Book 03, Chapter 01
Author : Leo Tolstoy
OR, The Lot of a Wicked Court Servant.
Polikey was a court man—one of the staff of servants belonging to
the court household of a boyarinia (lady of the nobility).
He held a very insignificant position on the estate, and lived in a rather
poor, small house with his wife and children.
The house was built by the deceased nobleman whose widow he still
continued to serve, and may be described as follows: The four walls
surrounding the one izba (room) were built of stone, and the interior was
ten yards square. A Russian stove stood in the center, around which was a
free passage. Each corner was fenced off as a separate enclosure to the
extent of several feet, and the one nearest to the door (the smallest of
all) was known as “Polikey’s corner.” Elsewhere in the room stood the bed
(with quilt, sheet, and cotton pillows), the cradle (with a baby lying
therein), and the three-legged table, on which the meals were prepared and
the family washing was done. At the latter also Polikey was at work on the
preparation of some materials for use in his profession—that of an
amateur veterinary surgeon. A calf, some hens, the family clothes and
household utensils, together with seven persons, filled the little home to
the utmost of its capacity. It would indeed have been almost impossible
for them to move around had it not been for the convenience of the stove,
on which some of them slept at night, and which served as a table in the
It seemed hard to realize how so many persons managed to live in such
Polikey’s wife, Akulina, did the washing, spun and wove, bleached her
linen, cooked and baked, and found time also to quarrel and gossip with
The monthly allowance of food which they received from the noblewoman’s
house was amply sufficient for the whole family, and there was always
enough meal left to make mash for the cow. Their fuel they got free, and
likewise the food for the cattle. In addition they were given a small
piece of land on which to raise vegetables. They had a cow, a calf, and a
number of chickens to care for.
Polikey was employed in the stables to take care of two stallions, and,
when necessary, to bleed the horses and cattle and clean their hoofs.
In his treatment of the animals he used syringes, plasters, and various
other remedies and appliances of his own invention. For these services he
received whatever provisions were required by his family, and a certain
sum of money—all of which would have been sufficient to enable them
to live comfortably and even happily, if their hearts had not been filled
with the shadow of a great sorrow.
This shadow darkened the lives of the entire family.
Polikey, while young, was employed in a horse-breeding establishment in a
neighboring village. The head stableman was a notorious horse-thief, known
far and wide as a great rogue, who, for his many misdeeds, was finally
exiled to Siberia. Under his instruction Polikey underwent a course of
training, and, being but a boy, was easily induced to perform many evil
deeds. He became so expert in the various kinds of wickedness practiced by
his teacher that, though he many times would gladly have abandoned his
evil ways, he could not, owing to the great hold these early-formed habits
had upon him. His father and mother died when he was but a child, and he
had no one to point out to him the paths of virtue.
In addition to his other numerous shortcomings, Polikey was fond of strong
drink. He also had a habit of appropriating other people’s property, when
the opportunity offered of his doing so without being seen. Collar-straps,
padlocks, perch-bolts, and things even of greater value belonging to
others found their way with remarkable rapidity and in great quantities to
Polikey’s home. He did not, however, keep such things for his own use, but
sold them whenever he could find a purchaser. His payment consisted
chiefly of whiskey, though sometimes he received cash.
This sort of employment, as his neighbors said, was both light and
profitable; it required neither education nor labor. It had one drawback,
however, which was calculated to reconcile his victims to their losses:
Though he could for a time have all his needs supplied without expending
either labor or money, there was always the possibility of his methods
being discovered; and this result was sure to be followed by a long term
of imprisonment. This impending danger made life a burden for Polikey and
Such a setback indeed very nearly happened to Polikey early in his career.
He married while still young, and God gave him much happiness. His wife,
who was a shepherd’s daughter, was a strong, intelligent, hard-working
woman. She bore him many children, each of whom was said to be better than
the preceding one.
Polikey still continued to steal, but once was caught with some small
articles belonging to others in his possession. Among them was a pair of
leather reins, the property of another peasant, who beat him severely and
reported him to his mistress.
From that time on Polikey was an object of suspicion, and he was twice
again detected in similar escapades. By this time the people began to
abuse him, and the clerk of the court threatened to recruit him into the
army as a soldier (which is regarded by the peasants as a great punishment
and disgrace). His noble mistress severely reprimanded him; his wife wept
from grief for his downfall, and everything went from bad to worse.
Polikey, notwithstanding his weakness, was a good-natured sort of man, but
his love of strong drink had so overcome every moral instinct that at
times he was scarcely responsible for his actions. This habit he vainly
endeavored to overcome. It often happened that when he returned home
intoxicated, his wife, losing all patience, roundly cursed him and cruelly
beat him. At times he would cry like a child, and bemoan his fate, saying:
“Unfortunate man that I am, what shall I do? LET MY EYES BURST INTO PIECES
if I do not forever give up the vile habit! I will not again touch vodki.”
In spite of all his promises of reform, but a short period (perhaps a
month) would elapse when Polikey would again mysteriously disappear from
his home and be lost for several days on a spree.
“From what source does he get the money he spends so freely?” the
neighbors inquired of each other, as they sadly shook their heads.
One of his most unfortunate exploits in the matter of stealing was in
connection with a clock which belonged to the estate of his mistress. The
clock stood in the private office of the noblewoman, and was so old as to
have outlived its usefulness, and was simply kept as an heirloom. It so
happened that Polikey went into the office one day when no one was present
but himself, and, seeing the old clock, it seemed to possess a peculiar
fascination for him, and he speedily transferred it to his person. He
carried it to a town not far from the village, where he very readily found
As if purposely to secure his punishment, it happened that the storekeeper
to whom he sold it proved to be a relative of one of the court servants,
and who, when he visited his friend on the next holiday, related all about
his purchase of the clock.
An investigation was immediately instituted, and all the details of
Polikey’s transaction were brought to light and reported to his noble
mistress. He was called into her presence, and, when confronted with the
story of the theft, broke down and confessed all. He fell on his knees
before the noblewoman and plead with her for mercy. The kindhearted lady
lectured him about God, the salvation of his soul, and his future life.
She talked to him also about the misery and disgrace he brought upon his
family, and altogether so worked upon his feelings that he cried like a
child. In conclusion his kind mistress said: “I will forgive you this time
on the condition that you promise faithfully to reform, and never again to
take what does not belong to you.”
Polikey, still weeping, replied: “I will never steal again in all my life,
and if I break my promise may the earth open and swallow me up, and let my
body be burned with red-hot irons!”
Polikey returned to his home, and throwing himself on the oven spent the
entire day weeping and repeating the promise made to his mistress.
From that time on he was not again caught stealing, but his life became
extremely sad, for he was regarded with suspicion by every one and pointed
to as a thief.
When the time came round for securing recruits for the army, all the
peasants singled out Polikey as the first to be taken. The superintendent
was especially anxious to get rid of him, and went to his mistress to
induce her to have him sent away. The kindhearted and merciful woman,
remembering the peasant’s repentance, refused to grant the
superintendent’s request, and told him he must take some other man in his
From : Gutenberg.org.
November 30, 1888 : Book 03, Chapter 01 -- Publication.
February 16, 2017 : Book 03, Chapter 01 -- Added to http://www.RevoltLib.com.
May 28, 2017 : Book 03, Chapter 01 -- Last Updated on http://www.RevoltLib.com.
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