Benjamin R. Tucker : American Father of Individualist Anarchism

Revolt Library >> People >> Tucker, Benjamin R.

(1854 - 1939)

Description

An individualist Anarchist, Tucker (1854Ð1939) was a person of intellect rather than of action, focusing on the development of his ideas and on the publication of books and journals, especially the journal Liberty: Not the Daughter but the Mother of Order...

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From : Anarchy Archives

Quotes

"It has ever been the tendency of power to add to itself, to enlarge its sphere, to encroach beyond the limits set for it..."

From : "State Socialism and Anarchism," by Benjamin R. Tucker, 1888

"...Anarchism, which may be described as the doctrine that all the affairs of men should be managed by individuals or voluntary associations, and that the State should be abolished."

From : "State Socialism and Anarchism," by Benjamin R. Tucker, 1888

"The evil to which this [tariff] monopoly gives rise might more properly be called misusury than usury, because it compels labor to pay, not exactly for the use of capital, but rather for the misuse of capital."

From : "State Socialism and Anarchism," by Benjamin R. Tucker, 1888

"If the individual has a right to govern himself, all external government is tyranny. Hence the necessity of abolishing the State."

From : "State Socialism and Anarchism," by Benjamin R. Tucker, 1888

"But although, viewing the divine hierarchy as a contradiction of Anarchy, they do not believe in it, the Anarchists none the less firmly believe in the liberty to believe in it. Any denial of religious freedom they squarely oppose."

From : "State Socialism and Anarchism," by Benjamin R. Tucker, 1888

"Even in so delicate a matter as that of the relations of the sexes the Anarchists do not shrink from the application of their principle. They acknowledge and defend the right of any man and woman, or any men and women, to love each other for as long or as short a time as they can, will, or may. To them legal marriage and legal divorce are equal absurdities."

From : "State Socialism and Anarchism," by Benjamin R. Tucker, 1888

Biography


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About Benjamin R. Tucker

Introduced to Anarchism, labor reform, and free love by Ezra Heywood in Massachusetts, Tucker was also particularly influenced by Josiah Warren.  An individualist Anarchist, Tucker (1854-1939) was a person of intellect rather than of action, focusing on the development of his ideas and on the publication of books and journals, especially the journal Liberty:  Not the Daughter but the Mother of Order (1881-1908).  Tucker summarized his philosophy by stating, "The Anarchists are simply unterrified Jeffersonian Democrats. They believe that 'the best government is that which governs least,' and that which governs least is no government at all. Besides publishing the writings of the leading individualist anarchists and many other radicals, Liberty was probably the earliest American magazine to publish Nietzsche and George Bernard Shaw.  Besides Liberty, Tucker operated an ambitious book publishing program.  He translated into English and published a long list of radical works, including What is Property?, of Pierre Joseph Proudhon.  He also translated and published Bakunin's God and the State, Chernyshevsky's What Is To Be Done? and Tolstoy's The Kreutzer Sonata.  He published Max Stirner's The Ego and His Own, as well as works by Oscar Wilde, Herbert Spencer, Emile Zola, John Henry Mackay, and many others.  After a disastrous fire in New York City in 1908 destroyed his warehouse and Unique Book Shop, Tucker left the United States for France, where he lived for the remainder of his life.

From : Anarchy Archives

Works

This person has authored 222 documents, with 342,478 words or 2,219,427 characters.

Anarchism : Anarchist and Anti-Authoritarianism -- 1908

Anarchism and Force

Excerpted from the book;

Individual Liberty
Selections From the Writings of Benjamin R. Tucker
Vanguard Press, New York, 1926
Kraus Reprint Co., Millwood, NY, 1973.


Because I claim and teach that Anarchism justifies the application of force to invasive men and condemns force only when applied to noninvasive men, Mr. Hugh O. Pentecost declares that the only difference between Anarchism on the one hand and Monarchism or Republicanism on the other is the difference between the popular conception of invasion and my own. If I were to assert that biology is the science which deals with the phenomena of living matter and excludes all phenomena of matter that is not living, and if Mr. Pentecost were to say that, assuming this, the only difference between the biological sciences and the abiological is the difference between the popular conception o...

Anarchism : Anarchist and Anti-Authoritarianism -- 1897

Where We Stand

[Liberty, August 19. 1882.]


Mr. B. W. Ball writes the best articles that appear in the Index, which is not saying much, and among the best that appear in any of the weeklies, which is saying a good deal. We were the more gratified, therefore, to find him treating in a recent number the incipient, but increasing, opposition to the existence of the State. He at least is clear-sighted enough not to underrate the importance of the advent into social and political agitation of so straightforward, consistent, unterrified, determined, and, withal, philosophically rooted a factor as modern Anarchism, although his editorial chief, Mr. Underwood, declares that the issue which the Anarchists present admits of no discussion.(11 ¶ 1)

Anarchism : Anarchist and Anti-Authoritarianism -- 1936 ~ (1,107 Words / 6,675 Characters)
Letter to the American Journal of Sociology Source: Benjamin R.Tucker Papers, New York Public Library;Transcribed: by Mitchell Abidor. Villa “a Lujerneta" Pont Ste Devote Principality of Monaco April 11,1936 To the Editor of the American Journal of Sociology: The University of Chicago Chicago, Ill. Sir: In view of the tissue of falsehoods (I purposely refrain from saying “lies” by the advice of a beloved friend and the cautious Webster) that you have printed about me in your issue of January 1936, there is little wonder that you do not wish to be addressed individually. But, whoever you may be, I shall not allow you to escape responsibility, since I know that the writer knows, and therefore writes with malice ... (From : Marxists.org.)

Chronology

April 17, 1854 :
Birth Day.

June 22, 1939 :
Death Day.

November 16, 2016 ; 4:52:47 PM (America/Los_Angeles) :
Added to http://www.RevoltLib.com.

March 13, 2018 ; 5:49:02 PM (America/Los_Angeles) :
Last Updated on http://www.RevoltLib.com.

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