It will be seen from the following Report that the cases are very numerous in
which, during the past year, the Society has taken action, either to induce the
guardians of our ancient buildings to perform some necessary repairs, or in
protesting against the falsification of old work which is often called
The Society has engaged the services of a skilled professional Secretary, a great
deal of whose time is taken up with the careful inspection of the old buildings
which from time to time are considered by the Committee. They are thus able to
offer to those under whose charge ancient buildings may happen to be, a careful
report of their state, and advice as to the proper method of treating them. We are
glad to say that there seems an increasing tendency on the part of parish clergymen
and others to accept willingly, and even gratefully, the advice which our Society
is able to offer. In several cases the Committee have visited or sent their
Secretary to visit ancient buildings at the particular request of the guardians of
But as, in no case, have more than the actual traveling expenses been changed by
the Society, and very rarely even as much as that, it will easily be seen that this
increase of activity necessarily involves an additional amount of expenditure,
more, we are sorry to say, than the present income of the Society is able to meet.
On this account we are obliged to make an urgent appeal for further pecuniary aid.
The minimum subscription to the Society remains as before, half a guinea a year,
bit a good many of our Members pay a guinea subscription, and if all were to do so,
it would not do more than just enable us to meet the increased cost of more prompt
and active work, such as we are now trying to carry on.
The following cases, selected from the long list printed below, are given as
examples of our success or failure during the past twelve months.
Blythburgh Church, Suffolk.
When the last Annual Report was printed the restoration of Blythburgh Church was
not begun, and there appeared reason for believing that the advice offered by this
Society might be well received. It will not be surprising if we have now to confess
that any hopes of that kind were illusory. Nothing could have been more repugnant
to the ideas of the Restoration Committee than the recommendations we finally laid
before them, after taking great pains in the examination and reexamination of the
building, to square our proposals to the exact necessities of the case.
Our ill-success at Blythburgh is another proof that the so-called restoration of
churches is but a name for various ecclesiastical and ornamental alterations, not
always possible without some economical pretext.
Blythburgh is a decayed, almost ruined, town. The church is a world too large for
the present scanty congregation, who are so poor that for many years an income of
£30, provided for the constant repair of the church, has been diverted to
other, presumably, more important uses. The congregation, therefore, is quite
unable to provide the funds required for an ambitious scheme of restoration, and is
dependent, for carrying out the specification adopted by their Committee, upon the
produce of bazaars, private theatricals, and the donations of strangers.
Under these circumstances, it might have been supposed that a moderate and
carefully-considered plan for the repair of the building would have been gladly
accepted bythe Committee. They, however, preferred the one which offered all the
attractions of modern "cathedral glass," shiny encaustic tiles, new carving, and
the ordinary paraphernalia supplied by the fashionable ecclesiastical tailors,
though the estimate for all this was a minimum of £5,000, against the
£2,000 for which the really necessary works might have been done.
It is characteristic of the restorations this Society so steadily opposes that,
when, as at Blythburgh, the nave roof is the part requiring instant attention, the
first money obtained is spent in quite needlessly making new windows. From cases
like this, of which your Committee has always abundant variety before them, it is
difficult not to regard most proposals for restoration with the greatest distrust.
They seldom aim merely and simply at the repair, or even the "restoration" of the
building, and the promoters are rarely willing to accept help sincerely offered for
the purpose they profess, if it is at variance with their notions as to the right
method of treatment for an old church.
Tower of London.
The Committee has noticed more than once the continued "restorations" at the Tower
Many strange things have been done there, both in scraping ancient work and in new
building, designed to give a medieval aspect to the residence of our Norman and
Tudor kings. The most hardy of all the attempts in this kind is now in progress. It
is nothing less than the creation of a new tower to replace that which for 300
years contained the private apartments of the king when he occupied the Tower of
London. Not a stone of the ancient tower remains, nor is there any guide to its
appearance beyond what may be assumed from the design of other towers built by
Henry III. The oldest views of the tower show the King's Lodging after the
extensive alterations and repairs made by Henry VIII., and they are so small in
scale that nothing certain can be judged of the detail as it then was. It seems to
the Committee that nothing is wanting to make this restoration ridiculous, unless
it be the use to which the tower - its walls presumably 13 ft. thick - will be put.
The excuse for the new building is the want of accommodation for the War Office
Though the protests of the Committee have been energetic, they have, unhappily,
been apparently quite fruitless. This modern essay in castle-building, made, it
should be noted, by a Government Department, will stand on the site of an ancient
building, and will offer itself as a reproduction of that building, though it can
be nothing but an architect's toy, and, historically, of no significance whatever.
On this ground alone, the Committee thought itself bound to protest, but we regret
to say there is a much stronger reason for the intervention of the Society. The
scheme of the Office of Works, under which the large warehouses fronting the river
have been pulled down to make room for an office for a few officials, involves also
the destruction of the little house known, for 150 years at least, as the "Record
Keeper's Office." How much older the house is, it is not very easy to say. It has
undergone many alterations, but its transformation from a medieval building in 1537
to a semi-medieval, semi-classic building in 1689, and to a more modern building in
Queen Anne's time, can be clearly traced, with the help of various drawings and
documents. Its alteration under Queen Anne is described by Strype, the editor of
Stowe, in 1720.
Since then it has had very slight alteration: the paneled rooms and presses still
remain, exactly as they are described by Strype; the shield and motto of Queen Anne
are still part of the carved stone doorway, and until the records were removed to
Fetter-lane, this house remained what Strype believed it had been since the time of
Edward III., the "Record Keeper's Office." Sir Duffus Hardy, Sir Francis Palgrave,
and Bailey, the Historian of theTower, worked there.
All these claims to respect are not sufficient to protect this genuine relic of the
old Tower from the rage for medievalizing which has been the bane of so many
The Office of Works will pull it down to make room for their new sham 13th century
Tower. This seems incredible, but such is, at least, their intention. The Committee
has attempted every means at its command to obtain the safety of this ancient
building, and to prevent the childish folly which the manufacture of antiques by a
Government Department implies. We are all interested in that, whether we belong to
this Society or not, but we cannot help fearing that sham medieval castle-building
will, for a time, be more popular than genuine medieval remains will ever be. When
a real love and appreciation of our priceless old buildings does at last awake
among the English people, it will probably be too late - well-nigh the last of them
will have disappeared, through constant neglect or silly attempts like this to
commit large and elaborate forgeries in stone.
Mark's Tey Church.
In Essex, about five miles east of Colchester, is one of those interesting little
buildings which catch the eye and hold the memory long after one has passed it in
the train. One would think that such a landmark would be so carefully watched by
its guardians that no injury should come to it from neglect. However, the visitors
of the Society found it absolutely neglected, as if it were of no value. The 15th
century tower at the west-end is very striking, having a brick and stone first
stage, and the two upper stages of framed oak timber, sheathed with boarding,
carrying a wooden oak-shingled spire surrounded with an oak-barred parapet at its
base. In the church is an early 15th century oak-paneled font of fine character,
partly mutilated in old times, but now constantly ill-used by being pierced afresh
with nails each time the neglect of the church is thought to be covered by the
usual almost childish festival decorations. This pleasant church is in a fairly
sound state, but much wants attention from an architect who would understand its
quality, and be able to think more of the building than of himself, and would
repair it in a cautious and scientific way. The church is composed of the tower
aforesaid, a Norman nave altered in the 14th century, and a chancel of which the
character has been destroyed by "restoration."
Chipping Ongar Church.
In Essex, about twenty-three miles from London, is well worth a visit from those
interested in seeing the use made by the Norman architect of Roman bricks, which
must have been found in the neighborhood. The church has a plain Norman nave and
chancel, altered in the 14th, 15th, 16th, and 17th centuries, and mutilated in the
19th. The walls are cobble built, and covered with roughcast. Where the casting has
been removed, the skillful use of the Roman bricks, to form Norman architecture may
be seen. The bricks, or tiles as they are often called, have added much to the
strength of the walls. The nave-roof is of oak of the late 14th or early 15th
century, and of good character. Framed in with it at the west end, with special
timbers, is the support to a timber belfry; the bell-chamber outside the roof is
covered with boarding, and capped by a lead-sheathed spire. The second most
remarkable feature in the church is the roof to the chancel, which is evidently of
the 17th century, and is said to have the date 1645 cut on it. It is both skillfully
and prettily framed, is of high pitch, and has the characteristic ornamentation of
This church was roughly treated in 1860-61, but at some earlier date two of
thesupports to the belfry timber framing were cut away by someone ignorant of their
use, and bad cracks in the south and west walls have resulted. The church is now
menaced with enlargement and "restoration." It will be readily understood that to
enlarge such a church is to destroy its peculiar character; and the Society is
using its efforts to urge upon the authorities the necessity of building an
additional church for an increasing population, as an addition to the size of the
present fabric would soon again be out of proportion to the congregation, added to
which the churchyard is small and crowded. This church, strange to say, has not
been neglected; it has been roughly and ignorantly treated, but there are evident
signs of care in its keeping.
St. Nicholas, Great Yarmouth.
The attention of the Committee has been frequently called to the condition of this,
the largest parish church in England, and in September last it was visited, and a
careful report was written upon the state of the building. It is greatly to be
regretted that the style of "restoration" being pursued at this church is exactly
one of those which "The Society for the Protection of Ancient Buildings" has from
the very first denounced. It is one of that class of modernizations which, while it
robs the building of all appearance of antiquity, does nothing whatever to secure
it from decay. Thousands upon thousands have been spent upon "refacing" old walls,
taking out old Perpendicular traceries, and replacing them by imitation "early
work," stained glass, furniture, and colored decorations of every description,
while the absolutely necessary "underpinning" of the walls and foundations has been
neglected; in fact, not only have these structural necessities been ignored, but in
order to make the basement of the old parts uniform with the new, the ancient
foundations have been uncovered and left exposed to the air; in one place they are
absolutely propped up with wood. The fact is, that by the perpetual tinkering and
tampering which has been going on for years, the bed of the old foundation has been
broken through, and the whole building needs to be carefully shored up and the
walls underpinned. This would be an expensive job; but instead of collecting money
for this work, which will certainly have to be done sooner or later, money is being
collected for a huge tower, which it is proposed to build at the west end of the
church, and for the restoration of the south transept. It is greatly to be feared
that the fine Caroline-Gothic window in the south gable end will be removed by this
proposed restoration, while the western tower and cloister will destroy the whole
character of the building. The Society in its report to the authorities of this
church pointed out all these matters, but they regret to say that the answers
received to their expostulations were not of a reassuring character.
Cowbitt Church, near Spalding, Lincolnshire.
The Vicar of Cowbitt wrote to the Society asking for assistance, and in his letter
stated that he had been urged to pull his church down.
The Committee, upon receiving this letter, sent their Secretary to Cowbitt to
examine and report upon the building. It has a well-proportioned, small 15th
century stone tower, with delicate and highly-finished details, standing in
picturesque contrast against the body of the church, which is also 15th century
work, but built of old thin bed bricks, with stone dressings.
A detailed report was drawn up, describing how the building, which was in a very
dilapidated state, should be repaired; and at the same time the Committee strongly
recommended that oak should be used for all the new wood-work. The Committee
alsourged that the proposal to recast the old bells should not be carried out, as
they are of an early date, and the ornament and lettering upon them are very
interesting. The architect, Mr. Teulon, has taken the deepest interest in the work,
and has thoroughly supported the Society.
The Vicar, in acknowledging the report, stated that he quite agreed with the
Society's views; and although he had great difficulty in raising funds, that he
intended to do his utmost to carry the work out in accordance with the Society's
Rye Church, Sussex.
The Committee, through press of work, could no visit this building when the report
that it was to be restored first reached the Society.
Upon visiting it, the restoration of the nave with its aisles was found to be
almost completed. The whole of the surface of the little old work which had been
allowed to remain was refaced, and the greater portion of this part of the building
appeared to be new. There was not a single monument to be seen on either the floor
The Committee forwarded to the "Restoration Committee" a careful report upon the
remainder of the building, which consists of a central tower, north and south
transept, chancel, and north and south chancel aisles. The report stated what
repairs the Society considered necessary, and at the same time offered some
criticism upon the restoration which had already been carried out, urging that the
unrestored portion of the building should be treated in a more conservative way.
An acknowledgment of the report was received from the Vicar, stating that the
Restoration Committee had no more funds at its disposal, and that therefore nothing
more would be done to the church.
This church is a sad instance of what so frequently happens. All the available
money is spent on a portion of the building, a great deal of quite needless and
even harmful work being done, while the remainder is allowed to fall into decay
from "want of money."
Great Burstead Church, Essex.
The Committee caused a survey of this church to be made on hearing of its proposed
It is a fine building, consisting of a nave and chancel, with an aisle on the south
side of each, thus forming a parallelogram on plan. There is a tower at the west
end of the nave with a timber spire. Both the north and the south doorways of the
nave have a fine "Decorated" timber porch. An oak reredos at the east end of the
nave, probably taken from one of the city churches, gives additional value to the
The Committee sent a report to the Vicar calling attention to the different points
of interest in the church, such as the old benches, paneled ceiling, stained
glass, &c., and at the same time gave suggestions as to necessary repairs.
The Vicar replied, thanking the Society for their report, and adding a suggestion
concerning the repairs to the tower, which showed that he was giving the subject
his careful consideration.
On hearing of the dangerous state of the central tower, a deputation of members
visited, and, by the aid of the Dean of Peterborough, carefully examined the
tower,accompanied by an eminent military engineer.
The case was a very difficult one, and one of most unusual importance.
After much careful thought and discussion, a report was sent by the Committee to
the Dean and Chapter of Peterborough, urging them not to pull down and rebuild the
tower, but to carefully shore it up, and then underpin, and cut out and replace,
bit by bit, all the crushed stonework. The Committee had no doubt as to the
possibility of this course, even though it might, possibly, have been the more
expensive method of dealing with the matter.
The great beauty of the tower, and the feeling that when it is rebuilt, even with
the old stones, it will be very different from its old state, made the Committee
feel very strongly that it would have been worth while to spend the extra sum
required to treat it in a conservative manner. Unhappily, however, the Dean and
Chapter decided to pull it down, and the Society only has what poor consolation may
be derived from the assurance that it will be rebuilt after the old lines, and not
after a new and "improved" design, as was at one time proposed.
The Churches of Bishop's Cleeve and Stanley St. Leonards, in Gloucestershire.
have been carefully surveyed and reported upon. They are both buildings of great
beauty and interest, needing some expenditure to keep them safe and free from
The Society have done all in their power to urge on the guardians of these old
churches the urgent necessity that some money should be spent in necessary repairs.
In the first case especially, repairs to the lead-work are needed to keep out the
rain which pours freely in, and is rapidly destroying the fine oak Perpendicular
roofs; and in the other case to strengthen the piers of the grand and massive
Norman tower at the crossing, which show serious signs of failure. In cases of this
sort delay is most lamentable; irreparable damage is being done, and the difficulty
of dealing with the mischief becomes rapidly greater when the necessary repairs are
The Society reported on and wrote letters to protest against the proposed
demolition of this valuable specimen of medieval domestic architecture, with its
interesting private chapel. They are happy to learn that the Local Archaeological
Society have taken the matter up warmly, and will probably succeed in preserving
the building from destruction.
St. Crux, York.
All the repeated efforts of the Society have been useless to preserve this fine old
building, with its stately tower. The practical demolition of this church is one of
those acts which, frequently repeated in York, are rapidly reducing this grand old
city - once one of the most beautiful and picturesque in England - to the
appearance of a quite modern and commonplace town.
St. George's Chapel, Windsor.
The Society discovered with extreme regret that most serious acts of destruction
had lately been committed on the outside of the chapel. The whole of the fine and
richly-sculptured old stone bosses have been entirely cut away on the south side,
apparently simplyfor the sake of inserting new carving of the most feeble and
spiritless sort. The north side of the chapel still remains uninjured, and the
Society have made a careful examination of its state, and sent a report to the Dean
and Chapter, in the hope of saving what yet remains of the beautiful late
Perpendicular carving and other ornamental features.
This extremely interesting specimen of early Cistercian architecture, most valuable
as being the least altered by subsequent changes of any of the Cistercian abbeys,
is suffering very much from want of protection from rain and weather.
The wet soaks in on the tops of the walls and the extrados of the vaulting, a great
part of which has fallen in during the present century; and what remains will
rapidly go too, unless some measures are taken to preserve it.
The Society has written letters to the owners of the place, and to others who might
be interested in the abbey, in hopes of getting some money spent on coping for the
ruined walls and roofing to shelter the vaulting.
As yet, however, nothing has been done, and the neglect of a few more years will
probably destroy the greater part of what yet remains standing of this most
beautiful specimen of 12th century architecture.
Church of St. Ives.
Some otherwise useful information was sent to the Society by a correspondent, but
as the communication was anonymous, little or no use could be made of it.
Hampton Court Palace.
It is with extreme regret that the Committee have seen from time to time the stupid
and needless acts of restoration which have been going on there - especially the
cutting away from the wall-surface in various places the richly-colored old
bricks, on which the beauty of this grand old Palace so much depends. The patches
of new brickwork, both in texture and color, are grievously out of harmony with
the soft richness of the general tint.
This most beautiful and quite unique little building - a perfect gem of
Early-English Cistercian architecture - once an adjunct of the great abbey of
Kirkstead, is now in imminent danger of becoming a complete ruin from the thrust of
the vaulting which is pushing out the walls. This little chapel, which had become a
parish church, is now disused. A very small expenditure would suffice to buttress
up the failing walls, and preserve for many centuries more this priceless specimen
of our Early-English work.
Bishop's Canning Church, Wiltshire.
The Committee, upon hearing of the proposed restoration of Bishop's Canning Church,
and being aware of the great architectural beauty of the building, determined to
send two of its professional members to make a survey and report on it.
The church is cruciform, with a fine central tower and spire. The nave has a
Perpendicular clerestory, over a Norman-transitional arcade, with circular columns
andcarved capitals. The carving of all the capitals, especially those of the
responds next the tower, which is Early England, is most vigorous. The chancel,
which is entirely groined in stone, has an Early English vaulted vestry on the
north side, with a turret stair in the angle leading to a room above.
The south transept a few years ago used to have an interesting chapel on its
eastern side; this has unfortunately been completely renewed and recovered with a
deal roof. This transept has also received a new deal roof, and the wall over the
arches on the east side has been pulled down in order that the roof might be fitted
to a uniform center. Perhaps the most beautiful part of the whole building is the
Early English vaulted south porch, with its Decorated outer arch.
The Committee wrote to the Vicar, describing the repairs which the building
required, and requesting his careful consideration of their recommendations.
The Vicar, in reply, gave as a reason for not entering into the subject with the
Society, that his architect had spent much time in examining the building, and that
the "Incorporated Church Building Society," thinking that too much was going to be
done, had sent an architect down to report, who, when asked if too much was going
to be done, replied "No, the Vicar's architect seems fully to appreciate the
building." The report given to the "Incorporated Church Building Society" by their
architect has since been seen, and it is found by no means to give unqualified
approval of the scheme of restoration.
The Vicar declined to lend the drawings and specifications to the Committee, but
said they might be seen at the Vicarage. One of the Committee accordingly went
down, and on his return reported that a considerable amount of wholly unnecessary
and lamentably destructive work was included in the scheme of restoration. The
south wall of the porch, with its beautiful Decorated arch, and consequently a part
of the early vaulting, was to be rebuilt. The west wall of the north nave aisle,
which contains a small Norman window, and a straight joint showing the width of the
Norman aisle, was to be rebuilt on account of a crack in the wall. The upper part
of the tower was to be rebuilt and the parapet renewed, and nearly all the buttress
weatherings were to be either rebuilt or renewed.
The Committee is now doing its utmost to save the building from this destruction,
but as the work has actually begun, it is feared that damage will be completed
before pressure can be brought to bear on those carrying it out.
Leigh Church, Hertfordshire.
The Committee sent their Secretary to survey Leigh Church within a fortnight of its
being reported to the Society.
This building is among the many instances where the Society's opportunities of
doing good, by giving timely advice and persuasion, are frustrated by the report
being received too late. It was found that the most interesting part of the Church,
viz., the nave and tower, had already been taken in hand. All the fittings were
gone from the nave, a new wood and tile floor had been laid down, the old rough
cast was removed from the external face of the walls, and the whole has been
repointed. The probabilities are that in due course of time the rough cast will
have to be replaced or the walls will require refacing, for the stone facing is of
such a soft description as to be incapable of standing the weather; moreover, it is
clear, from its exceeding roughness, that it was never intended to be exposed to
view. The original building, which consisted of nave, central tower, north and
south transepts, and chancel, was of Twelfth Century date. Both the transepts have
gone, and doorways, windows, buttresses, and a south nave porch have been added at
subsequent times. The chancel is still untouched, and the Committee are doing their
best to save it from the fate of the nave, and to persuadethe lay Rector to repair
it in a conservative and careful manner.
In spite of the many difficulties that an English Society meets with in trying to
preserve buildings in foreign countries, a considerable portion of their work in
the past year has been devoted to the monuments in Arab art in Egypt, and various
Italian buildings, such as the Monastery of Ara Coeli, Rome, the Mercato Vecchio
and the Ponte Vecchio in Florence, with other buildings.
In Egypt, matters are more hopeful; the interest which once was limited to the
monuments of ancient Egypt is being extended to the perhaps equally
valuable remains of Muslim art in its greatest perfection, in which Egypt, and
especially Cairo, is so rich.
The Society has thankfully to acknowledge important aid in this matter from Miss
Amelia B. Edwards, M. Arthur Rhoné, of Paris, Mr. Reg. Stuart Poole, and Mr.
With regard to Italy, they have received much assistance from their valued and
influential local correspondent in Rome, Signor Onorato Carlandi. The destruction
of the whole of the Mercato Beechio, one of the most picturesque remaining portions
of old Florence, is apparently decided upon, and there is much fear that the old
houses on the Ponte Vecchio - an important part of the general design as planned by
Taddeo Gaddi - will be pulled down, in order to lighten the weight on the failing
piers; instead of what might easily be done by any skilled engineer, the
underpinning and strengthening of the foundations, which have been partially
undermined by the scour of the Arno.
List of Buildings for the Preservation of which the Society has worked during
the past year.
Adwick Church, Yorkshire.
Aldham Church, Suffolk.
Almondbury Grammar School, Huddersfield.
Anstwick Church, Lancaster.
Ardleigh Church, Essex.
Ashburton Church, Devonshire.
Barnstaple Church, Devonshire.
Baverstock Church, Salisbury.
Benger Church, Hertford.
Binstead Old Rectory House, Isle of Wight.
Birdbrook Church, Essex.
Birkin Church, York.
Bishop's Canning Church, Wiltshire.
Bishops Cleeve Church, Gloucester.
Bispham Church, Lancaster.
Blundell School, Screen, Devonshire.
Blythburgh Church, Suffolk.
Saxon Chapel, Bradford-on-Avon, Wiltshire.
Brean Church, Somerset.
Minster House, Bristol.
St. Mary the Virgin, Chard, Somerset.
Chipping Ongar Church, Essex.
Churchdown Church, Gloucester.
Clopton Church, Suffolk.
Clifton Reynes Church, Buckingham.
Colne Church, Lancashire.
Conway Castle, Carnarvon.
Coventry Cross, Warwick.
St. Michael's, Coventry, Warwick.
Cowbitt Church, Lincolnshire.
Crowle Church, Lincolnshire.
Croydon Palace, Surrey.
Dalton-in-Furness Church, Lancaster.
Dartmouth Church, Devonshire.
Dent Chapel, Yorkshire.
Deopham Church, Norfolk.
East Bergholt Church, Suffolk.
East Garston Church, Berks.
East Harptree Church, Somerset.
Edington Church, Berkshire.
Edstaston Church, Shropshire.
Essendon Church, Hertfordshire.
Frodsham Church, Cheshire.
Gosbeck Church, Suffolk.
Gloucester Cathedral Lady Chapel.
Great Burstead Church, Essex.
Great Wymondly Church, Hertfordshire.
St. Nicholas, Great Yarmouth, Norfolk.
Greenford Church, Middlesex.
St. Andrew's Parish Church, Guernsey.
Hailes Church, Gloucester.
Hales Owen Church, Worcestershire.
Hampton Court Palace, Middlesex.
Harleston Church, Norfolk.
Haverford West Church, Pembrokeshire.
Hitchen Church, Brasses, Hertfordshire.
Holsworthy Church, Devonshire.
Houghton Church, Durham.
Ilsington Church, Devonshire.
St. Lawrence Church, Ipswich, Suffolk.
Kerry Church, Ireland.
Kingston Grammar School, Chapel, Dorset.
Kirkstall Abbey, Yorkshire.
Kirkwall Cathedral, Orkney.
Laindon Church, Essex.
Laithbury Church, Buckingham.
Lechlade Church, Gloucester.
Ledbury Church, Hereford.
Leigh-upon-Mendip Church, Somersetshire.
Leonard Stanley Church, Gloucestershire.
Llandilo Church Tower, Caermarthenshire.
Macclesfield Church, Cheshire.
Mackleston Church, Staffordshire.
Malton Church, St. Michaels, Yorks.
Manchester Cathedral, Lancaster.
Market Drayton Church, Shropshire.
Marks Tey Church, Essex.
Marlborough Town Hall, Wiltshire.
Maghull Old Church, Lancashire.
Nerquis Church, Flintshire.
Neville's Cross, Durham.
Newport Church, Shropshire.
North Holt Church, Middlesex.
North Newton Church, Somerset.
Nunington, All Saints, Yorkshire.
Oddington Church, Gloucestershire.
Ottery St. Mary's Church, Devonshire.
Peebles, St. Andrew's Tower.
Peterborough Cathedral Tower.
Pirton Church, Hertfordshire.
Rattlesden Church, Suffolk.
Rollesby Church, Norfolk.
Rostrevor Church, Co. Down.
Rufford Abbey, Nottingham.
Rye Church, Sussex.
Sandridge Church, Hertfordshire.
Selby Market Cross, Yorkshire.
Sproxton Church, Yorkshire.
St. Stephen's by Launceston, Cornwall.
St. John's Church, Stratford.
Tenby, St. Mary's Church, Pembrokeshire.
Thornton Curtis Church, Lincolnshire.
Towcester Church, Northampton.
Tower of London.
Upholland Church, Lancashire.
Wardington Church, Oxfordshire.
Warndon Church, Staffordshire.
Wednesbury Church, Staffordshire.
Welbourne Church, Norfolk.
Wellington Church, near Hereford.
Weston, St. Mary's Church, Lincolnshire.
Windsor, St. George's Chapel, Berkshire.
Winterton Church, Lincolnshire.
Woodbridge Church, Suffolk.
St. Crux Church, York.
Ara Coeli, Rome, the Monastic Buildings.
Arab Monuments in Egypt.
Sta. Francesca Romana, Rome.
Heidelberg Castle, The Rhine.
Lucca Cathedral, Italy.
Mercato Vecchio, Florence.
Ponte Vecchio, Florence.
Seville Cathedral, Spain.
Sta. Sophia, Constantinople.
Annual Report of the SPAB - VI (1883).
1. 6 June 1883: Before the Annual Meeting of SPAB held at the Society of
Arts, John Street, Adelphi, London. Sir John Lubbock, M.P., was chairman.
1. The Times, 7 June 1883, p. 6.
1. As `Report of the Committee' in SPAB Report, 1883, (London 1883), pp.