Ideals and Realities in Russian Literature

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(1842 - 1921) ~ Russian Father of Anarcho-Communism : As anarchism's most important philosophers he was in great demand as a writer and contributed to the journals edited by Benjamin Tucker (Liberty), Albert Parsons (Alarm) and Johann Most (Freiheit). Tucker praised Kropotkin's publication as "the most scholarly anarchist journal in existence." (From : Spartacus Educational Bio.)
• "...all that is necessary for production-- the land, the mines, the highways, machinery, food, shelter, education, knowledge--all have been seized by the few in the course of that long story of robbery, enforced migration and wars, of ignorance and oppression..." (From : "The Conquest of Bread," by Peter Kropotkin, 1906.)
• "Which side will you take? For the law and against justice, or for justice and against the law?" (From : "An Appeal to the Young," by Peter Kropotkin, 1880.)
• "ANARCHISM, the name given to a principle or theory of life and conduct under which society is conceived without government - harmony in such a society being obtained, not by submission to law, or by obedience to any authority, but by free agreements concluded between the various groups, territorial and professional, freely constituted for the sake of production and consumption, as also for the satisfaction of the infinite variety of needs and aspirations of a civilized being." (From : "Anarchism," by Peter Kropotkin, from the Encyclop....)


This document contains 8 sections, with 117,809 words or 708,909 characters.

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Ideals and Realities of Russian Literature Peter Kropotkin CHAPTER I THE Russian Language--Early folk literature: Folk-lore-- Songs-Sagas-Lay of Igor's Raid-Annals-The Mongol Invasion; its consequences-Correspondence between John IV. and Kúrbiskíy-Split in the Church-Avvakúm's Memoirs- The eighteenth century: Peter I. and his contemporaries-Tretiakóvsky-Lomonósoff-Sumarókoff-The times of Catherine II.-Derzhávin-Von Wízin-The Freemasons: Novikóff; Radíscheff-Early nineteenth (From : Anarchy Archives.)

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This text was taken from Ideas and Realities in Russian Literature. New York: Alfred A Knopf, 1915. Chapter II Púshkin -- Lérmontoff PÚSHKIN: Beauty of form -- Púshkin and Schiller -- His youth; his exile; his later career and death -- Fairy tales: Ruslán and Ludmíla -- His lyrics -- "Byronism" -- Drama -- Evghéniy Onyéghin -- LÉRMONTOFF:Púshkin or Lérmontoff? -- His life -- The Caucasus -- Poetry of Nature -- Influence of Shelley -- The Demon -- Mtzyri -- Love of freedo (From : Anarchy Archives.)

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Ideals and Realities of Russian Literature Peter Kropotkin CHAPTER III GÓGOL LITTLE RUSSIA-Nights on a Farm near Dikónka, and Mírgorod-Village life and humor-How Iván Ivánovitch quarreled with Iván Nikíforytch-Historical novel, Tarás Búlba- The Cloak-Drama, The Inspector-General-Its influence- Dead Souls: main types-realism in the Russian novel.      With Gógol begins a new period of Russian literature. which is called by Russian literary critics "the Gógol period," which lasts to the present date. Gógol was not a Great Russian. He was born in 1809, in a Little Russi (From : Anarchy Archives.)

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Ideals and Realities of Russian Literature Peter Kropotkin CHAPTER IV TURGUÉNEFF-TOLSTÓY TURGUÉNEFF: The main features of his Art-A Sportsman's Notebook-Pessimism of his early novels-His series of novels representing the leading types of Russian society--Rúdin-Lavrétskiy-Helen and Insároff -Bazároff-Why Fathers and Sons was misunderstood-Hamlet and Don Quixote-Virgin Soil: movement towards the people-Verses in Prose. TOLSTÓY: Childhood and Boyhood-During and after the Crimean War -Youth: In search of an ideal-Small sto (From : Anarchy Archives.)

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Ideals and Realities of Russian Literature Peter Kropotkin CHAPTER V GONCHARÓFF-DOSTOYÉSKIY-NEKRASOFF GONCHARÓFF-Oblómoff-The Russian Malady of Oblómovism-Is it exclusively Russian?-The Precipice-Dostoyévskiy-His first Novel-General Character of his Work-Memoirs from a Dead House-Down-trodden and Offended-Crime and Punishment-The Brothers Karamazoff-Nekrasoff-Discussions about his Talent-His Love of the People-Apotheosis of Woman-Other Prose-writers of the same Epoch-Serghei Aksakoff-Dahl-lvan Panaeff-Hvoschinskaya (V. Krestovskiy-pseudonyme). Poets of the same Epoch-Koltsoff-Nikitin Pleschéeff. The Admirers of Pure Art: Tutcheff-A Maykoff-Scherbina-Polonskiy-A. Fet-A. K. Tolst&... (From : Anarchy Archives.)

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Ideals and Realities of Russian Literature Peter Kropotkin CHAPTER VI THE DRAMA ITS Origin-The Czars Alexis and Peter I.-Sumarókoff-Pseudo-classical Tragedies: Knyazhnin, Ozeroff-First Comedies-The First Years of the Nineteenth Century-Griboyedoff-The Moscow Stage in the Fifties-Ostrovskiy; his first Dramas- "The Thunderstorm"-Ostrovskiy's later Dramas-Historical Dramas: A. K. Tolstóy-Other Dramatic Writers. THE Drama in Russia, as everywhere else, had a double origin. It developed out of the religious "mysteries" (From : Anarchy Archives.)

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Ideals and Realities of Russian Literature Peter Kropotkin CHAPTER VII FOLK-NOVELISTS THEIR Position in Russian Literature-The Early Folk-Novelists: -Grigoróvitch-Márko Vovtchók-Danilévskiy-Intermediate Period: Kókoreff-Písemskiy-Potyékhin-EthnographicaI Researches-The Realistic School:-Pomyalóvskiy-Ryeshétnikoff-Levítoff-Gleb Uspénskiy-Zlatovrátskiy and other Folk-Novelists-Naúmoff-Zasódimskiy-Sáloff-Nefédoff- (From : Anarchy Archives.)

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Ideals and Realities of Russian Literature Peter Kropotkin CHAPTER VIII POLITICAL LITERATURE: SATIRE: ART CRITICISM: CONTEMPORARY NOVELISTS POLITICAL LITERATURE-Difficulties of Censorship-The Circles - Westerners and Slavophiles-Political Literature abroad: Herzen - Ogaryoff - Bakunin - Lavróff - Stepniak - The Contemporary and Tchernyshévskiy - SATIRE: Schedrin (Saltykóff) - ART CRITICISM: Its Importance in Russia - Byelinskiy - Dobroluboff - Pisareff - Mihailovskiy - Tolstoy's What is Art? - CONTEMPORARY NOVELISTS - Otel - Korolénko - Present Drift of Literature - Merezherovskiy - Boborykin - Potapenko - Tchéhoff.POLITICAL LI (From : Anarchy Archives.)


1915 :
Ideals and Realities in Russian Literature -- Publication.

January 19, 2017 ; 7:23:53 PM (America/Los_Angeles) :
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May 28, 2017 ; 3:33:54 PM (America/Los_Angeles) :
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