Marie Louise Berneri : Anarchist Author, Journalist, and Popularizer of Modern Psychology

Revolt Library >> People >> Berneri, Marie Louise

(1918 - 1949)

Description

In April 1945 she was one of the four editors of War Commentary who were tried for incitement to disaffection, but she was acquited on a legal technicality (a wife cannot conspire with her husband), and when her three comerades were imprisioned she took on the main responsibility for maintaining the paper into the postwar period.

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From : Freedom Press

Quotes

"Towards 1648 a movement sprang up, of the “true levelers” or “Diggers,” which went beyond the demands of even the most extreme of the Levelers. They saw that nothing, short of direct action, would give back to the peasants the lands they had lost, and eventually they even challenged the right of a few to private property in the land."

From : "Utopias of the English Revolution," by Marie Louis Berneri

"Thomas More, and most Utopian writers after him, had abolished private property because they feared its corrupting influence and saw in it the greatest danger to the unity of the state."

From : "Utopias of the English Revolution," by Marie Louis Berneri

"For when oppression lies upon brethren by brethren, that is no Commonwealth’s government, but the kingly government still; and the mystery of iniquity hath taken that peace-maker’s name to be a cloak to hide his covetousness, pride, and oppression under."

From : "Utopias of the English Revolution," by Marie Louis Berneri

Biography


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About Marie Louise Berneri

 Marie Louise Berneri 1

Marie Louise Berneri 1

Marie Louise Berneri (1918-1949) born in Arezzo, Italy, the elder daughter of Camillo and Giovanna Berneri. Her father was a very popular and at times controvertial figure in the Italian anarchist moverment of the 1920s, and he and his family went into exile in 1926 for resisting Moussolini. Maria Luisa Berneri took on the french version of her name and went to study psychology at the Sorbonne in the mid-1930s. She soon became involved in the anarchist movement and produced the short-lived paper Revision, with Luis Mercier Vega. At the outbreak of the Spanish Civil War her father went to Spain, fought on the Aragon front, moved to Barcelona, and edited the prestigious Italian-language revolutionary anarchist paper Guerra di Classe. Marie went twice to Barcelona, the second time after her father's assasenation by Communists in May, 1937. She subsiquently moved to England and took an active part in the production of the English anarchist paper Freedom. Projects Berneri worked on included Spain and the World, Revolt! (the successor to Spain and the World) and being part of one of the small groups which started War Commentary.

Her wide contacts in and knowledge of the international movement gave her great authority among anarchists, but her libertarian principles and personal modesty prevented her from misusing it. In April 1945 she was one of the four editors of War Commentary who were tried for incitement to disaffection, but she was acquited on a legal technicality (a wife cannot conspire with her husband), and when her three comerades were imprisioned she took on the main responsibility for maintaining the paper into the postwar period. After her death in 1949 from a viral infection, several of her works were published posthumously by Freedom Press; Neither East Nor West and Journey Through Utopia, as well as various contributions to Freedom Press periodicals.

(Transcripted from Freedom Press, 1986)

From : Published by Freedom Press, 1986

Works

This person has authored 3 documents, with 23,257 words or 141,622 characters.

Anarchism : Anarchist and Anti-Authoritarianism -- 1922 ~ (6,795 Words / 43,238 Characters)
First published in 1922 under the title "Un federalista Russo Pietro Kropotkine". First English translation published in "War Commentary", May 1942. Reprinted in July 1942 and February 1943. This is from my copy of the Freedom Press pamphlet version which originally sold for 2d. PETER KROPOTKIN His Federalist Ideas C. Berneri One of the most interesting aspects of Kropotkin's political thought is the federalist idea which constantly recurs in his writings and forms one of the basic factors in his anarchist ideology. Although Kropotkin's federalism is not a systematic theory and cannot be very clearly differentiated from that of Proudhon or Bakunin, it nevertheless presents various characteristics which make its study of interest. For such a study a biographical excursus is needed in order to illuminate for us the beginnings of Kropotkin's federalist thought in relation to the surround... (From : Anarchy Archives.)

Anarchism : Anarchist and Anti-Authoritarianism -- (13,135 Words / 77,029 Characters)
While on the Continent the seventeenth century saw the consolidation of absolute governments, in England the absolutism of the kings was resolutely opposed by a great section of the population, and the power of the monarchy was held in check by Parliament. At a time when Louis XIV was able to proclaim “L’Etat c’est Moi,” Charles I was led to the scaffold. The doctrine of the divine right of kings, which had allowed the French monarchs to crush all political and religious freedom, had gained little support among English people who believed, on the contrary, that the power of the rulers must respect the inalienable rights of the individual and that certain limitations must be put to the power of the head of the state. While the ideal commonwealth conceived by James Harrington tried to combine the existence of a powerful state with respect for the political rights of the citizens, Thomas Hobbes and Gerrard Winstanley, for opposite reason... (From : TheAnarchistLibrary.org.)

Anarchism : Anarchist and Anti-Authoritarianism -- 1945 ~ (3,327 Words / 21,355 Characters)
Editor’s Introduction In her article “Sexuality and Freedom,” originally published in George Woodcock’s Now in 1945, Marie Louise Berneri (Selections 4 & 15) reviews the pioneering work of Wilhelm Reich (1897–1957), focusing on Reich’s then recent publication, The Function of the Orgasm (New York: Orgone Institute Press, 1942). Reich had come to the attention of anarchists with his previous publication, The Mass Psychology of Fascism , in which Reich drew the connections between sexual repression, family structure and authoritarianism (see Volume 1, Selection 119). Reich’s work is similar to that of the earlier radical psychoanalyst, Otto Gross (Volume 1, Selection 78), but he placed much greater emphasis on the role of sexual inhibition in mass neuroses. Paul Goodman and Daniel Guerin were influenced by his work (compare Selections 35, 37, 76 & 77), as was the libertarian educator, A... (From : TheAnarchistLibrary.org.)

Chronology

March 01, 1918 :
Birth Day.

April 13, 1949 :
Death Day.

November 15, 2016 ; 5:02:11 PM (America/Los_Angeles) :
Added to https://www.RevoltLib.com.

April 21, 2019 ; 4:57:06 PM (America/Los_Angeles) :
Last Updated on https://www.RevoltLib.com.

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