The Kingdom of God is Within You

Revolt Library >> Anarchism >> Kingdom of God is Within You, The

1894

People

(1828 - 1910) ~ Father of Christian Anarchism : In 1861, during the second of his European tours, Tolstoy met with Proudhon, with whom he exchanged ideas. Inspired by the encounter, Tolstoy returned to Yasnaya Polyana to found thirteen schools that were the first attempt to implement a practical model of libertarian education. (From : Anarchy Archives.)
• "Only by recognizing the land as just such an article of common possession as the sun and air will you be able, without bias and justly, to establish the ownership of land among all men, according to any of the existing projects or according to some new project composed or chosen by you in common." (From : "To the Working People," by Leo Tolstoy, Yasnaya P....)
• "You are surprised that soldiers are taught that it is right to kill people in certain cases and in war, while in the books admitted to be holy by those who so teach, there is nothing like such a permission..." (From : "Letter to a Non-Commissioned Officer," by Leo Tol....)
• "It is necessary that men should understand things as they are, should call them by their right names, and should know that an army is an instrument for killing, and that the enrollment and management of an army -- the very things which Kings, Emperors, and Presidents occupy themselves with so self-confidently -- is a preparation for murder." (From : "'Thou Shalt Not Kill'," by Leo Tolstoy, August 8,....)

Sections

This document contains 15 sections, with 124,394 words or 747,769 characters.

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"THE KINGDOM OF GOD IS WITHIN YOU" CHRISTIANITY NOT AS A MYSTIC RELIGION BUT AS A NEW THEORY OF LIFE TRANSLATED FROM THE RUSSIAN OF COUNT LEO TOLSTOI BY CONSTANCE GARNETT New York, 1894 TRANSLATOR'S PREFACE. The book I have had the privilege of translating is, undoubtedly, one of the most remarkable studies of the social and psychological condition of the modern world which has appeared in Europe for many years, and its influence is sure to be lasting and far reaching. Tolstoi's genius is beyond dispute. The verdict of the civilized world has pronounced him as perhaps the greatest novelist of our generation. But the philosophical and religious works of his later years have met with a somewhat indifferent reception. They have been much talked about, simply because they were his work, but, as Tolstoi himself complains, they have never been seriously discussed. I hardly think that he will have to repeat the complain... (From : Gutenberg.org.)

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PREFACE. In the year 1884 I wrote a book under the title "What I Believe," in which I did in fact make a sincere statement of my beliefs. In affirming my belief in Christ's teaching, I could not help explaining why I do not believe, and consider as mistaken, the Church's doctrine, which is usually called Christianity. Among the many points in which this doctrine falls short of the doctrine of Christ I pointed out as the principal one the absence of any commandment of nonresistance to evil by force. The perversion of Christ's teaching by the teaching of the Church is more clearly apparent in this than in any other point of difference. I knowas we all dovery little of the practice and the spoken and written doctrine of former times on the subject of nonresistance to evil. I knew what had been said on the subject by the fathers of the ChurchOrigen, Tertullian, and othersI knew too of the existence of some so-called sec... (From : Gutenberg.org.)

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CONTENTS. I. THE DOCTRINE OF NON-RESISTANCE TO EVIL BY FORCE HAS BEEN PROFESSED BY A MINORITY OF MEN FROM THE VERY FOUNDATION OF CHRISTIANITY II. CRITICISMS OF THE DOCTRINE OF NON-RESISTANCE TO EVIL BY FORCE ON THE PART OF BELIEVERS AND OF UNBELIEVERS III. CHRISTIANITY MISUNDERSTOOD BY BELIEVERS IV. CHRISTIANITY MISUNDERSTOOD BY MEN OF SCIENCE V. CONTRADICTION BETWEEN OUR LIFE AND OUR CHRISTIAN CONSCIENCE VI. ATTITUDE OF MEN OF THE PRESENT DAY TO WAR VII. SIGNIFICANCE OF COMPULSORY SERVICE VIII. DOCTRINE OF NON-RESISTANCE TO EVIL BY FORCE MUST INEVITABLY BE ACCEPTED BY MEN OF THE PRESENT DAY IX. THE ACCEPTANCE OF THE CHRISTIAN CONCEPTION OF LIFE WILL EMANCIPATE MEN FROM THE MISERIES OF OUR PAGAN LIFE X. EVIL CANNOT BE SUPRESSED BY THE PHYSICAL FORCE OF THE GOVERNMENTTH... (From : Gutenberg.org.)

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"Ye shall know the truth, and the truth shall make you free. "John viii. 32. "Fear not them which kill the body, but are not able to kill the soul; but rather fear him which is able to destroy both soul and body in hell."MATT. x. 28. "Ye have been bought with a price; be not ye the servants of men."I COR. vii. 23. "THE KINGDOM OF GOD IS WITHIN YOU." CHAPTER I. THE DOCTRINE OF NON-RESISTANCE TO EVIL BY FORCE HAS BEEN PROFESSED BY A MINORITY OF MEN FROM THE VERY FOUNDATION OF CHRISTIANITY. Of the Book "What I Believe"The Correspondence Evoked by itLetters from QuakersGarrison's DeclarationAdin Ballou, his Works, his CatechismHelchitsky's "Net of Faith"The Attitude of the World to Works Elucidating Christ's TeachingDymond's Book "On War"... (From : Gutenberg.org.)

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CHAPTER II. CRITICISMS OF THE DOCTRINE OF NON-RESISTANCE TO EVIL BY FORCE ON THE PART OF BELIEVERS AND OF UNBELIEVERS. Fate of the Book "What I Believe"Evasive Character of Religious Criticisms of Principles of my Book1st Reply: Use of Force not Opposed to Christianity2d Reply: Use of Force Necessary to Restrain Evil Doers3d Reply: Duty of Using Force in Defense of One's Neighbor4th Reply: The Breach of the Command of Nonresistance to be Regarded Simply as a Weakness5th Reply: Reply Evaded by Making Believe that the Question has long been DecidedTo Devise such Subterfuges and to take Refuge Behind the Authority of the Church, of Antiquity, and of Religion is all that Ecclesiastical Critics can do to get out of the Contradiction between Use of Force and Christianity in Theory and in PracticeGeneral Attitude of the Ecclesiastical World and of the Authorities to Profession of True ChristianityGeneral Character of Russian... (From : Gutenberg.org.)

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CHAPTER III. CHRISTIANITY MISUNDERSTOOD BY BELIEVERS. Meaning of Christian Doctrine, Understood by a Minority, has Become Completely Incomprehensible for the Majority of MenReason of this to be Found in Misinterpretation of Christianity and Mistaken Conviction of Believers and Unbelievers Alike that they Understand itThe Meaning of Christianity Obscured for Believers by the ChurchThe First Appearance of Christ's TeachingIts Essence and Difference from Heathen ReligionsChristianity not Fully Comprehended at the Beginning, Became More and More Clear to those who Accepted it from its Correspondence with TruthSimultaneously with this Arose the Claim to Possession of the Authentic Meaning of the Doctrine Based on the Miraculous Nature of its TransmissionAssembly of Disciples as Described in the ActsThe Authoritative Claim to the Sole Possession of the True Meaning of Christ's Teaching Supported by Miraculous Evidence has Led by... (From : Gutenberg.org.)

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CHAPTER IV. CHRISTIANITY MISUNDERSTOOD BY MEN OF SCIENCE. Attitude of Men of Science to Religions in GeneralWhat Religion is, and What is its Significance for the Life of HumanityThree Conceptions of LifeChristian Religion the Expression of the Divine Conception of LifeMisinterpretation of Christianity by Men of Science, who Study it in its External Manifestations Due to their Criticizing it from Standpoint of Social Conception of LifeOpinion, Resulting from this Misinterpretation, that Christ's Moral Teaching is Exaggerated and Cannot be put into PracticeExpression of Divine Conception of Life in the GospelFalse Ideas of Men of Science on Christianity Proceed from their Conviction that they have an Infallible Method of CriticismFrom which come Two Misconceptions in Regard to Christian DoctrineFirst Misconception, that the Teaching Cannot be put into Practice, Due to the Christian Religion Directing Life in a Way Differ... (From : Gutenberg.org.)

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CHAPTER V. CONTRADICTION BETWEEN OUR LIFE AND OUR CHRISTIAN CONSCIENCE. Men Think they can Accept Christianity without Altering their LifePagan Conception of Life does not Correspond with Present Stage of Development of Humanity, and Christian Conception Alone Can Accord with itChristian Conception of Life not yet Understood by Men, but the Progress of Life itself will Lead them Inevitably to Adopt itThe Requirements of a New Theory of Life Always Seem Incomprehensible, Mystic, and SupernaturalSo Seem the Requirements of the Christian Theory of Life to the Majority of MenThe Absorption of the Christian Conception of Life will Inevitably be Brought About as the Result of Material and Spiritual CausesThe Fact of Men Knowing the Requirements of the Higher View of Life, and yet Continuing to Preserve Inferior Organizations of Life, Leads to Contradictions and Suffering... (From : Gutenberg.org.)

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CHAPTER VI. ATTITUDE OF MEN OF THE PRESENT DAY TO WAR. People do not Try to Remove the Contradiction between Life and Conscience by a Change of Life, but their Cultivated Leaders Exert Every Effort to Obscure the Demands of Conscience, and justify their Life; in this Way they Degrade Society below Paganism to a State of Primeval BarbarismUndefined Attitude of Modern Leaders of Thought to War, to Universal Militarism, and to Compulsory Service in ArmyOne Section Regards War as an Accidental Political Phenomenon, to be Avoided by External Measures onlyPeace CongressThe Article in the REVUE DES REVUESProposition of Maxime du CampValue of Boards of Arbitration and Suppression of ArmiesAttitude of Governments to Men of this Opinion and What they DoAnother Section Regards War as Cruel, but InevitableMaupassantRodA Third Section Regard War as Necessary,... (From : Gutenberg.org.)

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CHAPTER VII. SIGNIFICANCE OF COMPULSORY SERVICE. Universal Compulsory Service is not a Political Accident, but the Furthest Limit of the Contradiction Inherent in the Social Conception of LifeOrigin of Authority in SocietyBasis of Authority is Physical ViolenceTo be Able to Perform its Acts of Violence Authority Needs a Special OrganizationThe ArmyAuthority, that is, Violence, is the Principle which is Destroying the Social Conception of LifeAttitude of Authority to the Masses, that is, Attitude of Government to Working Oppressed ClassesGovernments Try to Foster in Working Classes the Idea that State Force is Necessary to Defend Them from External EnemiesBut the Army is Principally Needed to Preserve Government from its own SubjectsThe Working ClassesSpeech of M. de CapriviAll Privileges of Ruling Classes Based on ViolenceThe Increase of Armies up to Point of Universal ServiceUniversal Compulsory Service Des... (From : Gutenberg.org.)

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CHAPTER VIII. DOCTRINE OF NON-RESISTANCE TO EVIL BY FORCE MUST INEVITABLY BE ACCEPTED BY MEN OF THE PRESENT DAY. Christianity is Not a System of Rules, but a New Conception of Life, and therefore it was Not Obligatory and was Not Accepted in its True Significance by All, but only by a FewChristianity is, Moreover, Prophetic of the Destruction of the Pagan Life, and therefore of Necessity of the Acceptance of the Christian DoctrinesNonresistance of Evil by Force is One Aspect of the Christian Doctrine, which must Inevitably in Our Times be Accepted by MenTwo Methods of Deciding Every QuarrelFirst Method is to Find a Universal Definition of Evil, which All Must Accept, and to Resist this Evil by ForceSecond Method is the Christian One of Complete Nonresistance by ForceThough the Failure of the First Method was Recognized since the Early Days of Christianity, it was Still Proposed, and only as Mankind has Progressed it has Become... (From : Gutenberg.org.)

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CHAPTER IX. THE ACCEPTANCE OF THE CHRISTIAN CONCEPTION OF LIFE WILL EMANCIPATE MEN FROM THE MISERIES OF OUR PAGAN LIFE. The External Life of Christian Peoples Remains Pagan Though they are Penetrated by Christian ConsciousnessThe Way Out of this Contradiction is by the Acceptance of the Christian Theory of LifeOnly Through Christianity is Every Man Free, and Emancipated of All Human AuthorityThis Emancipation can be Effected by no Change in External Conditions of Life, but Only by a Change in the Conception of LifeThe Christian Ideal of Life Requires Renunciation of all Violence, and in Emancipating the Man who Accepts it, Emancipates the Whole World from All External AuthoritiesThe Way Out of the Present Apparently Hopeless Position is for Every Man who is Capable of Assimilating the Christian Conception of Life, to Accept it and Live in Accordance with itBut Men... (From : Gutenberg.org.)

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CHAPTER X. EVIL CANNOT BE SUPPRESSED BY THE PHYSICAL FORCE OF THE GOVERNMENTTHE MORAL PROGRESS OF HUMANITY IS BROUGHT ABOUT NOT ONLY BY INDIVIDUAL RECOGNITION OF TRUTH, BUT ALSO THROUGH THE ESTABLISHMENT OF A PUBLIC OPINION. Christianity Destroys the StateBut Which is Most Necessary: Christianity or the State?There are Some who Assert the Necessity of a State Organization, and Others who Deny it, both Arguing from same First PrinciplesNeither Contention can be Proved by Abstract ArgumentThe Question must be Decided by the Stage in the Development of Conscience of Each Man, which will either Prevent or Allow him to Support a Government OrganizationRecognition of the Futility and Immorality of Supporting a State Organization Contrary to Christian Principles will Decide the Question for Every Man, in Spite of any Action on Part of the StateArgument of those who Defend the Government, that it is a Form of Social Life, Needed to... (From : Gutenberg.org.)

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CHAPTER XI. THE CHRISTIAN CONCEPTION OF LIFE HAS ALREADY ARISEN IN OUR SOCIETY, AND WILL INFALLIBLY PUT AN END TO THE PRESENT ORGANIZATION OF OUR LIFE BASED ON FORCEWHEN THAT WILL BE. The Condition and Organization of our Society are Terrible, but they Rest only on Public Opinion, and can be Destroyed by itAlready Violence is Regarded from a Different Point of View; the Number of those who are Ready to Serve the Government is Diminishing; and even the Servants of Government are Ashamed of their Position, and so often Do Not Perform their DutiesThese Facts are all Signs of the Rise of a Public Opinion, which Continually Growing will Lead to No One being Willing to Enter Government ServiceMoreover, it Becomes More and More Evident that those Offices are of No Practical UseMen already Begin to Understand the Futility of all Institutions Based on Violence, and if a Few already... (From : Gutenberg.org.)

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CHAPTER XII. CONCLUSIONREPENT YE, FOR THE KINGDOM OF HEAVEN IS AT HAND. 1. Chance Meeting with a Train Carrying Soldiers to Restore Order Among the Famishing PeasantsReason of the ExpeditionHow the Decisions of the Higher Authorities are Enforced in Cases of Insubordination on Part of the PeasantsWhat Happened at Orel, as an Example of How the Rights of the Propertied Classes are Maintained by Murder and TortureAll the Privileges of the Wealthy are Based on Similar Acts of Violence. 2. The Elements that Made up the Force Sent to Toula, and the Conduct of the Men Composing itHow these Men Could Carry Out such ActsThe Explanation is Not to be Found in Ignorance, Conviction, Cruelty, Heartlessness, or Want of Moral SenseThey do these Things Because they are Necessary to Support the Existing Order, which they Consider it Every Man's Duty to SupportThe Basis of this Conviction that the Existing Order is Necessary a... (From : Gutenberg.org.)

Chronology

1894 :
The Kingdom of God is Within You -- Publication.

February 11, 2017 ; 4:22:02 PM (America/Los_Angeles) :
Added to http://www.RevoltLib.com.

April 14, 2019 ; 4:33:06 PM (America/Los_Angeles) :
Last Updated on http://www.RevoltLib.com.

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