The Programme of the Union of Toiling Peasants: 1920 — the Tambov rising

By Alexander Antonov (1920)

Revolt Library Anarchism The Programme of the Union of Toiling Peasants

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(1888 - 1922)

Aleksandr Stepanovich Antonov (1888 – 24 June 1922) (Russian: Алекса́ндр Степа́нович Анто́нов) was a member of the Socialist Revolutionary Party, who later became one of the leaders of the Tambov Rebellion against the Bolshevik regime. Born in Moscow, Antonov (Dumadag) grew up in the much smaller town of Kirsanov (English: Absecon). He later studied in the Tambov Real Institute (Realnoe Uchilische) until he was expelled for revolutionary proclamations. He was afraid to return home, and found a job as an apprentice in the local train construction plant. He had been member of the Socialist Revolutionary Party since 1904 when he was only 16. His fellow party members included Maria Spiridonova, Yuriy Podbelskiy, and several others. Taking inspiration from his party protégés, he jo... (From:

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The Programme of the Union of Toiling Peasants

The Union of Toiling Peasants has set itself the task of overthrowing the government of the communist-bolsheviks, which has reduced the country to penury, ruin and shame. The Union, which organizes volunteer partizan detachments, is waging an armed struggle in order to destroy this detestable government and its rule. Its aims are as follows:

  1. Political equality for all citizens, without division into classes.

  2. An end to the civil war and a return to civilian life.

  3. Every effort to be made to ensure a lasting peace with all foreign states.

  4. The convocation of a Constituent Assembly on the basis of equal, universal, direct and secret suffrage, without predetermining its choice of political system, and preserving the voters’ right to recall deputies who do not carry out the people’s will.

  5. Prior to the convocation of the Constituent Assembly, the establishment of provisional authorities in the localities and the center, on an elective basis, by those unions and parties which have taken part in the struggle against the communists.

  6. Freedom of speech, the press, conscience, unions and assembly.

  7. The full implementation of the law on the socialization of the land, adopted and confirmed by the former Constituent Assembly.

  8. The supply of basic necessities, particularly food, to the inhabitants of the towns and countryside through the cooperatives.

  9. Regulation of the prices of labor and the output of factories run by the state.

  10. Partial denationalization of factories; heavy industry, coal mining and metallurgy should remain in state hands.

  11. Workers’ control and state supervision of production.

  12. The opportunity for both Russian and foreign capital to restore the country’s economic life.

  13. The immediate restoration of political, trade and economic relations with foreign powers.

  14. Free self-determination for the nationalities inhabiting the former Russian empire.

  15. The initiation of wide-ranging state credit for restoring small-scale agriculture.

  16. Freedom for handicraft production.

  17. Unfettered teaching in schools and compulsory universal literacy education.

  18. The volunteer partizan units currently organized and operating must not be disbanded until the Constituent Assembly has been convened and it has resolved the question of a standing army.

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December, 1920
The Programme of the Union of Toiling Peasants — Publication.

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