Herman Gorter

November 26, 1864 — September 15, 1927

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About Herman Gorter

Herman Gorter (26 November 1864, Wormerveer – 15 September 1927, Sint-Joost-ten-Node, Brussels) was a Dutch poet and socialist. He was a leading member of the Tachtigers, a highly influential group of Dutch writers who worked together in Amsterdam in the 1880s, centered on De Nieuwe Gids (The New Guide).

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This person has authored 13 documents, with 152,289 words or 984,341 characters.

Source: Published in German in 1923. English translation from the pamphlet The Communist Workers' International, published in London in 1977. Transcription/Markup: Micah Muer, 2017. Note: Sections 1, 2, 3, and 8 were translated to English and published in 1924 in the paper The Workers' Dreadnought. The pamphlet from which this translation comes suggests that those translations are of a poor quality. Our objective in founding the KAI, the program of which contains the conditions for the victory of the proletariat, is to put quite clearly the revolutionary struggle of the proletariat which, during the Russian and German revolutions, appeared under a totally new light, quite unlike before. The best way we can demonstrate this is by ... (From: Marxists.org.)
Published: The Workers' Dreadnought, Volume VII, no. 18. July 24, 1920. Transcription/Markup: Micah Muer, 2017 The Example of Holland. In the first article we showed why, theoretically, the use of Parliament in a country like Germany, where the revolution has broken out, is harmful to the proletariat. In the second article we proved the same, from a practical point of view. We will see how dangerous the use of Parliamentarism may be in a country where the revolution has not yet broken out. There is a country where a radical revolutionary Socialist movement has existed these five-and-twenty years, where a Communist Party has succeeded in getting seats in Parliament, and where, therefore, we can study the results of practica... (From: Marxists.org.)
Source: International Socialist Review, April 1903, translated from Neue Zeit by A. M. Simons; Transcribed: by Adam Buick. We thought we were far behind in the International labor movement. The “great industry” has very slowly developed in Holland. The domination of the small businesses, anarchist propaganda, the power of religious ideas, the dull indifference of the mass — all these operated to hinder the development of the labor movement. One year ago the situation appeared almost hopeless. But the proletariat is an unknown quantity. All the powers of the future slumber in it and it is as impossible for one to determine the exact moment in which water will turn into ice, or lightning to strike from the clouds... (From: Marxists.org.)
Original title: "Het imperialisme, de wereldoorlog en de sociaaldemocratie" Published: 1914 Transcriber: Collective Action Notes (CAN) HTML: Jonas Holmgren Contents: Imperialism, the World War and Social Democracy Author's Note 1. Imperialism 2. The World War 3. The Proletariat World Labor against World Capital 4. The Nationalism of the Proletariat 5. The Example of Germany Rationales for Proletarian Nationalism and their Refutation 6. The Origins of Nationalism in the Proletariat a. Ignorance of Imperialism b. Reformism 7. Mass Action on a National Scale 8. The Causes of Nationalism among the Proletariat c. The radicals and Kautsky 9. The Revolu (From: Marxists.org.)
Published: The Workers' Dreadnought, Volume VII, no. 7. May 8, 1920. Transcription/Markup: Micah Muer, 2017 Lenin, in his famous book, "State and Revolution," writes that the Marxistic theoreticians in Holland consider the question of the independence of nations too much from the point of view of Holland. Our Russian comrade says, that in our over-arduous endeavor to fight the narrow nationalism of the Dutch bourgeoisie, we keep to much aloof from the whole question of nationalities and nationalism. For once I think our friend is absolutely wrong. In the first place because the reason he gives for our attitude is not correct; the bourgeoisie in Holland was not, and is not yet, nationalistic in the sense of wishing to annex ot... (From: Marxists.org.)
Gorter's Last Letter to Lenin[1] 1921 Digitalized by Collective Action Notes; transcribed into HTML by Jonas Holmgren for the Marxists Internet Archive Dear Comrade Lenin, When we last parted in November of 1920, your last words on our quite divergent ideas concerning revolutionary tactics in Western Europe were to the effect that neither your opinions nor mine had been sufficiently tested: that experience would soon prove which of the two is correct. We were in complete agreement on that. Now, reality has unfolded and we possess more than one experience. You will undoubtedly allow me to show you, from my point of view, the lessons we should learn. You will recall that, at the Moscow Congress, you yourself, along wi... (From: Marxists.org.)
Published: The Workers' Dreadnought, Volume VII, no. 2. April 3, 1920. Transcription/Markup: Micah Muer, 2017 One of the vital changes brought about by the World War, is this: the decisions of each national Communist Party are of almost equal importance to the members of the Communist parties in other countries, as to those of the national party itself. Before the War, and before the rise of Imperialism in general, the development of the brother Socialist parties was of import and interest. Now that the English Labor Party, the French, German, Austrian, Belgian and other Labor parties have slaughtered over ten million men, and maimed over 20 million, the development of the various parties has become a matter of life and deat... (From: Marxists.org.)
First published: Open letter to comrade Lenin, A reply to “‘left-wing’ communism, an infantile disorder,” in Workers’ Dreadnought, London, 12 March-11 June 1921; Published: Wildcat pamphlet, London, 1989; Source: Left-Wing Communism Site; Transcription\HTML Markup: by Andy Blunden, for marxists.org 2003; Micah Muer, 2019 Proofread: by Chris Clayton, 2006; I wish to draw your attention, Comrade Lenin, and that of the reader, to the fact that this letter was written at the time of the triumphant march of the Russians to Warsaw. I likewise request you, and the reader, to excuse the frequent repetitions. They were unavoidable, owing to the fact that the tactics of the “Lefts” are still u... (From: Marxists.org.)
Published: The Workers' Dreadnought, Volume VII, no. 14. June 26, 1920. Transcription/Markup: Micah Muer, 2017 The old dissention between "opportunists" and "dogmatists," which divided the Second International, seems to have come to life again in a new form in the Third International, whereas the struggle which caused the downfall of the First International was fought out in the Second, the dissention which split up the Second International seems destined to reach a solution only in the Third. Opportunists in the Third International. Moreover, it would be a wonder, nay, an impossibility, that with the erection of a Third International, opportunism should straightaway disappear. On the contrary, and unless we are much mistak... (From: Marxists.org.)
Original title: Het opportunisme in de Nederlandsche Communistische Partij Published: in Amsterdam, 1921. As Gorter points out at the end of the text, the main part of the pamphlet was completed in August 1919; its publication was postponed due to a paper shortage. Gorter extended his argument to well into 1920 by means of a large number of footnotes. The footnotes in the text are Gorter's; the footnotes and italicized words and phrases are taken from the original German text reproduced in Die linke gegen..., and also from the French edition of the latter work. Translation: M. DeSocio Digitalization: Collective Action Notes (CAN) HTML: Jonas Holmgren "The communists are distinguished from the other working class parties by t... (From: Marxists.org.)
Written: 1921. First Published: By the KAPD in Berlin in 1921. Translated: D. A. Smart in Pannekoek and Gorter's Marxism, 1977. Transcription/Markup: Micah Muer, 2017. 1. The Factory Organization: the General Union of Workers The greatest weakness of the German revolution and the world revolution and one of the principal causes of the defeats which they have suffered is the fact that they are not being conducted according to scientific, that is to say historical-materialist, tactics. When the tactics were decided upon, the conditions of production and class relations of Germany, Western Europe and North America were not given primary consideration, and often none at all. The Russians, Lenin, Zinoviev and Radek among others, ... (From: Marxists.org.)
First Published: in “The Workers’ Dreadnought,” October 22nd, 1921, Vol. VIII, No. 32; Translated: from German: “Proletarier” Nr.9, September 1921. The postwar situation of the international workers’ movement is distinguished from the pre-war period by certain fundamental changes. Through the war a great world economic crisis has increased the tension between capital and labor to breaking point. The general disruption of the capitalist system of production has lowered enormously the standard of living of the world proletariat. Nevertheless, the working class of the entire world, without exception, undoubtedly remains content to better its condition, if it can, within the capitalist system, by... (From: Marxists.org.)
Written: 1917-1918. First Published: in Dutch as De wereldrevolutie in 1918. An English translation was published in 1920 in Glasgow by the Socialist Information and Research Bureau. Source: The Internet Archive. Translated: Hugh McMillan, 1920. Transcription/Markup: Micah Muer, 2017. Notes: The table of contents diverges slightly from the actual chapter titles used in the text. Not to be confused with a later compilation of Gorter's Workers' Dreadnought articles that appeared under the same title. Contents Foreword Chapter 1: The Need for a World Revolution Chapter 2: No other way out for the World's Proletariat Chapter 3: The Accomplishment of the World Revolution: Its Program Chapter 4: The Example of the Russian Revolution Chapt... (From: Marxists.org.)

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November 26, 1864
Birth Day.

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September 15, 1927
Death Day.

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March 1, 2021; 5:10:56 PM (America/Los_Angeles)
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