The Journal of Leo Tolstoi, Volume 1

By Leo Tolstoy (1917)

Entry 2608

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(1828 - 1910)

Father of Christian Anarchism

: In 1861, during the second of his European tours, Tolstoy met with Proudhon, with whom he exchanged ideas. Inspired by the encounter, Tolstoy returned to Yasnaya Polyana to found thirteen schools that were the first attempt to implement a practical model of libertarian education. (From: Anarchy Archives.)
• "There are people (we ourselves are such) who realize that our Government is very bad, and who struggle against it." (From: "A Letter to Russian Liberals," by Leo Tolstoy, Au....)
• "Only by recognizing the land as just such an article of common possession as the sun and air will you be able, without bias and justly, to establish the ownership of land among all men, according to any of the existing projects or according to some new project composed or chosen by you in common." (From: "To the Working People," by Leo Tolstoy, Yasnaya P....)
• "It is necessary that men should understand things as they are, should call them by their right names, and should know that an army is an instrument for killing, and that the enrollment and management of an army -- the very things which Kings, Emperors, and Presidents occupy themselves with so self-confidently -- is a preparation for murder." (From: "'Thou Shalt Not Kill'," by Leo Tolstoy, August 8,....)

(1884 - 1963)

Rose Strunsky Lorwin, born Rose Strunsky (1884, Russia – 1963, New York City) was a Jewish Russian-American translator and socialist based in New York City. Rose Strunsky was born to a Jewish Russian family in what is now Belarus and was part of the Russian Empire. She had older siblings Anna Strunsky and Max. In 1886 her family emigrated by ship to the United States, settling in New York City. The sisters learned English and attended public schools. After several years the family moved to San Francisco, where they lived with her older brother, Dr. Max Strunsky, who had become a physician. Like her older sister Anna Strunsky, Rose attended Stanford University. (From: Wikipedia.org.)

Chapters

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CONTENTS Introduction—Rose Strunsky, v Journal, 3 1895, October, 3 “ November, 4 “ December, 8 1896, January, 19 “ February, 21 “ March, 29 “ May, 31 “ June, 56 “ July, 61 “ September, 70 “ October, 74 “ November, 87 “ December, 99 1897, January, 113 “ February, 117 “ March, 134 “ April, 137 “ May, 139 “ July, 140 “ August, 144 “ September, 148 “ October, 150 “ November, 163 “ December, 1... (From : Gutenberg.org.)

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THE JOURNAL OF LEO TOLSTOY (First Volume—1895–1899) TRANSLATED FROM THE RUSSIAN By ROSE STRUNSKY ALFRED A. KNOPF NEW YORK · MCMXVII COPYRIGHT, 1917, BY ALFRED A. KNOPF PRINTED IN THE UNITED STATES OF AMERICA INTRODUCTION The ultimate meaning of the Russian Revolution which took place in March, 1917, can be best understood through the pages of the Journal of Leo Tolstoy which is here printed. The spiritual qualities which make up the mind and personality of Tolstoy are the spiritual qualities which make up the new era among men which is being waged so painfully and so uncompromisingly at the present moment on the soil of Russia. One holds the key to the other, for no land but Russia could have produced a Tolstoy, and in no land but Russia could Tolstoy have been so embraced and so absorbed. They are both flesh of each other&rs... (From : Gutenberg.org.)

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THE JOURNAL OF LEO TOLSTOY October–December 1895 THE JOURNAL OF LEO TOLSTOY I continue[A] October 28. Yasnaya Polyana. Have been thinking: Have been thinking one thing: that this life which we see around us is a movement of matter according to fixed, well-known laws; but that in us we feel the presence of an altogether different law, having nothing in common with the others and requiring from us the fulfillment of its demands. It can be said that we see and recognize all the other laws only because we have in us this law. If we did not recognize this law, we would not recognize the others. This law is different from all the rest, principally in this, that those other laws are outside of us and forces us to obey them; but this law is in us—and more than in us; it is our very selves and therefore it does not force us when we obey it, bu... (From : Gutenberg.org.)

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1896 January 23. Moscow. Just a month that I made no entries. During this time I wrote a letter about patriotism and a letter to Crosby and here now for two weeks I have been writing the drama. I wrote three acts abominably. I thought to make an outline so as to form a charpente. I have little hope of success. Chertkov and Kenworthy went away the 7th. Sonya went to Tver to Andrusha. To-day Nagornov died. I am again a little indisposed. I jotted down during this time: 1) A true work of art—a contagious one—is produced only when the artist seeks, strives. In poetry this passion for representing that which is, comes from the fact that the artist hopes that having seen clearly and having fixed that which is, he will understand the mean... (From : Gutenberg.org.)

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1897 Jan. 5, Moscow. There is still nothing good to write about myself. I feel no need of working and the devil does not leave me. Have been ill for about 6 days. Began to reread Resurrection and reached up to his decision to marry and threw it away with disgust. It is all untrue, invented, weak. It is hard to repair a spoiled thing. In order to repair it, there is necessary: 1) alternately to describe his feeling and life, and hers, and 2) sympathetically and seriously hers, and critically and with a smile, his. I shall hardly finish it. It is all very spoiled. Yesterday I read Arkhangelsky’s article “Whom to Serve” and was very delighted. Have finished the notebook. And here I am writing from it: 1) My article on ... must be written for the people ... 2)... (From : Gutenberg.org.)

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1898 Two days have passed. Jan. 1st. I meet the new year very sad, depressed, unwell. I cannot work and my stomach aches all the time. Received a letter from Verkholensk from Phedoseev about the Dukhobors, a very touching one. Still another letter from the editor The Adult about free love. If I had time, I would like to write about this subject. Probably I shall write. The most important is to show that the whole matter lies in appropriating to oneself possibilities of the greatest enjoyment without thinking of consequences. Besides, they preach something which already exists and is very bad. Why would the absence of outer restraint improve the whole thing? I am, of course, against any regulation and for full freedom, but the ideal is chastity and not pleasure. I have been thin... (From : Gutenberg.org.)

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1899 Jan. 2. Yasnaya Polyana. The last time I wrote it was November 25, which means a month and a week. I made entries in Yasnaya Polyana, then I was in Moscow, where I did not make one entry. At the end of November I went to Pirogovo. I returned on the first and since that time have not been quite well—the small of my back ached and still aches, and lately I have had something like bilious fever. It is the second day that I am better. All this time I have been occupied exclusively with Resurrection. I have had some communications about the Dukhobors, an innumerable pile of letters. Kolechka Gay is with me, with whom it is a rest to be.... I am calm in the fashion of an old man. And that is all. There is quite a lot to write out. I am going to write it out on the pages I skipped. Lately I feel as if my i... (From : Gutenberg.org.)

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Notes NOTES TO THE TEXT By V. G. Chertkov 1. With the words, “I continue,” Tolstoy begins a new note-book of the Journal; this note-book presupposes another which the editors have only in separate fragments. The previous note-book ended with the following note: “October 8, 1895, Y. P. “(I am beginning an entry to-day with just what I finished two days ago.) “I have only a short time left to live and I feel terribly like saying so much: I feel like saying what we can and must and cannot help believing—about the cruelty of deception which people impose upon themselves; the economic, political and religious deception, and about the seduction of stupefying oneself—wine, and tobacco considered so innocent; and about marriage and about education and about the horrors.... Everything has ripened and... (From : Gutenberg.org.)

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APPENDIX A SHORT SKETCH OF THE LIFE OF TOLSTOY AT THE END OF THE NINETIES By Constantine Shokor-Trotsky The present volume of Tolstoy’s Journal covers a period from October 28, 1895, to December, 1899. During this time Tolstoy made in all 170 entries[a1] in the Journal, the greatest number of them falling in the year 1897, and the smallest in 1899. During certain months, Tolstoy made no entries whatever. There were nine such months in the four years; April and August, 1896; June, 1897; September, October and December, 1898; March, May and August, 1899. The greatest number of interruptions in the entries was caused by ill health, sometimes also by intensive work and sometimes on account of spiritual depression. [a1] Of the 170 entries in the present edition, the editors have omitted 102 places (1,707 words) because of their intimate character, a... (From : Gutenberg.org.)

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INDEX “About Patriotism,” Tolstoy’s letter to Manson, pp. 19, 394; note 36. Abrikosov, Kh. N., note 167. Adam, Paul, p. 238; note 340. Adult, the, a magazine, p. 193; note 280. Africa, p. 166. Agatha Michailovna, maid to Tolstoy’s grandmother, p. 388. Aggeev, Aphanasi, p. 162; note 237. Akime, peasant, p. 59. Alexander I, Emperor, p. 182. Alexander Petrovich, see Ivanov. Alexeev, I., note 129. Algerian Disciplinary Battalion, note 380. Ambrose, Holy Man of Optina, p. 176; notes... (From : Gutenberg.org.)

Chronology

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1917
The Journal of Leo Tolstoi, Volume 1 — Publication.

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February 19, 2017; 5:03:16 PM (America/Los_Angeles)
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December 30, 2021; 5:16:10 PM (America/Los_Angeles)
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