Otto Rühle

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(1874 - 1943)


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About Otto Rühle

Otto Rühle (23 October 1874 – 24 June 1943) was a German Marxist active in opposition to both the First and Second World Wars as well as a student of Alfred Adler.

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This person has authored 39 documents, with 322,264 words or 2,051,414 characters.

Published: This translation was first published by Socialist Reproduction in co-operation with Revolutionary Perspectives in 1974. The translation was made from a German edition of the text published in 1970 by IPTR (Institut für Praxis und Theorie des Rätekommunismus, Berlin).Transcriber: For CommunismHTML-markup: Jonas HolmgrenProofreading: Micah Muer, 2017. This HTML version follows the Socialist Reproduction edition, except that references to the AAUD-E have been standardised (in the Socialist Reproduction edition it is also referred to as the AAU and AAUE), and references to factory organisation (Betriebsorganisation) and Workers' Union (Arbeiterunion), have been indicated like this to make it clear that these are d... (From :
Source: ?Published: 1939Transcriber: Workers' LibertyHTML: Jonas Holmgren The following abridgment of the first volume of Capital - the foundation of Marx's entire system of economics - was made by Otto Rühle with great care and with profound understanding of his task. First to be eliminated were obsolete examples, then quotations from writings which today are only of historic interest, polemics with writers now forgotten, and finally numerous documents which, whatever their importance for understanding a given epoch, have no place in a concise exposition that pursues theoretical rather than historical objectives. At the same time, Rühle did everything to preserve continuity in the development of the scientific analys... (From :
Mexico D. F. Versalles 84. August 1937 Dear Comrade Schlamm! When we had read your book, and thought of a critical stance on it, I suggested sending you Marx’s “The German Ideology” as a contrast, because I thought that it contained everything I had to say to you in reply. But then I considered that Marx was no longer an authority, or to say it better: No orientation for you anymore. So I stopped writing, because it seemed hopeless to me to discuss under these circumstances. Now Alice has taken on the obligation to write, and she will send you a critique, which is roughly the reflection of our joint debate on your book. I agree with her on almost all the essential points. But since Alice is urging me to w... (From :
Source: Die Aktion, Volume 10, no 37/38, 18 September 1920, translated by Mike Jones. Prepared for the Marxist Internet Archive by Paul Flewers. I The First International was the International of the awakening. It had to appeal to the proletariat of the world, to arouse it; it had to issue the great slogan of socialism. Its task was propagandistic. The Second International was the International of the organization. It had to gather, to educate the aroused class-conscious masses, to prepare them for the revolution. Its task was organizational. The Third International is the International of the revolution. It has to set the masses in motion and to unleash their revolutionary activity; it has to undertake the world revolution ... (From :
First published: as Die Seele des proletarischen Kindes (Dresden: Verlag am anderen Ufer, 1925), 203-205. Published in The Weimar Republic Sourcebook, Kaes et al. Proletarian youth challenged the principle of authority for the first time in June 1919 when a number of young workers abandoned Free Socialist Youth in order not to oppose from within an authoritarian organization (which was an appendage of the parties) but to adopt a new position of their own. “Where are the leaders of the young,” ran a manifesto of these young people on this occasion, “who have not run their heads up against ‘fatherly benevolence’ and the ‘well-intentioned advice’ of older men? It is high time that an end be p... (From :
I traveled illegally to Russia. The business was difficult and dangerous; but it succeeded. On 16th June I stepped on to Russian soil: on the 19th I was in Moscow. The departure from Germany went hastily. In April, upon invitation from Moscow, the KAPD (Communist Workers Party—Germany) had sent two comrades as negotiators to the Executive, to advise upon the KAPD’s joining of the Third International. It was being said that the two comrades had been arrested in Estonia on the return journey. The necessity was to immediately recommence the negotiations and to bring them to completion and if possible to send back a report to the KAPD, so that information from the KAPD could be received before the start of the Congress. ... (From :
I Parliamentarism appeared with the domination of the bourgeoisie. Political parties appeared with parliament. In parliaments the bourgeois epoch found the historical arena of its first contentions with the crown and nobility. It organized itself politically and gave legislation a form corresponding to the needs of capitalism. But capitalism is not something homogeneous. The various strata and interest groups within the bourgeoisie each developed demands with differing natures. In order to bring these demands to a successful conclusion, the parties were created which sent their representatives and activists to the parliaments. Parliament became a forum, a place for all the struggles for economic and political power, at first f... (From :
25th October 1918 In the name of those social democratic workers and soldiers who attach themselves neither to the “governmental” socialists party nor to the Independent Social Democrats, and who are nevertheless numbered in thousands and thousands, in the name of these men who demand the right to make this tribunal listen, and to have their say in an important political and historical situation, I want, very briefly, to give our point of view on the problems which have been at the center of the discussion for the last few days. We reject any peace which the bourgeois-capitalist governments intend to, and are on the point of concluding, on the backs of the people who have been bled white. In the epoch of imperiali... (From :
INTRODUCTORY NOTE (Alfredo M. Bonanno) Now that the tragic history of fascism has run the full course of its formal development, culminating in the modern democratic State, Rühle’s article becomes more readily comprehensible to us. It was written at the end of the thirties and dedicated to the contemporaneous struggle against both bolshevism and fascism. The real dominion of present day capitalism shows the authoritarian designs that have provided the platform for contemporary fascism (camouflaged by democracy), and those of contemporary bolshevism (camouflaged by the dictatorship of the proletariat) to be quite similar. To be more explicit we can say that by shedding formal authority (where it needed the fas... (From :
This article first appeared in the American journal Living Marxism Vol. 5, No. 2, Fall 1940. The second World War has presented grave and fateful problems to the socialist workers' movement. Again it is faced with a situation similar to that which confronted the old labor movement at the outbreak of the first World War. There is a danger that the mistakes which brought doom to social-democracy will be repeated. The question confronting us today is whether Liebknecht's slogan: "The enemy is at home!" is as valid for the class struggle now as it was in 1914. When Liebknecht voiced his slogan class-struggle conditions were relatively simple. In Germany, for instance, the semi-feudal government was undoubtedly considered a greater... (From :


October 23, 1874 :
Birth Day.

June 24, 1943 :
Death Day.

February 12, 2021 ; 5:28:18 PM (America/Los_Angeles) :
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