Johann Most : Father of Insurrectionary Anarchism

Revolt Library >> People >> Most, Johann

(1846 - 1906)

Description

After being released from jail, Most came to the United States, beginning an invasion of anarcho-communism in the states. Most was a passionate anarchist, who believed that the state should be ruled by a collective group of all citizens, without any form of government.

Top Tags :

From : Black Flag of Anarchy Bio

Quotes

"Anarchism is a world view, a philosophy of society; indeed the philosophy of society, for whoever considers the world and human life in their profoundest senses and their complete development, and then decides on the societal form of greatest desirability, cannot but decide for anarchism. Every other form is a half-measure and a patchwork."

From : "Anarchist Communism," by Johann Most, 1889

"The failure of attempts to attain freedom does not mean the cause is lost. The facts that the struggle for freedom is clearer and stronger than ever before, that today there are different preconditions to achieving the goal, and that we therefore stand nearer anarchy than had been hoped -- proving a development of the desire to wash from the face of the earth what is authoritarian."

From : "Anarchist Communism," by Johann Most, 1889

"He who negates present society, and seeks social conditions based on the sharing of property, is a revolutionary whether he calls himself an anarchist or a communist."

From : "Anarchist Communism," by Johann Most, 1889

"Private property, guarded by the state, increasingly exploits the poor; and the poor less and less use what they produce. If the government did not wholeheartedly maintain this swindle, the masses would not suffer it."

From : "Anarchist Communism," by Johann Most, 1889

"...the welfare of humanity, which the future can and will bring, lies in communism. It excludes in logical ways all authority and servitude, and therefore equals anarchy. The way to the goal is the social revolution. By energetic, relentless, international action, it will destroy class rule and establish a free society based on cooperative organization of production. Long Live the Social Revolution!"

From : "Anarchist Communism," by Johann Most, 1889

"...year in and year out the working people are robbed of everything bar the absolute bare necessities of life..."

From : "Attack is the Best Form of Defense," by Johann Most, Freiheit, September 13, 1884

Biography


On : of 0 Words (Requires Chrome)

About Johann Most

     Johann Most was born on February 5, 1846 in Augusburg, Germany. His childhood was very unpleasant. When Most was quite young his mother died, and he was sent to live with his father, and a stepmother who did not like him. Furthermore, he developed a disease during his childhood which greatly disfigured his face. This caused many of his childhood peers to ridicule his looks. Most has stated himself that his childhood was miserable. Clearly this misery lead to his fanatical actions as an anarchist.

     In 1868, Most became a very prominent socialist orator in Vienna. This earned him a seat in the German Parliament. However, after the government passed many anti-socialist laws, Most left the country. Immediately following this, Most became an anarchists with strong leanings towards communism. This led to him receiving 16 months in jail for writing an article asking that someone assassinate Czar Alexander II. This was the first glimpses at what made Most so notorious. The anarchist defended the use of violence to achieve the necessary end.

     After being released from jail, Most came to the United States, beginning an invasion of anarcho-communism in the states. Most was a passionate anarchist, who believed that the state should be ruled by a collective group of all citizens, without any form of government. Due to the fact that he was a great orator and writer he was able to convince many people that using force was the only way to bring down the government in America as well as all over the world. However, after initial success, The Americans began to become skeptical of such use of force, damaging the power of Johann Most. On March 17, 1906 Most died in Cincinnati, Ohio.

From : Anarchy Archives

Works

This person has authored 9 documents, with 22,533 words or 140,114 characters.

Anarchism : Anarchist and Anti-Authoritarianism -- 1885 ~ (571 Words / 3,474 Characters)
From: Freiheit, July 25, 1885 Action as Propaganda by Johann Most We have said a hundred times or more that when modern revolutionaries carry out actions, what is important is not solely these actions themselves but also the propagandistic effect they are able to achieve. Hence, we preach not only action in and for itself, but also action as propaganda. It is a phenomenally simple matter, yet over and over again we meet people, even people close to the center of our party, who either do not, or do not wish, to understand. We have recently had a clear enough illustration of this over the Lieske affair... So our question is this: what is the purpose of the anarchists' threats -- an eye for an eye, a tooth for a tooth --... (From : Anarchy Archives.)

Anarchism : Anarchist and Anti-Authoritarianism -- 1889 ~ (1,451 Words / 9,433 Characters)
Anarchist Communism (1889) by Johann Most Anarchism is a world view, a philosophy of society; indeed the philosophy of society, for whoever considers the world and human life in their profoundest senses and their complete development, and then decides on the societal form of greatest desirability, cannot but decide for anarchism. Every other form is a half-measure and a patchwork. Is anarchism desirable? Well, who does not seek freedom? What man, unless willing to declare himself in bondage, would care to call any control agreeable? Think about it! Is anarchism possible? The failure of attempts to attain freedom does not mean the cause is lost. The facts that the struggle for freedom is clearer and stronger than ever befor... (From : Anarchy Archives.)

Anarchism : Anarchist and Anti-Authoritarianism -- 1896 ~ (1,462 Words / 8,677 Characters)
From Metropolitan Magazine, vol. IV, No. 3; October 1896. Anarchy Defended by Anarchists by John Most and Emma Goldman To most Americans Anarchy is an evil-sounding word -- another name for wickedness, perversity, and chaos. Anarchists are looked upon as a herd of uncombed, unwashed, and vile ruffians, bent on killing the rich and dividing their capital. Anarchy, however, to its followers actually signifies a social theory which regards the union of order with the absence of all government of man by man; in short, it means perfect individual liberty. If the meaning of Anarchy has so far been interpreted as a state of the greatest disorder, it is because people have been taught that their affairs are regulated, that they ar... (From : Anarchy Archives.)

Anarchism : Anarchist and Anti-Authoritarianism -- 1884 ~ (847 Words / 5,255 Characters)
From: [Freiheit, September 13, 1884] Attack Is The Best Form Of Defense by Johann Most Since we believe that the propaganda of action is of use, we must be prepared to accept whatever attendant circumstances it involves. Everyone now knows, from experience, that the more highly placed the one shot or blown up, and the more perfectly executed the attempt, the greater the propagandistic effect. The basic preconditions of success are methodical preparation, deception of the enemy in question and the overcoming of any obstacles that stand between the one who is to carry out the deed and the enemy. The expense incurred by such undertakings is, as a rule, quite considerable. Indeed, one could go so far as to say that th... (From : Anarchy Archives.)

Anarchism : Anarchist and Anti-Authoritarianism -- 1884 ~ (4,845 Words / 30,930 Characters)
The Beast of Property Johann Most's most famous speech. c. 1884 "Among the beasts of prey man is certainly the worst." This expression, very commonly made nowadays, is only relatively true. Not man as such, but man in connection with wealth is a beast of prey. The richer a man, the greater his greed for more. We may call such a monster the `beast of property." It now rules the world, making mankind miserable. and gains in cruelty and voracity with the progress of our so called `civilization " This monster we will in the following characterize and recommend to extermination. Look about ye! In every so-called "civilized" country there are among every 100 men about 95 more or less destitute and about 5 money-bags. It is un... (From : http://www.eclipse.net/~basket42/beast.html.)

Anarchism : Anarchist and Anti-Authoritarianism -- 1906 ~ (5,255 Words / 31,491 Characters)
THE GOD PESTILENCE By John Most Published by Freiheit Publishing Association New York Among all mental diseases which man has systematically inoculated into his cranium, the religious pest is the most abominable. Like all things else, this disease has a history; it only regrettable that in this case nothing will be found of the development from nonsense to reason, which is generally assumed to be the course of history. Old Zeus and his double, Jupiter, were still quite decent, jolly, we might even say, somewhat enlightened fellows, if compared with the last triplet on the pedigree of gods who, on examination, c... (From : Anarchy Archives.)

Anarchism : Anarchist and Anti-Authoritarianism -- 1890 ~ (1,770 Words / 11,514 Characters)
The proclamation of the 1883 Congress of the International Working Peoples' Association, taken from the English edition of Freiheit, 27 December 1890. - Johann Joseph Most The Pittsburgh Proclamation Comrades! In the Declaration of Independence of the United States we read: "When in a long Train of Abuses and Usurpations, pursuing invariably the same Object, evinces a Design to reduce them under absolute Despotism, it is their Right, it is their Duty, to throw off such Government, and to provide new Guards for their future Security." Has the moment not arrived to heed the advice of Thomas Jefferson, the true founder of the American Republic? Has government not become oppression? And is our government anyth... (From : Anarchy Archives.)

Anarchism : Anarchist and Anti-Authoritarianism -- 1890 ~ (5,194 Words / 32,283 Characters)
THE SOCIAL MONSTER A Paper on Communism and Anarchism, By John Most New York, Bernhard & Schenck, 167 William Street, 1890. A DAGGER in one hand, a torch in the other, and all his pockets brimful with dynamite-bombs -- that is the picture of the anarchist, such as it has been drawn by his enemies. They look at him simply as a mixture of a fool and a knave, whose able, purpose is universal topsy-turvy, and whose only means to that purpose is to slay anyone and everyone who differs from him. The picture is an ugly carricature, but its general acceptance is not to be wondered at, since, for years all non-anarchistic papers have ... (From : Anarchy Archives.)

Anarchism : Anarchist and Anti-Authoritarianism -- 1884 ~ (1,138 Words / 7,057 Characters)
From: Freiheit, November 15, 1884 When Is The People "Ready" For Freedom? by Johann Most "Not yet, by a long chalk!" is what the world's blackguards have been answering since time immemorial. Today, things are not so much better as worse in this regard, since we have people agreeing with this sentiment who otherwise behave as if they were working for the highest possible human happiness. sentiment who otherwise behave as if they were working for the highest possible human happiness. It is easy to understand some crown prince or other declaring that the people are not "ready" for freedom; after all, if he were to say the opposite, he would be showing just how superfluous he is and signing his own death warrant. In the sa... (From : Anarchy Archives.)

Chronology

February 05, 1846 :
Birth Day.

March 17, 1906 :
Death Day.

November 15, 2016 ; 5:29:30 PM (America/Los_Angeles) :
Added to http://www.RevoltLib.com.

September 19, 2017 ; 5:06:02 AM (America/Los_Angeles) :
Last Updated on http://www.RevoltLib.com.

Share

Permalink for Sharing :

Links

Comments

Login to Comment

0 Likes
0 Dislikes

No comments so far. You can be the first!

Tags

Navigation

<< Last Entry in People
Current Entry in People
Johann Most
Next Entry in People >>
All Nearby Items in People
Home|About|Contact|Search