James Guillaume : Leader of the Anarchist Section of the First International

Revolt Library >> People >> Guillaume, James

(1844 - 1916)

Description

He later became one of the leading members of the Jura Federation, the Anarchist wing, of the First International. He met Bakunin in 1869, and adopted much of his anarcho-collectivist ideas. Both Guillaume and Bakunin were expelled from the International at the Hague Congress in 1872.

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From : Anarchy Archives

Quotes

"The character of the revolution must at first be negative, destructive. Instead of modifying certain institutions of the past, or adapting them to a new order, it will do away with them altogether. Therefore, the government will be uprooted, along with the Church, the army, the courts, the schools, the banks, and all their subservient institutions. At the same time the Revolution has a positive goal, that the workers take possession of all capital and the tools of production."

From : "Ideas on Social Organization," by James Guillaume, written August, 1874, Part I

"...the priests and the bourgeoisie try to frighten the peasants by telling them that the Revolution will take their land away from them. This is an outrageous lie concocted by the enemies of the people. The Revolution would take an exactly opposite course: it would take the land from the bourgeoisie, the nobles, and the priests and give it to the landless peasants."

From : "Ideas on Social Organization," by James Guillaume, written August, 1874, Part I

"It is not with decrees, with words written on paper, that the Revolution will emancipate the people but with deeds."

From : "Ideas on Social Organization," by James Guillaume, written August, 1874, Part I

"When abundant food is available and free for all, civilization in general will have taken a giant step forward."

From : "Ideas on Social Organization," by James Guillaume, written August, 1874, Part IV, Section C

"...in a free society, the voluntary union of a man and a woman will no longer be an official but a purely personal matter, not subject to, or requiring, public sanction."

From : "Ideas on Social Organization," by James Guillaume, written August, 1874, Part IV, Section D

"There will probably be very little brigandage and robbery in a society where each lives in full freedom to enjoy the fruits of his labor and where almost all his needs will be abundantly fulfilled. Material well-being, as well as the intellectual and moral progress which are the products of a truly humane education, available to all, will almost eliminate crimes due to perversion, brutality, and other infirmities."

From : "Ideas on Social Organization," by James Guillaume, written August, 1874, Part IV, Section F

"...schools, arbitrarily governed by a pedagogue, where the children wait impatiently for the moment of their deliverance when they can enjoy a little freedom outside."

From : "Ideas on Social Organization," by James Guillaume, written August, 1874, Part IV, Section G

"It is painfully evident that authoritarianism is incompatible with an enlightened system of education."

From : "Ideas on Social Organization," by James Guillaume, written August, 1874, Part IV, Section G

"The truth cannot be decided by vote; it verifies and imposes itself by the mighty power of its own evidence."

From : "Ideas on Social Organization," by James Guillaume, written August, 1874, Part V

"The revolution cannot be confined to a single country: it is obliged under pain of annihilation to spread, if not to the whole world, at least to a considerable number of civilized countries."

From : "Ideas on Social Organization," by James Guillaume, written August, 1874, Part VI

Biography


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About James Guillaume

 James Guillaume 1

James Guillaume 1

James Guillaume was born in London, February 16, 1844 to George and Susanne Guillaume. Guillaume first became interested in Anarchism as a student in Zurich, and furthered his interest and understanding as a printer in Neuchatel, Switzerland. He later became one of the leading members of the Jura Federation, the Anarchist wing, of the First International. He met Bakunin in 1869, and adopted much of his anarcho-collectivist ideas. Both Guillaume and Bakunin were expelled from the International at the Hague Congress in 1872. In 1876 he wrote his essay Ideas on Social Organization. Guillaume was later active in founding the Anarchist St. Imier International. He played a large role in Kropotkins conversion to Anarchism. The two, Guillaume and Kropotkin worked together in Switzerland during the later 1870s as anarchist agitators. And soon after, in the early 1880s, Guillaume withdrew himself from the movement, only to become active again twenty years later in the Anarcho-Syndicalist movement. During this period he wrote L'International: Documents et Souvenirs, a four-volume work which is one of the more important pieces of work documenting the Anarchist point of view relating to the First International. In 1889 he became a French citizen. He edited Bakunins collected works published in French in 1907, as well as writing Bakunins biography. He died November 20, 1916.

From : Anarchy Archives

Works

This person has authored 3 documents, with 20,013 words or 126,082 characters.

Anarchism : Anarchist and Anti-Authoritarianism -- 1871 ~ (816 Words / 5,187 Characters)
The true character of the revolution that was accomplished at Paris commence has been outlined in so marked a fashion that you, even the minds most unfamiliar with political theories, can now perceive it clearly. The revolution of Paris is federalist. The Parisian people want to have the liberty to organize themselves as they intend, without the rest of France having to mix in Parisian affairs; and at the same time, they renounce on their side all interference in the affairs of the departments, by urging them each to organize as their please, in the fullness of communal autonomy. The different organizations which would be in this way freely constituted could then freely federate in order to mutually guarantee their rights and their independence. It is important not to confuse federalism as it is understood by the Paris Commune with the so-called federalism which exists in Switzerland and in the United State... (From : TheAnarchistLibrary.org.)

Anarchism : Anarchist and Anti-Authoritarianism -- 1876 ~ (8,267 Words / 51,201 Characters)
Written: August 1874; Source: Bakunin on Anarchy, translated and edited by Sam Dolgoff, 1971. Bakunin was above all preoccupied with the theory and practice of revolution and wrote very little about how the everyday practical problems of social reconstruction would be handled immediately following a successful revolution. Nevertheless, these problems were intensively discussed in Bakunins circle and among the anti-authoritarian sections of the International. In Ideas on Social Organization, Guillaume discusses the transition from capitalism to anarchism a synthesis of Bakuninist ideas on how this transition could be effected without the restoration of authoritarian institutions. Its value lies not in the specific recommendations (most of them outdated, some rather naive, although a number of them are remarkably similar to measures adopted by anarchist collectives in Spain during the late th... (From : Marxists.org.)

Anarchism : Anarchist and Anti-Authoritarianism -- 1907 ~ (10,930 Words / 69,694 Characters)
Written: August 1907; Source: Bakunin on Anarchy, translated and edited by Sam Dolgoff, 1971. James Guillaume, Bakunins friend and comrade-in-arms, edited the last five volumes of the six-volume French edition of his collected works. Guillaumes biographical sketch of Bakunin, originally appeared in his introduction to Volume II of that edition. This sketch is a primary source not only on the life of Bakunin, but also on the most significant events in the socialist movement of that period. It incidentally contributes valuable background information for many of the other selections in the present volume. Guillaume, who did not limit himself to recording events but also took part in shaping them, had been inclined toward anarchism even before he met Bakunin in 1869. Earlier, he had been one of the founders of the First International in Switzerland, where it held its first congress, in Geneva, in 1866. He attended all its congres... (From : Marxists.org.)

Chronology

February 16, 1844 :
Birth Day.

November 20, 1916 :
Death Day.

November 15, 2016 ; 5:21:17 PM (America/Los_Angeles) :
Added to https://www.RevoltLib.com.

April 21, 2019 ; 5:00:35 PM (America/Los_Angeles) :
Last Updated on https://www.RevoltLib.com.

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