11:00:38 [LastModificationDate] => 2019-03-30 16:09:00 ) [109] => Array ( [id] => 8085 [Tag] => political commissar [Language] => en [Entryid] => 1093 [OriginalCreationDate] => 2017-03-04 11:00:38 [LastModificationDate] => 2019-03-30 16:09:00 ) [110] => Array ( [id] => 8086 [Tag] => russian revolution [Language] => en [Entryid] => 1093 [OriginalCreationDate] => 2017-03-04 11:00:38 [LastModificationDate] => 2019-03-30 16:09:00 ) [111] => Array ( [id] => 8087 [Tag] => extraordinary commission [Language] => en [Entryid] => 1093 [OriginalCreationDate] => 2017-03-04 11:00:38 [LastModificationDate] => 2019-03-30 16:09:00 ) [112] => Array ( [id] => 8088 [Tag] => soviet régime [Language] => en [Entryid] => 1093 [OriginalCreationDate] => 2017-03-04 11:00:38 [LastModificationDate] => 2019-03-30 16:09:00 ) [113] => Array ( [id] => 8089 [Tag] => black sea [Language] => en [Entryid] => 1093 [OriginalCreationDate] => 2017-03-04 11:00:39 [LastModificationDate] => 2019-03-30 16:09:00 ) [114] => Array ( [id] => 8090 [Tag] => makhno movement [Language] => en [Entryid] => 1093 [OriginalCreationDate] => 2017-03-04 11:00:39 [LastModificationDate] => 2019-03-30 16:09:00 ) [115] => Array ( [id] => 8091 [Tag] => ellis island [Language] => en [Entryid] => 1093 [OriginalCreationDate] => 2017-03-04 11:00:39 [LastModificationDate] => 2019-03-30 16:09:00 ) [116] => Array ( [id] => 8092 [Tag] => golos truda [Language] => en [Entryid] => 1093 [OriginalCreationDate] => 2017-03-04 11:00:39 [LastModificationDate] => 2019-03-30 16:09:00 ) [117] => Array ( [id] => 8093 [Tag] => political deportees [Language] => en [Entryid] => 1093 [OriginalCreationDate] => 2017-03-04 11:00:39 [LastModificationDate] => 2019-03-30 16:09:00 ) [118] => Array ( [id] => 8094 [Tag] => russian border [Language] => en [Entryid] => 1093 [OriginalCreationDate] => 2017-03-04 11:00:39 [LastModificationDate] => 2019-03-30 16:09:00 ) [119] => Array ( [id] => 8095 [Tag] => world revolution [Language] => en [Entryid] => 1093 [OriginalCreationDate] => 2017-03-04 11:00:39 [LastModificationDate] => 2019-03-30 16:09:00 ) [120] => Array ( [id] => 8096 [Tag] => winter palace [Language] => en [Entryid] => 1093 [OriginalCreationDate] => 2017-03-04 11:00:39 [LastModificationDate] => 2019-03-30 16:09:00 ) [121] => Array ( [id] => 8097 [Tag] => white forces [Language] => en [Entryid] => 1093 [OriginalCreationDate] => 2017-03-04 11:00:39 [LastModificationDate] => 2019-03-30 16:09:00 ) [122] => Array ( [id] => 8098 [Tag] => revolutionary movement [Language] => en [Entryid] => 1093 [OriginalCreationDate] => 2017-03-04 11:00:39 [LastModificationDate] => 2019-03-30 16:09:00 ) [123] => Array ( [id] => 8099 [Tag] => hetman skoropadsky [Language] => en [Entryid] => 1093 [OriginalCreationDate] => 2017-03-04 11:00:39 [LastModificationDate] => 2019-03-30 16:09:00 ) [124] => Array ( [id] => 8100 [Tag] => october days [Language] => en [Entryid] => 1093 [OriginalCreationDate] => 2017-03-04 11:00:39 [LastModificationDate] => 2019-03-30 16:09:00 ) [125] => Array ( [id] => 8101 [Tag] => kronstadt sailors [Language] => en [Entryid] => 1093 [OriginalCreationDate] => 2017-03-04 11:00:39 [LastModificationDate] => 2019-03-30 16:09:00 ) [126] => Array ( [id] => 8102 [Tag] => capital punishment [Language] => en [Entryid] => 1093 [OriginalCreationDate] => 2017-03-04 11:00:39 [LastModificationDate] => 2019-03-30 16:09:00 ) [127] => Array ( [id] => 8103 [Tag] => old régime [Language] => en [Entryid] => 1093 [OriginalCreationDate] => 2017-03-04 11:00:39 [LastModificationDate] => 2019-03-30 16:09:00 ) [128] => Array ( [id] => 8104 [Tag] => old police [Language] => en [Entryid] => 1093 [OriginalCreationDate] => 2017-03-04 11:00:39 [LastModificationDate] => 2019-03-30 16:09:00 ) [129] => Array ( [id] => 8105 [Tag] => soviet employes [Language] => en [Entryid] => 1093 [OriginalCreationDate] => 2017-03-04 11:00:39 [LastModificationDate] => 2019-03-30 16:09:00 ) [130] => Array ( [id] => 8106 [Tag] => army men [Language] => en [Entryid] => 1093 [OriginalCreationDate] => 2017-03-04 11:00:39 [LastModificationDate] => 2019-03-30 16:09:00 ) [131] => Array ( [id] => 8107 [Tag] => anarchist movement [Language] => en [Entryid] => 1093 [OriginalCreationDate] => 2017-03-04 11:00:39 [LastModificationDate] => 2019-03-30 16:09:00 ) [132] => Array ( [id] => 8108 [Tag] => free soviets [Language] => en [Entryid] => 1093 [OriginalCreationDate] => 2017-03-04 11:00:39 [LastModificationDate] => 2019-03-30 16:09:00 ) [133] => Array ( [id] => 8109 [Tag] => government institutions [Language] => en [Entryid] => 1093 [OriginalCreationDate] => 2017-03-04 11:00:39 [LastModificationDate] => 2019-03-30 16:09:00 ) [134] => Array ( [id] => 8110 [Tag] => private ownership [Language] => en [Entryid] => 1093 [OriginalCreationDate] => 2017-03-04 11:00:39 [LastModificationDate] => 2019-03-30 16:09:00 ) [135] => Array ( [id] => 8111 [Tag] => revolutionary period [Language] => en [Entryid] => 1093 [OriginalCreationDate] => 2017-03-04 11:00:39 [LastModificationDate] => 2019-03-30 16:09:00 ) [136] => Array ( [id] => 8112 [Tag] => political party [Language] => en [Entryid] => 1093 [OriginalCreationDate] => 2017-03-04 11:00:39 [LastModificationDate] => 2019-03-30 16:09:00 ) [137] => Array ( [id] => 8113 [Tag] => communist youth [Language] => en [Entryid] => 1093 [OriginalCreationDate] => 2017-03-04 11:00:39 [LastModificationDate] => 2019-03-30 16:09:00 ) [138] => Array ( [id] => 8114 [Tag] => labor mission [Language] => en [Entryid] => 1093 [OriginalCreationDate] => 2017-03-04 11:00:39 [LastModificationDate] => 2019-03-30 16:09:00 ) [139] => Array ( [id] => 8115 [Tag] => british mission [Language] => en [Entryid] => 1093 [OriginalCreationDate] => 2017-03-04 11:00:39 [LastModificationDate] => 2019-03-30 16:09:00 ) [140] => Array ( [id] => 8116 [Tag] => bertrand russell [Language] => en [Entryid] => 1093 [OriginalCreationDate] => 2017-03-04 11:00:40 [LastModificationDate] => 2019-03-30 16:09:00 ) [141] => Array ( [id] => 8117 [Tag] => concentration camp [Language] => en [Entryid] => 1093 [OriginalCreationDate] => 2017-03-04 11:00:40 [LastModificationDate] => 2019-03-30 16:09:00 ) [142] => Array ( [id] => 8118 [Tag] => rebel peasantry [Language] => en [Entryid] => 1093 [OriginalCreationDate] => 2017-03-04 11:00:40 [LastModificationDate] => 2019-03-30 16:09:00 ) [143] => Array ( [id] => 8119 [Tag] => martial law [Language] => en [Entryid] => 1093 [OriginalCreationDate] => 2017-03-04 11:00:40 [LastModificationDate] => 2019-03-30 16:09:00 ) [144] => Array ( [id] => 8120 [Tag] => baltic fleet [Language] => en [Entryid] => 1093 [OriginalCreationDate] => 2017-03-04 11:00:40 [LastModificationDate] => 2019-03-30 16:09:00 ) [145] => Array ( [id] => 8121 [Tag] => ukrainian language [Language] => en [Entryid] => 1093 [OriginalCreationDate] => 2017-03-04 11:00:40 [LastModificationDate] => 2019-03-30 16:09:00 ) [146] => Array ( [id] => 8122 [Tag] => world slaughter [Language] => en [Entryid] => 1093 [OriginalCreationDate] => 2017-03-04 11:00:40 [LastModificationDate] => 2019-03-30 16:09:00 ) [147] => Array ( [id] => 8123 [Tag] => stenka razin [Language] => en [Entryid] => 1093 [OriginalCreationDate] => 2017-03-04 11:00:40 [LastModificationDate] => 2019-03-30 16:09:00 ) [148] => Array ( [id] => 8124 [Tag] => white terror [Language] => en [Entryid] => 1093 [OriginalCreationDate] => 2017-03-04 11:00:40 [LastModificationDate] => 2019-03-30 16:09:00 ) [149] => Array ( [id] => 8125 [Tag] => revolutionary russia [Language] => en [Entryid] => 1093 [OriginalCreationDate] => 2017-03-04 11:00:40 [LastModificationDate] => 2019-03-30 16:09:00 ) [150] => Array ( [id] => 8126 [Tag] => soviet soil [Language] => en [Entryid] => 1093 [OriginalCreationDate] => 2017-03-04 11:00:40 [LastModificationDate] => 2019-03-30 16:09:00 ) [151] => Array ( [id] => 8127 [Tag] => tauride palace [Language] => en [Entryid] => 1093 [OriginalCreationDate] => 2017-03-04 11:00:40 [LastModificationDate] => 2019-03-30 16:09:00 ) [152] => Array ( [id] => 8128 [Tag] => human bodies [Language] => en [Entryid] => 1093 [OriginalCreationDate] => 2017-03-04 11:00:40 [LastModificationDate] => 2019-03-30 16:09:00 ) [153] => Array ( [id] => 8129 [Tag] => bill shatov [Language] => en [Entryid] => 1093 [OriginalCreationDate] => 2017-03-04 11:00:40 [LastModificationDate] => 2019-03-30 16:09:00 ) [154] => Array ( [id] => 8130 [Tag] => individual liberty [Language] => en [Entryid] => 1093 [OriginalCreationDate] => 2017-03-04 11:00:40 [LastModificationDate] => 2019-03-30 16:09:00 ) [155] => Array ( [id] => 8131 [Tag] => prominent communists [Language] => en [Entryid] => 1093 [OriginalCreationDate] => 2017-03-04 11:00:40 [LastModificationDate] => 2019-03-30 16:09:00 ) [156] => Array ( [id] => 8132 [Tag] => soviet officials [Language] => en [Entryid] => 1093 [OriginalCreationDate] => 2017-03-04 11:00:40 [LastModificationDate] => 2019-03-30 16:09:00 ) [157] => Array ( [id] => 8133 [Tag] => military uniform [Language] => en [Entryid] => 1093 [OriginalCreationDate] => 2017-03-04 11:00:40 [LastModificationDate] => 2019-03-30 16:09:00 ) [158] => Array ( [id] => 8134 [Tag] => crimson banner [Language] => en [Entryid] => 1093 [OriginalCreationDate] => 2017-03-04 11:00:40 [LastModificationDate] => 2019-03-30 16:09:00 ) [159] => Array ( [id] => 8135 [Tag] => revolutionary proletariat [Language] => en [Entryid] => 1093 [OriginalCreationDate] => 2017-03-04 11:00:40 [LastModificationDate] => 2019-03-30 16:09:00 ) [160] => Array ( [id] => 8136 [Tag] => counter-revolutionary forces [Language] => en [Entryid] => 1093 [OriginalCreationDate] => 2017-03-04 11:00:40 [LastModificationDate] => 2019-03-30 16:09:00 ) [161] => Array ( [id] => 8137 [Tag] => american workers [Language] => en [Entryid] => 1093 [OriginalCreationDate] => 2017-03-04 11:00:40 [LastModificationDate] => 2019-03-30 16:09:00 ) [162] => Array ( [id] => 8138 [Tag] => economic life [Language] => en [Entryid] => 1093 [OriginalCreationDate] => 2017-03-04 11:00:40 [LastModificationDate] => 2019-03-30 16:09:00 ) [163] => Array ( [id] => 8139 [Tag] => petty bourgeois [Language] => en [Entryid] => 1093 [OriginalCreationDate] => 2017-03-04 11:00:40 [LastModificationDate] => 2019-03-30 16:09:00 ) [164] => Array ( [id] => 8140 [Tag] => counter-revolutionary conspiracy [Language] => en [Entryid] => 1093 [OriginalCreationDate] => 2017-03-04 11:00:40 [LastModificationDate] => 2019-03-30 16:09:00 ) [165] => Array ( [id] => 8141 [Tag] => soviet house [Language] => en [Entryid] => 1093 [OriginalCreationDate] => 2017-03-04 11:00:41 [LastModificationDate] => 2019-03-30 16:09:00 ) [166] => Array ( [id] => 8142 [Tag] => communist officials [Language] => en [Entryid] => 1093 [OriginalCreationDate] => 2017-03-04 11:00:41 [LastModificationDate] => 2019-03-30 16:09:00 ) [167] => Array ( [id] => 8143 [Tag] => house commissar [Language] => en [Entryid] => 1093 [OriginalCreationDate] => 2017-03-04 11:00:41 [LastModificationDate] => 2019-03-30 16:09:00 ) [168] => Array ( [id] => 8144 [Tag] => punitive expedition [Language] => en [Entryid] => 1093 [OriginalCreationDate] => 2017-03-04 11:00:41 [LastModificationDate] => 2019-03-30 16:09:00 ) [169] => Array ( [id] => 8145 [Tag] => western world [Language] => en [Entryid] => 1093 [OriginalCreationDate] => 2017-03-04 11:00:41 [LastModificationDate] => 2019-03-30 16:09:00 ) [170] => Array ( [id] => 8146 [Tag] => special privileges [Language] => en [Entryid] => 1093 [OriginalCreationDate] => 2017-03-04 11:00:41 [LastModificationDate] => 2019-03-30 16:09:00 ) [171] => Array ( [id] => 8147 [Tag] => armed resistance [Language] => en [Entryid] => 1093 [OriginalCreationDate] => 2017-03-04 11:00:41 [LastModificationDate] => 2019-03-30 16:09:00 ) [172] => Array ( [id] => 8148 [Tag] => polish front [Language] => en [Entryid] => 1093 [OriginalCreationDate] => 2017-03-04 11:00:41 [LastModificationDate] => 2019-03-30 16:09:00 ) [173] => Array ( [id] => 8149 [Tag] => american emigrants [Language] => en [Entryid] => 1093 [OriginalCreationDate] => 2017-03-04 11:00:41 [LastModificationDate] => 2019-03-30 16:09:00 ) [174] => Array ( [id] => 8150 [Tag] => red tape [Language] => en [Entryid] => 1093 [OriginalCreationDate] => 2017-03-04 11:00:41 [LastModificationDate] => 2019-03-30 16:09:00 ) [175] => Array ( [id] => 8151 [Tag] => labor men [Language] => en [Entryid] => 1093 [OriginalCreationDate] => 2017-03-04 11:00:41 [LastModificationDate] => 2019-03-30 16:09:00 ) [176] => Array ( [id] => 8152 [Tag] => british labor [Language] => en [Entryid] => 1093 [OriginalCreationDate] => 2017-03-04 11:00:41 [LastModificationDate] => 2019-03-30 16:09:00 ) [177] => Array ( [id] => 8153 [Tag] => communist circles [Language] => en [Entryid] => 1093 [OriginalCreationDate] => 2017-03-04 11:00:41 [LastModificationDate] => 2019-03-30 16:09:00 ) [178] => Array ( [id] => 8154 [Tag] => old revolutionist [Language] => en [Entryid] => 1093 [OriginalCreationDate] => 2017-03-04 11:00:41 [LastModificationDate] => 2019-03-30 16:09:00 ) [179] => Array ( [id] => 8155 [Tag] => summary execution [Language] => en [Entryid] => 1093 [OriginalCreationDate] => 2017-03-04 11:00:41 [LastModificationDate] => 2019-03-30 16:09:00 ) [180] => Array ( [id] => 8156 [Tag] => social revolutionary [Language] => en [Entryid] => 1093 [OriginalCreationDate] => 2017-03-04 11:00:41 [LastModificationDate] => 2019-03-30 16:09:00 ) [181] => Array ( [id] => 8157 [Tag] => polish proletariat [Language] => en [Entryid] => 1093 [OriginalCreationDate] => 2017-03-04 11:00:41 [LastModificationDate] => 2019-03-30 16:09:00 ) [182] => Array ( [id] => 8158 [Tag] => trubotchny mill [Language] => en [Entryid] => 1093 [OriginalCreationDate] => 2017-03-04 11:00:41 [LastModificationDate] => 2019-03-30 16:09:00 ) [183] => Array ( [id] => 8159 [Tag] => henry alsberg [Language] => en [Entryid] => 1093 [OriginalCreationDate] => 2017-03-04 11:00:41 [LastModificationDate] => 2019-03-30 16:09:00 ) [184] => Array ( [id] => 8160 [Tag] => arbitrary methods [Language] => en [Entryid] => 1093 [OriginalCreationDate] => 2017-03-04 11:00:41 [LastModificationDate] => 2019-03-30 16:09:00 ) [185] => Array ( [id] => 8161 [Tag] => social life [Language] => en [Entryid] => 1093 [OriginalCreationDate] => 2017-03-04 11:00:41 [LastModificationDate] => 2019-03-30 16:09:00 ) [186] => Array ( [id] => 8162 [Tag] => labor union [Language] => en [Entryid] => 1093 [OriginalCreationDate] => 2017-03-04 11:00:41 [LastModificationDate] => 2019-03-30 16:09:00 ) [187] => Array ( [id] => 8163 [Tag] => union headquarters [Language] => en [Entryid] => 1093 [OriginalCreationDate] => 2017-03-04 11:00:41 [LastModificationDate] => 2019-03-30 16:09:00 ) [188] => Array ( [id] => 8164 [Tag] => party dictatorship [Language] => en [Entryid] => 1093 [OriginalCreationDate] => 2017-03-04 11:00:41 [LastModificationDate] => 2019-03-30 16:09:00 ) [189] => Array ( [id] => 8165 [Tag] => private trade [Language] => en [Entryid] => 1093 [OriginalCreationDate] => 2017-03-04 11:00:41 [LastModificationDate] => 2019-03-30 16:09:00 ) [190] => Array ( [id] => 8166 [Tag] => economic reconstruction [Language] => en [Entryid] => 1093 [OriginalCreationDate] => 2017-03-04 11:00:41 [LastModificationDate] => 2019-03-30 16:09:00 ) [191] => Array ( [id] => 8167 [Tag] => kropotkin memorial [Language] => en [Entryid] => 1093 [OriginalCreationDate] => 2017-03-04 11:00:41 [LastModificationDate] => 2019-03-30 16:09:00 ) [192] => Array ( [id] => 8168 [Tag] => kronstadt soviet [Language] => en [Entryid] => 1093 [OriginalCreationDate] => 2017-03-04 11:00:41 [LastModificationDate] => 2019-03-30 16:09:00 ) [193] => Array ( [id] => 8169 [Tag] => trade union [Language] => en [Entryid] => 1093 [OriginalCreationDate] => 2017-03-04 11:00:41 [LastModificationDate] => 2019-03-30 16:09:00 ) [194] => Array ( [id] => 8170 [Tag] => union congress [Language] => en [Entryid] => 1093 [OriginalCreationDate] => 2017-03-04 11:00:41 [LastModificationDate] => 2019-03-30 16:09:00 ) [195] => Array ( [id] => 8171 [Tag] => joint committee [Language] => en [Entryid] => 1093 [OriginalCreationDate] => 2017-03-04 11:00:41 [LastModificationDate] => 2019-03-30 16:09:00 ) [196] => Array ( [id] => 8172 [Tag] => american people [Language] => en [Entryid] => 1093 [OriginalCreationDate] => 2017-03-04 11:00:41 [LastModificationDate] => 2019-03-30 16:09:00 ) [197] => Array ( [id] => 8173 [Tag] => southern russia [Language] => en [Entryid] => 1093 [OriginalCreationDate] => 2017-03-04 11:00:41 [LastModificationDate] => 2019-03-30 16:09:00 ) [198] => Array ( [id] => 8174 [Tag] => russian workers [Language] => en [Entryid] => 1093 [OriginalCreationDate] => 2017-03-04 11:00:41 [LastModificationDate] => 2019-03-30 16:09:00 ) [199] => Array ( [id] => 8175 [Tag] => anarchist organization [Language] => en [Entryid] => 1093 [OriginalCreationDate] => 2017-03-04 11:00:41 [LastModificationDate] => 2019-03-30 16:09:00 ) [200] => Array ( [id] => 8176 [Tag] => allied invasion [Language] => en [Entryid] => 1093 [OriginalCreationDate] => 2017-03-04 11:00:41 [LastModificationDate] => 2019-03-30 16:09:00 ) [201] => Array ( [id] => 8177 [Tag] => russian people [Language] => en [Entryid] => 1093 [OriginalCreationDate] => 2017-03-04 11:00:41 [LastModificationDate] => 2019-03-30 16:09:00 ) [202] => Array ( [id] => 8178 [Tag] => ethel bernstein [Language] => en [Entryid] => 1093 [OriginalCreationDate] => 2017-03-04 11:00:41 [LastModificationDate] => 2019-03-30 16:09:00 ) [203] => Array ( [id] => 8179 [Tag] => john birk [Language] => en [Entryid] => 1093 [OriginalCreationDate] => 2017-03-04 11:00:41 [LastModificationDate] => 2019-03-30 16:09:00 ) [204] => Array ( [id] => 8180 [Tag] => north sea [Language] => en [Entryid] => 1093 [OriginalCreationDate] => 2017-03-04 11:00:41 [LastModificationDate] => 2019-03-30 16:09:00 ) [205] => Array ( [id] => 8181 [Tag] => freely elected [Language] => en [Entryid] => 1093 [OriginalCreationDate] => 2017-03-04 11:00:41 [LastModificationDate] => 2019-03-30 16:09:00 ) [206] => Array ( [id] => 8182 [Tag] => revolution [Language] => en [Entryid] => 1093 [OriginalCreationDate] => 2017-03-04 11:00:41 [LastModificationDate] => 2019-03-30 16:09:00 ) [207] => Array ( [id] => 8183 [Tag] => soviet [Language] => en [Entryid] => 1093 [OriginalCreationDate] => 2017-03-04 11:00:41 [LastModificationDate] => 2019-03-30 16:09:00 ) [208] => Array ( [id] => 8184 [Tag] => bolsheviki [Language] => en [Entryid] => 1093 [OriginalCreationDate] => 2017-03-04 11:00:41 [LastModificationDate] => 2019-03-30 16:09:00 ) [209] => Array ( [id] => 8185 [Tag] => communist [Language] => en [Entryid] => 1093 [OriginalCreationDate] => 2017-03-04 11:00:42 [LastModificationDate] => 2019-03-30 16:09:00 ) [210] => Array ( [id] => 8186 [Tag] => russia [Language] => en [Entryid] => 1093 [OriginalCreationDate] => 2017-03-04 11:00:42 [LastModificationDate] => 2019-03-30 16:09:00 ) [211] => Array ( [id] => 8187 [Tag] => workers [Language] => en [Entryid] => 1093 [OriginalCreationDate] => 2017-03-04 11:00:42 [LastModificationDate] => 2019-03-30 16:09:00 ) [212] => Array ( [id] => 8188 [Tag] => city [Language] => en [Entryid] => 1093 [OriginalCreationDate] => 2017-03-04 11:00:42 [LastModificationDate] => 2019-03-30 16:09:00 ) [213] => Array ( [id] => 8189 [Tag] => work [Language] => en [Entryid] => 1093 [OriginalCreationDate] => 2017-03-04 11:00:42 [LastModificationDate] => 2019-03-30 16:09:01 ) [214] => Array ( [id] => 8190 [Tag] => revolutionary [Language] => en [Entryid] => 1093 [OriginalCreationDate] => 2017-03-04 11:00:42 [LastModificationDate] => 2019-03-30 16:09:01 ) [215] => Array ( [id] => 8191 [Tag] => communists [Language] => en [Entryid] => 1093 [OriginalCreationDate] => 2017-03-04 11:00:42 [LastModificationDate] => 2019-03-30 16:09:01 ) [216] => Array ( [id] => 8192 [Tag] => government [Language] => en [Entryid] => 1093 [OriginalCreationDate] => 2017-03-04 11:00:42 [LastModificationDate] => 2019-03-30 16:09:01 ) [217] => Array ( [id] => 8193 [Tag] => petrograd [Language] => en [Entryid] => 1093 [OriginalCreationDate] => 2017-03-04 11:00:42 [LastModificationDate] => 2019-03-30 16:09:01 ) [218] => Array ( [id] => 8194 [Tag] => moscow [Language] => en [Entryid] => 1093 [OriginalCreationDate] => 2017-03-04 11:00:42 [LastModificationDate] => 2019-03-30 16:09:01 ) [219] => Array ( [id] => 8195 [Tag] => party [Language] => en [Entryid] => 1093 [OriginalCreationDate] => 2017-03-04 11:00:42 [LastModificationDate] => 2019-03-30 16:09:01 ) [220] => Array ( [id] => 8196 [Tag] => tcheka [Language] => en [Entryid] => 1093 [OriginalCreationDate] => 2017-03-04 11:00:42 [LastModificationDate] => 2019-03-30 16:09:01 ) [221] => Array ( [id] => 8197 [Tag] => bolshevik [Language] => en [Entryid] => 1093 [OriginalCreationDate] => 2017-03-04 11:00:42 [LastModificationDate] => 2019-03-30 16:09:01 ) [222] => Array ( [id] => 8198 [Tag] => labor [Language] => en [Entryid] => 1093 [OriginalCreationDate] => 2017-03-04 11:00:42 [LastModificationDate] => 2019-03-30 16:09:01 ) [223] => Array ( [id] => 8199 [Tag] => soldiers [Language] => en [Entryid] => 1093 [OriginalCreationDate] => 2017-03-04 11:00:42 [LastModificationDate] => 2019-03-30 16:09:01 ) [224] => Array ( [id] => 8200 [Tag] => makhno [Language] => en [Entryid] => 1093 [OriginalCreationDate] => 2017-03-04 11:00:42 [LastModificationDate] => 2019-03-30 16:09:01 ) [225] => Array ( [id] => 8201 [Tag] => russian [Language] => en [Entryid] => 1093 [OriginalCreationDate] => 2017-03-04 11:00:42 [LastModificationDate] => 2019-03-30 16:09:01 ) [226] => Array ( [id] => 8202 [Tag] => red [Language] => en [Entryid] => 1093 [OriginalCreationDate] => 2017-03-04 11:00:42 [LastModificationDate] => 2019-03-30 16:09:01 ) [227] => Array ( [id] => 8203 [Tag] => country [Language] => en [Entryid] => 1093 [OriginalCreationDate] => 2017-03-04 11:00:42 [LastModificationDate] => 2019-03-30 16:09:01 ) [228] => Array ( [id] => 8204 [Tag] => army [Language] => en [Entryid] => 1093 [OriginalCreationDate] => 2017-03-04 11:00:42 [LastModificationDate] => 2019-03-30 16:09:01 ) [229] => Array ( [id] => 8205 [Tag] => delegates [Language] => en [Entryid] => 1093 [OriginalCreationDate] => 2017-03-04 11:00:42 [LastModificationDate] => 2019-03-30 16:09:01 ) [230] => Array ( [id] => 8206 [Tag] => committee [Language] => en [Entryid] => 1093 [OriginalCreationDate] => 2017-03-04 11:00:42 [LastModificationDate] => 2019-03-30 16:09:01 ) [231] => Array ( [id] => 8207 [Tag] => military [Language] => en [Entryid] => 1093 [OriginalCreationDate] => 2017-03-04 11:00:42 [LastModificationDate] => 2019-03-30 16:09:01 ) [232] => Array ( [id] => 8208 [Tag] => american [Language] => en [Entryid] => 1093 [OriginalCreationDate] => 2017-03-04 11:00:42 [LastModificationDate] => 2019-03-30 16:09:01 ) [233] => Array ( [id] => 8209 [Tag] => anarchists [Language] => en [Entryid] => 1093 [OriginalCreationDate] => 2017-03-04 11:00:42 [LastModificationDate] => 2019-03-30 16:09:01 ) [234] => Array ( [id] => 8210 [Tag] => america [Language] => en [Entryid] => 1093 [OriginalCreationDate] => 2017-03-04 11:00:42 [LastModificationDate] => 2019-03-30 16:09:01 ) [235] => Array ( [id] => 8211 [Tag] => social [Language] => en [Entryid] => 1093 [OriginalCreationDate] => 2017-03-04 11:00:42 [LastModificationDate] => 2019-03-30 16:09:01 ) [236] => Array ( [id] => 8212 [Tag] => political [Language] => en [Entryid] => 1093 [OriginalCreationDate] => 2017-03-04 11:00:42 [LastModificationDate] => 2019-03-30 16:09:01 ) [237] => Array ( [id] => 8213 [Tag] => bread [Language] => en [Entryid] => 1093 [OriginalCreationDate] => 2017-03-04 11:00:42 [LastModificationDate] => 2019-03-30 16:09:01 ) [238] => Array ( [id] => 8214 [Tag] => peasants [Language] => en [Entryid] => 1093 [OriginalCreationDate] => 2017-03-04 11:00:42 [LastModificationDate] => 2019-03-30 16:09:01 ) [239] => Array ( [id] => 8215 [Tag] => war [Language] => en [Entryid] => 1093 [OriginalCreationDate] => 2017-03-04 11:00:42 [LastModificationDate] => 2019-03-30 16:09:01 ) [240] => Array ( [id] => 8216 [Tag] => prisoners [Language] => en [Entryid] => 1093 [OriginalCreationDate] => 2017-03-04 11:00:42 [LastModificationDate] => 2019-03-30 16:09:01 ) [241] => Array ( [id] => 8217 [Tag] => anarchist [Language] => en [Entryid] => 1093 [OriginalCreationDate] => 2017-03-04 11:00:42 [LastModificationDate] => 2019-03-30 16:09:01 ) [242] => Array ( [id] => 8218 [Tag] => berkman [Language] => en [Entryid] => 1093 [OriginalCreationDate] => 2017-03-04 11:00:42 [LastModificationDate] => 2019-03-30 16:09:01 ) [243] => Array ( [id] => 8219 [Tag] => prison [Language] => en [Entryid] => 1093 [OriginalCreationDate] => 2017-03-04 11:00:42 [LastModificationDate] => 2019-03-30 16:09:01 ) [244] => Array ( [id] => 8220 [Tag] => peasant [Language] => en [Entryid] => 1093 [OriginalCreationDate] => 2017-03-04 11:00:42 [LastModificationDate] => 2019-03-30 16:09:01 ) [245] => Array ( [id] => 8221 [Tag] => lenin [Language] => en [Entryid] => 1093 [OriginalCreationDate] => 2017-03-04 11:00:42 [LastModificationDate] => 2019-03-30 16:09:01 ) [246] => Array ( [id] => 8222 [Tag] => deportees [Language] => en [Entryid] => 1093 [OriginalCreationDate] => 2017-03-04 11:00:42 [LastModificationDate] => 2019-03-30 16:09:01 ) [247] => Array ( [id] => 8223 [Tag] => alexander [Language] => en [Entryid] => 1093 [OriginalCreationDate] => 2017-03-04 11:00:42 [LastModificationDate] => 2019-03-30 16:09:01 ) [248] => Array ( [id] => 8224 [Tag] => proletariat [Language] => en [Entryid] => 1093 [OriginalCreationDate] => 2017-03-04 11:00:42 [LastModificationDate] => 2019-03-30 16:09:01 ) [249] => Array ( [id] => 8225 [Tag] => food [Language] => en [Entryid] => 1093 [OriginalCreationDate] => 2017-03-04 11:00:42 [LastModificationDate] => 2019-03-30 16:09:01 ) [250] => Array ( [id] => 8226 [Tag] => ukraina [Language] => en [Entryid] => 1093 [OriginalCreationDate] => 2017-03-04 11:00:42 [LastModificationDate] => 2019-03-30 16:09:01 ) [251] => Array ( [id] => 8227 [Tag] => order [Language] => en [Entryid] => 1093 [OriginalCreationDate] => 2017-03-04 11:00:42 [LastModificationDate] => 2019-03-30 16:09:01 ) [252] => Array ( [id] => 8228 [Tag] => commissar [Language] => en [Entryid] => 1093 [OriginalCreationDate] => 2017-03-04 11:00:42 [LastModificationDate] => 2019-03-30 16:09:01 ) [253] => Array ( [id] => 8229 [Tag] => sailors [Language] => en [Entryid] => 1093 [OriginalCreationDate] => 2017-03-04 11:00:43 [LastModificationDate] => 2019-03-30 16:09:01 ) [254] => Array ( [id] => 8230 [Tag] => 1925 [Language] => en [Entryid] => 1093 [OriginalCreationDate] => 2017-03-04 11:00:43 [LastModificationDate] => 2019-03-30 16:09:01 ) [255] => Array ( [id] => 8231 [Tag] => kronstadt [Language] => en [Entryid] => 1093 [OriginalCreationDate] => 2017-03-04 11:00:43 [LastModificationDate] => 2019-03-30 16:09:01 ) [256] => Array ( [id] => 8232 [Tag] => free [Language] => en [Entryid] => 1093 [OriginalCreationDate] => 2017-03-04 11:00:43 [LastModificationDate] => 2019-03-30 16:09:01 ) [257] => Array ( [id] => 8233 [Tag] => movement [Language] => en [Entryid] => 1093 [OriginalCreationDate] => 2017-03-04 11:00:43 [LastModificationDate] => 2019-03-30 16:09:01 ) [258] => Array ( [id] => 8234 [Tag] => revolutionists [Language] => en [Entryid] => 1093 [OriginalCreationDate] => 2017-03-04 11:00:43 [LastModificationDate] => 2019-03-30 16:09:01 ) [259] => Array ( [id] => 8235 [Tag] => official [Language] => en [Entryid] => 1093 [OriginalCreationDate] => 2017-03-04 11:00:43 [LastModificationDate] => 2019-03-30 16:09:01 ) [260] => Array ( [id] => 8236 [Tag] => comrades [Language] => en [Entryid] => 1093 [OriginalCreationDate] => 2017-03-04 11:00:43 [LastModificationDate] => 2019-03-30 16:09:01 ) [261] => Array ( [id] => 8237 [Tag] => zinoviev [Language] => en [Entryid] => 1093 [OriginalCreationDate] => 2017-03-04 11:00:43 [LastModificationDate] => 2019-03-30 16:09:01 ) [262] => Array ( [id] => 8238 [Tag] => régime [Language] => en [Entryid] => 1093 [OriginalCreationDate] => 2017-03-04 11:00:43 [LastModificationDate] => 2019-03-30 16:09:01 ) [263] => Array ( [id] => 8239 [Tag] => dictatorship [Language] => en [Entryid] => 1093 [OriginalCreationDate] => 2017-03-04 11:00:43 [LastModificationDate] => 2019-03-30 16:09:01 ) [264] => Array ( [id] => 8240 [Tag] => zorin [Language] => en [Entryid] => 1093 [OriginalCreationDate] => 2017-03-04 11:00:43 [LastModificationDate] => 2019-03-30 16:09:01 ) [265] => Array ( [id] => 8241 [Tag] => counter-revolutionary [Language] => en [Entryid] => 1093 [OriginalCreationDate] => 2017-03-04 11:00:43 [LastModificationDate] => 2019-03-30 16:09:01 ) [266] => Array ( [id] => 8242 [Tag] => commissars [Language] => en [Entryid] => 1093 [OriginalCreationDate] => 2017-03-04 11:00:43 [LastModificationDate] => 2019-03-30 16:09:01 ) [267] => Array ( [id] => 8243 [Tag] => authorities [Language] => en [Entryid] => 1093 [OriginalCreationDate] => 2017-03-04 11:00:43 [LastModificationDate] => 2019-03-30 16:09:01 ) [268] => Array ( [id] => 8244 [Tag] => power [Language] => en [Entryid] => 1093 [OriginalCreationDate] => 2017-03-04 11:00:43 [LastModificationDate] => 2019-03-30 16:09:01 ) [269] => Array ( [id] => 8245 [Tag] => institutions [Language] => en [Entryid] => 1093 [OriginalCreationDate] => 2017-03-04 11:00:43 [LastModificationDate] => 2019-03-30 16:09:01 ) [270] => Array ( [id] => 8246 [Tag] => unions [Language] => en [Entryid] => 1093 [OriginalCreationDate] => 2017-03-04 11:00:43 [LastModificationDate] => 2019-03-30 16:09:01 ) [271] => Array ( [id] => 8247 [Tag] => trotsky [Language] => en [Entryid] => 1093 [OriginalCreationDate] => 2017-03-04 11:00:43 [LastModificationDate] => 2019-03-30 16:09:01 ) [272] => Array ( [id] => 8248 [Tag] => kropotkin [Language] => en [Entryid] => 1093 [OriginalCreationDate] => 2017-03-04 11:00:43 [LastModificationDate] => 2019-03-30 16:09:01 ) [273] => Array ( [id] => 8249 [Tag] => commission [Language] => en [Entryid] => 1093 [OriginalCreationDate] => 2017-03-04 11:00:43 [LastModificationDate] => 2019-03-30 16:09:01 ) [274] => Array ( [id] => 8250 [Tag] => denikin [Language] => en [Entryid] => 1093 [OriginalCreationDate] => 2017-03-04 11:00:43 [LastModificationDate] => 2019-03-30 16:09:01 ) [275] => Array ( [id] => 8251 [Tag] => conditions [Language] => en [Entryid] => 1093 [OriginalCreationDate] => 2017-03-04 11:00:43 [LastModificationDate] => 2019-03-30 16:09:01 ) [276] => Array ( [id] => 8252 [Tag] => orders [Language] => en [Entryid] => 1093 [OriginalCreationDate] => 2017-03-04 11:00:43 [LastModificationDate] => 2019-03-30 16:09:01 ) [277] => Array ( [id] => 8253 [Tag] => forces [Language] => en [Entryid] => 1093 [OriginalCreationDate] => 2017-03-04 11:00:43 [LastModificationDate] => 2019-03-30 16:09:01 ) [278] => Array ( [id] => 8254 [Tag] => guard [Language] => en [Entryid] => 1093 [OriginalCreationDate] => 2017-03-04 11:00:43 [LastModificationDate] => 2019-03-30 16:09:01 ) [279] => Array ( [id] => 8255 [Tag] => tchicherin [Language] => en [Entryid] => 1093 [OriginalCreationDate] => 2017-03-04 11:00:43 [LastModificationDate] => 2019-03-30 16:09:01 ) [280] => Array ( [id] => 8256 [Tag] => peasantry [Language] => en [Entryid] => 1093 [OriginalCreationDate] => 2017-03-04 11:00:43 [LastModificationDate] => 2019-03-30 16:09:01 ) [281] => Array ( [id] => 8257 [Tag] => buford [Language] => en [Entryid] => 1093 [OriginalCreationDate] => 2017-03-04 11:00:43 [LastModificationDate] => 2019-03-30 16:09:01 ) [282] => Array ( [id] => 8258 [Tag] => meeting [Language] => en [Entryid] => 1093 [OriginalCreationDate] => 2017-03-04 11:00:43 [LastModificationDate] => 2019-03-30 16:09:01 ) [283] => Array ( [id] => 8259 [Tag] => liberty [Language] => en [Entryid] => 1093 [OriginalCreationDate] => 2017-03-04 11:00:43 [LastModificationDate] => 2019-03-30 16:09:01 ) [284] => Array ( [id] => 8260 [Tag] => soldier [Language] => en [Entryid] => 1093 [OriginalCreationDate] => 2017-03-04 11:00:43 [LastModificationDate] => 2019-03-30 16:09:01 ) [285] => Array ( [id] => 8261 [Tag] => pyock [Language] => en [Entryid] => 1093 [OriginalCreationDate] => 2017-03-04 11:00:43 [LastModificationDate] => 2019-03-30 16:09:01 ) [286] => Array ( [id] => 8262 [Tag] => arrest [Language] => en [Entryid] => 1093 [OriginalCreationDate] => 2017-03-04 11:00:43 [LastModificationDate] => 2019-03-30 16:09:01 ) [287] => Array ( [id] => 8263 [Tag] => struggle [Language] => en [Entryid] => 1093 [OriginalCreationDate] => 2017-03-04 11:00:43 [LastModificationDate] => 2019-03-30 16:09:01 ) [288] => Array ( [id] => 8264 [Tag] => proletarian [Language] => en [Entryid] => 1093 [OriginalCreationDate] => 2017-03-04 11:00:43 [LastModificationDate] => 2019-03-30 16:09:01 ) [289] => Array ( [id] => 8265 [Tag] => pogroms [Language] => en [Entryid] => 1093 [OriginalCreationDate] => 2017-03-04 11:00:43 [LastModificationDate] => 2019-03-30 16:09:01 ) [290] => Array ( [id] => 8266 [Tag] => union [Language] => en [Entryid] => 1093 [OriginalCreationDate] => 2017-03-04 11:00:43 [LastModificationDate] => 2019-03-30 16:09:01 ) [291] => Array ( [id] => 8267 [Tag] => international [Language] => en [Entryid] => 1093 [OriginalCreationDate] => 2017-03-04 11:00:43 [LastModificationDate] => 2019-03-30 16:09:01 ) [292] => Array ( [id] => 8268 [Tag] => factories [Language] => en [Entryid] => 1093 [OriginalCreationDate] => 2017-03-04 11:00:43 [LastModificationDate] => 2019-03-30 16:09:01 ) [293] => Array ( [id] => 8269 [Tag] => village [Language] => en [Entryid] => 1093 [OriginalCreationDate] => 2017-03-04 11:00:43 [LastModificationDate] => 2019-03-30 16:09:01 ) [294] => Array ( [id] => 8270 [Tag] => ukrainian [Language] => en [Entryid] => 1093 [OriginalCreationDate] => 2017-03-04 11:00:43 [LastModificationDate] => 2019-03-30 16:09:01 ) [295] => Array ( [id] => 8271 [Tag] => bourgeois [Language] => en [Entryid] => 1093 [OriginalCreationDate] => 2017-03-04 11:00:43 [LastModificationDate] => 2019-03-30 16:09:01 ) [296] => Array ( [id] => 8272 [Tag] => economic [Language] => en [Entryid] => 1093 [OriginalCreationDate] => 2017-03-04 11:00:44 [LastModificationDate] => 2019-03-30 16:09:01 ) [297] => Array ( [id] => 8273 [Tag] => january [Language] => en [Entryid] => 1093 [OriginalCreationDate] => 2017-03-04 11:00:44 [LastModificationDate] => 2019-03-30 16:09:01 ) [298] => Array ( [id] => 8274 [Tag] => protest [Language] => zh [Entryid] => 1093 [OriginalCreationDate] => 2017-03-04 11:00:44 [LastModificationDate] => 2019-03-30 16:09:01 ) ) [link] => [eventdate] => Array ( [0] => Array ( [id] => 375 [Entryid] => 1093 [EventDateTime] => 1925-00-00 00:00:00 [Title] => Publication [Description] => [Language] => en [OriginalCreationDate] => 2017-02-02 17:09:21 [LastModificationDate] => 2019-03-30 16:09:01 ) ) [availabilitydaterange] => Array ( [0] => Array ( [id] => 4857 [AvailabilityStart] => 0000-00-00 00:00:00 [AvailabilityEnd] => 0000-00-00 00:00:00 [Entryid] => 1093 [OriginalCreationDate] => 2019-03-30 16:09:01 [LastModificationDate] => 2019-03-30 16:09:01 ) ) [association] => Array ( [0] => Array ( [id] => 281 [Entryid] => 1093 [ChosenEntryid] => 26 [Type] => Role [SubType] => Author [OriginalCreationDate] => 2017-02-02 17:09:21 [LastModificationDate] => 2019-03-30 16:09:01 ) ) [definition] => [associated] => ) [2] => Array ( [id] => 1110 [Title] => Chapter 16 [Subtitle] => Rest Homes For Workers [ListTitle] => Chapter 00016 [ListTitleSortKey] => [Code] => chapter-16 [ChildAdjective] => [ChildNoun] => [ChildNounPlural] => [OriginalCreationDate] => 2017-02-02 17:21:05 [LastModificationDate] => 2017-09-20 17:32:23 [assignment] => Array ( [0] => Array ( [id] => 1114 [Parentid] => 1093 [Childid] => 1110 ) ) [entrytranslation] => [description] => [quote] => [textbody] => Array ( [0] => Array ( [id] => 1101 [Text] =>

The text is from my copy of Alexander Berkman, The Bolshevik Myth, New York: Boni and Liveright, 1925. Page numbers are in the source code.

CHAPTER XVI

REST HOMES FOR WORKERS

      For months Zorin had been thinking of a project to afford the toilers of Petrograd an opportunity to recuperate during the summer. The workers are systematically undernourished and exhausted -- a few weeks' rest and an improved pyock would give them new strength, and would at the same time be a demonstration of the interest the Communist Party is taking in their welfare.

      After protracted discussion Zorin's idea was approved by the Executive Committee of the Petrograd Soviet, and he received authority to put his cherished dream in operation. The former villas of the Russian nobility in the environs of the city were to be turned into proletarian "rest homes" and rebuilt to hold 50,000 workers, who will spend two weeks there in groups of 5,000.

      Zorin enlisted my coöperation, and I have enthusiastically accepted. We have paid several visits to Kameny Island, where the most beautiful villas and palaces are situated, and I have worked out a detailed plan for transforming them into homes for small families of workers, providing also for dining-rooms, libraries, and recreation places. Zorin has appointed me general manager and requested that the work be rushed "in hurry-up American style," as he expressed himself, in order that everything be completed by the 1st of May, which is to be celebrated on a large scale as a revolutionary holiday.

      The island has been neglected since the Revolution; most of the villas need thorough renovating and even the roads are badly out of repair. We mean to create an artistic summer resort, with modern improvements and comforts for the benefit of the proletarians. Surely no government has ever undertaken such work before.

      Architects and civil engineers are on hand, but we find great difficulty in procuring building material and efficient labor. The Petrograd warehouses are stocked with the things needed, but it is almost impossible to learn just what is on hand and where it is to be found. When private property was nationalized, the stores and warehouses were sealed, and no one apparently knows what they contain. Our architects, engineers, and workers fly about the city, wasting their time in a vain effort to secure the required material. For days they crowd the various bureaus to procure "authorized orders" for a few spades or lengths of water pipe, and when these are finally secured, we are balked by the general ignorance as to where the object sought can be found. In this situation the only economic and efficient mode of procedure would be to have our own committee overhaul the warehouses and take an inventory of the stock on hand. But my proposition to this effect has impugned upon the thick wall of the prevailing bureaucratic system. The Commissars of the various departments --- all Communists --- are inclined to take offense at such apparent ignoring of their authority: established modes of procedure have to be followed. Moreover, the stores and warehouses had been sealed by the Tcheka; without its permission in each particular case the locks cannot be touched. The Tcheka frowns upon my suggestion, coming from a nonmember of the Party, at that. Nitcheve ne podelayesh, Zorin says.

      I find the new Soviet bureaucracy, its inefficiency and indifference, the greatest handicap in the work. It involves a continuous struggle against official red tape, precedence, and petty jealousy. Time is passing, and almost no progress is being made. The situation is disheartening.

      I consider it vital that the men employed in the work of preparing a recreation place for the proletariat should themselves feel an interest in the matter, for only thus can effective coöperation be secured and results achieved. I have, therefore, suggested the formation of a committee to visit the shops and factories, to explain our plan to the workers, and enlist their interest and voluntary aid. I pointed out also the moral value of such a proceeding, and offered to organize the committee from the Buford deportees, most of whom are still looking for employment. Zorin favors the idea, but objections have been raised in various quarters. I wonder whether it is official distrust of the Buford men or disinclination to permit such a committee to get in direct contact with the workers. At any rate, the carrying out of my suggestion has become involved in endless applications to various Commissars and has apparently been lost in the intricate network of the Soviet machinery.

      Instead, soldiers and prisoners from the forced labor camps of the city have been commandeered for road repairing, cleaning neglected gardens and renovating the houses. But they have no interest in the work; their thoughts and time are entirely occupied with the question of the pyock. A most vital matter: for not being employed at their regular tasks, they risk losing the rations due them, and no adequate provision has been made to feed them on the island. A general mess hall has been opened, but such favoritism prevails there that the prisoners and soldiers without influence often remain without meals, preference being given to the numerous friends and appointees of the Commissars and Communists. The common laborers at work are growing dissatisfied. "The actual worker," a soldier said to me, "will not get into the summer resort. It will be only for Commissars and Communists."

      Some buildings in the area of the planned rest homes are occupied as children's homes and schools; others, by the families of the intelligentsia. All of them have been ordered to vacate. But while arrangements have been made to secure quarters for the schools in the city, the private dwellers are considered bourzhooi and as such not worthy of any consideration: they are to be evicted. Yet hidden influences are at work: a number of the bourzhooi have received "protection," while those without friends in high places are vainly begging for mercy. Zorin has asked me to execute the order for eviction, but eager as I am to establish rest homes for the workers, I had to refuse to coöperate in what seems to me gross injustice and needless brutality. Zorin is displeased at my "sentimentality," and I am being eliminated from the work.

[Source] => Anarchy Archives [Language] => en [WordCount] => 1101 [CharacterCount] => 6903 [Entryid] => 1110 [OriginalCreationDate] => 2017-02-02 17:21:05 [LastModificationDate] => 2017-09-20 17:32:23 ) ) [image] => [imagetranslation] => [tag] => [link] => [eventdate] => [availabilitydaterange] => [association] => [definition] => [associated] => ) ) MASTER RECORD: Array ( [id] => 3 [Title] => Revolt Library [Subtitle] => Revolutionary Materials from the Past [ListTitle] => Revolt Library [ListTitleSortKey] => [Code] => RevoltLib.com [ChildAdjective] => [ChildNoun] => [ChildNounPlural] => [OriginalCreationDate] => 2016-10-24 16:48:04 [LastModificationDate] => 2019-03-20 08:31:10 [assignment] => Array ( [id] => 4 [Parentid] => 3 [Childid] => 0 ) [entrytranslation] => [description] => Array ( [0] => Array ( [id] => 4 [Description] => Want to know how they fought the state and capitalism in the past? Look no further! All the answers about history's anti-authoritarian battles can be found here. [Source] => [Language] => [Entryid] => 3 [OriginalCreationDate] => 2016-10-24 16:48:04 [LastModificationDate] => 2019-03-20 08:31:10 ) ) [quote] => Array ( [0] => Array ( [id] => 4 [Quote] => Masters cannot give you anything without first taking it from you. [Source] => [Language] => [Entryid] => 3 [OriginalCreationDate] => 2016-10-24 16:48:05 [LastModificationDate] => 2019-03-20 08:31:10 ) ) [textbody] => Array ( [0] => Array ( [id] => 4 [Text] =>

Welcome to RevoltLib! Here you will find an archive of materials from the past that once helped people to abolish the state, fight capitalism, end sexism, demolish imperialism, and eliminate all forms of social domination. Information is power -- arm yourself!

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The mission behind RevoltLib is to provide reliable, interactive, and comprehensive access to written works about Revolution, and Anarchism in particular.

Reliability is important. The site's guaranteed uptime is maintained by a dedicated, software engineering professional who is always monitoring for problems. Each book, essay, or other written work provided is made available in multiple formats (txt, pdf, etc.), so that if one particular format is unsuitable, there will be others you can download. And the site is powered with a set of error detection and correction utilities, which can fix anything from typos and spelling errors to British/American spelling equivalents and optical-cypher-recognition (OCR) mistranslations.

Interactive websites are more likely to offer a richer and more rewarding experience. Users (with Google accounts) can login, comment, and like/dislike any page about the authors or containing the works of the authors. Tagging related works with the same keywords can help people more easily find similar works of interest. There is even a way to listen to each text as audio, with your own preference of voice (Chrome-only).

Comprehensive is the part of the mission that never ends. There are still many texts available that just have not yet been upload, some of them are just image files of pages still requiring OCR, some of them have not even been scanned, and many of them are not physically available except at ridiculously exorbitant prices from rare book collectors. We want to get more and more texts, and we want to do it in a way that is more and more reliable and interactive.

[Source] => [Language] => en [WordCount] => 262 [CharacterCount] => 1694 [Entryid] => 3 [OriginalCreationDate] => 2018-02-10 07:34:32 [LastModificationDate] => 2019-03-20 08:31:10 ) [2] => Array ( [id] => 2903 [Text] =>

RevoltLib was launched on Oct 24, 2016. Two events are responsible for triggering its creation: a software engineer and activist had just built a CMS (Content-Management-System) and was looking for a project to deploy it with; and, at the same time, Anarchy Archives, the longest-living and largest collection of Anarchist works, had gone down (it has seen been brought back online). Seeing the opportunity, I took it, and built what is now RevoltLib, largely from Anarchy Archives, but also from a good, healthy number of other sources, some of them no longer available.

By the end of 2016, the entirety of the sorted sections of Anarchy Archives had been brought into RevoltLib. In 2017, the focus was spent optimizing and cleaning code, adding a minimal feature-set, and building tools to generate information about the texts, such as keywords and glossaries. And 2018 is now here. RevoltLib is ready to keep going forward.

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There is one person behind RevoltLib: UprisingEngineer. He is an activist, a software engineeer, a wobbly, a supporter of AK Press, and a trip hop fanatic.

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[Language] => en [Entryid] => 1093 [OriginalCreationDate] => 2017-03-04 11:00:37 [LastModificationDate] => 2019-03-30 16:09:00 ) [76] => Array ( [id] => 8052 [Tag] => central committee [Language] => en [Entryid] => 1093 [OriginalCreationDate] => 2017-03-04 11:00:37 [LastModificationDate] => 2019-03-30 16:09:00 ) [77] => Array ( [id] => 8053 [Tag] => hunger strike [Language] => en [Entryid] => 1093 [OriginalCreationDate] => 2017-03-04 11:00:37 [LastModificationDate] => 2019-03-30 16:09:00 ) [78] => Array ( [id] => 8054 [Tag] => reb moishe [Language] => en [Entryid] => 1093 [OriginalCreationDate] => 2017-03-04 11:00:37 [LastModificationDate] => 2019-03-30 16:09:00 ) [79] => Array ( [id] => 8055 [Tag] => emma goldman [Language] => en [Entryid] => 1093 [OriginalCreationDate] => 2017-03-04 11:00:37 [LastModificationDate] => 2019-03-30 16:09:00 ) [80] => Array ( [id] => 8056 [Tag] => labor unions [Language] => en [Entryid] => 1093 [OriginalCreationDate] => 2017-03-04 11:00:37 [LastModificationDate] => 2019-03-30 16:09:00 ) [81] => Array ( [id] => 8057 [Tag] => civil war [Language] => en [Entryid] => 1093 [OriginalCreationDate] => 2017-03-04 11:00:37 [LastModificationDate] => 2019-03-30 16:09:00 ) [82] => Array ( [id] => 8058 [Tag] => war prisoners [Language] => en [Entryid] => 1093 [OriginalCreationDate] => 2017-03-04 11:00:37 [LastModificationDate] => 2019-03-30 16:09:00 ) [83] => Array ( [id] => 8059 [Tag] => american deportees [Language] => en [Entryid] => 1093 [OriginalCreationDate] => 2017-03-04 11:00:37 [LastModificationDate] => 2019-03-30 16:09:00 ) [84] => Array ( [id] => 8060 [Tag] => moscow soviet [Language] => en [Entryid] => 1093 [OriginalCreationDate] => 2017-03-04 11:00:37 [LastModificationDate] => 2019-03-30 16:09:00 ) [85] => Array ( [id] => 8061 [Tag] => soviet republic [Language] => en [Entryid] => 1093 [OriginalCreationDate] => 2017-03-04 11:00:37 [LastModificationDate] => 2019-03-30 16:09:00 ) [86] => Array ( [id] => 8062 [Tag] => executive committee [Language] => en [Entryid] => 1093 [OriginalCreationDate] => 2017-03-04 11:00:37 [LastModificationDate] => 2019-03-30 16:09:00 ) [87] => Array ( [id] => 8063 [Tag] => buford deportees [Language] => en [Entryid] => 1093 [OriginalCreationDate] => 2017-03-04 11:00:37 [LastModificationDate] => 2019-03-30 16:09:00 ) [88] => Array ( [id] => 8064 [Tag] => soviet money [Language] => en [Entryid] => 1093 [OriginalCreationDate] => 2017-03-04 11:00:37 [LastModificationDate] => 2019-03-30 16:09:00 ) [89] => Array ( [id] => 8065 [Tag] => common cause [Language] => en [Entryid] => 1093 [OriginalCreationDate] => 2017-03-04 11:00:37 [LastModificationDate] => 2019-03-30 16:09:00 ) [90] => Array ( [id] => 8066 [Tag] => black bread [Language] => en [Entryid] => 1093 [OriginalCreationDate] => 2017-03-04 11:00:38 [LastModificationDate] => 2019-03-30 16:09:00 ) [91] => Array ( [id] => 8067 [Tag] => white generals [Language] => en [Entryid] => 1093 [OriginalCreationDate] => 2017-03-04 11:00:38 [LastModificationDate] => 2019-03-30 16:09:00 ) [92] => Array ( [id] => 8068 [Tag] => machine guns [Language] => en [Entryid] => 1093 [OriginalCreationDate] => 2017-03-04 11:00:38 [LastModificationDate] => 2019-03-30 16:09:00 ) [93] => Array ( [id] => 8069 [Tag] => constituent assembly [Language] => en [Entryid] => 1093 [OriginalCreationDate] => 2017-03-04 11:00:38 [LastModificationDate] => 2019-03-30 16:09:00 ) [94] => Array ( [id] => 8070 [Tag] => february revolution [Language] => en [Entryid] => 1093 [OriginalCreationDate] => 2017-03-04 11:00:38 [LastModificationDate] => 2019-03-30 16:09:00 ) [95] => Array ( [id] => 8071 [Tag] => provisional government [Language] => en [Entryid] => 1093 [OriginalCreationDate] => 2017-03-04 11:00:38 [LastModificationDate] => 2019-03-30 16:09:00 ) [96] => Array ( [id] => 8072 [Tag] => left elements [Language] => en [Entryid] => 1093 [OriginalCreationDate] => 2017-03-04 11:00:38 [LastModificationDate] => 2019-03-30 16:09:00 ) [97] => Array ( [id] => 8073 [Tag] => revolutionary elements [Language] => en [Entryid] => 1093 [OriginalCreationDate] => 2017-03-04 11:00:38 [LastModificationDate] => 2019-03-30 16:09:00 ) [98] => Array ( [id] => 8074 [Tag] => ne podelayesh [Language] => en [Entryid] => 1093 [OriginalCreationDate] => 2017-03-04 11:00:38 [LastModificationDate] => 2019-03-30 16:09:00 ) [99] => Array ( [id] => 8075 [Tag] => hunger strikers [Language] => en [Entryid] => 1093 [OriginalCreationDate] => 2017-03-04 11:00:38 [LastModificationDate] => 2019-03-30 16:09:00 ) [100] => Array ( [id] => 8076 [Tag] => army man [Language] => en [Entryid] => 1093 [OriginalCreationDate] => 2017-03-04 11:00:38 [LastModificationDate] => 2019-03-30 16:09:00 ) [101] => Array ( [id] => 8077 [Tag] => revolutionary struggle [Language] => en [Entryid] => 1093 [OriginalCreationDate] => 2017-03-04 11:00:38 [LastModificationDate] => 2019-03-30 16:09:00 ) [102] => Array ( [id] => 8078 [Tag] => social revolutionist [Language] => en [Entryid] => 1093 [OriginalCreationDate] => 2017-03-04 11:00:38 [LastModificationDate] => 2019-03-30 16:09:00 ) [103] => Array ( [id] => 8079 [Tag] => proletarian dictatorship [Language] => en [Entryid] => 1093 [OriginalCreationDate] => 2017-03-04 11:00:38 [LastModificationDate] => 2019-03-30 16:09:00 ) [104] => Array ( [id] => 8080 [Tag] => imprisoned anarchists [Language] => en [Entryid] => 1093 [OriginalCreationDate] => 2017-03-04 11:00:38 [LastModificationDate] => 2019-03-30 16:09:00 ) [105] => Array ( [id] => 8081 [Tag] => peter kropotkin [Language] => en [Entryid] => 1093 [OriginalCreationDate] => 2017-03-04 11:00:38 [LastModificationDate] => 2019-03-30 16:09:00 ) [106] => Array ( [id] => 8082 [Tag] => mine lunatcharskaya [Language] => en [Entryid] => 1093 [OriginalCreationDate] => 2017-03-04 11:00:38 [LastModificationDate] => 2019-03-30 16:09:00 ) [107] => Array ( [id] => 8083 [Tag] => forced labor [Language] => en [Entryid] => 1093 [OriginalCreationDate] => 2017-03-04 11:00:38 [LastModificationDate] => 2019-03-30 16:09:00 ) [108] => Array ( [id] => 8084 [Tag] => petrograd soviet [Language] => en [Entryid] => 1093 [OriginalCreationDate] => 2017-03-04 11:00:38 [LastModificationDate] => 2019-03-30 16:09:00 ) [109] => Array ( [id] => 8085 [Tag] => political commissar [Language] => en [Entryid] => 1093 [OriginalCreationDate] => 2017-03-04 11:00:38 [LastModificationDate] => 2019-03-30 16:09:00 ) [110] => Array ( [id] => 8086 [Tag] => russian revolution [Language] => en [Entryid] => 1093 [OriginalCreationDate] => 2017-03-04 11:00:38 [LastModificationDate] => 2019-03-30 16:09:00 ) [111] => Array ( [id] => 8087 [Tag] => extraordinary commission [Language] => en [Entryid] => 1093 [OriginalCreationDate] => 2017-03-04 11:00:38 [LastModificationDate] => 2019-03-30 16:09:00 ) [112] => Array ( [id] => 8088 [Tag] => soviet régime [Language] => en [Entryid] => 1093 [OriginalCreationDate] => 2017-03-04 11:00:38 [LastModificationDate] => 2019-03-30 16:09:00 ) [113] => Array ( [id] => 8089 [Tag] => black sea [Language] => en [Entryid] => 1093 [OriginalCreationDate] => 2017-03-04 11:00:39 [LastModificationDate] => 2019-03-30 16:09:00 ) [114] => Array ( [id] => 8090 [Tag] => makhno movement [Language] => en [Entryid] => 1093 [OriginalCreationDate] => 2017-03-04 11:00:39 [LastModificationDate] => 2019-03-30 16:09:00 ) [115] => Array ( [id] => 8091 [Tag] => ellis island [Language] => en [Entryid] => 1093 [OriginalCreationDate] => 2017-03-04 11:00:39 [LastModificationDate] => 2019-03-30 16:09:00 ) [116] => Array ( [id] => 8092 [Tag] => golos truda [Language] => en [Entryid] => 1093 [OriginalCreationDate] => 2017-03-04 11:00:39 [LastModificationDate] => 2019-03-30 16:09:00 ) [117] => Array ( [id] => 8093 [Tag] => political deportees [Language] => en [Entryid] => 1093 [OriginalCreationDate] => 2017-03-04 11:00:39 [LastModificationDate] => 2019-03-30 16:09:00 ) [118] => Array ( [id] => 8094 [Tag] => russian border [Language] => en [Entryid] => 1093 [OriginalCreationDate] => 2017-03-04 11:00:39 [LastModificationDate] => 2019-03-30 16:09:00 ) [119] => Array ( [id] => 8095 [Tag] => world revolution [Language] => en [Entryid] => 1093 [OriginalCreationDate] => 2017-03-04 11:00:39 [LastModificationDate] => 2019-03-30 16:09:00 ) [120] => Array ( [id] => 8096 [Tag] => winter palace [Language] => en [Entryid] => 1093 [OriginalCreationDate] => 2017-03-04 11:00:39 [LastModificationDate] => 2019-03-30 16:09:00 ) [121] => Array ( [id] => 8097 [Tag] => white forces [Language] => en [Entryid] => 1093 [OriginalCreationDate] => 2017-03-04 11:00:39 [LastModificationDate] => 2019-03-30 16:09:00 ) [122] => Array ( [id] => 8098 [Tag] => revolutionary movement [Language] => en [Entryid] => 1093 [OriginalCreationDate] => 2017-03-04 11:00:39 [LastModificationDate] => 2019-03-30 16:09:00 ) [123] => Array ( [id] => 8099 [Tag] => hetman skoropadsky [Language] => en [Entryid] => 1093 [OriginalCreationDate] => 2017-03-04 11:00:39 [LastModificationDate] => 2019-03-30 16:09:00 ) [124] => Array ( [id] => 8100 [Tag] => october days [Language] => en [Entryid] => 1093 [OriginalCreationDate] => 2017-03-04 11:00:39 [LastModificationDate] => 2019-03-30 16:09:00 ) [125] => Array ( [id] => 8101 [Tag] => kronstadt sailors [Language] => en [Entryid] => 1093 [OriginalCreationDate] => 2017-03-04 11:00:39 [LastModificationDate] => 2019-03-30 16:09:00 ) [126] => Array ( [id] => 8102 [Tag] => capital punishment [Language] => en [Entryid] => 1093 [OriginalCreationDate] => 2017-03-04 11:00:39 [LastModificationDate] => 2019-03-30 16:09:00 ) [127] => Array ( [id] => 8103 [Tag] => old régime [Language] => en [Entryid] => 1093 [OriginalCreationDate] => 2017-03-04 11:00:39 [LastModificationDate] => 2019-03-30 16:09:00 ) [128] => Array ( [id] => 8104 [Tag] => old police [Language] => en [Entryid] => 1093 [OriginalCreationDate] => 2017-03-04 11:00:39 [LastModificationDate] => 2019-03-30 16:09:00 ) [129] => Array ( [id] => 8105 [Tag] => soviet employes [Language] => en [Entryid] => 1093 [OriginalCreationDate] => 2017-03-04 11:00:39 [LastModificationDate] => 2019-03-30 16:09:00 ) [130] => Array ( [id] => 8106 [Tag] => army men [Language] => en [Entryid] => 1093 [OriginalCreationDate] => 2017-03-04 11:00:39 [LastModificationDate] => 2019-03-30 16:09:00 ) [131] => Array ( [id] => 8107 [Tag] => anarchist movement [Language] => en [Entryid] => 1093 [OriginalCreationDate] => 2017-03-04 11:00:39 [LastModificationDate] => 2019-03-30 16:09:00 ) [132] => Array ( [id] => 8108 [Tag] => free soviets [Language] => en [Entryid] => 1093 [OriginalCreationDate] => 2017-03-04 11:00:39 [LastModificationDate] => 2019-03-30 16:09:00 ) [133] => Array ( [id] => 8109 [Tag] => government institutions [Language] => en [Entryid] => 1093 [OriginalCreationDate] => 2017-03-04 11:00:39 [LastModificationDate] => 2019-03-30 16:09:00 ) [134] => Array ( [id] => 8110 [Tag] => private ownership [Language] => en [Entryid] => 1093 [OriginalCreationDate] => 2017-03-04 11:00:39 [LastModificationDate] => 2019-03-30 16:09:00 ) [135] => Array ( [id] => 8111 [Tag] => revolutionary period [Language] => en [Entryid] => 1093 [OriginalCreationDate] => 2017-03-04 11:00:39 [LastModificationDate] => 2019-03-30 16:09:00 ) [136] => Array ( [id] => 8112 [Tag] => political party [Language] => en [Entryid] => 1093 [OriginalCreationDate] => 2017-03-04 11:00:39 [LastModificationDate] => 2019-03-30 16:09:00 ) [137] => Array ( [id] => 8113 [Tag] => communist youth [Language] => en [Entryid] => 1093 [OriginalCreationDate] => 2017-03-04 11:00:39 [LastModificationDate] => 2019-03-30 16:09:00 ) [138] => Array ( [id] => 8114 [Tag] => labor mission [Language] => en [Entryid] => 1093 [OriginalCreationDate] => 2017-03-04 11:00:39 [LastModificationDate] => 2019-03-30 16:09:00 ) [139] => Array ( [id] => 8115 [Tag] => british mission [Language] => en [Entryid] => 1093 [OriginalCreationDate] => 2017-03-04 11:00:39 [LastModificationDate] => 2019-03-30 16:09:00 ) [140] => Array ( [id] => 8116 [Tag] => bertrand russell [Language] => en [Entryid] => 1093 [OriginalCreationDate] => 2017-03-04 11:00:40 [LastModificationDate] => 2019-03-30 16:09:00 ) [141] => Array ( [id] => 8117 [Tag] => concentration camp [Language] => en [Entryid] => 1093 [OriginalCreationDate] => 2017-03-04 11:00:40 [LastModificationDate] => 2019-03-30 16:09:00 ) [142] => Array ( [id] => 8118 [Tag] => rebel peasantry [Language] => en [Entryid] => 1093 [OriginalCreationDate] => 2017-03-04 11:00:40 [LastModificationDate] => 2019-03-30 16:09:00 ) [143] => Array ( [id] => 8119 [Tag] => martial law [Language] => en [Entryid] => 1093 [OriginalCreationDate] => 2017-03-04 11:00:40 [LastModificationDate] => 2019-03-30 16:09:00 ) [144] => Array ( [id] => 8120 [Tag] => baltic fleet [Language] => en [Entryid] => 1093 [OriginalCreationDate] => 2017-03-04 11:00:40 [LastModificationDate] => 2019-03-30 16:09:00 ) [145] => Array ( [id] => 8121 [Tag] => ukrainian language [Language] => en [Entryid] => 1093 [OriginalCreationDate] => 2017-03-04 11:00:40 [LastModificationDate] => 2019-03-30 16:09:00 ) [146] => Array ( [id] => 8122 [Tag] => world slaughter [Language] => en [Entryid] => 1093 [OriginalCreationDate] => 2017-03-04 11:00:40 [LastModificationDate] => 2019-03-30 16:09:00 ) [147] => Array ( [id] => 8123 [Tag] => stenka razin [Language] => en [Entryid] => 1093 [OriginalCreationDate] => 2017-03-04 11:00:40 [LastModificationDate] => 2019-03-30 16:09:00 ) [148] => Array ( [id] => 8124 [Tag] => white terror [Language] => en [Entryid] => 1093 [OriginalCreationDate] => 2017-03-04 11:00:40 [LastModificationDate] => 2019-03-30 16:09:00 ) [149] => Array ( [id] => 8125 [Tag] => revolutionary russia [Language] => en [Entryid] => 1093 [OriginalCreationDate] => 2017-03-04 11:00:40 [LastModificationDate] => 2019-03-30 16:09:00 ) [150] => Array ( [id] => 8126 [Tag] => soviet soil [Language] => en [Entryid] => 1093 [OriginalCreationDate] => 2017-03-04 11:00:40 [LastModificationDate] => 2019-03-30 16:09:00 ) [151] => Array ( [id] => 8127 [Tag] => tauride palace [Language] => en [Entryid] => 1093 [OriginalCreationDate] => 2017-03-04 11:00:40 [LastModificationDate] => 2019-03-30 16:09:00 ) [152] => Array ( [id] => 8128 [Tag] => human bodies [Language] => en [Entryid] => 1093 [OriginalCreationDate] => 2017-03-04 11:00:40 [LastModificationDate] => 2019-03-30 16:09:00 ) [153] => Array ( [id] => 8129 [Tag] => bill shatov [Language] => en [Entryid] => 1093 [OriginalCreationDate] => 2017-03-04 11:00:40 [LastModificationDate] => 2019-03-30 16:09:00 ) [154] => Array ( [id] => 8130 [Tag] => individual liberty [Language] => en [Entryid] => 1093 [OriginalCreationDate] => 2017-03-04 11:00:40 [LastModificationDate] => 2019-03-30 16:09:00 ) [155] => Array ( [id] => 8131 [Tag] => prominent communists [Language] => en [Entryid] => 1093 [OriginalCreationDate] => 2017-03-04 11:00:40 [LastModificationDate] => 2019-03-30 16:09:00 ) [156] => Array ( [id] => 8132 [Tag] => soviet officials [Language] => en [Entryid] => 1093 [OriginalCreationDate] => 2017-03-04 11:00:40 [LastModificationDate] => 2019-03-30 16:09:00 ) [157] => Array ( [id] => 8133 [Tag] => military uniform [Language] => en [Entryid] => 1093 [OriginalCreationDate] => 2017-03-04 11:00:40 [LastModificationDate] => 2019-03-30 16:09:00 ) [158] => Array ( [id] => 8134 [Tag] => crimson banner [Language] => en [Entryid] => 1093 [OriginalCreationDate] => 2017-03-04 11:00:40 [LastModificationDate] => 2019-03-30 16:09:00 ) [159] => Array ( [id] => 8135 [Tag] => revolutionary proletariat [Language] => en [Entryid] => 1093 [OriginalCreationDate] => 2017-03-04 11:00:40 [LastModificationDate] => 2019-03-30 16:09:00 ) [160] => Array ( [id] => 8136 [Tag] => counter-revolutionary forces [Language] => en [Entryid] => 1093 [OriginalCreationDate] => 2017-03-04 11:00:40 [LastModificationDate] => 2019-03-30 16:09:00 ) [161] => Array ( [id] => 8137 [Tag] => american workers [Language] => en [Entryid] => 1093 [OriginalCreationDate] => 2017-03-04 11:00:40 [LastModificationDate] => 2019-03-30 16:09:00 ) [162] => Array ( [id] => 8138 [Tag] => economic life [Language] => en [Entryid] => 1093 [OriginalCreationDate] => 2017-03-04 11:00:40 [LastModificationDate] => 2019-03-30 16:09:00 ) [163] => Array ( [id] => 8139 [Tag] => petty bourgeois [Language] => en [Entryid] => 1093 [OriginalCreationDate] => 2017-03-04 11:00:40 [LastModificationDate] => 2019-03-30 16:09:00 ) [164] => Array ( [id] => 8140 [Tag] => counter-revolutionary conspiracy [Language] => en [Entryid] => 1093 [OriginalCreationDate] => 2017-03-04 11:00:40 [LastModificationDate] => 2019-03-30 16:09:00 ) [165] => Array ( [id] => 8141 [Tag] => soviet house [Language] => en [Entryid] => 1093 [OriginalCreationDate] => 2017-03-04 11:00:41 [LastModificationDate] => 2019-03-30 16:09:00 ) [166] => Array ( [id] => 8142 [Tag] => communist officials [Language] => en [Entryid] => 1093 [OriginalCreationDate] => 2017-03-04 11:00:41 [LastModificationDate] => 2019-03-30 16:09:00 ) [167] => Array ( [id] => 8143 [Tag] => house commissar [Language] => en [Entryid] => 1093 [OriginalCreationDate] => 2017-03-04 11:00:41 [LastModificationDate] => 2019-03-30 16:09:00 ) [168] => Array ( [id] => 8144 [Tag] => punitive expedition [Language] => en [Entryid] => 1093 [OriginalCreationDate] => 2017-03-04 11:00:41 [LastModificationDate] => 2019-03-30 16:09:00 ) [169] => Array ( [id] => 8145 [Tag] => western world [Language] => en [Entryid] => 1093 [OriginalCreationDate] => 2017-03-04 11:00:41 [LastModificationDate] => 2019-03-30 16:09:00 ) [170] => Array ( [id] => 8146 [Tag] => special privileges [Language] => en [Entryid] => 1093 [OriginalCreationDate] => 2017-03-04 11:00:41 [LastModificationDate] => 2019-03-30 16:09:00 ) [171] => Array ( [id] => 8147 [Tag] => armed resistance [Language] => en [Entryid] => 1093 [OriginalCreationDate] => 2017-03-04 11:00:41 [LastModificationDate] => 2019-03-30 16:09:00 ) [172] => Array ( [id] => 8148 [Tag] => polish front [Language] => en [Entryid] => 1093 [OriginalCreationDate] => 2017-03-04 11:00:41 [LastModificationDate] => 2019-03-30 16:09:00 ) [173] => Array ( [id] => 8149 [Tag] => american emigrants [Language] => en [Entryid] => 1093 [OriginalCreationDate] => 2017-03-04 11:00:41 [LastModificationDate] => 2019-03-30 16:09:00 ) [174] => Array ( [id] => 8150 [Tag] => red tape [Language] => en [Entryid] => 1093 [OriginalCreationDate] => 2017-03-04 11:00:41 [LastModificationDate] => 2019-03-30 16:09:00 ) [175] => Array ( [id] => 8151 [Tag] => labor men [Language] => en [Entryid] => 1093 [OriginalCreationDate] => 2017-03-04 11:00:41 [LastModificationDate] => 2019-03-30 16:09:00 ) [176] => Array ( [id] => 8152 [Tag] => british labor [Language] => en [Entryid] => 1093 [OriginalCreationDate] => 2017-03-04 11:00:41 [LastModificationDate] => 2019-03-30 16:09:00 ) [177] => Array ( [id] => 8153 [Tag] => communist circles [Language] => en [Entryid] => 1093 [OriginalCreationDate] => 2017-03-04 11:00:41 [LastModificationDate] => 2019-03-30 16:09:00 ) [178] => Array ( [id] => 8154 [Tag] => old revolutionist [Language] => en [Entryid] => 1093 [OriginalCreationDate] => 2017-03-04 11:00:41 [LastModificationDate] => 2019-03-30 16:09:00 ) [179] => Array ( [id] => 8155 [Tag] => summary execution [Language] => en [Entryid] => 1093 [OriginalCreationDate] => 2017-03-04 11:00:41 [LastModificationDate] => 2019-03-30 16:09:00 ) [180] => Array ( [id] => 8156 [Tag] => social revolutionary [Language] => en [Entryid] => 1093 [OriginalCreationDate] => 2017-03-04 11:00:41 [LastModificationDate] => 2019-03-30 16:09:00 ) [181] => Array ( [id] => 8157 [Tag] => polish proletariat [Language] => en [Entryid] => 1093 [OriginalCreationDate] => 2017-03-04 11:00:41 [LastModificationDate] => 2019-03-30 16:09:00 ) [182] => Array ( [id] => 8158 [Tag] => trubotchny mill [Language] => en [Entryid] => 1093 [OriginalCreationDate] => 2017-03-04 11:00:41 [LastModificationDate] => 2019-03-30 16:09:00 ) [183] => Array ( [id] => 8159 [Tag] => henry alsberg [Language] => en [Entryid] => 1093 [OriginalCreationDate] => 2017-03-04 11:00:41 [LastModificationDate] => 2019-03-30 16:09:00 ) [184] => Array ( [id] => 8160 [Tag] => arbitrary methods [Language] => en [Entryid] => 1093 [OriginalCreationDate] => 2017-03-04 11:00:41 [LastModificationDate] => 2019-03-30 16:09:00 ) [185] => Array ( [id] => 8161 [Tag] => social life [Language] => en [Entryid] => 1093 [OriginalCreationDate] => 2017-03-04 11:00:41 [LastModificationDate] => 2019-03-30 16:09:00 ) [186] => Array ( [id] => 8162 [Tag] => labor union [Language] => en [Entryid] => 1093 [OriginalCreationDate] => 2017-03-04 11:00:41 [LastModificationDate] => 2019-03-30 16:09:00 ) [187] => Array ( [id] => 8163 [Tag] => union headquarters [Language] => en [Entryid] => 1093 [OriginalCreationDate] => 2017-03-04 11:00:41 [LastModificationDate] => 2019-03-30 16:09:00 ) [188] => Array ( [id] => 8164 [Tag] => party dictatorship [Language] => en [Entryid] => 1093 [OriginalCreationDate] => 2017-03-04 11:00:41 [LastModificationDate] => 2019-03-30 16:09:00 ) [189] => Array ( [id] => 8165 [Tag] => private trade [Language] => en [Entryid] => 1093 [OriginalCreationDate] => 2017-03-04 11:00:41 [LastModificationDate] => 2019-03-30 16:09:00 ) [190] => Array ( [id] => 8166 [Tag] => economic reconstruction [Language] => en [Entryid] => 1093 [OriginalCreationDate] => 2017-03-04 11:00:41 [LastModificationDate] => 2019-03-30 16:09:00 ) [191] => Array ( [id] => 8167 [Tag] => kropotkin memorial [Language] => en [Entryid] => 1093 [OriginalCreationDate] => 2017-03-04 11:00:41 [LastModificationDate] => 2019-03-30 16:09:00 ) [192] => Array ( [id] => 8168 [Tag] => kronstadt soviet [Language] => en [Entryid] => 1093 [OriginalCreationDate] => 2017-03-04 11:00:41 [LastModificationDate] => 2019-03-30 16:09:00 ) [193] => Array ( [id] => 8169 [Tag] => trade union [Language] => en [Entryid] => 1093 [OriginalCreationDate] => 2017-03-04 11:00:41 [LastModificationDate] => 2019-03-30 16:09:00 ) [194] => Array ( [id] => 8170 [Tag] => union congress [Language] => en [Entryid] => 1093 [OriginalCreationDate] => 2017-03-04 11:00:41 [LastModificationDate] => 2019-03-30 16:09:00 ) [195] => Array ( [id] => 8171 [Tag] => joint committee [Language] => en [Entryid] => 1093 [OriginalCreationDate] => 2017-03-04 11:00:41 [LastModificationDate] => 2019-03-30 16:09:00 ) [196] => Array ( [id] => 8172 [Tag] => american people [Language] => en [Entryid] => 1093 [OriginalCreationDate] => 2017-03-04 11:00:41 [LastModificationDate] => 2019-03-30 16:09:00 ) [197] => Array ( [id] => 8173 [Tag] => southern russia [Language] => en [Entryid] => 1093 [OriginalCreationDate] => 2017-03-04 11:00:41 [LastModificationDate] => 2019-03-30 16:09:00 ) [198] => Array ( [id] => 8174 [Tag] => russian workers [Language] => en [Entryid] => 1093 [OriginalCreationDate] => 2017-03-04 11:00:41 [LastModificationDate] => 2019-03-30 16:09:00 ) [199] => Array ( [id] => 8175 [Tag] => anarchist organization [Language] => en [Entryid] => 1093 [OriginalCreationDate] => 2017-03-04 11:00:41 [LastModificationDate] => 2019-03-30 16:09:00 ) [200] => Array ( [id] => 8176 [Tag] => allied invasion [Language] => en [Entryid] => 1093 [OriginalCreationDate] => 2017-03-04 11:00:41 [LastModificationDate] => 2019-03-30 16:09:00 ) [201] => Array ( [id] => 8177 [Tag] => russian people [Language] => en [Entryid] => 1093 [OriginalCreationDate] => 2017-03-04 11:00:41 [LastModificationDate] => 2019-03-30 16:09:00 ) [202] => Array ( [id] => 8178 [Tag] => ethel bernstein [Language] => en [Entryid] => 1093 [OriginalCreationDate] => 2017-03-04 11:00:41 [LastModificationDate] => 2019-03-30 16:09:00 ) [203] => Array ( [id] => 8179 [Tag] => john birk [Language] => en [Entryid] => 1093 [OriginalCreationDate] => 2017-03-04 11:00:41 [LastModificationDate] => 2019-03-30 16:09:00 ) [204] => Array ( [id] => 8180 [Tag] => north sea [Language] => en [Entryid] => 1093 [OriginalCreationDate] => 2017-03-04 11:00:41 [LastModificationDate] => 2019-03-30 16:09:00 ) [205] => Array ( [id] => 8181 [Tag] => freely elected [Language] => en [Entryid] => 1093 [OriginalCreationDate] => 2017-03-04 11:00:41 [LastModificationDate] => 2019-03-30 16:09:00 ) [206] => Array ( [id] => 8182 [Tag] => revolution [Language] => en [Entryid] => 1093 [OriginalCreationDate] => 2017-03-04 11:00:41 [LastModificationDate] => 2019-03-30 16:09:00 ) [207] => Array ( [id] => 8183 [Tag] => soviet [Language] => en [Entryid] => 1093 [OriginalCreationDate] => 2017-03-04 11:00:41 [LastModificationDate] => 2019-03-30 16:09:00 ) [208] => Array ( [id] => 8184 [Tag] => bolsheviki [Language] => en [Entryid] => 1093 [OriginalCreationDate] => 2017-03-04 11:00:41 [LastModificationDate] => 2019-03-30 16:09:00 ) [209] => Array ( [id] => 8185 [Tag] => communist [Language] => en [Entryid] => 1093 [OriginalCreationDate] => 2017-03-04 11:00:42 [LastModificationDate] => 2019-03-30 16:09:00 ) [210] => Array ( [id] => 8186 [Tag] => russia [Language] => en [Entryid] => 1093 [OriginalCreationDate] => 2017-03-04 11:00:42 [LastModificationDate] => 2019-03-30 16:09:00 ) [211] => Array ( [id] => 8187 [Tag] => workers [Language] => en [Entryid] => 1093 [OriginalCreationDate] => 2017-03-04 11:00:42 [LastModificationDate] => 2019-03-30 16:09:00 ) [212] => Array ( [id] => 8188 [Tag] => city [Language] => en [Entryid] => 1093 [OriginalCreationDate] => 2017-03-04 11:00:42 [LastModificationDate] => 2019-03-30 16:09:00 ) [213] => Array ( [id] => 8189 [Tag] => work [Language] => en [Entryid] => 1093 [OriginalCreationDate] => 2017-03-04 11:00:42 [LastModificationDate] => 2019-03-30 16:09:01 ) [214] => Array ( [id] => 8190 [Tag] => revolutionary [Language] => en [Entryid] => 1093 [OriginalCreationDate] => 2017-03-04 11:00:42 [LastModificationDate] => 2019-03-30 16:09:01 ) [215] => Array ( [id] => 8191 [Tag] => communists [Language] => en [Entryid] => 1093 [OriginalCreationDate] => 2017-03-04 11:00:42 [LastModificationDate] => 2019-03-30 16:09:01 ) [216] => Array ( [id] => 8192 [Tag] => government [Language] => en [Entryid] => 1093 [OriginalCreationDate] => 2017-03-04 11:00:42 [LastModificationDate] => 2019-03-30 16:09:01 ) [217] => Array ( [id] => 8193 [Tag] => petrograd [Language] => en [Entryid] => 1093 [OriginalCreationDate] => 2017-03-04 11:00:42 [LastModificationDate] => 2019-03-30 16:09:01 ) [218] => Array ( [id] => 8194 [Tag] => moscow [Language] => en [Entryid] => 1093 [OriginalCreationDate] => 2017-03-04 11:00:42 [LastModificationDate] => 2019-03-30 16:09:01 ) [219] => Array ( [id] => 8195 [Tag] => party [Language] => en [Entryid] => 1093 [OriginalCreationDate] => 2017-03-04 11:00:42 [LastModificationDate] => 2019-03-30 16:09:01 ) [220] => Array ( [id] => 8196 [Tag] => tcheka [Language] => en [Entryid] => 1093 [OriginalCreationDate] => 2017-03-04 11:00:42 [LastModificationDate] => 2019-03-30 16:09:01 ) [221] => Array ( [id] => 8197 [Tag] => bolshevik [Language] => en [Entryid] => 1093 [OriginalCreationDate] => 2017-03-04 11:00:42 [LastModificationDate] => 2019-03-30 16:09:01 ) [222] => Array ( [id] => 8198 [Tag] => labor [Language] => en [Entryid] => 1093 [OriginalCreationDate] => 2017-03-04 11:00:42 [LastModificationDate] => 2019-03-30 16:09:01 ) [223] => Array ( [id] => 8199 [Tag] => soldiers [Language] => en [Entryid] => 1093 [OriginalCreationDate] => 2017-03-04 11:00:42 [LastModificationDate] => 2019-03-30 16:09:01 ) [224] => Array ( [id] => 8200 [Tag] => makhno [Language] => en [Entryid] => 1093 [OriginalCreationDate] => 2017-03-04 11:00:42 [LastModificationDate] => 2019-03-30 16:09:01 ) [225] => Array ( [id] => 8201 [Tag] => russian [Language] => en [Entryid] => 1093 [OriginalCreationDate] => 2017-03-04 11:00:42 [LastModificationDate] => 2019-03-30 16:09:01 ) [226] => Array ( [id] => 8202 [Tag] => red [Language] => en [Entryid] => 1093 [OriginalCreationDate] => 2017-03-04 11:00:42 [LastModificationDate] => 2019-03-30 16:09:01 ) [227] => Array ( [id] => 8203 [Tag] => country [Language] => en [Entryid] => 1093 [OriginalCreationDate] => 2017-03-04 11:00:42 [LastModificationDate] => 2019-03-30 16:09:01 ) [228] => Array ( [id] => 8204 [Tag] => army [Language] => en [Entryid] => 1093 [OriginalCreationDate] => 2017-03-04 11:00:42 [LastModificationDate] => 2019-03-30 16:09:01 ) [229] => Array ( [id] => 8205 [Tag] => delegates [Language] => en [Entryid] => 1093 [OriginalCreationDate] => 2017-03-04 11:00:42 [LastModificationDate] => 2019-03-30 16:09:01 ) [230] => Array ( [id] => 8206 [Tag] => committee [Language] => en [Entryid] => 1093 [OriginalCreationDate] => 2017-03-04 11:00:42 [LastModificationDate] => 2019-03-30 16:09:01 ) [231] => Array ( [id] => 8207 [Tag] => military [Language] => en [Entryid] => 1093 [OriginalCreationDate] => 2017-03-04 11:00:42 [LastModificationDate] => 2019-03-30 16:09:01 ) [232] => Array ( [id] => 8208 [Tag] => american [Language] => en [Entryid] => 1093 [OriginalCreationDate] => 2017-03-04 11:00:42 [LastModificationDate] => 2019-03-30 16:09:01 ) [233] => Array ( [id] => 8209 [Tag] => anarchists [Language] => en [Entryid] => 1093 [OriginalCreationDate] => 2017-03-04 11:00:42 [LastModificationDate] => 2019-03-30 16:09:01 ) [234] => Array ( [id] => 8210 [Tag] => america [Language] => en [Entryid] => 1093 [OriginalCreationDate] => 2017-03-04 11:00:42 [LastModificationDate] => 2019-03-30 16:09:01 ) [235] => Array ( [id] => 8211 [Tag] => social [Language] => en [Entryid] => 1093 [OriginalCreationDate] => 2017-03-04 11:00:42 [LastModificationDate] => 2019-03-30 16:09:01 ) [236] => Array ( [id] => 8212 [Tag] => political [Language] => en [Entryid] => 1093 [OriginalCreationDate] => 2017-03-04 11:00:42 [LastModificationDate] => 2019-03-30 16:09:01 ) [237] => Array ( [id] => 8213 [Tag] => bread [Language] => en [Entryid] => 1093 [OriginalCreationDate] => 2017-03-04 11:00:42 [LastModificationDate] => 2019-03-30 16:09:01 ) [238] => Array ( [id] => 8214 [Tag] => peasants [Language] => en [Entryid] => 1093 [OriginalCreationDate] => 2017-03-04 11:00:42 [LastModificationDate] => 2019-03-30 16:09:01 ) [239] => Array ( [id] => 8215 [Tag] => war [Language] => en [Entryid] => 1093 [OriginalCreationDate] => 2017-03-04 11:00:42 [LastModificationDate] => 2019-03-30 16:09:01 ) [240] => Array ( [id] => 8216 [Tag] => prisoners [Language] => en [Entryid] => 1093 [OriginalCreationDate] => 2017-03-04 11:00:42 [LastModificationDate] => 2019-03-30 16:09:01 ) [241] => Array ( [id] => 8217 [Tag] => anarchist [Language] => en [Entryid] => 1093 [OriginalCreationDate] => 2017-03-04 11:00:42 [LastModificationDate] => 2019-03-30 16:09:01 ) [242] => Array ( [id] => 8218 [Tag] => berkman [Language] => en [Entryid] => 1093 [OriginalCreationDate] => 2017-03-04 11:00:42 [LastModificationDate] => 2019-03-30 16:09:01 ) [243] => Array ( [id] => 8219 [Tag] => prison [Language] => en [Entryid] => 1093 [OriginalCreationDate] => 2017-03-04 11:00:42 [LastModificationDate] => 2019-03-30 16:09:01 ) [244] => Array ( [id] => 8220 [Tag] => peasant [Language] => en [Entryid] => 1093 [OriginalCreationDate] => 2017-03-04 11:00:42 [LastModificationDate] => 2019-03-30 16:09:01 ) [245] => Array ( [id] => 8221 [Tag] => lenin [Language] => en [Entryid] => 1093 [OriginalCreationDate] => 2017-03-04 11:00:42 [LastModificationDate] => 2019-03-30 16:09:01 ) [246] => Array ( [id] => 8222 [Tag] => deportees [Language] => en [Entryid] => 1093 [OriginalCreationDate] => 2017-03-04 11:00:42 [LastModificationDate] => 2019-03-30 16:09:01 ) [247] => Array ( [id] => 8223 [Tag] => alexander [Language] => en [Entryid] => 1093 [OriginalCreationDate] => 2017-03-04 11:00:42 [LastModificationDate] => 2019-03-30 16:09:01 ) [248] => Array ( [id] => 8224 [Tag] => proletariat [Language] => en [Entryid] => 1093 [OriginalCreationDate] => 2017-03-04 11:00:42 [LastModificationDate] => 2019-03-30 16:09:01 ) [249] => Array ( [id] => 8225 [Tag] => food [Language] => en [Entryid] => 1093 [OriginalCreationDate] => 2017-03-04 11:00:42 [LastModificationDate] => 2019-03-30 16:09:01 ) [250] => Array ( [id] => 8226 [Tag] => ukraina [Language] => en [Entryid] => 1093 [OriginalCreationDate] => 2017-03-04 11:00:42 [LastModificationDate] => 2019-03-30 16:09:01 ) [251] => Array ( [id] => 8227 [Tag] => order [Language] => en [Entryid] => 1093 [OriginalCreationDate] => 2017-03-04 11:00:42 [LastModificationDate] => 2019-03-30 16:09:01 ) [252] => Array ( [id] => 8228 [Tag] => commissar [Language] => en [Entryid] => 1093 [OriginalCreationDate] => 2017-03-04 11:00:42 [LastModificationDate] => 2019-03-30 16:09:01 ) [253] => Array ( [id] => 8229 [Tag] => sailors [Language] => en [Entryid] => 1093 [OriginalCreationDate] => 2017-03-04 11:00:43 [LastModificationDate] => 2019-03-30 16:09:01 ) [254] => Array ( [id] => 8230 [Tag] => 1925 [Language] => en [Entryid] => 1093 [OriginalCreationDate] => 2017-03-04 11:00:43 [LastModificationDate] => 2019-03-30 16:09:01 ) [255] => Array ( [id] => 8231 [Tag] => kronstadt [Language] => en [Entryid] => 1093 [OriginalCreationDate] => 2017-03-04 11:00:43 [LastModificationDate] => 2019-03-30 16:09:01 ) [256] => Array ( [id] => 8232 [Tag] => free [Language] => en [Entryid] => 1093 [OriginalCreationDate] => 2017-03-04 11:00:43 [LastModificationDate] => 2019-03-30 16:09:01 ) [257] => Array ( [id] => 8233 [Tag] => movement [Language] => en [Entryid] => 1093 [OriginalCreationDate] => 2017-03-04 11:00:43 [LastModificationDate] => 2019-03-30 16:09:01 ) [258] => Array ( [id] => 8234 [Tag] => revolutionists [Language] => en [Entryid] => 1093 [OriginalCreationDate] => 2017-03-04 11:00:43 [LastModificationDate] => 2019-03-30 16:09:01 ) [259] => Array ( [id] => 8235 [Tag] => official [Language] => en [Entryid] => 1093 [OriginalCreationDate] => 2017-03-04 11:00:43 [LastModificationDate] => 2019-03-30 16:09:01 ) [260] => Array ( [id] => 8236 [Tag] => comrades [Language] => en [Entryid] => 1093 [OriginalCreationDate] => 2017-03-04 11:00:43 [LastModificationDate] => 2019-03-30 16:09:01 ) [261] => Array ( [id] => 8237 [Tag] => zinoviev [Language] => en [Entryid] => 1093 [OriginalCreationDate] => 2017-03-04 11:00:43 [LastModificationDate] => 2019-03-30 16:09:01 ) [262] => Array ( [id] => 8238 [Tag] => régime [Language] => en [Entryid] => 1093 [OriginalCreationDate] => 2017-03-04 11:00:43 [LastModificationDate] => 2019-03-30 16:09:01 ) [263] => Array ( [id] => 8239 [Tag] => dictatorship [Language] => en [Entryid] => 1093 [OriginalCreationDate] => 2017-03-04 11:00:43 [LastModificationDate] => 2019-03-30 16:09:01 ) [264] => Array ( [id] => 8240 [Tag] => zorin [Language] => en [Entryid] => 1093 [OriginalCreationDate] => 2017-03-04 11:00:43 [LastModificationDate] => 2019-03-30 16:09:01 ) [265] => Array ( [id] => 8241 [Tag] => counter-revolutionary [Language] => en [Entryid] => 1093 [OriginalCreationDate] => 2017-03-04 11:00:43 [LastModificationDate] => 2019-03-30 16:09:01 ) [266] => Array ( [id] => 8242 [Tag] => commissars [Language] => en [Entryid] => 1093 [OriginalCreationDate] => 2017-03-04 11:00:43 [LastModificationDate] => 2019-03-30 16:09:01 ) [267] => Array ( [id] => 8243 [Tag] => authorities [Language] => en [Entryid] => 1093 [OriginalCreationDate] => 2017-03-04 11:00:43 [LastModificationDate] => 2019-03-30 16:09:01 ) [268] => Array ( [id] => 8244 [Tag] => power [Language] => en [Entryid] => 1093 [OriginalCreationDate] => 2017-03-04 11:00:43 [LastModificationDate] => 2019-03-30 16:09:01 ) [269] => Array ( [id] => 8245 [Tag] => institutions [Language] => en [Entryid] => 1093 [OriginalCreationDate] => 2017-03-04 11:00:43 [LastModificationDate] => 2019-03-30 16:09:01 ) [270] => Array ( [id] => 8246 [Tag] => unions [Language] => en [Entryid] => 1093 [OriginalCreationDate] => 2017-03-04 11:00:43 [LastModificationDate] => 2019-03-30 16:09:01 ) [271] => Array ( [id] => 8247 [Tag] => trotsky [Language] => en [Entryid] => 1093 [OriginalCreationDate] => 2017-03-04 11:00:43 [LastModificationDate] => 2019-03-30 16:09:01 ) [272] => Array ( [id] => 8248 [Tag] => kropotkin [Language] => en [Entryid] => 1093 [OriginalCreationDate] => 2017-03-04 11:00:43 [LastModificationDate] => 2019-03-30 16:09:01 ) [273] => Array ( [id] => 8249 [Tag] => commission [Language] => en [Entryid] => 1093 [OriginalCreationDate] => 2017-03-04 11:00:43 [LastModificationDate] => 2019-03-30 16:09:01 ) [274] => Array ( [id] => 8250 [Tag] => denikin [Language] => en [Entryid] => 1093 [OriginalCreationDate] => 2017-03-04 11:00:43 [LastModificationDate] => 2019-03-30 16:09:01 ) [275] => Array ( [id] => 8251 [Tag] => conditions [Language] => en [Entryid] => 1093 [OriginalCreationDate] => 2017-03-04 11:00:43 [LastModificationDate] => 2019-03-30 16:09:01 ) [276] => Array ( [id] => 8252 [Tag] => orders [Language] => en [Entryid] => 1093 [OriginalCreationDate] => 2017-03-04 11:00:43 [LastModificationDate] => 2019-03-30 16:09:01 ) [277] => Array ( [id] => 8253 [Tag] => forces [Language] => en [Entryid] => 1093 [OriginalCreationDate] => 2017-03-04 11:00:43 [LastModificationDate] => 2019-03-30 16:09:01 ) [278] => Array ( [id] => 8254 [Tag] => guard [Language] => en [Entryid] => 1093 [OriginalCreationDate] => 2017-03-04 11:00:43 [LastModificationDate] => 2019-03-30 16:09:01 ) [279] => Array ( [id] => 8255 [Tag] => tchicherin [Language] => en [Entryid] => 1093 [OriginalCreationDate] => 2017-03-04 11:00:43 [LastModificationDate] => 2019-03-30 16:09:01 ) [280] => Array ( [id] => 8256 [Tag] => peasantry [Language] => en [Entryid] => 1093 [OriginalCreationDate] => 2017-03-04 11:00:43 [LastModificationDate] => 2019-03-30 16:09:01 ) [281] => Array ( [id] => 8257 [Tag] => buford [Language] => en [Entryid] => 1093 [OriginalCreationDate] => 2017-03-04 11:00:43 [LastModificationDate] => 2019-03-30 16:09:01 ) [282] => Array ( [id] => 8258 [Tag] => meeting [Language] => en [Entryid] => 1093 [OriginalCreationDate] => 2017-03-04 11:00:43 [LastModificationDate] => 2019-03-30 16:09:01 ) [283] => Array ( [id] => 8259 [Tag] => liberty [Language] => en [Entryid] => 1093 [OriginalCreationDate] => 2017-03-04 11:00:43 [LastModificationDate] => 2019-03-30 16:09:01 ) [284] => Array ( [id] => 8260 [Tag] => soldier [Language] => en [Entryid] => 1093 [OriginalCreationDate] => 2017-03-04 11:00:43 [LastModificationDate] => 2019-03-30 16:09:01 ) [285] => Array ( [id] => 8261 [Tag] => pyock [Language] => en [Entryid] => 1093 [OriginalCreationDate] => 2017-03-04 11:00:43 [LastModificationDate] => 2019-03-30 16:09:01 ) [286] => Array ( [id] => 8262 [Tag] => arrest [Language] => en [Entryid] => 1093 [OriginalCreationDate] => 2017-03-04 11:00:43 [LastModificationDate] => 2019-03-30 16:09:01 ) [287] => Array ( [id] => 8263 [Tag] => struggle [Language] => en [Entryid] => 1093 [OriginalCreationDate] => 2017-03-04 11:00:43 [LastModificationDate] => 2019-03-30 16:09:01 ) [288] => Array ( [id] => 8264 [Tag] => proletarian [Language] => en [Entryid] => 1093 [OriginalCreationDate] => 2017-03-04 11:00:43 [LastModificationDate] => 2019-03-30 16:09:01 ) [289] => Array ( [id] => 8265 [Tag] => pogroms [Language] => 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The text is from my copy of Alexander Berkman, The Bolshevik Myth, New York: Boni and Liveright, 1925. Page numbers are in the source code.

CHAPTER XVI

REST HOMES FOR WORKERS

      For months Zorin had been thinking of a project to afford the toilers of Petrograd an opportunity to recuperate during the summer. The workers are systematically undernourished and exhausted -- a few weeks' rest and an improved pyock would give them new strength, and would at the same time be a demonstration of the interest the Communist Party is taking in their welfare.

      After protracted discussion Zorin's idea was approved by the Executive Committee of the Petrograd Soviet, and he received authority to put his cherished dream in operation. The former villas of the Russian nobility in the environs of the city were to be turned into proletarian "rest homes" and rebuilt to hold 50,000 workers, who will spend two weeks there in groups of 5,000.

      Zorin enlisted my coöperation, and I have enthusiastically accepted. We have paid several visits to Kameny Island, where the most beautiful villas and palaces are situated, and I have worked out a detailed plan for transforming them into homes for small families of workers, providing also for dining-rooms, libraries, and recreation places. Zorin has appointed me general manager and requested that the work be rushed "in hurry-up American style," as he expressed himself, in order that everything be completed by the 1st of May, which is to be celebrated on a large scale as a revolutionary holiday.

      The island has been neglected since the Revolution; most of the villas need thorough renovating and even the roads are badly out of repair. We mean to create an artistic summer resort, with modern improvements and comforts for the benefit of the proletarians. Surely no government has ever undertaken such work before.

      Architects and civil engineers are on hand, but we find great difficulty in procuring building material and efficient labor. The Petrograd warehouses are stocked with the things needed, but it is almost impossible to learn just what is on hand and where it is to be found. When private property was nationalized, the stores and warehouses were sealed, and no one apparently knows what they contain. Our architects, engineers, and workers fly about the city, wasting their time in a vain effort to secure the required material. For days they crowd the various bureaus to procure "authorized orders" for a few spades or lengths of water pipe, and when these are finally secured, we are balked by the general ignorance as to where the object sought can be found. In this situation the only economic and efficient mode of procedure would be to have our own committee overhaul the warehouses and take an inventory of the stock on hand. But my proposition to this effect has impugned upon the thick wall of the prevailing bureaucratic system. The Commissars of the various departments --- all Communists --- are inclined to take offense at such apparent ignoring of their authority: established modes of procedure have to be followed. Moreover, the stores and warehouses had been sealed by the Tcheka; without its permission in each particular case the locks cannot be touched. The Tcheka frowns upon my suggestion, coming from a nonmember of the Party, at that. Nitcheve ne podelayesh, Zorin says.

      I find the new Soviet bureaucracy, its inefficiency and indifference, the greatest handicap in the work. It involves a continuous struggle against official red tape, precedence, and petty jealousy. Time is passing, and almost no progress is being made. The situation is disheartening.

      I consider it vital that the men employed in the work of preparing a recreation place for the proletariat should themselves feel an interest in the matter, for only thus can effective coöperation be secured and results achieved. I have, therefore, suggested the formation of a committee to visit the shops and factories, to explain our plan to the workers, and enlist their interest and voluntary aid. I pointed out also the moral value of such a proceeding, and offered to organize the committee from the Buford deportees, most of whom are still looking for employment. Zorin favors the idea, but objections have been raised in various quarters. I wonder whether it is official distrust of the Buford men or disinclination to permit such a committee to get in direct contact with the workers. At any rate, the carrying out of my suggestion has become involved in endless applications to various Commissars and has apparently been lost in the intricate network of the Soviet machinery.

      Instead, soldiers and prisoners from the forced labor camps of the city have been commandeered for road repairing, cleaning neglected gardens and renovating the houses. But they have no interest in the work; their thoughts and time are entirely occupied with the question of the pyock. A most vital matter: for not being employed at their regular tasks, they risk losing the rations due them, and no adequate provision has been made to feed them on the island. A general mess hall has been opened, but such favoritism prevails there that the prisoners and soldiers without influence often remain without meals, preference being given to the numerous friends and appointees of the Commissars and Communists. The common laborers at work are growing dissatisfied. "The actual worker," a soldier said to me, "will not get into the summer resort. It will be only for Commissars and Communists."

      Some buildings in the area of the planned rest homes are occupied as children's homes and schools; others, by the families of the intelligentsia. All of them have been ordered to vacate. But while arrangements have been made to secure quarters for the schools in the city, the private dwellers are considered bourzhooi and as such not worthy of any consideration: they are to be evicted. Yet hidden influences are at work: a number of the bourzhooi have received "protection," while those without friends in high places are vainly begging for mercy. Zorin has asked me to execute the order for eviction, but eager as I am to establish rest homes for the workers, I had to refuse to coöperate in what seems to me gross injustice and needless brutality. Zorin is displeased at my "sentimentality," and I am being eliminated from the work.

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1110 chapter-16 Chapter 16 Rest Homes For Workers Chapter 00016 2017-02-02 17:21:05 2017-09-20 17:32:23 1101

The text is from my copy of Alexander Berkman, The Bolshevik Myth, New York: Boni and Liveright, 1925. Page numbers are in the source code.

CHAPTER XVI

REST HOMES FOR WORKERS

      For months Zorin had been thinking of a project to afford the toilers of Petrograd an opportunity to recuperate during the summer. The workers are systematically undernourished and exhausted -- a few weeks' rest and an improved pyock would give them new strength, and would at the same time be a demonstration of the interest the Communist Party is taking in their welfare.

      After protracted discussion Zorin's idea was approved by the Executive Committee of the Petrograd Soviet, and he received authority to put his cherished dream in operation. The former villas of the Russian nobility in the environs of the city were to be turned into proletarian "rest homes" and rebuilt to hold 50,000 workers, who will spend two weeks there in groups of 5,000.

      Zorin enlisted my coöperation, and I have enthusiastically accepted. We have paid several visits to Kameny Island, where the most beautiful villas and palaces are situated, and I have worked out a detailed plan for transforming them into homes for small families of workers, providing also for dining-rooms, libraries, and recreation places. Zorin has appointed me general manager and requested that the work be rushed "in hurry-up American style," as he expressed himself, in order that everything be completed by the 1st of May, which is to be celebrated on a large scale as a revolutionary holiday.

      The island has been neglected since the Revolution; most of the villas need thorough renovating and even the roads are badly out of repair. We mean to create an artistic summer resort, with modern improvements and comforts for the benefit of the proletarians. Surely no government has ever undertaken such work before.

      Architects and civil engineers are on hand, but we find great difficulty in procuring building material and efficient labor. The Petrograd warehouses are stocked with the things needed, but it is almost impossible to learn just what is on hand and where it is to be found. When private property was nationalized, the stores and warehouses were sealed, and no one apparently knows what they contain. Our architects, engineers, and workers fly about the city, wasting their time in a vain effort to secure the required material. For days they crowd the various bureaus to procure "authorized orders" for a few spades or lengths of water pipe, and when these are finally secured, we are balked by the general ignorance as to where the object sought can be found. In this situation the only economic and efficient mode of procedure would be to have our own committee overhaul the warehouses and take an inventory of the stock on hand. But my proposition to this effect has impugned upon the thick wall of the prevailing bureaucratic system. The Commissars of the various departments --- all Communists --- are inclined to take offense at such apparent ignoring of their authority: established modes of procedure have to be followed. Moreover, the stores and warehouses had been sealed by the Tcheka; without its permission in each particular case the locks cannot be touched. The Tcheka frowns upon my suggestion, coming from a nonmember of the Party, at that. Nitcheve ne podelayesh, Zorin says.

      I find the new Soviet bureaucracy, its inefficiency and indifference, the greatest handicap in the work. It involves a continuous struggle against official red tape, precedence, and petty jealousy. Time is passing, and almost no progress is being made. The situation is disheartening.

      I consider it vital that the men employed in the work of preparing a recreation place for the proletariat should themselves feel an interest in the matter, for only thus can effective coöperation be secured and results achieved. I have, therefore, suggested the formation of a committee to visit the shops and factories, to explain our plan to the workers, and enlist their interest and voluntary aid. I pointed out also the moral value of such a proceeding, and offered to organize the committee from the Buford deportees, most of whom are still looking for employment. Zorin favors the idea, but objections have been raised in various quarters. I wonder whether it is official distrust of the Buford men or disinclination to permit such a committee to get in direct contact with the workers. At any rate, the carrying out of my suggestion has become involved in endless applications to various Commissars and has apparently been lost in the intricate network of the Soviet machinery.

      Instead, soldiers and prisoners from the forced labor camps of the city have been commandeered for road repairing, cleaning neglected gardens and renovating the houses. But they have no interest in the work; their thoughts and time are entirely occupied with the question of the pyock. A most vital matter: for not being employed at their regular tasks, they risk losing the rations due them, and no adequate provision has been made to feed them on the island. A general mess hall has been opened, but such favoritism prevails there that the prisoners and soldiers without influence often remain without meals, preference being given to the numerous friends and appointees of the Commissars and Communists. The common laborers at work are growing dissatisfied. "The actual worker," a soldier said to me, "will not get into the summer resort. It will be only for Commissars and Communists."

      Some buildings in the area of the planned rest homes are occupied as children's homes and schools; others, by the families of the intelligentsia. All of them have been ordered to vacate. But while arrangements have been made to secure quarters for the schools in the city, the private dwellers are considered bourzhooi and as such not worthy of any consideration: they are to be evicted. Yet hidden influences are at work: a number of the bourzhooi have received "protection," while those without friends in high places are vainly begging for mercy. Zorin has asked me to execute the order for eviction, but eager as I am to establish rest homes for the workers, I had to refuse to coöperate in what seems to me gross injustice and needless brutality. Zorin is displeased at my "sentimentality," and I am being eliminated from the work.

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