Louise Michel : Leader of Paris Commune Partisans and Radical Anarchist Feminist

Revolt Library >> People >> Michel, Louise

(1830 - 1905)

Description

Michel was a schoolteacher and active in the Paris Commune and the French Revolution of the 1870's -- both in looking after the wounded and fighting. She was transported to New Caledonia, but returned to France after the Communards were granted amnesty. She was much admired among the worker's movement.

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From : Anarchy Archives

Quotes

"...as I advanced in the tale I came to love reliving this time of struggle for freedom, which was my true existence, and I love losing myself in the memory of this."

From : "Memories of the Commune," by Louise Michel

"Now we go quiet; the fight has begun. There is a hill and I shout as I run forward: To Versailles! To Versailles! Razoua tosses me his sword to rally the men. We shake hands at the top; the sky is on fire, and no one has been wounded."

From : "Memories of the Commune," by Louise Michel

"One of the future revenges for the murder of Paris will be that of revealing the customary infamous betrayals of military reaction."

From : "Memories of the Commune," by Louise Michel

Biography


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About Louise Michel

 Louise Michel 1

Louise Michel 1

Louise Michel (1830-1905) the French socialist heroine of the 1871 Paris Commune; pseudonym "Clémence."

Michel was a schoolteacher and active in the Paris Commune and the French Revolution of the 1870's -- both in looking after the wounded and fighting. She was transported to New Caledonia, but returned to France after the Communards were granted amnesty. She was much admired among the worker's movement.

Cite from Encyclopedia Universalis: Louise Michel was the daughter of a noble man and his servant; she grew up in the castle of her grandparents and got a liberal/progressive and good education (in the spirit of Voltaire) and became a schoolmaster. She refused to take an oath of allegiance to the emperor and opened a private school. She wrote poems and opposition journals; she frequented public meetings. In 1870 she took part with the French Commune on the barricades as an ambulance woman, and lead a revolution club. At the fall of the Commune she was deported(1871). Victor Hugo wrote a famous poem in her honor: "Viro Major."

She arrived in New Caledonia in 1873, where she tried to educate Canacs and support their revolt against colonization. After amnesty was granted, she returned to Paris in 1880. Capitalist newspapers gave her the name of "the red virgin" and depicted her in caricatures and words as ugly and masculine. She drew huge crowds in the meetings for the worker's movement, and was a tireless militant who held many conferences in France, England, Belgium and the Netherlands.

In 1881 she took part in the anarchist congress in London. After a demonstration against unemployment, she was sentenced to six years in jail, then pardoned. From 1881 to 1895 she lived in London, as head of a libertarian school. She returned to France and her travels, dying in Marseilles. Her burial was the occasion of a large demonstration.

From : Anarchy Archives

Works

This person has authored 2 documents, with 3,068 words or 17,958 characters.

Anarchism : Anarchist and Anti-Authoritarianism -- 1886 ~ (2,347 Words / 13,519 Characters)
I at first wrote this volume without telling anything about myself. When friends pointed this out I added a few personal episodes despite the ennui it caused me. As I did so the opposite effect was produced: as I advanced in the tale I came to love reliving this time of struggle for freedom, which was my true existence, and I love losing myself in the memory of this. This is why I look upon my thoughts as a series of tableaux where pass thousands of existences that have disappeared forever. There we are on the Champs de Mars: our arms are stacked and the night is beautiful. At about 3:00 a.m. we leave, thinking we are going to Versailles. I speak with old Louis Moreau, and he too is happy to be setting out. In place of my old rifle he gave me a Remington carbine. For the first time I have a good weapon though its said not to be too reliable, which isnt true. I recount all the lies I told my mother so she wouldnt worry. All... (From : TheAnarchistLibrary.org.)

Anarchism : Anarchist and Anti-Authoritarianism -- 1892 ~ (721 Words / 4,439 Characters)
Everything is good that strikes or stings. So much the better if these bandits have finished their work. The scaffold has started the party, and the fire will beat its wings over the apotheosis. The blood of Ravachol splashes, from his false collar to his cuffs, the cold man of the lyse. The lyse! Thats the spot that draws the looks! From it the grand finale, the final bouquet will rise into the air, and the cross of Our Lady of the Slaughter will be the streetlamp. The sun has risen red in the prologue, and red it will set. Yes, so much the better. It is necessary that this be finished, that we plow these accursed institutions like a field, in order to dry up the blood. Let the slaves, more debased than ever, shout some Marseillaises. An instant is enough to change these docile dogs into wolves, and the winds blow liberty. Pompeii danc...

Chronology

March 15, 1830 :
Birth Day.

January 10, 1905 :
Death Day.

November 15, 2016 ; 5:26:23 PM (America/Los_Angeles) :
Added to http://www.RevoltLib.com.

April 21, 2019 ; 5:03:16 PM (America/Los_Angeles) :
Last Updated on http://www.RevoltLib.com.

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