Noam Chomsky

Popluar Modern American Anarchist Author, Linguist, Scientist, and Historian

December 7, 1928 — ?

Description : Though his stance on these issues is that of an admitted anarchist/libertarian, Noam Chomsky prefers to act as an analyst and critic of the state rather than a social theorist.... Chomsky continues to teach at MIT, where he holds an endowed chair in linguistics. (From : Anarchy Archives)

Tags : anarchist, iww, american, jewish, analytic philosophy, mathematician, linguist, professor, scientist, historian.

Quotes :

"Neoliberal doctrines, whatever one thinks of them, undermine education and health, increase inequality, and reduce labor's share of income; that much is not serously in doubt." (From : "Profit Over People," written by Noam Chomsky, page 32, chapter 1.)
"The enormous public relations industry, from its origins early in this century, has been dedicated to the 'control of the public mind,' as business leaders described the task. And they acted on their words, surely one of the central themes of modern history." (From : "Profit Over People," by Noam Chomsky, page 45, chapter 2.)
"The importance of 'controlling the public mind' has been recognized with increasing clarity as popular struggles succeeded in extending the modalities of democracy, thus giving rise to what liberal elites call 'the crisis of democracy' as when normally passive and apathetic populations become organized and seek to enter the political arena to pursue their interests and demands, threatening stability and order. As Bernays explained the problem, with 'universal suffrage and universal schooling... at last even the bourgeoisie stood in fear of the common people. For the masses promised to become king.'" (From : "Profit Over People," by Noam Chomsky, pages 53-54, chapter 2.)
"...international solidarity can take new and more constructive forms as the great majority of the people of the world come to understand that their interests are pretty much the same and can be advanced by working together. There is no more reason now than there has ever been to believe that we are constrained by mysterious and unknown social laws, not simply decisions made within instutitions that are subject to human will -- human institutions, that have to face the test of legitimacy and, if they do not meet it, can be replaced by others that are more free and more just, as often in the past." (From : "Profit Over People", by Noam Chomsky, page 62, chapter 2.)
"There are many factors driving global society towards a low-wage, low-growth, high-profit future, with increasing polarization and social disintegration. Another consequence is the fading of meaningful democratic processes as decision making is vested in private institutions and the quasi-governmental structures that are coalescing around them, what the Financial Times calls a 'de facto world government' that operates in secret and without accountability." (From : "Profit Over People", by Noam Chomsky, page 127, chapter 5.)
"The decisions reached by the directors of GE affect the general society substiantially, but citizens play no role in them, as a matter of principle." (From : "Profit Over People", by Noam Chomsky, page 132, chapter 6.)
"Systems of unaccountable power do offer some choices to citizens. They can petition the king or the CEO, or join the ruling party. They can try to rent themselves to GE, or buy its products. They can struggle for rights within tyrannies, state and private, and in solidarity with others, can seek to limit or dismantle illegitimate power, pursuing traditional ideals, including those that animated the U.S. labor movement from its early origins: that those who work in the mills should own and run them." (From : "Profit Over People", by Noam Chomsky, page 132, chapter 6.)
"Labor and environmental issues, which 'barely featured at the start,' are becoming harder to suppress. It is becoming more difficult to ignore the paranoids and flat-earthers who 'want high standards written in for how foreign investors treat workers and protect the environment,' and 'their fervent attacks, spread via a network of Internet web sites, have left negotiators unsure how to proceed.' One possibility would be to pay attention to what the public wants. But that option is not mentioned: it is excluded in principle, since it would undermine the whole point of the enterprise." (From : "Profit Over People", by Noam Chomsky, pages 151-152, chapter 6.)

Biography :

Noam Chomsky 1

Noam Chomsky's parents, Dr. William (Zev) Chomsky and Elsie Simonofsky, were both Russian Jews and also teachers and linguists. His father was the author of a seminal book on the grammatic structure of Hebrew and the faculty president of Gratz College for eight years. Noam grew up in an intellectual atmosphere, and several members of the extended family had ties to labor or communist movements. He attended a progressive elementary school, where he wrote for the school newspaper. His first article was about the fall of Barcelona, during the Spanish Civil War. (Barsky, 9-17.)

He later attended Philadelphia's Central High School. He did not enjoy his experience with the public education system, but during this period he began to pay regular visits to relatives in New York City, especially an uncle whose newsstand served as a literary and political salon for members of the Jewish intellectual community. During this period he began reading anarchist literature and leftist journals. (Barsamian, 231, Barsky, 21-3.)

Chomsky attended the University of Pennsylvania, where he met and married Carol Doris Schatz in 1948. Finding his college experience similar to that of his high school, he considered dropping out, only to find the intellectual atmosphere he desired with linguistics chair Prof. Zelig Harris and his friends, who also shared an interest in politics. He received his B.A. in linguistics in 1949 and embarked on postgraduate work in the subject. Harris' work on linguistics was part of the inspiration for Chomsky's own, though Chomsky's would follow a radically different path. He received his Ph.D. in 1955 and joined the faculty of MIT the same year. In his doctoral thesis and his first publications, Chomsky began the creation of a body of work that would transform the study of linguistics. (Barsky, 47-53.)

At the time, linguistics was dominated by the Bloomfeldians, followers of Leonard Bloomfeld, a behaviorist who theorized that language was acquired through a process of conditioning and reinforcement. Critical of behaviorist theories and curious how children could formulate all the complex rules of language based on the limited amount of speech they heard, Chomsky decided that human language ability must have a genetic basis. As the basis of his theory, Chomsky developed the idea of a Universal Grammar, a set of principles that describe the formulation of all human languages. With a more or less instinctive knowledge of this Universal Grammar, an infant could construct the rules for a language using the random pieces it was exposed to. Other avenues of Chomsky's work led to the creation of an entirely new field of linguistic research known as transformational grammar. (Lyons, 29-30, 117-19.)

Around 1961, Noam Chomsky began to speak and write on political topics, finding an audience among the student-protest movement. In 1967, he joined the March on the Pentagon and wound up briefly sharing a jail cell with author Norman Mailer. Despite marginalization by the mainstream press, his books have gained considerable recognition and he has been recognized as one of the most outspoken critics of U.S. foreign policy. In such works as For Reasons of State, (1973) Manufacturing Consent(1988), and Secrets, Lies and Democracy(1994), Chomsky addresses such subjects as American involvement in Latin America and Indochina, the Cold War, the media's manipulation of the public in respect to these and other issues, and the responsibility of intellectuals to address these problems. Though his stance on these issues is that of an admitted anarchist/libertarian, Noam Chomsky prefers to act as an analyst and critic of the state rather than a social theorist. Ultimately, the decision of how to make a better society lies with the individual. Chomsky continues to teach at MIT, where he holds an endowed chair in linguistics.

From : Anarchy Archives.

Works :

Author of Red and Black Revolution Interview (April 30, 1995)

Author of Notes on Anarchism (November 30, 1969)

Author of On Libya and the Unfolding Crises (November 30, 2010)

Author of The Relevance of Anarcho-syndicalism (July 25, 1976)

Author of What Makes Mainstream Media Mainstream (November 30, 1996)

Author of Who Are the Global Terrorists? (November 30, 2001)

Author of A Brief History of America's Cold-Blooded, Terroristic Treatment of Cuba (December 31, 1969)

Author of After Pinkville (December 31, 1969)

Author of Cambodia (December 31, 1969)

Author of The Case Against B.F. Skinner (December 31, 1969)

Author of The Clinton Vision (December 31, 1969)

Author of The Fate Of Humanity Hangs In The Balance (December 31, 1969)

Author of Foreword (December 31, 1969)

Author of Government in the Future (December 31, 1969)

Author of In Defense of the Student Movement (December 31, 1969)

Author of In North Vietnam (December 31, 1969)

Author of Mayday: The Case for Civil Disobedience (December 31, 1969)

Author of The Menace of Liberal Scholarship (December 31, 1969)

Author of Noam Chomsky on Anarchism, Marxism & Hope for the Future (December 31, 1969)

Author of Objectivity and Liberal Scholarship (December 31, 1969)

Author of On Anarchism (December 31, 1969)

Author of On Resistance (December 31, 1969)

Author of On the Backgrounds of the Pacific War (December 31, 1969)

Author of Optimism Over Despair (December 31, 1969)

Author of Reflections on a Political Trial (December 31, 1969)

Author of The Responsibility of Intellectuals (December 31, 1969)

Author of A Review of B. F. Skinner’s Verbal Behavior (December 31, 1969)

Author of The Soviet Union Versus Socialism (December 31, 1969)

Author of Vietnam: How Government Became Wolves (December 31, 1969)

Author of A Visit to Laos (December 31, 1969)

Author of Anarchism: From Theory To Practice (November 30, 1969)

Author of 2004 Elections (December 31, 1969)

Author of Aftermath (December 31, 1969)

Author of A Just War? Hardly (December 31, 1969)

Author of Another Way For Kosovo? (December 31, 1969)

Author of Back in the USA (December 31, 1969)

Author of Bakunin’s Predictions (December 31, 1969)

Author of Beyond the Ballot (December 31, 1969)

Author of Blinded by the Truth (December 31, 1969)

Author of The Case Against US Adventurism in Iraq (December 31, 1969)

Author of Central America: The Next Phase (December 31, 1969)

Author of A Century Later (December 31, 1969)

Author of Cold War II (December 31, 1969)

Author of The Colombia Plan (December 31, 1969)

Author of Constructive Action? (December 31, 1969)

Author of The Crimes of ‘Intcom’ (December 31, 1969)

Author of Crisis in the Balkans (December 31, 1969)

Author of The Culture of Fear (December 31, 1969)

Author of The Current Bombings: Behind the Rhetoric (December 31, 1969)

Author of A Dangerous Neighbourhood (December 31, 1969)

Author of The Decline of the Democratic Ideal (December 31, 1969)

Author of Deep Concerns (December 31, 1969)

Author of Democracy Enhancement (December 31, 1969)

Author of The Disconnect in US Democracy (December 31, 1969)

Author of Distortions at Fourth Hand (December 31, 1969)

Author of Domestic Constituencies (December 31, 1969)

Author of Domestic Terrorism: Notes on the State System of Oppression (December 31, 1969)

Author of Dominance and its Dilemmas (December 31, 1969)

Author of Drain the Swamp and there will be No More Mosquitoes (December 31, 1969)

Author of Eastern Exposure: Misrepresenting the Peace Process (December 31, 1969)

Author of East Timor: Comments On the Occasion of the Forthcoming APEC Summit (December 31, 1969)

Author of East Timor, Horror and Amnesia (December 31, 1969)

Author of East Timor Questions & Answers (December 31, 1969)

Author of Elections 2000 (December 31, 1969)

Author of The Empire and Ourselves (December 31, 1969)

Author of The Evolution of the Language Faculty (December 31, 1969)

Author of The Faculty of Language (December 31, 1969)

Author of Force and Opinion (December 31, 1969)

Author of From Central America to Iraq (December 31, 1969)

Author of The Function of the University in a Time of Crisis (December 31, 1969)

Author of The Future of Iraq and U.S. Occupation (December 31, 1969)

Author of Green Light for War Crimes (December 31, 1969)

Author of Guillotining Gaza (December 31, 1969)

Author of The Gulf Crisis (December 31, 1969)

Author of Gulf War Pullout (December 31, 1969)

Author of His Right to Say It (December 31, 1969)

Author of Hordes of Vigilantes & Popular Elements Defeat MAI, for Now (December 31, 1969)

Author of How America Determines Friends and Foes (December 31, 1969)

Author of How US Democracy Triumphed Again (December 31, 1969)

Author of Humanitarian Intervention (December 31, 1969)

Author of Human Nature: Justice Versus Power (December 31, 1969)

Author of Human Rights Week 2002 (December 31, 1969)

Author of Imperial Presidency (December 31, 1969)

Author of In Memory of Tanya Reinhart (December 31, 1969)

Author of Intelligent Design? (December 31, 1969)

Author of International Terrorism: Image and Reality (December 31, 1969)

Author of Invasion Newspeak: U.S. & USSR (December 31, 1969)

Author of The Iraq War and Contempt for Democracy (December 31, 1969)

Author of An Island Lies Bleeding (December 31, 1969)

Author of Is Peace at Hand? (December 31, 1969)

Author of The Israel-Arafat Agreement (December 31, 1969)

Author of Israel, Lebanon, and the “Peace Process” (December 31, 1969)

Author of The Israel Lobby? (December 31, 1969)

Author of It’s Imperialism, Stupid (December 31, 1969)

Author of Jubilee 2000 (December 31, 1969)

Author of Kosovo Peace Accord (December 31, 1969)

Author of Language Development, Human Intelligence, and Social Organization (December 31, 1969)

Author of Latin America and Asia Are at Last Breaking Free of Washington’s Grip (December 31, 1969)

Author of Latin America Declares Independence (December 31, 1969)

Author of “Limited War” in Lebanon (December 31, 1969)

Author of Linguistics and Brain Science (December 31, 1969)

Author of “Mandate for Change,” or Business as Usual (December 31, 1969)

Author of The Manipulation of Fear (December 31, 1969)

Author of Market Democracy in a Neoliberal Order (December 31, 1969)

Author of The Meaning of Vietnam (December 31, 1969)

Author of Memories (December 31, 1969)

Author of Middle East Diplomacy: Continuities and Changes (December 31, 1969)

Author of Mirror Crack’d (December 31, 1969)

Author of A Modest Proposal (December 31, 1969)

Author of Moral Truisms, Empirical Evidence, and Foreign Policy (December 31, 1969)

Author of Neocolonial Invitation to a Tribal War (December 31, 1969)

Author of New World Relationships (December 31, 1969)

Author of No Human Being Is Disposable (December 31, 1969)

Author of No Longer Safe (December 31, 1969)

Author of Notes of NAFTA: “The Masters of Man” (December 31, 1969)

Author of Old Wine in New Bottles: A Bitter Taste (December 31, 1969)

Author of On Colombia (December 31, 1969)

Author of On The U.S. Human Rights Record (December 31, 1969)

Author of On the US-Israeli Invasion of Lebanon (December 31, 1969)

Author of A Painful Peace (December 31, 1969)

Author of The Passion for Free Markets (December 31, 1969)

Author of The Pentagon Papers and U.S. Imperialism in South East Asia (December 31, 1969)

Author of The People in Gravest Danger (December 31, 1969)

Author of Philosophers and Public Philosophy. (December 31, 1969)

Author of The President and the Presidency (December 31, 1969)

Author of Preventive War ‘the Supreme Crime’ (December 31, 1969)

Author of Project Censored 25th Anniversary (December 31, 1969)

Author of A Quick Reaction (December 31, 1969)

Author of Rationality/Science (December 31, 1969)

Author of Reasons to Fear U.S. (December 31, 1969)

Author of The Repression at Belgrade University (December 31, 1969)

Author of Reshaping History (December 31, 1969)

Author of Review of Man of the People: A Life of Harry S Truman by Alonzo L Hamby (December 31, 1969)

Author of A Review of NATO’s War over Kosovo (December 31, 1969)

Author of Revolution of ’89 (December 31, 1969)

Author of Rogue States (December 31, 1969)

Author of Rollback (December 31, 1969)

Author of Scenes from the Uprising (December 31, 1969)

Author of Selective Memory and a Dishonest Doctrine (December 31, 1969)

Author of Simple Truths, Hard Problems (December 31, 1969)

Author of The Social Security Non-Crisis (December 31, 1969)

Author of Solution in Sight (December 31, 1969)

Author of Some Elementary Comments on The Rights of Freedom of Expression (December 31, 1969)

Author of South America: Toward an Alternative Future (December 31, 1969)

Author of Starving the Poor (December 31, 1969)

Author of Superpower and Failed States (December 31, 1969)

Author of Symposium on Margaret Boden, Mind as Machine (December 31, 1969)

Author of Terror and Just Response (December 31, 1969)

Author of Thoughts Of A Secular Sufi (December 31, 1969)

Author of Understanding the Bush Doctrine (December 31, 1969)

Author of The United States and the “Challenge of Relativity” (December 31, 1969)

Author of US-Haiti (December 31, 1969)

Author of Vain Hopes, False Dreams (December 31, 1969)

Author of The Victors (December 31, 1969)

Author of Visions of Righteousness (December 31, 1969)

Author of Voting Patterns and Abstentions (December 31, 1969)

Author of A Wall as a Weapon (December 31, 1969)

Author of Wanted a Leader for America (December 31, 1969)

Author of The War In Afghanistan (December 31, 1969)

Author of Wars of Terror (December 31, 1969)

Author of Watergate: A Skeptical View (December 31, 1969)

Author of We are All Complicit (December 31, 1969)

Author of We Must Act Now to Prevent Another Hiroshima — or Worse (December 31, 1969)

Author of What a Fair Trial for Saddam Would Entail (December 31, 1969)

Author of What Americans Have Learnt –and Not Learnt– Since 9/11 (December 31, 1969)

Author of What If Iran Had Invaded Mexico? (December 31, 1969)

Author of What is Anarchism? (December 31, 1969)

Author of What We Know (December 31, 1969)

Author of “What We Say Goes” (December 31, 1969)

Author of Why Americans Should Care About East Timor (December 31, 1969)

Chronology :

December 07, 1928 : Noam Chomsky's Birth Day.
November 15, 2016 : Noam Chomsky's Added.
February 21, 2022 : Noam Chomsky's Updated.

Links :

Anarchy Archives: Noam Chomsky Archive
http://dwardmac.pitzer.edu/Anarchist_Archives/chomsky/Chomskyarchive.html
Anarchist Library: Noam Chomsky
https://theanarchistlibrary.org/category/author/noam-chomsky
Wikipedia: Noam Chomsky
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Noam_Chomsky

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