Chapter 12 : Cuba in the Late 1960's and the 1970's
[missing] 153 hl(~~~) I ilC ( UhOll IU]CIS C\t'm boastUtl tilitt in rc.spt'ct to thc htliltling of ~Onlmll!li~lll (diStlihUti()H, IC\OIUtiOllLtl! COIl.SCiOU.SneSS t)f thc people C([Udli/;ltiOll 0f illCOHle, CiC.) ('uha W;tS [dl ;tilt'ad of the So\iet Ullioll. Ilui all attcuipts to insti~`ltc soti;llisil, bv declec, ts Bakunin iol-esaw O\el a CkiltUI! ago, Icads h~cvitahiv to thc enslavemerit of tile people by thc alitilol-it;tl-i;til Statc. Fhey tttcililit to builtl comrlutttisll~ lailed bUcau~c tilC ''ItC\\ .socialist nial1 Call bc formed only within the context of a utw; nti ficc society, based not upon compulsion, but upon volulit;tl! coopcr.ttiorl. Thc attempt i tiled because it was not mipielilelitcci by thoroltgilgoing libertarian changes in the authoritarian structure ot Cuball society. Collnnunization and forming the new m m acittally camouflaged the militarization of Cuba. Castro made this clear: . soda\ I can see an immense army, the army of a highly organized, disciplined and enthusiastic nation ready to fulfill whatever task is set . . . In his speech of August 23, 1968, Castro announced his decision to militarizc the whole island and give absolute priority to the economic battleÑand to achieve this, the absolute need for a dictatorship of the proletariat exercised by the Communist Party. (see k; S. Karol;Cuerri//a.s in Power; New York, 1970, p. 447-448, 528) fhe communization? turned out to bc a cruel hoax. It took on the familiar characteristics of typical totalitarian regimes. This stage of the Cuban Revolution has been correctly identified as the Mini-Stalin Era. Mouldmg the New Man according to totalitarian specificat OllS C011tlOtCS the process of training people to become obedient serfs ot the state: and moral incentives becomes a device to enlist the participailon of thc masses in their own enslavement. To their everlasting clcdit the workel-s resisted: ..a uavc of sabotage beset the country s economy. Saboteurs burned a tanIlery in l.as Villas Province, a leather store in Havana, a chickcrl-iced factory in Santiago, a chemical fertilizer depot in I\lanzarlillo. a provincial store belonging to the Ministry of Internai Commerce in Camaguey, and so on. . Castro also gave a long list of acts of sabota~;e in scho~lic :~I.~1 mn h,.Url;r.^ ~ [A~ ', (Karol; ibid. p 447) .. . ~.. ~~~~~.,.~ .~,,~~. The resistance of the people in addition to the suicidal economic adventures of tllc dictatorship hastened the collapse of Guevara s scheme. Relations with Rttssia Since 1968, when Castro endorsed 154 ( /L'clit)NlLlV;ll~i.l, tilC I l>iSI; II ~~ i''`'e,~sillgl! ti`~~~iil~.~tccl ( lt! ;~l1 ;~Itail- . I hc ('uban CCOtlOm! has bCcn CVCil lllOIC closcl! integlatctl into thc N
From : University of Virginia Library
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